Usually our drivers have to drive at night. In order to achieve safe driving at night and overcome the adverse factors such as poor light and poor lighting at night, it is necessary for drivers to understand the visual functional characteristics of people and the main causes of traffic accidents at night, so as to take corresponding measures to ensure the safety of driving at night. Let's follow 360 common sense net to learn about it.
13 key points of safe driving at night
1. Remember to stop suddenly on the highway
If I was asked to evaluate the dangerous degree of various dangerous actions in high-speed accidents, I would first place the sudden stop of the highway. The sudden stop is the most dangerous, and there is no one.
In case of a sudden traffic accident, you must stop on the highway. You must check whether there are other cars in the rear-view mirror in advance, especially the large trucks. You must slow down in advance and turn on the double flash to remind the rear cars to pay attention, leaving enough distance and time for the rear cars to slow down.
If the car behind always honks or lights, believe me, he can't stop the car. What you have to do at this time is not to stop but to drive in the emergency lane. Even if you are photographed violating the rules or the car is scratched, it's most important to protect your life.
2. Flat tire keep calm and don't panic
Tire blowout is the biggest obstacle to the safety of high-speed driving. As long as we can drive according to the speed limit, even if there is a tire blowout accident on the high-speed road, it is not a big deal, but the premise is don't panic. Here are the handling methods when there is a tire blowout accident.
(1) Hold the steering wheel with both hands all the way and never turn the steering wheel.
(2) Never brake with all your strength immediately after a flat tire.
(3) If the situation is controllable, please pull out your hand, take 0.5 seconds to turn on the double flash, and immediately continue to hold the steering wheel.
(4) It's critical to observe the mirrors.
(5) If the tire bursts at high speed, slow down with the brake after the vehicle speed is less than 100km / h.
It's really unusual to have a flat tire, so when it happens suddenly, the reaction of people is the most important. Calm down. According to the above methods, we can definitely control the situation. Believe me, you can hold it.
3. Don't believe it's a good car
Don't believe that you can drive a good car and drive too fast. Look at all kinds of accident reports. No matter BMW or Porsche, or Volvo, which promotes safety, there are serious accidents caused by high-speed overspeed. The maximum speed limit of our national highway is 120km / h. In addition, high-speed overspeed will lead to a great increase in your braking distance, which is easy to cause serious traffic accidents such as rear end collision.
4. Pre trip inspection / on time inspection during driving
Before you go out, you must check all parts, tires, lights, oil, wipers, etc. of the car, especially for long-distance and high-speed driving, you must check the car, especially the tires, and timely repair any problems found.
When driving on the highway for more than 2 hours, people need to rest, adjust the state, and the vehicle also needs to adjust the state, and check the main parts of the vehicle (such as tires, oil, etc.), so as to ensure your driving safety in the next period of travel.
5. Pay attention to the warning signs of Expressway
Pay attention to the warning signs designed by the roadside of expressways, such as "this is an accident prone road section, please drive slowly". If you see such signs on the roadside, please slow down to pass. Don't make fun of your life.
6. Try not to drive at night
If you can not drive at night, try not to drive on the expressway, especially the expressway at the level of traffic hub. There are a lot more trucks on the highway at night than in the daytime.
Truck drivers often can not have a good rest during the day, and are prone to drowsiness at night. Many accidents on the high-speed truck occur at night or in the early hours of the morning.
7. When overtaking, use more lights to prompt, use lights reasonably at night, and use corresponding lights in special weather.
During the day, prepare to remind the vehicle ahead to overtake. The light is better than the horn. The light is the best way. In the evening, we should pay more attention to the use of lights when driving at high speed. Some high-speed sections do not have street lights designed, so we should use high beam lights reasonably.
In addition, under the special weather conditions such as rain, snow and fog, we should pay more attention to the use of lights on the highway. There should be no less width lights, fog lights and double flashing warning lights.
8. Don't take the emergency lane if you have nothing to do
As the name implies, the emergency driving belt is used in an emergency, especially the green channel for rescue vehicles in case of a major traffic accident, which is called the rescue channel.
Now, if there is a traffic accident in front of you, some of the vehicles behind you will walk away from the emergency driving belt if they have no quality. Here, I appeal to my friends who see this article. If you really encounter congestion, don't try to walk the emergency driving lane, and leave the life channel to the people who need it!
9. In case of an accident, evacuate to a safe place
The most taboo after the highway accident is to stay in place. No matter how serious the accident or failure happens to the vehicle, if you can't solve it alone, please leave the accident vehicle as soon as possible, and evacuate to the emergency driving belt of the main road according to the urban road surface; the method of Expressway evacuation to the outermost green belt waits for things to be handled, so as to prevent the occurrence of the second accident.
10. Don't throw things on the highway
There are often villagers near the expressway picking up plastic bottles, cans, waste newspapers and so on. If they are knocked down or hit by speeding vehicles at this time, they are seriously injured or even killed. At the same time, the discarded things are also a great potential safety hazard for the vehicles behind. For the sake of the personal safety of others and yourself, do not throw things on the highway.
11. Keep your seat belt in mind
The first thing in the car is to fasten the seat belt, and remind your family to fasten the seat belt.
12. Passengers in the car should not affect the driver too much
When driving at high speed, the most taboo is to disturb the driver frequently. The driver's spirit is attracted by all kinds of situations on the road. Therefore, disturbing the driver may cause safety hazards to the driving. If you drive on a road without a car for a long time, on the contrary, the members of the car will not often talk to the driver, and don't let him drive confused.
13. Pay attention to the following distance
It's better not to follow a large truck on a high-speed road. Basically, a large truck on a high-speed road is overloaded, which increases the braking distance, so that if you don't pay attention to the rear, you will catch up.
In addition, teach an old driver's unique secret: if the front truck changes lanes without reason, it must be something in front of you. At this time, you can change lanes with the line of the truck safely.
The reason is very simple. It's not good for you to follow the line of sight behind the truck when it's sitting high and looking far away. But when he finds out the situation, he will ensure his safety. So it's right for the truck to change the line and follow suddenly, which will ensure safety.
Misuses of lights in driving at night
Friends who have driven must know how dangerous it is to drive without headlights in the evening or at night. Maybe some friends will say that the main road in the city will be bright at night, and there is no problem without turning on the lights. In fact, this view is very wrong.
大灯在晚上的作用除了照明，还在很大程度上起到警示其它车辆的作用，这也是为什么车辆都要安装示宽灯的原因。在这里编辑还要提醒您，晚上不但要开灯，而且 还要早开灯。在傍晚或者恶略天气的时候，光线下降但路灯又没到打开的这段时间里是很危险的，建议您最好打开大灯行驶。您的眼神儿好不代表别人不近视，一个 简单的动作带来的是更多的安全保障。欧盟国家已经把日间行车灯列为车辆的标准配置，白天都需要，灯光在夜晚的重要性就无需多言了。
In addition to lighting, headlights also play a role in alerting other vehicles to a large extent, which is why vehicles should be equipped with side marker lights. Here the editor also reminds you that you should not only turn on the light at night, but also turn on the light early. In the evening or in bad weather, it's very dangerous when the light drops but the street lamp doesn't turn on. It's recommended that you turn on the headlight to drive. Your eyes do not mean that others are not nearsighted. A simple action brings more security. EU countries have listed daytime running lights as the standard configuration of vehicles, which are required during the day, so the importance of lights at night is needless to say.
The reason is very simple, but why do people always "forget" to turn on the headlights? In fact, the reason lies in another new technology, self illumination dashboard. The self illuminated instrument cluster will turn on as the vehicle starts. This technology can effectively increase the clarity of the instrument cluster during daytime driving. Originally, this is only a high-end car configuration, but many models below 100000 have been equipped with self luminous instrument cluster. Bright street lights and clear self illumination instruments often give drivers the illusion that the headlights have been turned on, so it's not surprising that someone always forgets to turn on the headlights.
所以请您在以后晚上开始的时候还是请注意以下仪表盘的提示灯吧，大灯开启的时候仪表盘上会有提示灯出现，常见车型都是绿色标志，但也不排除个别车型有别的 颜色。近光、远光、前雾灯和后雾灯的仪表盘提示灯都不相同，下面的图注中有清晰标识。另外自发光仪表盘的车型在开启大灯之后，仪表盘的亮度会相应变暗，防 止炫目，只要细心观察也能借此判断出大灯是否开启。
So please pay attention to the following prompt lights of the instrument panel at the beginning of the evening. When the headlights are turned on, there will be prompt lights on the instrument panel. The common models are green signs, but it does not exclude that some models have other colors. The indicator lights of instrument cluster of low beam, high beam, front fog lamp and rear fog lamp are different, and the following drawing notes have clear identification. In addition, the brightness of the instrument panel will be dimmed after the headlights are turned on for the models with self illuminated instrument panel to prevent dazzling. As long as you observe carefully, you can also judge whether the headlights are turned on or not.
开灯是必须的，但是灯光也要合理使用。比如在城里开车时车距较近，再加上周围光线较好，一味使用远光只会对其它车辆的行驶造成极大的影响。但是如果在车少 人稀的国道或者高速公路，就最好使用远光照明了。远近光在仪表盘上的标识不同，一般绿色为近光等，蓝色为远光灯，如果您在路上行驶，有其它车辆用大灯晃 您，那您最好赶紧看看是不是打开了远光，影响到了他人的正常驾驶。
It is necessary to turn on the light, but the light should also be used reasonably. For example, when driving in the city, the distance between cars is relatively close, and the surrounding light is better, the constant use of high beam will only have a great impact on the driving of other vehicles. But if you are on a national highway or highway with few people, you'd better use high beam lighting. The identification of high and low beam on the instrument panel is different. Generally, green means low beam, etc. and blue means high beam. If you drive on the road and other vehicles shake you with headlights, you'd better see if the high beam is turned on, which affects the normal driving of others.
In the past few years, automatic headlight is still a necessary product for advanced cars, but with the reduction of cost, the popularity of automatic headlight is getting higher and higher. In fact, the working principle of automatic headlight is very simple. Only a light sensor is installed at the corresponding position on the vehicle body. When the external brightness is reduced to a certain extent, the sensor will send a signal to control the headlight to turn on automatically, which is very convenient in actual use.
配备有自动大灯功能的车型在 大灯控制键上会多出一个AUTO档，只要没有特殊情况，驾驶员无需对灯光进行操作。这里还有两点需要特别说一下，一个是自动大灯在切换过程中一般都有短暂 的延时，当光线突然降低时(例如驶出隧道时)，司机朋友需要格外小心，这短暂的延时是非常危险的。第二点是如果在夜间行车需要短暂关闭大灯时，请注意把开 关调制示宽灯位置而不是直接关掉，让车辆始终保持足够醒目，避免发生危险。
The vehicle equipped with automatic headlight function will have an additional auto gear on the headlight control key. As long as there is no special situation, the driver does not need to operate the light. There are two other points to be particularly mentioned here. One is that the automatic headlight generally has a short delay in the switching process. When the light suddenly decreases (such as driving out of the tunnel), the driver's friends need to be extra careful. This short delay is very dangerous. The second point is that if you need to turn off the headlights for a short time when driving at night, please pay attention to modulating the switch to the position of the width indicator instead of turning it off directly, so that the vehicle is always eye-catching enough to avoid danger.
Follow up turn signal
The working principle of follow-up turn light is a little complicated. When the car turns on the curve at night, because of the inability to adjust the lighting angle, there is often a "blind area" inside the curve, which greatly threatens the driver's safe driving at night. The follow-up turn signal can dynamically adjust the light to keep consistent with the current driving direction of the car, so as to ensure the best visibility of the driver at any time. The follow-up steering lamp is generally used with the automatic headlamp.
Secondary steering lamp