春季流感高发期 春季应该怎样科学预防流感-看世界

春季流感高发期 春季应该怎样科学预防流感

春季是流感高发季节,因此平常一定要做好预防工作,尤其的免疫力低下的老人和孩子。那么春季应该怎样预防流感?随360常识网一起来看看吧。

春季是流感高发季节,因此平常一定要做好预防工作,尤其的免疫力低下的老人和孩子。那么春季应该怎样预防流感?随360常识网一起来看看吧。

Spring is a season with high incidence of influenza, so we must do a good job in prevention, especially for the elderly and children with low immunity. So how to prevent influenza in spring? Let's take a look with 360 common sense.

春季应该怎样预防流感

How to prevent influenza in spring

1.注意营养

1. Pay attention to nutrition

优质的营养能让身体的免疫大军养足战力,扞卫身体健康。少吃高糖、高盐、高油脂食物,可多吃海鱼,补充矿物质和脂肪酸,多吃蔬菜水果,补充维生素。

High quality nutrition can make the body's immune army have sufficient combat power and keep healthy. Eat less high sugar, salt and fat foods, more sea fish, minerals and fatty acids, more fruits and vegetables, and vitamins.

2.勤洗手

2. wash your hands frequently.

手是接触各种病菌最多的部位,勤洗手看似简单,但却是预防感冒和流感病毒侵袭最直接有效的方式。

Hand is the most exposed part of all kinds of germs. It seems simple to wash hands frequently, but it is the most direct and effective way to prevent the invasion of cold and influenza virus.

3.保持充足的睡眠

3. Keep enough sleep

睡眠也是增强免疫力的重要措施之一。加拿大多伦多睡眠失调症诊治所的研究认为,人进入睡眠状态后,各种有益于增强免疫功能的过程便随即开始。如果每天睡眠少于7小时,患病的几率就可能增加。所以,想要拥有好的抵抗力,就一定要保持充足的睡眠。

Sleep is also one of the important measures to enhance immunity. According to a study by the Toronto Institute of sleep disorders in Canada, when people go to sleep, a variety of processes that are beneficial to enhance their immune function begin immediately. If you sleep less than seven hours a day, your risk of getting sick may increase. Therefore, if you want to have good resistance, you must keep enough sleep.

4.多运动

4. more sports

运动能消除身心的高度紧张和重压,适宜的中等强度运动能促进心血管循环系统,促使心脏输送更多的血液,进而使免疫细胞积极运作,是提高免疫力最有效的方式之一,免疫力提高了,自然不容易感冒。

Exercise can eliminate the high tension and pressure of the body and mind. Appropriate moderate intensity exercise can promote the cardiovascular circulation system, promote the heart to deliver more blood, and then make the immune cells work actively. It is one of the most effective ways to improve immunity. With the improvement of immunity, it is not easy to catch a cold.

5.接种流感疫苗

5. Vaccinate against influenza

接种流感疫苗是预防流感最有效的方式之一,研究显示,接种流感疫苗后,抗体提高到保护水平(即有效抗击病毒)的人在90%以上。

Vaccination against influenza is one of the most effective ways to prevent influenza. Research shows that 90% of the people who have raised their antibody to the level of protection (i.e. effectively fight against the virus) after vaccination.

预防流感多吃这些

To prevent influenza, eat more of these

蘑菇

Mushroom

很多人都不知道,原来蘑菇可是对抗感冒的高手!它们含有丰富的矿物质硒、核黄素、烟酸和大量的抗氧化物!是加强身体免疫力,对抗感冒的有力武器!

Many people don't know that mushrooms are good at fighting colds. They are rich in selenium, riboflavin, niacin and a lot of antioxidants. They are powerful weapons for strengthening the body's immunity and fighting colds!

洋葱

onion

洋葱的杀菌功效早已是众所周知,味道辛辣的它能够抵抗春季流行感冒,对风寒引起的感冒也有很好的治愈功能。另外,洋葱还是女性的恩物哦!它富含抗氧化成分可是天然的“保鲜剂”!

Onion has long been known for its bactericidal effect. It has a pungent taste. It can resist the spring flu and has a good cure function for the cold caused by the wind. In addition, onion is also a woman's favor! It is rich in antioxidants but a natural "preservative"!

柑橘类

citrus

含有丰富维生素C的柑橘除了可以帮助预防春季流感外,对于感冒常见的咽喉肿痛也非常有效。在感冒期间,每天吃一个柑橘补充维生素C,在季节变换的时候总是有益的。

Citrus, which is rich in vitamin C, can not only help prevent the spring flu, but also is very effective for the common sore throat. During a cold, take a citrus vitamin C supplement every day. It's always good when the seasons change.

杏仁

Almond

英国一项新的研究发现,杏仁皮的提取物有助于我们战胜普通感冒和流感等多种病毒感染。所以说,春季流感多发的季节时不时抓一把当零食吃也是很不错的!

A new study in the UK has found that the extract of almond skin can help us fight against a variety of virus infections such as the common cold and influenza. So, it's also good to grab a handful of snacks from time to time in the spring flu season!

萝卜

radish

萝卜有下气消食、除痰润脏、治喘、解毒、利尿和补虚等功效。萝卜中的萝卜素对预防、治疗感冒有独特作用。萝卜里的木质素,能提高巨噬细胞的活力,还有一种干扰素的诱导剂,能增强机体的免疫力,抗病毒。

Radish has the functions of relieving Qi and food, removing phlegm and moistening the internal organs, treating asthma, detoxifying, diuretic and tonic deficiency. Radish element in radish has a unique effect on the prevention and treatment of cold. The lignin in radish can improve the activity of macrophages. There is also an inducer of interferon, which can enhance the immunity of the body and resist virus.

流感不可怕可怕的是并发症

Flu is not terrible, but complications

流感本身并不可怕,可怕的是流感引发的各类并发感染,如肺炎球菌性肺炎等。流感病毒进入人体后会释放毒素,对身体抵抗力较弱的的体内器官造成器质性的损害,并引起多种继发性感染。此外,流感还会造成被感染者免疫系统无法有效运作,使得侵袭性疾病有机可乘。

Influenza itself is not terrible. What is terrible is all kinds of concurrent infections caused by influenza, such as pneumococcal pneumonia. Influenza virus will release toxins after entering the human body, causing organic damage to the body organs with weak resistance, and causing a variety of secondary infections. In addition, influenza can also cause the immune system of the infected people to be unable to operate effectively, so that invasive diseases can be exploited.

据了解,肺炎球菌广泛存在于健康成人和儿童的鼻咽腔中。虽然肺炎球菌在健康的情况下不会致病,但一旦流感病毒侵入呼吸道后,破坏感染者呼吸道的上皮细胞,就会使得肺炎球菌乘虚而入,不仅可以由鼻咽部直接入侵中耳、鼻窦、支气管、肺部等,引起黏膜性疾病,还可能经血流播散入侵原本无菌的、与外环境无直接相通的器官组织,引起菌血症、脓毒症、脑膜炎、菌血症性肺炎以及心内膜炎、心包炎、腹膜炎、骨关节炎等侵袭性肺炎球菌疾病。尤其是两岁以下的宝宝,由于淋巴系统的发育水平尚不成熟,免疫系统发育不完善,因此更容易受到流感病毒和肺炎球菌疾病的侵袭。

It is understood that pneumococcus is widely found in the nasopharynx of healthy adults and children. Although pneumococci do not cause disease under healthy conditions, once the influenza virus invades the respiratory tract and destroys the epithelial cells of the respiratory tract of the infected person, it will make pneumococci take advantage of the emptiness. It can not only invade the middle ear, paranasal sinuses, bronchi, lungs, etc. directly from the nasopharynx, causing mucosal diseases, but also may invade the original sterile and non direct environment through blood flow The same organs and tissues cause bacteremia, sepsis, meningitis, bacteremia pneumonia, endocarditis, pericarditis, peritonitis, osteoarthritis and other invasive pneumococcal diseases. Especially for babies under two years old, they are more vulnerable to influenza virus and pneumococcal disease due to immature development of lymph system and immune system.

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