刘邦请商山四皓出山数次都被拒绝,为何吕后就能办到?-看世界

刘邦请商山四皓出山数次都被拒绝,为何吕后就能办到?

  首先说说商山四皓,这是四个秦始皇时代的博士官,当时秦朝有七十个这样的人,都是博学硕儒,博古通今,博闻强识。刘邦建立汉朝之后,这些人并不是积极的建设新的朝代,而是在商山——陕西商洛一代隐居,成为了隐士。

  你真的了解吗?小编给大家提供详细的相关内容。

Do you really understand? The editor provides you with detailed information.

  首先说说商山四皓,这是四个时代的博士官,当时有七十个这样的人,都是博学硕儒,,博闻强识。刘邦建立之后,这些人并不是积极的建设新的朝代,而是在商山——陕西商洛一代隐居,成为了隐士。

First of all, let's talk about Sihao in Shangshan. These are doctoral officials of four times. At that time, there were seventy such people, all of whom were erudite, learned and knowledgeable. After the establishment of Liu Bang, these people did not actively build a new dynasty, but lived in seclusion in Shangshan, Shaanxi Shangluo generation, and became hermits.

  在当时,大家都说这些人是学习黄老之术的人,刘邦也想把这些人笼络到自己身边,成为团结服务社会贤达的一个途径。可是这几个人一直不来,很是令刘邦无奈。

At that time, everyone said that these people were learning the skill of Huang Lao. Liu Bang also wanted to bring these people to his side and become a way to unite and serve the social sages. But these people have not come all the time, which makes Liu Bang helpless.

  刘邦本是个市井无赖,在秦末农民起义的风暴中带领一些民夫起义了。没想到这家伙在战争的时机锻炼中不断成长,在、、的辅佐下,三载亡秦,五年灭楚,夺得天下,成了一个开国。

Liu bangben was a scoundrel, who led some peasant uprising in the storm of peasant uprising at the end of Qin Dynasty. I didn't expect that this guy grew up in the time training of war. With the help of,,, he died in Qin for three years, killed Chu for five years, won the world and became a founding country.

  但是这个人是十分的鄙视儒生——当时的知识精英,还曾把儒生的帽子夺过来当众往里面撒尿。并且会经常的骂人,那他这种市井刁徒骂起人来那肯定是口无遮拦,啥脏喷啥,谁也受不了,所以商山四皓也不想遭这份罪,一直不来。

But this man despised Confucianism, the intellectual elite at that time, and took the hat of Confucianism to pee in public. And he often scolds people. If he scolds people in the market, it must be an open mouth. No one can stand what's dirty and what's sprayed. So Sihao in Shangshan doesn't want to suffer from this crime. He never comes.

  直到有一天刘邦发现太子刘盈懦弱无能,刘如意倒是聪明伶俐,于是准备换太子。这时候原来已经平衡的政治局面就被打破了,换太子就等于是对原有政治格局的否定和重建,涉及到方方面面的利益,这些利益相关方哪个会?于是他们积极行动起来。

Until one day Liu Bang found that the prince Liu Ying was weak and incompetent, and Liu Ruyi was smart, so he was ready to change the prince. At this time, the original balanced political situation has been broken. The change of Prince is equal to the negation and reconstruction of the original political pattern, involving all aspects of interests. Which of these stakeholders will? So they took active action.

  保太子的是为首的集团,换太子的是刘如意和其母为首的一派。从实力上来说,吕后肯定是势力强大,戚夫人这一派则是势孤力微。但是面对皇帝的旨意谁也没办法。公然造反?时机还不成熟,刘邦还活着呢,号召力还在,胜算不大。怎么办?请出一些刘邦都请不到的人来站台。

The first group to protect the crown prince was Liu Ruyi and his mother. In terms of strength, empress LV must be powerful, while Mrs Qi's faction is weak. But in the face of the emperor's will, no one can. Open rebellion? The time is not yet ripe, Liu Bang is still alive, the appeal is still there, the odds are not good. What should I do? Please ask some people who Liu Bang can't even invite to the platform.

  于是吕后即刻与他的谋臣策士们商量,结果得出的结论就是请商山四皓站台。吕后派人携带重金请四个白头发老头出山。老头们一看钱很多话很甜,就应了。这就是甘词厚币的力量。

Therefore, LV Hou immediately discussed with his counselors and strategists, and the result was to invite Sihao platform in Shangshan. Empress LV sent for four old men with white hair to come out of the mountain. As soon as the old men look at the money, they say it's sweet. This is the power of thick coins.

  刘邦召见刘盈,看到了随侍左右的商山四皓,于是心里就明白了,吕后的实力已经很大了,就像一只雄鹰,羽翼已成,不可复制。于是就随便问了几句,怎么请到商山四皓的?

Liu Bang summoned Liu Ying and saw the four haos of the Shangshan mountain around his retinue, so he understood in his heart that empress Lv's strength was already great, just like an eagle, whose wings were already complete and could not be copied. Then asked casually a few words, how to invite Shangshan Sihao?

  四个白发老翁说,久闻太子仁厚聪明,我们都愿意出山来辅佐他。这句话很有分量,以开国皇帝的身份都请不来的人却愿意为储君服务,可见她们的实力有多大。于是刘邦发出一番议论,他对戚夫人说:“我本想另立太子,但是有他们四人辅佐,看来太子羽翼已成,难以动他了。这回真是你的主人了!”

Four old men with white hair said, "I've heard for a long time that the prince is kind and intelligent. We are all willing to come out of the mountain to help him.". This sentence has a lot of weight. People who could not be invited as the founding emperor were willing to serve the emperor, which shows their strength. So Liu Bang made a comment, and he said to Mrs. Qi, "I wanted to establish another prince, but with the help of four of them, it seems that the prince has become a feather, and it's hard to move him. This is your master! "

  戚夫人听完以后大哭,刘邦:“你给我跳楚舞,我为你唱楚歌。”刘邦便以太子的事件即兴作歌:“鸿鹄高飞,一举千里。羽翼已就,横绝四海。横绝四海,又可奈何!虽有矰缴,尚安所施!”

After hearing this, Mrs. Qi burst into tears. Liu Bang said, "you dance Chu dance for me, and I sing Chu songs for you." Liu Bang then improvises the song with the prince's event: "the Swan flies high, with one stroke for thousands of miles.". The wings are already there. They are everywhere. What can I do if I have to cross all over the world! Although I have to pay for it, it is still safe to do so! "

  这说明当时刘邦已经被架空了,的形势已经明朗了。商山四皓的政治敏锐性很强,在形势明朗后立即倒向了吕后,帮助刘盈站台。一旦刘盈继位,这四个白头老翁就有拥戴之功,这一点他们看得很清楚。

This shows that Liu Bang had been elevated at that time, and the situation was clear. Shangshan Sihao's political acumen is very strong. After the situation became clear, he immediately turned to LV hou to help Liu Ying on the platform. Once Liu Ying succeeds, the four white headed old men will have the support, which they can see very clearly.

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