如何合理选购洗手液 可从洗手液主要成分选择自己的产品-看世界

如何合理选购洗手液 可从洗手液主要成分选择自己的产品

洗手液温和不伤手且使用方便,越来越受到人们的喜爱。可是你知道吗?不合理的使用洗手液也会给健康带来危害,所以大家应该了解一下如何选购洗手液。下面就跟360常识网一起来了解一下吧!

洗手液温和不伤手且使用方便,越来越受到人们的喜爱。可是你知道吗?不合理的使用洗手液也会给健康带来危害,所以大家应该了解一下如何选购洗手液。下面就跟360常识网一起来了解一下吧!

Hand sanitizer is more and more popular because it is mild and easy to use. But you know what? Unreasonable use of hand sanitizer will also bring harm to health, so we should know how to choose hand sanitizer. Let's learn about it with 360 common sense!

如何选购洗手液?

How to choose hand sanitizer?

市场上的洗手液根据其不同的功能可分为三大类

Hand sanitizers on the market can be divided into three categories according to their different functions

第一类是普通的洗手液,即“液体香皂”,成分主要是以清洁剂为主,使用方法与香皂类似,仅起到清洁去污的作用。

The first type is common hand sanitizer, i.e. "liquid soap", which is mainly composed of detergent. Its use method is similar to that of soap, and only plays the role of cleaning and decontamination.

第二类为抗菌洗手液,属于消毒产品,是在普通洗手液的基础上加入某些抗菌或杀菌成分,可杀灭普通洗手清除不掉及皮肤皱褶里的病菌,保证洗手效果。

The second type is antibacterial hand sanitizer, which belongs to disinfection products. It is based on the common hand sanitizer, some antibacterial or bactericidal ingredients are added, which can kill the bacteria in the common hand sanitizer and skin wrinkles, and ensure the effect of hand sanitizer.

第三类为免水洗洗手液,主要成分是酒精等消毒剂及护肤成分,也属于消毒产品。

The third category is water-free hand sanitizer, which is mainly composed of alcohol and other disinfectants and skin care ingredients, and also belongs to disinfection products.

选择洗手液需要注意一下两点:

There are two points to pay attention to when choosing hand sanitizer:

1、注意内容物即洗手液本身,闻一闻有无发臭、刺鼻等异味。如有则可能是过了保质期限或者是使用了禁用原料,最好不要购买和使用。

1. Pay attention to the contents, that is, the hand sanitizer itself, and smell whether there is odor, pungent and other peculiar smell. If so, it may be that the shelf life has passed or banned raw materials have been used. It is better not to purchase and use them.

2、观察有无分层或油水分离现象,如有则表明生产过程中乳化工艺没有控制好,会影响洗涤效果。

2. Observe whether there is stratification or oil-water separation. If there is, it indicates that the emulsification process is not well controlled in the production process, which will affect the washing effect.

免洗洗手液好吗?

How about hand sanitizer?

目前,免洗洗手液越来越多地出现在我们的中,很多人出行时也喜欢随身带着一瓶。

At present, hand sanitizer is more and more popular in our country. Many people like to take a bottle with them when they go out.

1、免水洗手:使用、携带方便;免水洗,随时随地都可以清洁双手;

1. Wash hands without water: easy to use and carry; wash hands without water, clean hands anytime and anywhere;

2、持续作用:效果持续时间长,效果可持续4—5小时,最长可达6小时;

2. Lasting effect: the effect lasts for a long time, lasting for 4-5 hours, up to 6 hours;

3、温柔护肤:具有控制手部氧化应激水平、防止皮肤损伤和护手功能,能滋润呵护手部皮肤。

3. Gentle skin care: it can control the level of oxidative stress in the hand, prevent skin damage and protect the hand, moisturize and protect the hand skin.

4、杀病毒杀菌:经中国军事医学科学院及湖北省疾病预防控制中心检验,灭活病毒,杀灭率达到99.99%。

4. Virus killing and sterilization: tested by the Chinese Academy of Military Medical Sciences and the center for Disease Control and prevention of Hubei Province, the killing rate of the virus was 99.99%.

免洗洗手液内含有两大类基本成分:

There are two basic components in hand sanitizers:

1、有消毒作用的物质。这是指对致病生物因,包括菌类、病毒起到杀灭作用。

1. A substance with a disinfecting effect. This refers to the killing effect on pathogenic biological factors, including fungi and viruses.

2、有护肤作用的物质。最简单也是最具代表性的免洗洗手液配方是75%的乙醇加2%的医用甘油。乙醇能够消毒,甘油保湿护肤,完全可以自己配制。

2. Substances with skin care function. The simplest and most representative formula is 75% ethanol plus 2% medical glycerin. Alcohol can disinfect, glycerin can moisturize skin care, and it can be completely prepared by yourself.

3、免洗洗手液的杀菌率达到99.99%,对于身体健康有很大的帮助。

3. The sterilization rate of hand sanitizer reaches 99.99%, which is of great help to health.

4、但长期使用不可避免还是有化学物质残留,所以平常还是采取传统方法,用肥皂加水清洗为好。

4. But it is inevitable that there are chemical residues in long-term use, so it is usually better to adopt traditional methods and wash with soap and water.

无水洗手液

Hand Sanitizer

无水洗手液是现代才有的一种化学混合物;

Water free hand sanitizer is a kind of modern chemical mixture;

主要成分:有矿物油、液体蜡、油酸皂、甘油、色素等化学成分;

Main ingredients: mineral oil, liquid wax, oleic acid soap, glycerin, pigment and other chemical components;

主要的功能:是起到杀菌、消毒、去污,使用后无异味、中性不伤皮肤,个别厂家的无水洗手液对皮肤还有护理作用。

Main functions: it can sterilize, disinfect and decontaminate. After use, it has no peculiar smell, neutral and does not hurt the skin. The anhydrous hand sanitizer of some manufacturers also has a nursing effect on the skin.

使用方法:将该液体倒在手上少许,两手互搓,待产品均匀后,用纸巾或者毛巾擦拭干净即可(乙醇类可等其自动挥发掉)。

Usage: pour a little of the liquid on your hands, rub each other's hands, and after the product is even, wipe it with a paper towel or towel (ethanol can be evaporated automatically).

适用:各种医院、化工厂、煤矿、等工作人员;

Application: all kinds of hospital, chemical plant, coal mine, etc;

无水洗手液主要成份为双胍类表面活性剂和天然草本植物提取剂等,具有抗(抑)菌作用,真菌类亦有效。对人体无毒副作用,对皮肤粘膜无刺激,高效表面活性抗(抑)菌剂和中性抗静电剂。

The main ingredients of anhydrous hand sanitizer are biguanidine surfactants and natural herbal extracts, which have the effect of anti bacteria and fungi. It has no toxic and side effects on human body, no stimulation on skin and mucous membrane. It has high-efficiency surface active anti bacteria agent and neutral anti-static agent.

洗手液主要成分组成

Main components of hand sanitizer

(1)去污成分

(1) Decontamination ingredients

去污成分是为提供去污作用和丰富的泡沫,主要是阴离子表面活性剂以及少量的非离子和两性离子表面活性剂。 阴离子表面活性剂有皂、十二烷基硫酸钠、Q一烯烃磺酸盐、脂肪醇聚氧乙烯醚硫酸 盐、Q一磺基脂肪酸脂、月桂酰肌氨酸盐和单油酸酰胺磺基琥珀酸二钠等。皂和十二烷基硫 酸钠是最早使用于洗手液的表面活性剂,由于他们各自的缺陷如较强的脱脂性,皂的高pH 值及低的抗硬水性能形成的钙皂,已较少使用了。

Decontamination ingredients are designed to provide decontamination and rich foam, mainly anionic surfactants and a small amount of non-ionic and zwitterionic surfactants. Anionic surfactants include soap, sodium dodecyl sulfate, q-olefin sulfonate, fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether sulfate, q-sulfonyl fatty acid ester, lauroyl sarcosinate, monosodium monooleamide sulfosuccinate, etc. Soap and sodium dodecyl sulfate are the first surfactants used in hand sanitizer. Due to their respective defects such as strong degreasing, high pH value of soap and low resistance to hard water, calcium soap has been less used.

非离子表面活性剂一般较少在洗手液中使用,少量的加入可以增进去污作用和提高泡沫 的稳定性,如椰油酸二乙醇酰胺,其中烷基糖苷的加入可以降低表面活性剂的对皮肤的刺激。少量的两性离子加入有利于发泡和泡沫的持久,甜菜碱和氧化胺。

Nonionic surfactants are generally less used in hand sanitizers. A small amount of additives can enhance detergency and foam stability, such as coconut fatty acid two ethanol amide. The addition of alkyl polyglycosides can reduce the skin irritation of surfactants. A small amount of zwitterionic addition is beneficial to foaming and foaming lasting, beet and amine oxide.

(2)护理成分

(2) Nursing ingredients

洗手时,由于表面活性剂的脱脂作用,使得手洗后皮肤感到干燥,因此要加入一些富脂 剂和润肤剂,补充皮肤油脂防止皮肤干燥粗糙,如各种天然与合成的羊毛脂、甘油、丙二 醇、山梨醇、乳酸盐和吡咯烷酮羧酸钠等。

During hand washing, due to the degreasing effect of surfactants, the skin feels dry after hand washing. Therefore, some fat rich agents and emollients should be added to supplement skin oil to prevent skin from drying and roughness, such as various natural and synthetic lanolin, glycerin, propylene glycol, sorbitol, lactate and sodium pyrrolidone carboxylate.

(3)抗抑菌成分

(3) Antimicrobial components

手时刻都在接触外界,手上会沾染上各类的细菌甚至有真菌的存在,因此杀菌组分要有 广谱性,如3,4,4'一三氯一2'一羟基苯醚、氯代二甲苯酚、中草药提取物等,为了提高杀菌剂 的杀菌效率,还需要添加增加渗透力的助剂,使其促进杀菌组分渗透进细菌壁,快速杀菌,增强杀菌效率。

Hands are always in contact with the outside world, and hands will be contaminated with various kinds of bacteria and even fungi. Therefore, sterilization components should be broad-spectrum, such as 3, 4,4'trichloro-2'hydroxybenzene ether, chloroxylenol, Chinese herbal extracts, etc. in order to improve the bactericidal efficiency of fungicides, it is also necessary to add additives to increase the penetration force, so as to promote the penetration of bactericidal components into the bacterial wall, fast sterilization and enhance the bactericidal efficiency.

(4)感官调整成分

(4) Organoleptic components

为了让消费者更喜欢和接受洗手液,给洗手液赋予特殊的效果和外观,加人染料或珠光 剂;为了取用的方便添加增稠剂调整一个合适的黏度;为了在洗手过程中有一种轻松愉悦的感受添加适量的香精。

In order to make the consumers love and accept the hand washing liquid, give the hand washing liquid special effect and appearance, add dye or pearlescent agent; adjust the suitable viscosity for the convenience of adding the thickener; add a certain amount of essence to the feeling of pleasant and pleasant feeling during the process of washing hands.

(5)天然成分

(5) Natural ingredients

随着人们安全、环保意识的提高,对绿色天然产品更加崇尚,因此在洗手液配方中加入 天然原料是许多洗手液品牌的选择,这些天然添加剂起到了降低刺激、滋润皮肤、抗菌、抑 菌、以及提供天然的香气和色泽的作用,例如各种植物、中草药、水果提取物,芦荟、银 杏、菊花、人参、田七、甘草、牡丹皮、茶果、杀菌和柠檬等等。

With the improvement of people's awareness of safety and environmental protection, green natural products are more popular. Therefore, adding natural materials into the formula of hand sanitizer is the choice of many hand sanitizer brands. These natural additives can reduce irritation, moisten skin, resist bacteria and inhibit bacteria Bacteria, as well as the role of providing natural aroma and color, such as various plants, Chinese herbal medicine, fruit extract, aloe, ginkgo, chrysanthemum, ginseng, Tianqi, liquorice, peony skin, tea fruit, sterilization and lemon, etc.

使用过期洗手液有何危害?

What are the hazards of using expired hand sanitizer?

过期洗手液滋生的绿脓杆菌等细菌对人体会造成极大的危害。

Bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa can cause great harm to human body.

据了解,由于绿脓杆菌为致病菌,可引发创面感染、肺炎等多种疾病,对人体的致病力很强,严重的可引起化脓性败血症;金黄色葡萄球菌也是极强的致病菌,可引起化脓性感染和败血症。国家洗涤用品质量监督检验中心的李先生提醒消费者注意,在使用公共场所的洗手液时,首先要注意洗手液是否有发臭、刺鼻等异味,如有,则可能是产品超过了保质期限或者是使用了禁用原料,这种洗手液最好不要使用。其次,还要观察洗手液有无分层或油水分离现象,如有,则表明生产企业在产品生产过程中没有控制好乳化工艺,会影响洗涤效果,最好也不要使用。

It is understood that due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa as the pathogenic bacteria, it can cause wound infection, pneumonia and other diseases, with strong pathogenicity to human body, and can cause septic septicemia in serious cases; Staphylococcus aureus is also a very strong pathogenic bacteria, which can cause septic infection and septicemia. Mr. Li from the national washing product quality supervision and inspection center reminded consumers that when using hand sanitizer in public places, first of all, they should pay attention to whether the hand sanitizer has smell, pungent smell and other peculiar smell. If there is any, it may be that the product has exceeded the shelf life or the prohibited raw materials are used. This kind of hand sanitizer should not be used. Secondly, it is also necessary to observe whether there is stratification or oil-water separation of hand sanitizer. If there is, it indicates that the production enterprise does not control the emulsification process in the production process, which will affect the washing effect, and it is better not to use it.

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