化妆品污染易致四种眼病 如何预防化妆性眼病-看世界

化妆品污染易致四种眼病 如何预防化妆性眼病

??当下,美容化妆成为时尚。越来越多的爱美女性开始热衷于化妆这件事,而作为“心灵的窗口”,眼妆更是她们整个妆容的重中之重。有些女性长期使用睫毛膏、眼影等多种化妆品,出现了睑缘、睫毛、结膜囊、眼表、泪膜等一系列的眼部异常,导致“化妆性眼病”。那么,什么是“化妆性眼病”?会出现哪几种眼病?又该怎样避免?和360常识网一起来看看吧。

??当下,美容化妆成为时尚。越来越多的爱美女性开始热衷于化妆这件事,而作为“心灵的窗口”,眼妆更是她们整个妆容的重中之重。有些女性长期使用睫毛膏、眼影等多种化妆品,出现了睑缘、睫毛、结膜囊、眼表、泪膜等一系列的眼部异常,导致“化妆性眼病”。那么,什么是“化妆性眼病”?会出现哪几种眼病?又该怎样避免?和360常识网一起来看看吧。

At present, beauty and make-up have become fashion. More and more beauty loving women begin to be keen on making up, and as the window of the soul, eye makeup is the most important part of their whole makeup. Some women use mascara, eye shadow and other cosmetics for a long time. There are a series of eye abnormalities such as eyelid margin, eyelash, conjunctival sac, eye surface and tear film, which lead to "cosmetic eye disease". So, what is cosmetic ophthalmopathy? What kinds of eye diseases will appear? How to avoid it? Take a look with 360 common sense.

由于眼睑部位的皮肤较为娇嫩,且血管丰富,因此对化妆品较为敏感,而化眼妆如描眼线、画眼影、贴假睫毛时都需要接触睫毛根部、眼睑边缘,这些部位极易受到刺激产生眼睛红肿、发痒等症状,有时甚至会产生黄白色分泌物,诱发角膜炎、结膜炎等症状,这一系列因眼妆引起的眼部不适症状就是“化妆性眼病”。

Because the skin on the eyelid is tender and rich in blood vessels, it is more sensitive to cosmetics. Eye dressing, such as eye liner, eye shadow and false eyelashes, all need to contact the eyelash and the eyelid margin. These parts are easily stimulated to produce symptoms such as redness, itching, and sometimes even produce yellow and white secretions, which can cause keratitis and conjunctivitis. Series of eye discomfort caused by eye makeup is "cosmetic ophthalmopathy".

日常所用的许多化妆品在生产或使用的过程中或多或少地会受到些污染。以下4种眼病居高不下:

Many cosmetics used in daily life will be polluted more or less in the process of production or use. The following four kinds of ophthalmopathy remain high:

角膜真菌病

Keratomycosis

国外一些学者通过抽样调查证实,睫毛笔中常有茄病镰刀菌污染。一支睫毛笔在使用过程中会使其污染率急剧上升。这种茄病镰刀菌极易引起人们的角膜真菌病,严重污染者可导致双目失明。

Some foreign scholars confirmed by sampling survey that there is often Fusarium solanacearum contamination in eyelash pen. The pollution rate of an eyelash pen will rise sharply in the use process. This Fusarium solanacearum is very easy to cause keratomycosis, which can lead to blindness in people with serious pollution.

结膜炎

Conjunctivitis

使用化妆品时稍不留神,就会让粉尘颗粒落入眼内,这样就有可能使眼睛发炎、红肿、疼痛、畏光流泪,而且还极有可能发生过敏性结膜炎。

If you don't pay attention when using cosmetics, the dust particles will fall into your eyes, which may cause inflammation, redness, pain, photophobia and tears, and allergic conjunctivitis.

角膜灼伤

Corneal burns

冷烫精是用于烫发的一种碱性极强的化妆品成分。在使用中,若稍有疏忽将冷烫精溅入眼睛中,轻则灼伤角膜,严重时会发生眼球萎缩、角膜混浊,甚至诱发白内障等眼科疾病。

Perm essence is an alkaline and strong cosmetic ingredient for perm. In use, if a little negligence splashes perm essence into the eyes, it will burn the cornea slightly. In serious cases, eye atrophy, corneal haze, even cataract and other eye diseases will occur.

结膜染色

Conjunctival staining

在使用一些有颜色的化妆品过程中,例如胭脂、口红等,如果不慎让其进入眼内,很有可能将自己本来很好的结膜染成黄色或有色素沉着。

In the process of using some colored cosmetics, such as rouge, lipstick, etc., if they are inadvertently allowed to enter the eye, it is likely to dye their original good conjunctiva yellow or pigmentation.

如何预防化妆性眼病?

How to prevent cosmetic ophthalmopathy?

首先要选购好化妆品,如选购化妆品时应注意产品的名称、生产单位、有效成分、作用以及使用期限等,并要注意包装是否完整、有无变质、干缩及异常气味。凡颜色不均匀或变色,不是质量不佳,便是有微生物生长。其次要合理使用,化妆品一旦启开使用,多数只能用半年或一年,特别要注意的是:在使用前应洗净手,以防经手造成污染。用后应立即封盖,并置于遮光和温度较低的干燥、清洁处存放。化妆品应每人专用,以防化妆品污染后,经皮肤和粘膜传染疾病。尤其患有皮肤病的人,更不可与健康人共用一种化妆品。即使是同一人,也应区别健康部位和患病部位。化妆品均系外涂、外抹之品,应注意不要涂入眼内。涂抹化妆品后,要洗手,切忌不洗手就进食。

First of all, we should purchase cosmetics, such as the name, production unit, effective ingredients, function and service life of the products, and pay attention to whether the packaging is complete, whether there is deterioration, shrinkage and abnormal smell. Where the color is uneven or discolored, it is not of poor quality, but the growth of microorganisms. Secondly, it should be used reasonably. Once cosmetics are put into use, most of them can only be used for half a year or one year. It should be noted that hands should be washed before use to prevent pollution caused by hands. Cover immediately after use, and store in a dry and clean place with low shading and temperature. Cosmetics should be used exclusively by each person to prevent the skin and mucous membrane from infecting diseases after the cosmetics are polluted. Especially people with skin diseases should not share a kind of cosmetics with healthy people. Even if it is the same person, it is necessary to distinguish the healthy part from the diseased part. All cosmetics are externally applied and externally applied products, and care should be taken not to apply them into the eyes. Wash your hands after applying cosmetics. Never eat without washing your hands.

不要让香波沾染在眼睑上,香波对清洁头发很有效,但吸取皮肤脂肪成分的能力很强。如果洗头时香波沾在眼睑上,就会使眼睑的皮脂一起被洗掉很多,造成眼睑皮肤干燥。不知道自己皮肤的类型,不宜随便使用化妆品。皮肤类型主要有油性、中性、干性三种,可用一小块纸巾,在鼻翼两侧擦试,纸巾上满是油脂属油性皮肤,纸巾上没有油脂属于干性皮肤,稍有一些油脂的属中性皮肤。不要天天化妆,一般人每个星期最好有两天不化妆,好让皮肤休息。不要杂用多个厂家生产的化妆品。购用不同厂家的化妆品混合使用,可能产生不利于皮肤的化学反应。用同一厂家的化妆品比较安全,一旦发生问题,医生也好找原因。

Don't let shampoo on the eyelids. Shampoo is very effective for cleaning hair, but it has a strong ability to absorb skin fat. If shampoo is applied to the eyelid, the sebum of the eyelid will be washed off together, resulting in dry eyelid skin. Do not know their own skin type, should not use cosmetics. There are mainly three types of skin: oily, neutral and dry. You can use a small piece of paper towel to wipe on both sides of the nose wing. The paper towel is full of grease, which belongs to oily skin. If there is no grease on the paper towel, it belongs to dry skin. If there is a little grease, it belongs to neutral skin. Do not make up every day, the average person had better have two days a week without make-up, so that the skin can rest. Do not mix and use cosmetics produced by multiple manufacturers. If you buy and use cosmetics from different manufacturers, you may have chemical reactions that are not conducive to the skin. It's safer to use cosmetics from the same manufacturer. Once there is a problem, the doctor can find out the reason.

化妆品、化妆工具,应各人专用,经常更新化妆刷及笔,化妆盒内外,要定期用酒精擦拭消毒。化妆前要洗干净手及需要化妆的部位。防止将细菌带入化妆品内。进行面部及眼部化妆时应小心,不要让化妆品落入眼内。如在染发、烫发、扑粉、描眼时应闭上眼睛,一旦发现化妆品入眼,应立即用干净凉水冲洗,再涂上眼药膏或点用抗生素眼药水等。临睡前一定要卸妆,因为化妆品是多种化学物质的混合物,如果长期停留在皮肤表面,会损害皮肤的结构,毒性大的还可经皮肤吸收,引起全身中毒反应。此外皮肤表面覆盖厚厚一层化妆品,还会影响皮肤的"呼吸",使汗液、皮脂排泄受阻,增加细菌感染机会。眼部卸妆时,应先用眼用卸妆水涂擦假睫毛,然后揭去,再用棉花棒浸蘸卸妆水,擦去眼眉周围及睫毛处的化妆品。最后卸去面部其他部位的化妆品,用香皂洗脸,用棉花浸软性化妆水擦面,再涂雪花膏和乳液。

Cosmetics and make-up tools should be specially used by each person. The brush and pen should be updated frequently. The inside and outside of the make-up box should be wiped and disinfected regularly with alcohol. Before making up, wash your hands and parts that need to be made up. Prevent bacteria from entering cosmetics. Be careful not to let cosmetics fall into your eyes. For example, close your eyes when dyeing, perming, powdering and tracing your eyes. Once you find cosmetics in your eyes, wash them with clean cold water immediately, and then apply eye ointment or use antibiotic eye drops. Before going to bed, make-up must be removed, because cosmetics are a mixture of many chemicals. If they stay on the skin surface for a long time, they will damage the structure of the skin. Those with high toxicity can also be absorbed through the skin, causing systemic toxic reaction. In addition, the skin is covered with a thick layer of cosmetics, which will also affect the "breathing" of the skin, hinder the excretion of sweat and sebum, and increase the chance of bacterial infection. When removing make-up from the eyes, the false eyelashes should be wiped with the make-up remover first, then removed, and then dipped in the make-up remover with a cotton stick to wipe off the cosmetics around the eyebrows and at the eyelashes. Finally, remove the cosmetics from other parts of the face, wash your face with soap, wipe the face with cotton soft soaked lotion, and then apply the cream and lotion.

由接触化妆品引起的皮肤过敏,最为常见。在使用以前从来没有用过的新化妆品时,最好做皮肤过敏试验,或称皮肤接触性试验。具体方法是:大腿内侧涂上二分硬币大小范围的新化妆品,每日3次,试用3日。或在耳下涂少许化妆品,每日2次,试用一星期,如无异常反应,即可使用该化妆品,反之则远离这些化妆品。这类眼病主要为眼部发痒红痛,如不治疗,可持续数日或数月不愈。一般可选用醋酸可的松眼药水、氟美疃眼药水、色甘酸钠眼药水、贝卡明眼药水、复方熊胆眼药水等抗过敏、消炎的眼药可减轻症状,缩短病程。内服祛风、止痒、退红的中药,收效更快,但要吸取教训,杜绝直接损害或过敏源,避免眼目再次损害。

Skin allergies caused by contact with cosmetics are the most common. When using new cosmetics that have never been used before, it is better to do skin allergy test, or skin contact test. The specific method is: the inner thigh is coated with new cosmetics of the size of a quarter, three times a day, three days of trial. Or apply some cosmetics under the ear twice a day for one week. If there is no abnormal reaction, you can use the cosmetics. Otherwise, keep away from the cosmetics. This kind of ophthalmopathy is mainly caused by itchy red pain in the eyes. If not treated, it can last for several days or months. In general, anti allergic and anti-inflammatory ophthalmic drugs such as cortisone acetate eye drops, flumetuan eye drops, sodium cromoglycate eye drops, bekamin eye drops, compound bear bile eye drops can reduce symptoms and shorten the course of disease. If you take the traditional Chinese medicine of dispelling wind, relieving itching and reducing redness internally, the effect will be faster, but you need to learn a lesson, put an end to direct damage or allergen, and avoid eye damage again.

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