男人抽烟的6大危害 戒烟最好的12种方法-看世界

男人抽烟的6大危害 戒烟最好的12种方法

大家都知道吸烟有害身体健康,对肺部的影响是大家最常见的。之前有过一张图表示的是大家的健康隐患在肺部,其实吸烟危害的不只是肺部的健康,更多的部位其实都是有损害的。跟随360常识网一起看看抽烟对身体的危害吧。

大家都知道吸烟有害身体健康,对肺部的影响是大家最常见的。之前有过一张图表示的是大家的健康隐患在肺部,其实吸烟危害的不只是肺部的健康,更多的部位其实都是有损害的。跟随360常识网一起看看抽烟对身体的危害吧。

We all know that smoking is harmful to our health, and the effect on our lungs is the most common. Before, there was a picture that showed that our health risk was in the lungs. In fact, smoking did harm not only to the health of the lungs, but also to more parts. Follow 360 common sense net to see the harm of smoking to the body.

男人抽烟的6大危害

Six dangers of smoking for men

1、吸烟导致血栓,引发各种心脏病

1. Smoking causes blood clots and various heart diseases

吸入香烟中的一氧化碳会降低血液吸收氧气的能力。尼古丁能使心跳加快,血压升高,心脏的承受能力减弱,心肌缺氧引起冠状动脉梗塞,心脏局部缺血(或心胶痛)促使动脉粥样化累积,许多心脏疾病开始发生。

Inhalation of carbon monoxide in cigarettes reduces the blood's ability to absorb oxygen. Nicotine can speed up the heart rate, increase the blood pressure, weaken the heart's ability to bear, cause the coronary artery infarction due to the lack of oxygen in the heart, cause the accumulation of atherosclerosis due to the local ischemia (or heart glue pain), and many heart diseases begin to occur.

在30和49岁之间,吸烟者心脏发病的机率极高,是不吸烟者的五倍。戒烟者发现一年后他们心脏发病的机率下降一半。

Between the ages of 30 and 49, smokers are five times more likely to develop heart disease than nonsmokers. Quitters found that their risk of heart attack dropped by half a year later.

2、吸烟对脑部的损害

2. Brain damage caused by smoking

吸烟会引致多种脑部疾病,会减低循环脑部之氧气及血液,引致脑部血管出血及闭塞,而导致麻痹、智力衰退及中风。中风原因是吸烟导致脑部血管痉挛,使血液比较容易凝结。吸烟者中风机率较非吸烟人士高出两倍。

Smoking can cause a variety of brain diseases, reduce the circulation of oxygen and blood in the brain, cause hemorrhage and occlusion of blood vessels in the brain, and lead to paralysis, mental decline and stroke. The cause of stroke is that smoking causes vasospasm in the brain, which makes blood clot easily. Smokers are twice as likely to have a stroke as nonsmokers.

3、吸烟对口腔的损害

3. The harm of smoking to the mouth

吸烟可导致口腔癌和喉癌。香烟中的焦油及烟雾的热量会使唾液腺发炎,味蕾受损,口味和嗅觉能力大大减弱。接下来,就很容易导致口腔癌,大约2/3的患者在发现口腔癌后仍可艰难地活下去。同时,烟气可使咽喉中的温度从37°C增加到42°C,引起里面的粘膜微度烧伤而产生慢性热创伤,最终则导致喉癌。

Smoking can cause oral and laryngeal cancer. The heat of tar and smoke in cigarettes will make salivary glands inflamed, taste buds damaged, taste and olfactory ability greatly weakened. Next, it is very easy to lead to oral cancer, about 2 / 3 of patients can still survive after finding oral cancer. At the same time, smoke can increase the temperature of the throat from 37 ° C to 42 ° C, causing micro burns of the inner mucous membrane and chronic thermal trauma, which eventually leads to laryngeal cancer.

4、吸烟对肺部的损害

4. Lung damage caused by smoking

吸烟能引致支气管上皮细胞的纤毛变短和不规则及其和运动发生障碍,降低局部性抵抗力,容易受到感染。吸烟会引致肺癌。90%的总死亡率是由吸烟所导致。初期病徵不会被察觉,直至癌性细胞漫延至血管及其他器官。吸烟亦会引致肺气肿,肺部支气管内积聚之有毒物质,会阻碍人体吸入之空气正常呼出,令肺部细胞膨胀或爆裂,导致患病者呼吸困难。

Smoking can cause the cilia of bronchial epithelial cells to become shorter and irregular, and the disturbance of movement, reduce the local resistance and be easily infected. Smoking can cause lung cancer. 90% of the total mortality rate is caused by smoking. The initial symptoms will not be detected until cancer cells spread to blood vessels and other organs. Smoking may also cause emphysema. The accumulation of toxic substances in the bronchi of the lungs may hinder the normal exhalation of the air inhaled by the human body, cause the expansion or bursting of the lung cells, and cause dyspnea of the patients.

5、吸烟对胃部的损害

5. The harm of smoking to the stomach

患有肠胃性疾病者,吸烟足以使肠胃病更恶化。患有胃溃疡或十二指肠溃疡者,溃疡处的愈合会减慢,甚至演变为慢性病。吸烟能刺激神经系统,加速唾液及胃液的分泌,使胃肠时常出现紧张状态,导致吸烟者食欲不振。另外,尼古丁会使胃肠黏膜的血管收缩,亦令食欲减退。

In patients with gastrointestinal diseases, smoking is enough to worsen the disease. In patients with gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer, the healing of ulcer will slow down, and even become chronic disease. Smoking can stimulate the nervous system, accelerate the secretion of saliva and gastric juice, make the gastrointestinal tract often tense, resulting in the loss of appetite of smokers. In addition, nicotine can constrict the blood vessels of gastrointestinal mucosa and reduce appetite.

6、吸烟不仅危害自己,也危害他人。

6. Smoking is not only harmful to oneself, but also to others.

吸烟时,嘴中和鼻孔中喷出的烟会呛到他人,也就是说,吸烟和被动吸烟可导致多种癌症,比起无烟情况下,致癌率也会大幅提高。你可以想象危险正向你慢慢的逼近,家人会因你的执迷不悟与你争锋相对,影响和睦,不久的将来你会饱受痛苦的呻吟,一旦患病,那可是一家人的灾难和噩梦。如此惊心动魄的场面,相信不是自己想要的未来。再者,吸烟过后,有些人还把烟蒂随地扔掉,它既破坏环境又污染空气,还可能会引起火灾。所以,这也明确了吸烟百害而无一利的道理。全世界每年因吸烟死亡人数达百万之多,烟是人类第一杀手。自觉养成不吸烟的个人卫生习惯,不仅有益于健康,而且也是一种高尚公共卫生道德的体现。

When smoking, the smoke emitted from the mouth and nostrils will choke others, that is to say, smoking and passive smoking can lead to a variety of cancers, and the carcinogenic rate will be greatly increased compared with smokeless cases. You can imagine that the danger is approaching you slowly. Your family will fight with you because of your obsession, which will affect the harmony. In the near future, you will suffer from the groans of pain. Once you get sick, it is a disaster and nightmare of your family. Such a breathtaking scene, I believe it is not the future I want. Moreover, after smoking, some people also throw away cigarette butts everywhere. It not only damages the environment and pollutes the air, but also may cause fire. Therefore, it also makes clear that smoking is harmful without any benefit. There are millions of people die from smoking every year in the world. Smoking is the first killer of human beings. It is not only beneficial to health, but also a reflection of noble public health morality to consciously develop the habit of personal health.

戒烟最好的方法

The best way to quit smoking

1、戒烟从现在开始,完全戒烟或逐渐减少吸烟次数的方法,通常3~4个月就可以成功。

1. From now on, the method of quitting smoking completely or gradually reducing the number of times of smoking can be successful in 3-4 months.

2、扔掉吸烟用具,诸如打火机、烟灰缸,香烟,减少你的“条件反射”。

2. Throw away smoking equipment, such as lighters, ashtrays, cigarettes, and reduce your "conditioned reflex.".

3、坚决拒绝香烟的引诱,经常提醒自己,再吸一支烟足以令戒烟的计划前功尽弃。 避免参与往常习惯吸烟的场所或活动。

3. Firmly refuse the temptation of cigarettes, often remind yourself that smoking another cigarette is enough to make the plan of quitting smoking useless. Avoid places or activities where you are used to smoking.

4、餐后喝水、吃水果或散步,摆脱饭后一支烟的想法。 研究表明:在戒烟初期多喝一些果汁可以帮助戒除尼古丁的成瘾。

4. Drink water, eat fruit or take a walk after a meal to get rid of the idea of a cigarette after a meal. Research shows that drinking more juice in the early days of quitting smoking can help to quit nicotine addiction.

5、烟瘾来时,要立即做深呼吸活动,或咀嚼无糖分的口香糖,避免用零食代替香烟,否则会引起血糖升高,身体过胖。

5. When you are addicted to cigarettes, you should immediately take a deep breath, or chew sugar free gum, and avoid using snacks instead of cigarettes. Otherwise, your blood sugar will rise and your body will be overweight.

6、告诉别人你已经戒烟,不要给你烟卷,也不要在你面前吸烟。

6. Tell others that you have quit smoking, don't give you cigarettes, and don't smoke in front of you.

7、写下你认为的戒烟理由,如为了自己的健康、为家人着想、为省钱等等,随身携带,当你烟瘾犯了时可以拿出来告诫自己。

7. Write down your reasons for quitting smoking, such as for your own health, for the sake of your family, for saving money, etc., and take them with you. When you are addicted to smoking, you can take them out to warn yourself.

8、制订一个戒烟计划,每天减少自己吸烟的数量。

8. Make a plan to quit smoking and reduce the number of cigarettes you smoke every day.

9、安排一些体育活动,如游泳、跑步、钓鱼等。一方面可以缓解精神紧张和压力,另一方面可以避免花较多的心思在吸烟上。

9. Arrange some sports activities, such as swimming, running, fishing, etc. On the one hand, it can relieve mental tension and pressure, on the other hand, it can avoid paying more attention to smoking.

10、当你有想吸烟的冲动时,可以用喝水来控制。事实证明水是戒烟的妙药,当你感到空腹或想吸烟时,就先慢慢地喝上一杯水。

10. When you have the urge to smoke, you can control it by drinking water. It turns out that water is a great way to stop smoking. When you feel empty or want to smoke, drink a glass of water slowly first.

11、若单独使用行为疗法难以促成戒烟,尼古丁替代法或非尼古丁药物疗法常会帮助吸烟者戒烟成功。尼古丁替代疗法即用含有微量尼古丁的产品,如口香糖、鼻腔喷雾剂或贴在皮肤上的膏药等,来帮助戒烟者缓解戒烟过程中易怒、失眠、焦虑等剧烈症状。

11. If behavior therapy alone is not conducive to smoking cessation, nicotine replacement or non nicotine drug therapy will often help smokers to quit smoking successfully. Nicotine replacement therapy, which uses products containing trace amounts of nicotine, such as chewing gum, nasal spray or plaster on the skin, helps smokers quit to alleviate the severe symptoms such as irritability, insomnia and anxiety during smoking cessation.

12、当你真的觉得戒烟很困难时,可以找专业医生咨询一下寻求帮助,取得家人和朋友的支持对于成功戒烟也至关重要。

12. When you really find it difficult to quit smoking, you can consult a professional doctor for help. Getting the support of your family and friends is also crucial to the success of quitting smoking.

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