如何选择和估价翡翠 翡翠的日常清洗与养护-看世界

如何选择和估价翡翠 翡翠的日常清洗与养护

上等品质的硬玉称其为翡翠,色、透、匀、形、敲是一般人观赏或评价玉石的方法,并将玉石分为:玻璃种、深色老坑、老坑、金丝、油清、豆青、花青、瓜青等。下面和360常识网一起来看看吧。

上等品质的硬玉称其为翡翠,色、透、匀、形、敲是一般人观赏或评价玉石的方法,并将玉石分为:玻璃种、深色老坑、老坑、金丝、油清、豆青、花青、瓜青等。下面和360常识网一起来看看吧。

Jadeite of high quality is called jadeite. Color, penetration, uniformity, shape and knocking are the methods for ordinary people to appreciate or evaluate jadeite. Jadeite is divided into: glass type, dark old pit, old pit, gold wire, Youqing, Douqing, Huaqing, Guaqing, etc. Let's have a look with 360 common sense.

翡翠的估价原则

Appraisal principle of jadeite

1、愈娇绿的愈具价值。

1. The more green, the more valuable.

2、透明度:硬玉内部结晶组织紧密的质地较好,透明度高,我们所说的“玻璃种”就是晕种透明度高的硬玉,如因玉石本身在含铬丰富则形成了冰种翡翠,价值不菲且难求。

2. Transparency: the crystal structure inside the jadeite is compact, with good texture and high transparency. What we call "glass type" is jadeite with high transparency. For example, because the jadeite itself is rich in chromium, it forms ice type jadeite, which is valuable and hard to find.

3、色匀:除了颜色娇绿,透明度高之外,还必须色调均匀才是上品。

3. Color uniformity: in addition to the delicate green color and high transparency, it is also necessary to have a uniform hue.

4、瑕疵:要注意有无裂纹、斑点等,这些瑕疵都会影响硬玉的品质。

4. Defects: pay attention to whether there are cracks, spots, etc., which will affect the quality of jadeite.

5、形状:大多数的翡翠戒面是椭圆蛋面形的,至于其它的形状则有多种,形状的好坏与美丽对玉石的价格也是有影响的。

5. Shape: most of the emerald rings are oval shaped, and there are many other shapes. The quality and beauty of the shapes also affect the price of the jade.

6、雕工或磨工:雕件的佩饰其工夫的好坏与象征的意义都对价格有影响。

6. Carver or grinder: the quality of the work and the symbolic meaning of the ornament have an impact on the price.

7、大小、厚度:相同品质的玉石 然是以大而厚的价格较高。

7. Size and thickness: jade of the same quality is of large and thick price.

8、光泽:除了上述条件外,光泽还要鲜明,不可阴暗。

8. Luster: in addition to the above conditions, the luster should be bright and not dark.

原料挑选

Raw material selection

擦皮

Rub the skin

擦皮子是一条古老的法则,也称作蜕皮子或擦石,属于保守的开赌石的方法,因为在没有确定解玉的具体部位就下刀切割,容易将绿色"解"掉,所以擦皮子的效果好又安全。擦皮子主要看雾、底和色。因为有了擦口就可以用强光看到玉石内部的一些变化,用以判断绿色的深度,宽度浓淡度。擦皮子的顺序:一擦颟,二擦枯,三擦癣,四擦松花。擦石目的只有一个,就是找到真正的绿颜色。

Wiping is an old rule, also known as sloughing or rubbing stone. It is a conservative way to open a gambling stone. Because the specific part of Jieyu is not determined, it is easy to cut the green part, so the effect of wiping is good and safe. It mainly depends on fog, bottom and color. Because you can see some changes in the interior of the jade with strong light when you have a scratch mouth, to judge the depth and width of the green. The order of skin cleaning: one is to wipe the dust, two is to wipe the dry, three is to wipe the ringworm, four is to wipe the pine blossom. There is only one purpose of rubbing stones, that is to find the true green color.

切石

Cutting stone

原始的切割方法是用弓锯压砂,缓慢地锯开石头。若发现不能继续切割时,便于采取措施挽救。还有一种是用玉石切割机,使用镀有金刚砂层切割刀片,准确迅捷,为降低损耗与烟尘污染、保护切割刀片,常使用油浸切割机,但由于夹具夹着石头泡在油里或水里不容易看到切割过程,必须完全解开才能知道输赢,所以下刀切前首先要找准部位。一般是从擦口处下刀或是从颟处下刀,还可以从松花或是顺裂纹下刀,当切第一刀不见颜色时,还可以切第二刀,第三刀。行话说"一刀穷,一刀富"指的就是这个道理。

The original method of cutting is to press sand with a bow saw and slowly cut stones. If it is found that cutting can not be continued, it is convenient to take measures to save. Another is to use a jade cutting machine, which is coated with emery layer to cut blades. It is accurate and fast. In order to reduce loss and smoke pollution, and protect the cutting blades, the oil immersed cutting machine is often used. However, because the cutting process is not easy to see in the oil or water when the clamp holds the stone, it is necessary to completely untie it to know the winning or losing. Therefore, the position must be found before cutting. Generally, the knife can be cut from the scratch or from the window, or from the pine blossom or along the crack. When the color of the first knife is not visible, the second knife and the third knife can also be cut. The saying "one knife is poor, one knife is rich" refers to this truth.

磨石

Grindstone

磨石是为了抛光,把透明度完全的表现出来,这样能使人看到它的色好或水好。如果原料较粗又没有抛光,也可采用往原石上涂清水的方法增加翡翠原料的透明度。磨石一种是暗赌(朦头赌),石头没有任何擦切痕迹,也没有自然的断口;二是半明半暗赌,在石头上有敲口、擦口或小缺口的情况下,已经能够看到赌石内部种水、颜色等端倪,赌其余未能顺利观察到的部位,这样仍然有较大的可赌性。

Grindstone is to polish and show the transparency completely, so that people can see its good color or water. If the raw material is coarse and not polished, the transparency of jadeite raw material can also be increased by applying clear water to the raw stone. One kind of grindstone is dark gambling (gambling with a hazy head). There is no trace of scratch or natural fracture of the stone. The other is half light and half dark gambling. When there is a knock, scratch or small gap on the stone, you can see the clue of water and color inside the gambling stone. The rest of the parts that are not observed smoothly can still be gambled.

翡翠的清洗与养护

Cleaning and maintenance of jadeite

定期对翡翠进行清洗和养护:如果因为长期佩戴使其表面出现脏污,用清水清洁后再以马尾鬃刷轻轻轻扫翡翠即可。这样腐蚀性的物质就很难长期存在在翡翠表面对其进行损伤。切记,在沐浴或是运动时,最好能将翡翠取下。因为沐浴液或是汗液是含有酸碱性的腐蚀性物质,长期在这种环境下的话,很容易导致光泽减退。通常翡翠在清洁完毕后可以用少量的白茶油进行滋润养护一下。既可锁住翡翠的水分不流失,也可以使翡翠的光泽和润度得到提高。

Clean and maintain the jadeite regularly: if the surface of jadeite is dirty due to long-term wearing, clean it with clear water and then gently sweep the jadeite with horsetail bristle brush. In this way, it is difficult for corrosive substances to exist on the surface of jadeite for a long time to damage it. Remember, when bathing or exercising, it's best to remove the jadeite. Because bath fluid or sweat is corrosive substance with acid and alkali, in this environment for a long time, it is easy to lead to loss of luster. Usually jadeite can be moistened and cured with a small amount of white tea oil after cleaning. It can not only lock the water content of jadeite, but also improve the luster and moistening degree of jadeite.

另外:每次清洗时要注意观察一下挂绳是否有磨损、镶嵌饰品是否有松动,这样及时检修、保养能及时发现送回店内进行维护,避免由于挂绳断裂、镶口松开而造成翡翠摔坏丢失。

In addition: when cleaning each time, pay attention to observe whether the hanging rope is worn or not, and whether the inlay ornaments are loose. In this way, timely repair and maintenance can be found and sent back to the store for maintenance, so as to avoid the damage and loss of jadeite jade caused by the broken hanging rope and loose inlay.

免责声明:文章来自互联网,不代表本站的观点,如有侵权或不实言论,请第一时间联系删除,谢谢!!

本文由 看世界 作者:小小 发表,其版权均为 看世界 所有,文章内容系作者个人观点,不代表 看世界 对观点赞同或支持。如需转载,请注明文章来源。

发表评论