新车磨合期使用时的十大注意事项 很多老司机不见得都懂-看世界

新车磨合期使用时的十大注意事项 很多老司机不见得都懂

虽然现在汽车工艺已经大有提升,但是新车买来后磨合一下,还是比较好的。新车磨合有利于提高性能,那新车磨合期多少公里?新手磨合期怎么开呢?下面和360常识网来看看新车磨合期的一些驾驶方法吧。

虽然现在汽车工艺已经大有提升,但是新车买来后磨合一下,还是比较好的。新车磨合有利于提高性能,那新车磨合期多少公里?新手磨合期怎么开呢?下面和360常识网来看看新车磨合期的一些驾驶方法吧。

Although the automobile technology has been greatly improved now, it is still better to run in the new car after it is bought. The running in of new cars is conducive to improving performance. How many kilometers does the running in period of new cars last? How to drive during the running in period of new cars? Let's take a look at some driving methods of the running in period of new cars with 360 common sense.

为什么汽车需要磨合?

Why does the car need to run in?

汽车发动机工作时,活塞在汽缸中做往复式活塞运动,而变速箱工作时,两组齿轮相互啮合,它们都会产生摩擦。

When the automobile engine works, the piston does reciprocating piston movement in the cylinder, while when the gearbox works, the two groups of gears mesh with each other, and they will produce friction.

然而,汽车组装前每个零件都是分开加工的,在加工零件时都存在几何偏差和毛边等,所以组装后有些运转部件会局部直接接触产生摩擦,直到零件的毛边被摩擦掉,变得光滑,以及相配合的零件之间不再存在偏差。

However, before automobile assembly, each part is processed separately, and there are geometric deviation and burr when processing parts. So after assembly, some running parts will contact with each other directly to produce friction, until the burr of the part is rubbed off and becomes smooth, and there is no deviation between matching parts.

在车子刚刚购买到手时,将零件的毛边以及偏差磨损掉的过程就叫做磨合,而这个过程所经历的周期就叫做磨合期。

When the car is just bought, the process of wearing the rough edge and deviation of parts is called running in, and the cycle of this process is called running in period.

不过也有人说,现在的车子在生产过程中都经历过磨合,因此车主买车后就无需进行磨合了。

However, it is also said that the current car has experienced running in in the production process, so the owner does not need to run in after buying the car.

如今,大多数新车在出厂前都经过了“冷磨合”:其做法是把发动机装在专用机床上用电机带动磨合,在这个过程中,零件上的大多数毛边都可以被磨掉。进行冷磨合时,因为发动机没有工作,因此就没有燃油燃烧产生高温,所以将其称为冷磨合。

Nowadays, most new cars go through "cold running in" before leaving the factory: the way is to install the engine on a special machine tool and drive the running in with a motor. In this process, most of the burrs on the parts can be worn off. During cold running in, because the engine is not working, there is no high temperature produced by fuel combustion, so it is called cold running in.

不过,并不是所有的车辆在出厂前都经历过“冷磨合”,毕竟不是所有的汽车生产厂家有这样的技术条件。并且对每台发动机进行“冷磨合”并不意味着不需要进一步的磨合。所以,大多数车主在买车后,还是需要拥有一定的磨合度的。

However, not all vehicles have experienced "cold running in" before leaving the factory. After all, not all automobile manufacturers have such technical conditions. And "cold running in" for each engine does not mean that further running in is not required. Therefore, most car owners need to have a certain degree of running in after buying a car.

新车磨合期多少公里

How many kilometers does the new car run in period

1、100-1000公里属于过度期,转速不要超过4000转,以3000转以内最佳,超过100公里要经常注意换档,并磨合刹车系统。

1. 100-1000 km belongs to the transition period, and the rotating speed shall not exceed 4000 rpm. It is best to rotate within 3000 rpm. When the rotating speed exceeds 100 km, always shift gears and run in the brake system.

2、超过1000公里速度可以放宽到120公里,转速也要控制在4000转以内直到2500公里。变速箱的磨合要注意2、3挡的使用,不要一味的加挡。2、3挡磨合的好,3000转时噪音会大幅度下降。

2. Over 1000 km speed can be extended to 120 km, and the speed should be controlled within 4000 rpm to 2500 km. When running in the gearbox, pay attention to the use of gears 2 and 3 instead of blindly adding gears. 2. Gear 3 runs in well. The noise will be greatly reduced at 3000 rpm.

3、超过2500公里,保养一次,换掉新车机油滤清器,更换优质的机油。

3. More than 2500 km, maintenance once, replace the new oil filter, replace the high-quality oil.

4、2500-8000公里阶段,主要是变速箱的磨合期,可以侧重3、4、5挡的磨合,比如逐渐尝试3、4、5挡4000转行驶。平时起步注意1、2挡2400转到3000转的过度。

4. In the 2500-8000 km stage, it is mainly the running in period of the gearbox, which can focus on the running in of gears 3, 4 and 5, such as gradually trying to drive at gears 3, 4 and 5 for 4000 rpm. Pay attention to the transition from gear 1 and gear 2 2400 to 3000 when starting at ordinary times.

5、10000公里以后如果能够有机会连续500公里110公里-160公里的行驶,则很快就能尝到甜头,那就是车辆的噪音明显下降。连续5个小时的运转,发动机活塞、汽缸的磨合相当完全,形成镜面配合,油膜气密性大增。

5. After 10000 km, if there is a chance to drive continuously for 500 km, 110 km-160 km, you will soon enjoy the sweetness, that is, the noise of vehicles will be significantly reduced. After 5 hours of continuous operation, the running in of engine piston and cylinder is quite complete, forming mirror surface matching, and greatly increasing the air tightness of oil film.

6、10000公里以后有条件的可以尝试极限速度,须注意的是尝试之前你必须具备相当丰富的驾驶经验,除了应对紧急情况以外,还有控制车的技术。

6. After 10000 km, you can try the ultimate speed if you have the conditions. You must have rich driving experience before you try. In addition to dealing with emergencies, you must also have the technology to control the car.

新车磨合期使用时的十大注意事项

Ten points for attention during running in period of new car

一、我们在启动车之后,不妨预热1-2分钟,这样对车是有好处的,或者在转速表回落到1000rpm以下,再缓慢起步。

1、 After starting the car, we may as well preheat it for 1-2 minutes, which is good for the car, or when the tachometer falls below 1000 rpm, start slowly.

二、开手动挡车千万不能懒,该换挡时就换挡,高挡低转,低挡高转都是毁车之举。

2、 Don't be lazy to drive a manual car. When you need to change gears, you should change gears. High gears and low turns are all destructive actions.

三、车辆保养手册中有新车首保的时间和保养间隔,适时对新车进行保养。在磨合期时,经常检查下机油、冷却液、刹车液等是否充足,如发现有减少,因及时补充。

3、 The vehicle maintenance manual contains the time and interval of the first service of the new vehicle, and the new vehicle shall be maintained timely. During the running in period, check whether the engine oil, coolant, brake fluid, etc. are sufficient. In case of any decrease, make up in time.

四、多留意机油的状态,油色度和粘稠度是否正常?同时,需要按照保养手册中规定,及时更换符合厂家规定质量等级标准的机油。切记,不要往机油中添加任何“抗磨添加剂”,它会打乱机油配方的平衡,容易导致发动机磨损。

4、 Pay more attention to the state of oil, oil color and viscosity is normal? At the same time, it is necessary to timely replace the oil meeting the quality level standard specified by the manufacturer according to the maintenance manual. Remember, do not add any "anti-wear additive" to the engine oil. It will upset the balance of the oil formula and easily lead to engine wear.

五、添加燃油时,到正规的加油站为车辆添加质量和清洁度较好的燃油,让车辆运转和磨合更加顺畅。同时,尽量避免超标号或降标号使用燃油,应为车辆添加符合要求的燃油。

5、 When adding fuel, go to a regular gas station to add fuel with good quality and cleanliness, so that the vehicle can run and run in more smoothly. At the same time, try to avoid using fuel beyond or below the mark, and add fuel that meets the requirements for the vehicle.

六、不要盲目的“拉高速”,可能是有些朋友听说了“上高速磨车比较快”的说法,所以一上高速就狂飙起来,“一心想着跑完就可以开车去泡妞了”。但这一说法并不完全正确。在磨合期内,车辆转速最好限制在2000-3000rpm之间。同时,在磨合期阶段,时速最好不要超过

6、 Don't blindly "pull the high-speed", maybe some friends heard that "it's faster to get on the high-speed grinding car", so when you get on the high-speed, you'll start to gallop up, "you can drive to pick up girls with your mind after running". But that's not exactly true. During the running in period, it is better to limit the vehicle speed to 2000-3000rpm. At the same time, during the running in period, the speed should not exceed

七、如要是上高速公路,行驶时间最好不要超过3小时。

7、 If you are on the highway, you'd better not drive for more than 3 hours.

八、新车总是能够让他人产生想蹭的冲动,但建议您在爱车行驶1000公里内,车辆的一般载重量不要超过额定载荷的75%-80%,同时,尽可能的选择平坦道路行驶。

8、 A new car can always make others want to rub, but it is recommended that you do not exceed 75% - 80% of the rated load within 1000 km of your car. At the same time, you should choose a flat road as much as possible.

九、尽量避免急刹车,保持安全的车速、车距,平稳操作。

9、 Try to avoid sudden braking, maintain a safe speed and distance, and operate smoothly.

十、刚刚从驾校出来的朋友,“不要入戏太深”想想这是自己的新车,不再是教练车了。把新车当成教练车一样粗暴操作,后患无穷。

10、 The friend who just came out of driving school, "don't go too far into the play" thinks that this is his new car, no longer a coach car. Treat the new car as a trainer car, and it will be in endless trouble.

免责声明:文章来自互联网,不代表本站的观点,如有侵权或不实言论,请第一时间联系删除,谢谢!!

本文由 看世界 作者:小小 发表,其版权均为 看世界 所有,文章内容系作者个人观点,不代表 看世界 对观点赞同或支持。如需转载,请注明文章来源。

发表评论