夜间安全开车的十三个要点 夜间行车时灯光使用的误区-看世界

夜间安全开车的十三个要点 夜间行车时灯光使用的误区

平时我们司机难免要夜间开车。为了做到夜间安全行车,克服晚上的光线差、照明不良等不利因素,驾驶员有必要了解人的视觉机能特性和夜间交通事故产生的主要原因,以便采取相应的措施,确保夜间行车安全。下面跟随360常识网一起来了解一下吧。

平时我们司机难免要夜间开车。为了做到夜间安全行车,克服晚上的光线差、照明不良等不利因素,驾驶员有必要了解人的视觉机能特性和夜间交通事故产生的主要原因,以便采取相应的措施,确保夜间行车安全。下面跟随360常识网一起来了解一下吧。

Usually our drivers have to drive at night. In order to achieve safe driving at night and overcome the adverse factors such as poor light and poor lighting at night, it is necessary for drivers to understand the visual functional characteristics of people and the main causes of traffic accidents at night, so as to take corresponding measures to ensure the safety of driving at night. Let's follow 360 common sense net to learn about it.

夜间安全开车的十三个要点

13 key points of safe driving at night

1、高速路切记突然停车

1. Remember to stop suddenly on the highway

如果让我给高速事故各种危险动作评危险程度,我首先会给高速公路突然停车放到首位,突然停车是最最危险的,没有之一。

If I was asked to evaluate the dangerous degree of various dangerous actions in high-speed accidents, I would first place the sudden stop of the highway. The sudden stop is the most dangerous, and there is no one.

如遇到突发交通事故必须在高速路上停车,一定要提前看后视镜里有没有别的车,特别是大货车,一定要提前减速并打开双闪提醒后车注意,给后方车辆留下充足的距离和时间减速。

In case of a sudden traffic accident, you must stop on the highway. You must check whether there are other cars in the rear-view mirror in advance, especially the large trucks. You must slow down in advance and turn on the double flash to remind the rear cars to pay attention, leaving enough distance and time for the rear cars to slow down.

如果后方车辆总是按喇叭或者闪灯,相信我,他一定是刹不住车了,这时候你要做的不是停车而是往紧急车道里开,哪怕被拍违章、哪怕车辆蹭伤,保命最重要。

If the car behind always honks or lights, believe me, he can't stop the car. What you have to do at this time is not to stop but to drive in the emergency lane. Even if you are photographed violating the rules or the car is scratched, it's most important to protect your life.

2、爆胎稳住心情不要慌

2. Flat tire keep calm and don't panic

爆胎是威胁高速行车安全最大的阻碍,只要我们能按照限速驾驶,就算高速路行驶发生爆胎事故,也不是什么大事,但前提是千万别慌,下面是发生爆胎事故时的处理办法。

Tire blowout is the biggest obstacle to the safety of high-speed driving. As long as we can drive according to the speed limit, even if there is a tire blowout accident on the high-speed road, it is not a big deal, but the premise is don't panic. Here are the handling methods when there is a tire blowout accident.

(1)全程双手握方向盘且一定不能打方向盘。

(1) Hold the steering wheel with both hands all the way and never turn the steering wheel.

(2)爆胎发生后绝对不能立刻全力刹车。

(2) Never brake with all your strength immediately after a flat tire.

(3)如果情况允许可控请抽出手,花0.5秒去开启双闪,完成后立刻继续握紧方向盘。

(3) If the situation is controllable, please pull out your hand, take 0.5 seconds to turn on the double flash, and immediately continue to hold the steering wheel.

(4)观察后视镜很关键。

(4) It's critical to observe the mirrors.

(5)如果是高速路况下爆胎,车速低于100公里/小时后,再轻带刹车减速。

(5) If the tire bursts at high speed, slow down with the brake after the vehicle speed is less than 100km / h.

爆胎这事儿真的不常见,因此在他突如发生的时候人的反应是最重要的,沉住气,按照我们上面说的办法一定能控制住局面,相信我,你能HOLD住的。

It's really unusual to have a flat tire, so when it happens suddenly, the reaction of people is the most important. Calm down. According to the above methods, we can definitely control the situation. Believe me, you can hold it.

3、不要迷信是“好车”就超速开车

3. Don't believe it's a good car

不要迷信自己开的是好车就可劲超速,看看各种事故报告吧,无论是宝马还是保时捷,还是以安全为宣传的沃尔沃,都有因为高速超速导致严重事故的案例。我们国家高速公路的最高限速是120km/h。另外,高速超速还会导致你的刹车距离大大提升,容易引发追尾等严重的交通事故。

Don't believe that you can drive a good car and drive too fast. Look at all kinds of accident reports. No matter BMW or Porsche, or Volvo, which promotes safety, there are serious accidents caused by high-speed overspeed. The maximum speed limit of our national highway is 120km / h. In addition, high-speed overspeed will lead to a great increase in your braking distance, which is easy to cause serious traffic accidents such as rear end collision.

4、出行前检查/行驶中按时检查车况

4. Pre trip inspection / on time inspection during driving

出行之前一定要检查好车了的各项零件、轮胎、灯光、油液、雨刮器等等,特别是要长途高速行驶一定要特别给车做好检查,尤其是轮胎,发现问题及时修补。

Before you go out, you must check all parts, tires, lights, oil, wipers, etc. of the car, especially for long-distance and high-speed driving, you must check the car, especially the tires, and timely repair any problems found.

在高速路行驶超过2个小时人需要休息,调整状态,车同样也需要调整状态,并且要检查车辆的主要部位(如,轮胎、机油等),这样才能保证你在下一段旅行的时候的行车安全。

When driving on the highway for more than 2 hours, people need to rest, adjust the state, and the vehicle also needs to adjust the state, and check the main parts of the vehicle (such as tires, oil, etc.), so as to ensure your driving safety in the next period of travel.

5、注意高速路的警示标示

5. Pay attention to the warning signs of Expressway

关注过高速公路路旁设计的警告标示,比如“此处是事故多发路段,请慢速行驶”,如果你看到路边有这样的标识,请一定要减速通过,千万别拿自己的命开玩笑。

Pay attention to the warning signs designed by the roadside of expressways, such as "this is an accident prone road section, please drive slowly". If you see such signs on the roadside, please slow down to pass. Don't make fun of your life.

6、尽量不要夜间行车

6. Try not to drive at night

如果能不晚上赶路就尽量不要在高速上开,特别是交通枢纽级的高速路。高速公路晚上大货车的数量要比白天多很多。

If you can not drive at night, try not to drive on the expressway, especially the expressway at the level of traffic hub. There are a lot more trucks on the highway at night than in the daytime.

大货车司机往往白天不能好好休息,晚上开车很容易犯困打瞌睡,很多高速上大货车的事故都是晚上或者凌晨发生的。

Truck drivers often can not have a good rest during the day, and are prone to drowsiness at night. Many accidents on the high-speed truck occur at night or in the early hours of the morning.

7、超车时多用灯光提示,晚上合理使用灯光,特殊天气使用对应的灯光。

7. When overtaking, use more lights to prompt, use lights reasonably at night, and use corresponding lights in special weather.

白天准备提示前方车辆要超车,灯光比喇叭好使,灯光提示是最好的办法。在晚上,高速行车更要注意灯光的使用,有一些高速路段没有设计路灯,要合理使用远光灯。

During the day, prepare to remind the vehicle ahead to overtake. The light is better than the horn. The light is the best way. In the evening, we should pay more attention to the use of lights when driving at high speed. Some high-speed sections do not have street lights designed, so we should use high beam lights reasonably.

另外,在雨雪雾这些特殊天气条件下,我们在高速路上更要注意灯光的使用,示宽灯、雾灯、双闪警示灯一个都不能少。

In addition, under the special weather conditions such as rain, snow and fog, we should pay more attention to the use of lights on the highway. There should be no less width lights, fog lights and double flashing warning lights.

8、没事儿别走紧急行车带

8. Don't take the emergency lane if you have nothing to do

紧急行车带顾名思义就是在紧急情况使用的,特别是出现重特大交通事故时救援车辆的绿色通道,称其为救命通道。

As the name implies, the emergency driving belt is used in an emergency, especially the green channel for rescue vehicles in case of a major traffic accident, which is called the rescue channel.

如今,如果前面有了交通事故,后方车辆有一部分没素质的就会从紧急行车带上走,这里呼吁看到本文的朋友,如果真的遇到拥堵情况,别试图走紧急行车道,把生命通道留给需要的人吧!

Now, if there is a traffic accident in front of you, some of the vehicles behind you will walk away from the emergency driving belt if they have no quality. Here, I appeal to my friends who see this article. If you really encounter congestion, don't try to walk the emergency driving lane, and leave the life channel to the people who need it!

9、出现事故后,赶紧撤到安全地带

9. In case of an accident, evacuate to a safe place

高速公路出事故之后最忌讳的就是呆在原地不动。无论车辆发生多么严重的事故或者故障,你一个人无法解决的话那就请尽快离开事故车辆,并按照城市路面撤离到主路紧急行车带;高速公路撤离到最外层绿化带的方法等待事情的处理,防止二次事故的发生。

The most taboo after the highway accident is to stay in place. No matter how serious the accident or failure happens to the vehicle, if you can't solve it alone, please leave the accident vehicle as soon as possible, and evacuate to the emergency driving belt of the main road according to the urban road surface; the method of Expressway evacuation to the outermost green belt waits for things to be handled, so as to prevent the occurrence of the second accident.

10、不要在高速路上扔东西

10. Don't throw things on the highway

时常有高速公路旁边的村民在高速路内捡丢弃在路边的塑料瓶子、易拉罐、废报纸之类的,如果这时候被飞驰的车辆刮倒或者撞到,基本都是重伤甚至死亡。同时,丢弃的东西对后面的车辆也是极大的安全隐患,为了他人和自己的人身安全,千万不要在高速路上扔东西。

There are often villagers near the expressway picking up plastic bottles, cans, waste newspapers and so on. If they are knocked down or hit by speeding vehicles at this time, they are seriously injured or even killed. At the same time, the discarded things are also a great potential safety hazard for the vehicles behind. For the sake of the personal safety of others and yourself, do not throw things on the highway.

11、紧记安全带

11. Keep your seat belt in mind

上车第一件事就是系安全带,也提醒你的家人一定要系安全带。

The first thing in the car is to fasten the seat belt, and remind your family to fasten the seat belt.

12、车内乘客别太影响驾驶员

12. Passengers in the car should not affect the driver too much

高速开车的时候最忌讳的就是经常打扰驾驶员开车,在高速路开车司机的精神都被路上的各种情况吸引了,因此这时候打扰司机可能会造成给行车带来安全隐患。如果长时间在无车的道路行车,反而车内的成员还要时不常的和驾驶员说个话,别让他开迷糊了。

When driving at high speed, the most taboo is to disturb the driver frequently. The driver's spirit is attracted by all kinds of situations on the road. Therefore, disturbing the driver may cause safety hazards to the driving. If you drive on a road without a car for a long time, on the contrary, the members of the car will not often talk to the driver, and don't let him drive confused.

13、注意跟车距离

13. Pay attention to the following distance

在高速上跟车最好不要跟大货车,基本上上高速的大货车都超载,超载让刹车距离增加,这样你跟在后面的话稍不留神就会追尾。

It's better not to follow a large truck on a high-speed road. Basically, a large truck on a high-speed road is overloaded, which increases the braking distance, so that if you don't pay attention to the rear, you will catch up.

此外,传授一个老司机的独门秘籍:如果前面的大货车无端的变换车道,那一定是前面有情况了,这时候你也跟着大货车的线路变换车道准能平安。

In addition, teach an old driver's unique secret: if the front truck changes lanes without reason, it must be something in front of you. At this time, you can change lanes with the line of the truck safely.

道理很简单,大货车坐的高看的远,你在他后面跟着视线本来就不好,但他发现情况后会保证自己的安全,所以大货车突然变线走跟着没错,一定能保证安全。

The reason is very simple. It's not good for you to follow the line of sight behind the truck when it's sitting high and looking far away. But when he finds out the situation, he will ensure his safety. So it's right for the truck to change the line and follow suddenly, which will ensure safety.

夜间行车时灯光使用的误区

Misuses of lights in driving at night

不开大灯

No headlights.

开过车的朋友肯定都清楚,傍晚或夜间行驶的时候不开大灯是一件多么危险的事情。也许有的朋友会说,城市的主干道一到晚上就灯火通明,不开灯完全没问题,其实这样的观点是非常错误的。

Friends who have driven must know how dangerous it is to drive without headlights in the evening or at night. Maybe some friends will say that the main road in the city will be bright at night, and there is no problem without turning on the lights. In fact, this view is very wrong.

大灯在晚上的作用除了照明,还在很大程度上起到警示其它车辆的作用,这也是为什么车辆都要安装示宽灯的原因。在这里编辑还要提醒您,晚上不但要开灯,而且 还要早开灯。在傍晚或者恶略天气的时候,光线下降但路灯又没到打开的这段时间里是很危险的,建议您最好打开大灯行驶。您的眼神儿好不代表别人不近视,一个 简单的动作带来的是更多的安全保障。欧盟国家已经把日间行车灯列为车辆的标准配置,白天都需要,灯光在夜晚的重要性就无需多言了。

In addition to lighting, headlights also play a role in alerting other vehicles to a large extent, which is why vehicles should be equipped with side marker lights. Here the editor also reminds you that you should not only turn on the light at night, but also turn on the light early. In the evening or in bad weather, it's very dangerous when the light drops but the street lamp doesn't turn on. It's recommended that you turn on the headlight to drive. Your eyes do not mean that others are not nearsighted. A simple action brings more security. EU countries have listed daytime running lights as the standard configuration of vehicles, which are required during the day, so the importance of lights at night is needless to say.

行车灯

Traffic lights

道理很简单,但为什么总是有人"忘了"开大灯呢?其实原因就出在另一项新技术--自发光仪表盘上。自发光仪表盘会随着车辆的发动而开启,这项技术能够有效的增加日间行车时仪表盘的清晰度。原来这只是高档车上的配置,但是很多十万以下的车型都已经装配了自发光仪表盘。明亮的路灯和清晰的自发光仪表常会给驾驶者带来大灯已开的错觉,这样看来总是有人忘记打开大灯就不足为奇了。

The reason is very simple, but why do people always "forget" to turn on the headlights? In fact, the reason lies in another new technology, self illumination dashboard. The self illuminated instrument cluster will turn on as the vehicle starts. This technology can effectively increase the clarity of the instrument cluster during daytime driving. Originally, this is only a high-end car configuration, but many models below 100000 have been equipped with self luminous instrument cluster. Bright street lights and clear self illumination instruments often give drivers the illusion that the headlights have been turned on, so it's not surprising that someone always forgets to turn on the headlights.

所以请您在以后晚上开始的时候还是请注意以下仪表盘的提示灯吧,大灯开启的时候仪表盘上会有提示灯出现,常见车型都是绿色标志,但也不排除个别车型有别的 颜色。近光、远光、前雾灯和后雾灯的仪表盘提示灯都不相同,下面的图注中有清晰标识。另外自发光仪表盘的车型在开启大灯之后,仪表盘的亮度会相应变暗,防 止炫目,只要细心观察也能借此判断出大灯是否开启。

So please pay attention to the following prompt lights of the instrument panel at the beginning of the evening. When the headlights are turned on, there will be prompt lights on the instrument panel. The common models are green signs, but it does not exclude that some models have other colors. The indicator lights of instrument cluster of low beam, high beam, front fog lamp and rear fog lamp are different, and the following drawing notes have clear identification. In addition, the brightness of the instrument panel will be dimmed after the headlights are turned on for the models with self illuminated instrument panel to prevent dazzling. As long as you observe carefully, you can also judge whether the headlights are turned on or not.

开灯是必须的,但是灯光也要合理使用。比如在城里开车时车距较近,再加上周围光线较好,一味使用远光只会对其它车辆的行驶造成极大的影响。但是如果在车少 人稀的国道或者高速公路,就最好使用远光照明了。远近光在仪表盘上的标识不同,一般绿色为近光等,蓝色为远光灯,如果您在路上行驶,有其它车辆用大灯晃 您,那您最好赶紧看看是不是打开了远光,影响到了他人的正常驾驶。

It is necessary to turn on the light, but the light should also be used reasonably. For example, when driving in the city, the distance between cars is relatively close, and the surrounding light is better, the constant use of high beam will only have a great impact on the driving of other vehicles. But if you are on a national highway or highway with few people, you'd better use high beam lighting. The identification of high and low beam on the instrument panel is different. Generally, green means low beam, etc. and blue means high beam. If you drive on the road and other vehicles shake you with headlights, you'd better see if the high beam is turned on, which affects the normal driving of others.

自动大灯

Automatic headlamp

自动大灯在前几年还是高级车的必备产品,但随着成本的降低,自动大灯的普及程度越来越高。自动大灯的工作原理其实很简单,只是在车身上的相应位置安装了光线传感器,当外部亮度降低到一定程度是,传感器会发出信号控制大灯自动开启,在实际使用中非常方便。

In the past few years, automatic headlight is still a necessary product for advanced cars, but with the reduction of cost, the popularity of automatic headlight is getting higher and higher. In fact, the working principle of automatic headlight is very simple. Only a light sensor is installed at the corresponding position on the vehicle body. When the external brightness is reduced to a certain extent, the sensor will send a signal to control the headlight to turn on automatically, which is very convenient in actual use.

配备有自动大灯功能的车型在 大灯控制键上会多出一个AUTO档,只要没有特殊情况,驾驶员无需对灯光进行操作。这里还有两点需要特别说一下,一个是自动大灯在切换过程中一般都有短暂 的延时,当光线突然降低时(例如驶出隧道时),司机朋友需要格外小心,这短暂的延时是非常危险的。第二点是如果在夜间行车需要短暂关闭大灯时,请注意把开 关调制示宽灯位置而不是直接关掉,让车辆始终保持足够醒目,避免发生危险。

The vehicle equipped with automatic headlight function will have an additional auto gear on the headlight control key. As long as there is no special situation, the driver does not need to operate the light. There are two other points to be particularly mentioned here. One is that the automatic headlight generally has a short delay in the switching process. When the light suddenly decreases (such as driving out of the tunnel), the driver's friends need to be extra careful. This short delay is very dangerous. The second point is that if you need to turn off the headlights for a short time when driving at night, please pay attention to modulating the switch to the position of the width indicator instead of turning it off directly, so that the vehicle is always eye-catching enough to avoid danger.

随动转向灯

Follow up turn signal

随动转向灯的工作原理略为复杂,当夜间汽车在弯道上转弯时,由于无法调节照明角度,常常会在弯道内侧出现"盲区",极大地威胁了驾驶员夜间的安全 驾车。随动转向灯能够不断对灯进行动态调节,保持与汽车的当前行驶方向一致,以确保驾驶员在任何时刻都拥有最佳的可见度。随动转向灯一般都和自动大灯配合使用。

The working principle of follow-up turn light is a little complicated. When the car turns on the curve at night, because of the inability to adjust the lighting angle, there is often a "blind area" inside the curve, which greatly threatens the driver's safe driving at night. The follow-up turn signal can dynamically adjust the light to keep consistent with the current driving direction of the car, so as to ensure the best visibility of the driver at any time. The follow-up steering lamp is generally used with the automatic headlamp.

辅助转向灯

Secondary steering lamp

随动转

Servo rotation

免责声明:文章来自互联网,不代表本站的观点,如有侵权或不实言论,请第一时间联系删除,谢谢!!

本文由 看世界 作者:小小 发表,其版权均为 看世界 所有,文章内容系作者个人观点,不代表 看世界 对观点赞同或支持。如需转载,请注明文章来源。

发表评论