Spring is a season with high incidence of influenza, so we must do a good job in prevention, especially for the elderly and children with low immunity. So how to prevent influenza in spring? Let's take a look with 360 common sense.
How to prevent influenza in spring
1. Pay attention to nutrition
High quality nutrition can make the body's immune army have sufficient combat power and keep healthy. Eat less high sugar, salt and fat foods, more sea fish, minerals and fatty acids, more fruits and vegetables, and vitamins.
2. wash your hands frequently.
Hand is the most exposed part of all kinds of germs. It seems simple to wash hands frequently, but it is the most direct and effective way to prevent the invasion of cold and influenza virus.
3. Keep enough sleep
Sleep is also one of the important measures to enhance immunity. According to a study by the Toronto Institute of sleep disorders in Canada, when people go to sleep, a variety of processes that are beneficial to enhance their immune function begin immediately. If you sleep less than seven hours a day, your risk of getting sick may increase. Therefore, if you want to have good resistance, you must keep enough sleep.
4. more sports
Exercise can eliminate the high tension and pressure of the body and mind. Appropriate moderate intensity exercise can promote the cardiovascular circulation system, promote the heart to deliver more blood, and then make the immune cells work actively. It is one of the most effective ways to improve immunity. With the improvement of immunity, it is not easy to catch a cold.
5. Vaccinate against influenza
Vaccination against influenza is one of the most effective ways to prevent influenza. Research shows that 90% of the people who have raised their antibody to the level of protection (i.e. effectively fight against the virus) after vaccination.
To prevent influenza, eat more of these
Many people don't know that mushrooms are good at fighting colds. They are rich in selenium, riboflavin, niacin and a lot of antioxidants. They are powerful weapons for strengthening the body's immunity and fighting colds!
Onion has long been known for its bactericidal effect. It has a pungent taste. It can resist the spring flu and has a good cure function for the cold caused by the wind. In addition, onion is also a woman's favor! It is rich in antioxidants but a natural "preservative"!
Citrus, which is rich in vitamin C, can not only help prevent the spring flu, but also is very effective for the common sore throat. During a cold, take a citrus vitamin C supplement every day. It's always good when the seasons change.
A new study in the UK has found that the extract of almond skin can help us fight against a variety of virus infections such as the common cold and influenza. So, it's also good to grab a handful of snacks from time to time in the spring flu season!
Radish has the functions of relieving Qi and food, removing phlegm and moistening the internal organs, treating asthma, detoxifying, diuretic and tonic deficiency. Radish element in radish has a unique effect on the prevention and treatment of cold. The lignin in radish can improve the activity of macrophages. There is also an inducer of interferon, which can enhance the immunity of the body and resist virus.
Flu is not terrible, but complications
Influenza itself is not terrible. What is terrible is all kinds of concurrent infections caused by influenza, such as pneumococcal pneumonia. Influenza virus will release toxins after entering the human body, causing organic damage to the body organs with weak resistance, and causing a variety of secondary infections. In addition, influenza can also cause the immune system of the infected people to be unable to operate effectively, so that invasive diseases can be exploited.
It is understood that pneumococcus is widely found in the nasopharynx of healthy adults and children. Although pneumococci do not cause disease under healthy conditions, once the influenza virus invades the respiratory tract and destroys the epithelial cells of the respiratory tract of the infected person, it will make pneumococci take advantage of the emptiness. It can not only invade the middle ear, paranasal sinuses, bronchi, lungs, etc. directly from the nasopharynx, causing mucosal diseases, but also may invade the original sterile and non direct environment through blood flow The same organs and tissues cause bacteremia, sepsis, meningitis, bacteremia pneumonia, endocarditis, pericarditis, peritonitis, osteoarthritis and other invasive pneumococcal diseases. Especially for babies under two years old, they are more vulnerable to influenza virus and pneumococcal disease due to immature development of lymph system and immune system.