冰箱竟会引起细菌交叉感染 怎样的冰箱能避免细菌交叉传染-看世界

冰箱竟会引起细菌交叉感染 怎样的冰箱能避免细菌交叉传染

很多人以为,冰箱犹如保险箱,冰箱的低温可以很好抑制细菌生长,食物存放在里面很安全。但是事实往往与我们的认知有很大的出入。根据卫生部门的抽样调查,细菌的交叉感染非常严重,尤其是存放生肉的下层,合格率几乎为零。大部分冰箱都有大肠杆菌污染,生肉与熟食放在一个空气流通的空间存放,哪怕分层存放,也会交叉感染,如果直接拿出来吃,很容易引起腹泻、呕吐等食物中毒现象。下面跟随360常识网一起来看看吧。

很多人以为,冰箱犹如保险箱,冰箱的低温可以很好抑制细菌生长,食物存放在里面很安全。但是事实往往与我们的认知有很大的出入。根据卫生部门的抽样调查,细菌的交叉感染非常严重,尤其是存放生肉的下层,合格率几乎为零。大部分冰箱都有大肠杆菌污染,生肉与熟食放在一个空气流通的空间存放,哪怕分层存放,也会交叉感染,如果直接拿出来吃,很容易引起腹泻、呕吐等食物中毒现象。下面跟随360常识网一起来看看吧。

Many people think that the refrigerator is like a safe. The low temperature of the refrigerator can well inhibit the growth of bacteria, and the food stored in it is very safe. But the facts are often very different from our cognition. According to the sampling survey of the health department, the cross infection of bacteria is very serious, especially in the lower layer of raw meat, the qualified rate is almost zero. Most refrigerators are contaminated by E.coli. Raw meat and cooked food are stored in an air circulation space. Even if they are stored in layers, they will cross infect. If they are directly taken out for eating, it is easy to cause food poisoning such as diarrhea and vomiting. Let's follow 360 common sense.

引起细菌交叉感染的原因

Causes of bacterial cross infection

1.外来污染源

1. External pollution sources

生肉在屠宰、运输、销售等过程中,由于环境复杂,会有大量的细菌、病毒残留在表面,由于湿度、温度等适合病菌繁殖,所以生肉表面会滋生大量的细菌,其中不乏有害病菌。

In the process of slaughtering, transportation and sales of raw meat, due to the complex environment, there will be a large number of bacteria and viruses left on the surface. Because humidity and temperature are suitable for bacteria reproduction, a large number of bacteria will grow on the surface of raw meat, including harmful bacteria.

携带者大量细菌的生肉放进冰箱后,大量的细菌会走到冰箱内,产生细菌迁移,细菌落到其他食物上继续繁殖与迁移。

After a large number of bacteria are put into the refrigerator, a large number of bacteria will go to the refrigerator and generate bacterial migration, and bacteria will continue to propagate and migrate on other foods.

2.冰箱不合理设计增加污染风险

2. Unreasonable design of refrigerator increases pollution risk

冰箱内部由于空气流通,食物储存没有任何隔断,细菌肆意游走迁徙。每一种放入冰箱的食物都携带不同的病菌,每一种病菌都会通过冰箱内的空气循环迁移到其他食物上。最终冰箱内所有食物都会布满各色各样的病菌。

Due to the air circulation inside the refrigerator, there is no partition for food storage, and bacteria roam freely. Each kind of food put into the refrigerator carries different pathogens, each of which will migrate to other foods through the air circulation in the refrigerator. In the end, all the food in the refrigerator will be full of various germs.

很多冰箱设计是没有分区储存的概念的,生、熟食放在同样的空间,味道重的与容易吸附异味的食物放在同一个空间是经常发生的事情。冰箱的整个冷藏区全部相通,细菌、气味没有有效限制;冷冻区虽然温度更低,但是开封的食物如:速冻饺子与生肉、鱼干等细菌携带食物放在一起,容易发生交叉感染,大大增加了食物污染的风险。

Many refrigerators are designed without the concept of partition storage. It is often that raw and cooked food are placed in the same space, and the food with strong taste and easy to absorb peculiar smell is placed in the same space. The whole refrigerated area of the refrigerator is connected, and there is no effective restriction on bacteria and smell; although the temperature in the refrigerated area is lower, the food in Kaifeng, such as frozen dumplings, raw meat, dried fish and other bacteria carrying food, is prone to cross infection, which greatly increases the risk of food pollution.

怎样的冰箱才能有效避免细菌交叉传染

What kind of refrigerator can effectively avoid cross infection of bacteria

1.对开式分区储存冰箱

1. Split area storage refrigerator

并不是所有的对开门冰箱都有分区储存效果,很多只是伪分区。如以下这款对开门冰箱,左右是相通的,根本起不到分区储存的作用,也没有了对开门的意义。

Not all open door refrigerators have partition storage effect, many of them are only pseudo partition. For example, the following refrigerator is connected to the left and right, which does not play the role of partition storage, nor does it have the meaning of opening the door.

真正的对开门分区冰箱应该是左右门能隔断的,独立运作的两部分,这样存放食物才不会交叉感染。

The real door opening partition refrigerator should be the two parts that the left and right doors can be separated and operated independently, so as to store food without cross infection.

左边放水果、零食、饮料等无需烹饪的即食食品,也可存放面膜等护肤品,这些食品一般细菌较少,无需烹饪用清水冲洗即可食用。右边放需要烹饪的食物,上面放熟食,下面放生肉,可以最大程度的避免冰箱内的食物交叉感染细菌。

On the left, fruits, snacks, drinks and other instant foods that need no cooking are also available. They can also store skin care products such as facial mask. These foods are generally less bacteria and can be eaten without cooking with water. Put food to be cooked on the right, cooked food on the top and raw meat on the bottom to avoid cross infection of bacteria in the food in the refrigerator to the greatest extent.

2.合理功能分区的冰箱

2. Refrigerator with reasonable functional area

左右独立分区并不能解决所有的问题,冰箱每一个分区也应该有的独立储存层,减少串味与细菌传播。

Left and right independent zones can not solve all the problems. Each zone of the refrigerator should also have an independent storage layer to reduce the odor and bacterial transmission.

这种冰箱的冷藏室没有任何的分区隔断,食物食物开封速冻食物容易被细菌污染,或者串味。

There is no partition in the refrigerator's freezer, and the food is easy to be contaminated by bacteria or smell.

专业的冰箱应该考虑到功能分区重要性,提前规划好食物如何厨房,方便消费者使用。

Professional refrigerators should take into account the importance of functional zoning, and plan in advance how to kitchen food, so as to facilitate the use of consumers.

清洁冰箱的9个步骤:

9 steps to clean the refrigerator:

1、清洁冰箱外壳最好每天进行,用微湿柔软的布每天擦拭冰箱的外壳和拉手。

1. It's better to clean the refrigerator shell every day, and wipe the refrigerator shell and handle with a slightly wet and soft cloth every day.

2、清理内胆前先切断电源,把冰箱冷藏室内的食物拿出来。

2. Cut off the power supply and take out the food in the refrigerator before cleaning the tank.

3、软布蘸上清水或食具洗洁精,轻轻擦洗,然后蘸清水将洗洁精拭去。

3. Dip the soft cloth in clean water or tableware detergent, gently scrub, and then dip in clean water to wipe the detergent away.

4、拆下箱内附件,用清水或洗洁精清洗。

4. Remove the accessories in the box and clean them with clean water or detergent.

5、清洁冰箱的"开关"、"照明灯"和"温控器"等设施时,请把抹布或海绵拧得干一些。

5. When cleaning the "switch", "lighting" and "thermostat" facilities of the refrigerator, please screw the rag or sponge dry.

6、内壁做完清洁后,可用软布蘸取甘油(医用开塞露)擦一遍冰箱内壁,下次擦的时候会更容易。

6. After cleaning the inner wall, use a soft cloth dipped in glycerin (medical open plug dew) to wipe the inner wall of the refrigerator once, which will be easier next time.

7、用酒精浸过的布清洁擦拭密封条。如果手边没有酒精,用1:1醋水擦拭密封条,消毒效果很好。

7. Clean and wipe the sealing strip with alcohol soaked cloth. If there is no alcohol at hand, wipe the sealing strip with 1:1 vinegar water, and the disinfection effect is good.

8、用吸尘器或软毛刷清理冰箱背面的通风栅,不要用湿布,以免生锈。

8. Use a vacuum cleaner or a soft bristle brush to clean the air grille on the back of the refrigerator. Do not use a wet cloth to avoid rust.

9、清洁完毕,插上电源,检查温度控制器是否设定在正确位置。

9. After cleaning, plug in the power supply and check whether the temperature controller is set in the correct position.

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