18亿像素火星全景图公布 快来看看火星长什么样子-看世界

18亿像素火星全景图公布 快来看看火星长什么样子

18亿像素火星全景图公布!快来看看火星长什么样子。近日,美国国家航空航天局(NASA)的“好奇”号日前拍摄到了火星地表迄今最清晰全景图,而18亿像素火星全景的背后,是“好奇”号这一移动的实验室。

1.8 billion pixel panorama of Mars released! Let's see what Mars looks like. Recently, NASA's curiosity has captured the clearest panorama of the surface of Mars. Behind the 1.8 billion pixel panorama of Mars is curiosity's mobile laboratory.

据NASA网站报道,该图像由“好奇”号在2019年感恩节期间拍摄的1000多张图像合成,合计高达18亿像素,打破了2013年13亿像素的纪录。

According to NASA's website, the image was composed of more than 1000 images taken by curiosity during Thanksgiving in 2019, with a total of 1.8 billion pixels, breaking the record of 1.3 billion pixels in 2013.

“好奇”号拍摄局部照片(图片来源于NASA)

Curiosity takes partial pictures (from NASA)

“好奇”号拍摄局部照片(图片来源于NASA)

Curiosity takes partial pictures (from NASA)

“好奇”号拍摄局部照片(图片来源于NASA)

Curiosity takes partial pictures (from NASA)

“好奇”号拍摄局部照片(图片来源于NASA)

Curiosity takes partial pictures (from NASA)

“好奇”号拍摄局部照片(图片来源于NASA)

Curiosity takes partial pictures (from NASA)

“好奇”号桅杆主照相机(Mastcam)的远摄镜头拍摄了火星全景图;而Mastcam的中角镜头拍摄了一张分辨率较低(6.5亿像素)的火星全景图,“好奇”号的甲板和机械臂也被拍摄了进去。

The remote camera of the mast main camera (mastcam) of curiosity took a panoramic view of Mars, while the middle angle camera of mastcam took a panoramic view of Mars with a lower resolution (650 million pixels), and the deck and mechanical arm of curiosity were also taken in.

“好奇”号火星车

Curiosity Rover

好奇号火星探测器是美国国家宇航局研制的一台探测火星任务的火星车,于2011年11月发射,2012年8月成功登陆火星表面。它是美国第七个火星着陆探测器,第四台火星车,也是世界上第一辆采用核动力驱动的火星车,其使命是探寻火星上的生命元素。

Curiosity Mars probe is a Mars rover developed by NASA to explore Mars. It was launched in November 2011 and successfully landed on the surface of Mars in August 2012. It is the seventh Mars Lander in the United States, the fourth Mars rover, and the first nuclear powered Mars rover in the world. Its mission is to explore the elements of life on Mars.

该项目总投资26亿美元,是截至2012年最昂贵的火星探测项目。2019年10月,美国航天局表示,“好奇”号火星车在火星盖尔陨石坑内发现了富含矿物盐的沉积物,表明坑内曾有盐水湖,显示出气候波动使火星环境从曾经的温润、潮湿演化为如今冰冻、干燥的气候

With a total investment of US $2.6 billion, the project is the most expensive Mars exploration project as of 2012. In October 2019, NASA said that the curiosity Rover found mineral salt rich sediments in the Mars Gail crater, indicating that there was a salt lake in the crater, indicating that the climate fluctuation made the Martian environment evolve from once warm and humid to today's frozen and dry climate.

然而,“好奇”号并非普通的自动形式车辆,其携带了众多探测设备,如桅杆相机(Mastcam)、火星手持透镜成像仪(Mahli 可以拍摄12.5微米的照片)、火星降落成像仪(MARDI)、火星样本分析仪(SAM)、化学与矿物学分析仪(CheMin)、化学与摄像机仪器(ChemCam) 、 阿尔法粒子X射线分光计(APXS) 、中子反照率动态探测器(DAN)、 辐射评估探测器(RAD) 、火星车环境监测站(REMS)、 导航相机、 化学相机、 避险相机、 机械手臂等设备。有人戏称,“好奇”号是一个移动的实验室。

However, curiosity is not an ordinary automatic vehicle, which carries many exploration equipment, such as mast camera (mastcam), Mars hand lens imager (Mahli can take 12.5 μ m photos), Mars landing imager (Mardi), Mars sample analyzer (SAM), chemical and mineralogy analyzer (Chemin), chemical and camera instrument (chemcam) Alfa particle X ray spectrometer (APXS), neutron albedo dynamic detector (DAN), radiation assessment detector (RAD), Mars rover environmental monitoring station (REMS), navigation camera, chemical camera, avoidance camera, manipulator and other equipment. Some jokingly call curiosity a mobile lab.

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