Living at home is inseparable from washing machine and detergent! Dirty clothes, socks and bed sheets can be thrown into the washing machine at will, and then some washing powder can be poured in and the washing machine can be turned on, which can easily solve the big problem of washing at home. A lot of little friends like to add disinfectant when they wash clothes. They think it's safe to use disinfectant. Can washing powder and disinfectant be used together? Take a look with 360 common sense.
It is reported that the disinfectant belongs to the phenol disinfectant containing chlorine. Excessive or incorrect use will also cause harm. But the washing powder contains more surfactants, if the washing powder and disinfectant are mixed, it is easy to produce chemical reaction, so that the cleaning and disinfection effects are greatly reduced. In addition, if chlorine containing disinfectant is mixed with acid containing washing powder, chlorine gas will be produced. When the concentration of chlorine is too high, it will stimulate people's eyes, nose, throat and other organs, and even damage people's cardiopulmonary function, even life-threatening.
So, what are the taboos and minefields when using washing powder and disinfectant? Today, I would like to popularize the washing powder and disinfectant for you.
1、 Washing powder can only be used for washing clothes
As the washing powder is clean and easy to use, many people use it as a "universal detergent". In addition to washing clothes, they also use it to wash fruits, vegetables, tableware, furniture and floor. Such practice may lead to the washing powder entering the human body, even if the amount of washing powder entering the body is very small, it will also cause toxicity.
If you take the washing powder by mistake, you will have chest pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hematemesis and hematochezia, as well as pain in your mouth and throat. Long term exposure to large doses of washing powder may cause damage to liver and nerve functions and lead to cancer.
2、 Washing powder cannot be mixed with disinfectant
Strictly using the dosage and time of disinfectant can achieve the effect of sterilization. But the composition of washing powder is different, there are anion, cation or non-ionic, so is the disinfectant. If different kinds of washing powder and disinfectant are mixed, neutralization reaction will be easily generated, and their respective efficacy will be weakened.
Therefore, washing powder and disinfectant should be used separately. It depends on personal habits. Unless it is targeted to disinfect the clothes of patients with infectious diseases, it should be disinfected first and then cleaned.
3、 The simpler the washing powder, the better
Many people want to save clothes and clean clothes, so it is best to brighten up their clothes in the laundry powder water. Therefore, the washing powder function in the market is more and more complete, adding surfactants, lotions, stabilizers, brightening agents, flavors and other ingredients. These chemical materials can be easily soluble, clean, soften, foaming, and so on, but they are like "double-edged sword". It will also have an adverse effect.
The research shows that surfactants can damage the cuticle of skin and cause rough skin, which is now regarded as a major environmental pollution; the commonly used detergent aids can damage the human liver; the alkaline substances contained in the powerful washing powder can not only absorb water, but also damage the human cell membrane and denature the tissue protein; the organic chlorine and fluorescent agents contained in the whitening washing powder are toxic It is easy to accumulate in the human body and cause damage to health. Too many synthetic fragrances in perfumed washing powder often cause some people's allergies.
The washing powder with simple function, less added ingredients and light smell is relatively safe for human health. From the perspective of environmental protection, it is better to choose the non phosphorus washing powder with little water pollution when purchasing the washing powder.
4、 Washing powder should be put first
Many people are used to storing dirty clothes in washing machines, and then putting water and washing powder into them. In fact, when washing clothes, you should put in washing powder first.
Washing powder is a kind of powdery substance, which is not easy to dissolve. Only when it is boiled with water can it play a better role in cleaning. When washing, put the washing powder first, dissolve it fully, then put the laundry to be washed, soak it for ten minutes, and then wash it. In this way, it can avoid the unclean washing, resulting in the residue of washing powder.
Tip: we often use all kinds of detergent containing enzyme. The higher the water temperature, the lower the enzyme activity and the more difficult it is to clean. When choosing washing powder, you should recognize the trademark and do not buy washing powder without obvious place name or factory name.
▓ how to use disinfectant correctly?
Step 1: prepare cleaning and disinfection equipment
Before disinfection, please prepare the broom, disinfectant (peracetic acid, Lysol, 84 disinfectant), mop, appropriate protective clothing, brush, mask, bucket, rubber gloves, clean towel and water.
Step 2: select disinfectant and dilute it in proportion
When disinfecting, it must be used in strict accordance with the proportion of the instructions. The more concentrated the disinfectant, the more effective it is.
It can be estimated as follows: a cup of water is about 250ml, a basin of water is about 5000ML, a barrel of water is about 10000ml, and a spoon of disinfectant is about 10 g of solid powder or 10 ml of liquid. If 10000 ml of 0.5% Peracetic Acid needs to be prepared, 5 spoons of peracetic acid can be added into a barrel of water.
The proportion of bleach water, peracetic acid, Lysol, 84 disinfectant and other disinfectant water and the specific need to refer to the instructions.
Step 3: environmental disinfection
Disinfect the floor: first clean the garbage on the floor, and then thoroughly mop the floor with disinfectant. Or use diluted peracetic acid to spray the room; the sealed room can also be fumigated and sterilized, then mop the floor with clean water. After disinfection for half an hour, the windows are ventilated for more than an hour.
Sterilized furniture: wear protective rubber gloves when disinfecting, wipe with cloth dipped in disinfectant, and then dry with clean towel.
Wipe the wall: thoroughly wipe with diluted disinfectant, and then dry with a clean towel.
To ensure the normal operation of the ventilation system, the dust screen of the air conditioner can be removed for cleaning and disinfection.
Wash the toilet: first clean the toilet with a brush, then brush it with disinfectant, and finally wash it with clear water.
Bathtub and wash basin: first clean with clear water and brush, then brush with disinfectant, and finally wash with clear water.
Sewer: the disinfectant can be poured from the floor drain to the sewer with a spoon, which can disinfect the water seal in the floor drain. After 5 minutes, rinse with water.
Step 4: Disinfect tableware, towel and clothes
Tableware can be sterilized by the physical method of cooking at high temperature for more than 15 minutes, or by the chemical method of soaking in disinfectant. For the disinfection of clothes, towels, etc., it is advisable to boil the cotton cloth for 10-20 minutes, or soak it in 0.5% Peracetic Acid for 0.5-1 hour. For some chemical fiber fabrics, silks and satins, chemical soaking can only be used.
Be careful of "disinfecting dead corners"
At present, there are "disinfection dead spots" in the disinfection of public places, such as newspapers and magazines. Few people think that newspapers and magazines are dirty, but in fact, newspapers and magazines have a high probability of being polluted in the process of transportation and retail. Therefore, you should wash your hands after reading newspapers and magazines, and the miscellaneous records of newspapers after reading should not be left on the table.
★ disinfection precautions
1. When using the disinfectant, strictly follow the concentration specified in the instructions, and wear protective gloves to prevent eye swelling, eyelash edema and even more serious poisoning.
2. As long as a disinfectant is selected according to the instructions, it must not be mixed, or chlorine poisoning will occur easily.
3. People who are allergic to disinfectant should leave the room when disinfecting, and ventilate the room after 40 minutes to an hour. For the interval of disinfection, experts think that it is OK to operate according to the instructions of disinfectant, but if the conditions are available, it is better to adhere to disinfection every day.
4. First of all, it is necessary to ensure ventilation and air exchange, and regular windows should be taken as a measure to keep public places clean.