开车犯困别再只会掐大腿 教你开车时如何赶走瞌睡虫-看世界

开车犯困别再只会掐大腿 教你开车时如何赶走瞌睡虫

疲劳驾驶害人害己。美国一项调查显示,因失眠或疲劳导致的各类交通事故,占总交通事故的41%~54%,并且使交通事故死亡风险增加了5倍。下面360常识网教你开车时如何赶走瞌睡虫。

疲劳驾驶害人害己。美国一项调查显示,因失眠或疲劳导致的各类交通事故,占总交通事故的41%~54%,并且使交通事故死亡风险增加了5倍。下面360常识网教你开车时如何赶走瞌睡虫。

Tired driving is harmful to others and to oneself. A survey in the United States shows that all kinds of traffic accidents caused by insomnia or fatigue account for 41% - 54% of the total traffic accidents, and increase the risk of traffic accident death by five times. Here's how to get rid of sleepiness when driving.

为什么开车会犯困

Why driving makes you sleepy

驾驶员的疲劳主要是神经和感觉器官的疲劳,主要是因为长时间保持固定姿势,血液循环不畅所引起的肢体的疲劳。驾驶员长时间坐在固定的座位上,动作范围受到一定限制,注意力高度集中,忙于判断车外信息,精神状态高度紧张,从而出现眼睛模糊、腰酸背痛、反应迟钝、驾驶不灵活等驾驶疲劳现象。

The fatigue of drivers is mainly the fatigue of nerves and sensory organs, mainly because of the fatigue of limbs caused by long-term holding of fixed posture and poor blood circulation. The driver sits on the fixed seat for a long time, the range of action is limited, the attention is highly concentrated, he is busy judging the information outside the car, and his mental state is highly tense, resulting in driving fatigue such as blurred eyes, backache, slow response and inflexible driving.

夏天这种情况更为明显,夏季气温高、车内温度也高、空气流通慢、尤其是午后这段时光,正是人体极易犯困的时候,这时如果行驶在道路环境单一的高速上,这样的环境会产生高速催眠效应加剧驾驶员的困意。

In summer, the situation is more obvious. In summer, the temperature is high, the temperature in the car is also high, the air circulation is slow, especially in the afternoon, when the human body is very easy to make sleepiness. At this time, if driving on a single high-speed road environment, such environment will produce high-speed hypnosis effect, which will aggravate the driver's sleepiness.

下列事项也是加剧驾驶员开车时犯困的条件:

The following matters are also conditions that aggravate the driver's sleepiness when driving:

1、睡眠质量:失眠或就寝太晚、睡眠质量不佳或嗜睡。

1. Sleep quality: insomnia or too late to go to bed, poor sleep quality or drowsiness.

2、环境:精神负担重、社会压力大,娱乐时间久等原因会导致驾驶分心。

2. Environment: heavy mental burden, social pressure, long entertainment time and other reasons will lead to distracted driving.

3、运行条件:长时间长距离驾驶车辆、车速长时间保持匀速。

3. Operating conditions: drive the vehicle for a long time and a long distance, and keep the speed constant for a long time.

4、驾驶技术:新手驾驶时安全意识差易打盹、老手会盲目自信导致注意力不集中。

4. Driving technology: novice driving safety awareness is poor easy to doze off, the old will blind self-confidence lead to inattention.

开车时如何赶走瞌睡虫

How to drive away sleepiness

1.避开高危驾驶时间段。凌晨和下午3点~4点是人体最易犯困的时候,容易因打瞌睡、精神溜号出现车祸,最好避免在这个时间段内驾驶。

1. Avoid high-risk driving time. Early morning and 3-4 p.m. are the most sleepy time for the human body. It's easy to have a car accident due to dozing and mental wandering. It's better to avoid driving in this period.

2.停车打个盹。如果长途驾驶,中途可以在安全场所停车,然后打个盹。白天控制在半小时内,夜间可以睡1个半小时,以清醒头脑。

2. Stop for a nap. If you drive a long distance, stop at a safe place and take a nap. During the day control in half an hour, can sleep at night for 1.5 hours to clear your mind.

3.用光照驱赶睡意。光线有助调节生物钟,抑制人体分泌褪黑激素,减少睡意。因此,如果夜间驾驶,中途不妨停下车,去路边的小商店或超市买点东西,利用那里的光亮来驱赶睡意。

3. Use light to drive out sleepiness. Light helps regulate the biological clock, inhibit the secretion of melatonin and reduce sleepiness. Therefore, if you drive at night, you might as well stop in the middle of the road, go to a small shop or supermarket to buy something, and use the light there to drive off sleepiness.

4.降低车内温度。如果车内过于暖和、舒适,会加重睡意。夏天可以利用车内空调来调低温度,冬天不妨开一会儿窗吹吹冷空气。

4. Reduce the temperature in the vehicle. If the car is too warm and comfortable, it will increase sleepiness. In summer, you can use the air conditioner in the car to lower the temperature. In winter, you may as well open a window to blow cold air.

5.冷水洗脸。驾驶前,可以用冷水洗把脸,刺激一下交感神经,令头脑清醒。

5. Wash your face in cold water. Before driving, you can wash your face with cold water to stimulate the sympathetic nerves and clear your mind.

6.嚼口香糖。做有节奏感的活动,如嚼口香糖、唱歌等,可以刺激大脑分泌血清素,令头脑清醒、情绪镇定。因此,开车时不妨嚼块口香糖,或听点喜欢的音乐,但是最好不要听节奏过于舒缓或激烈的音乐,以防发生交通事故。

6. Chewing gum. Doing rhythmic activities, such as chewing gum, singing, etc., can stimulate the brain to secrete serotonin, and make the brain clear and calm. Therefore, when driving, you may as well chew a piece of gum, or listen to some music you like, but you'd better not listen to music with too slow or intense rhythm to prevent traffic accidents.

7.开车半小时前喝杯咖啡。咖啡因有刺激大脑,令人保持清醒、振作的效果,但喝后需要15~30分钟才能生效,因此,在驾驶半小时前,可以酌情喝杯咖啡或绿茶。

7. Have a cup of coffee half an hour before driving. Caffeine can stimulate the brain and keep you awake and refreshed, but it takes 15-30 minutes to take effect after drinking. Therefore, you can drink a cup of coffee or green tea as you like half an hour before driving.

8.吃点甜食。葡萄糖是大脑的唯一营养来源,开车前可以吃些糕点或糖果,迅速提升血糖值,给大脑补充营养,保持清醒。

8. Have some dessert. Glucose is the only source of nutrition for the brain. Before driving, you can eat some cakes or sweets, quickly improve the blood sugar value, supplement nutrition for the brain, and keep awake.

9.闻香提神。迷迭香、薄荷、桉树的香气有醒神的作用,驾驶前不妨在车厢内滴上几滴这类植物精油,有助驾驶途中保持头脑清醒。

9. Smell and refresh yourself. The aroma of rosemary, mint and eucalyptus is refreshing. Before driving, drop a few drops of this kind of plant essential oil in the car to help keep your mind clear.

10.按摩穴位。刺激相关穴位也能清醒头脑,驱赶睡意。手部有中冲穴(中指末节尖端中央)、合谷穴(即虎口);头部有风府穴(颈部正中,发际上1寸)、百会穴(头顶正中线与两耳尖连线的交叉处);脚部有足临泣穴(足背外侧,第四趾、小趾跖骨夹缝处)和隐白穴(足大趾内侧,距趾甲角0.1寸处)。开车前可以酌情取一两个穴位按摩数分钟。

10. Massage acupoints. Stimulating related acupoints can also clear the mind and drive off sleepiness. There are zhongchong (middle finger tip Center), Hegu (hukou) in the hand, Fengfu (neck center, hair line 1 inch), Baihui (the intersection of the middle line of the head and the two ear tips), and Yinbai (inside the big toe, 0.1 inch from the toenail angle) in the head. Take one or two acupoints and massage for a few minutes before driving.

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