在日俄战争炮火中诞生的红十字会-看世界

在日俄战争炮火中诞生的红十字会

  中国红十字会成立于1904年5月29日。当时远东爆发了一场奇特的战争:对阵双方是俄国和日本,战场却在自称"中立"的中国的辽东半岛上。在这场血腥厮杀中,受害最深的是我国东北人民。清政府曾派船去接运难民,遭到俄国拒绝。为了救济东北难民,上海工商界著名人士沈敦和、任锡汾、施则敬等出面,谋得中立国领事馆的支持,联合中外绅商,吁请成立红十字会赈济难民。中国红十字会成立之初的宗旨为救援和赈恤战区难民。早期的红十字会会员先后救出难民13.2万人,赈恤了23万人,在艰险的环境下做出了卓越的贡献,于1919年加入日内瓦红十字会协会。

  红十字会是一种志愿的、国际性的救护、救济团体,原从事战时救护工作,后发展为从事包括平时的自然灾害救济、社会救济、社会福利、输血、急救和护理工作的多方面社会活动。1864年8月,由瑞士发起在日内瓦召开的国际会议,签订了《日内瓦国际红十字公约》。《公约》规定了有关改善战地伤病者境遇的国际通则,规定各国伤兵救护组织有受保护和使用红十字标志的特权。从此就有了红十字会组织,红十字运动在国际上亦得到了法律保护。《公约》规定用白底红十字标志,意为战时对保护有关战地救护和战俘救济工作的组织机构及其医护人员在敌对双方的中立性。  

The Red Cross Society is a voluntary and international rescue and relief organization. It was originally engaged in wartime rescue work, but later developed into various social activities including natural disaster relief, social relief, social welfare, blood transfusion, first aid and nursing work. In August 1864, Switzerland initiated the international conference held in Geneva and signed the Geneva International Red Cross convention. The Convention stipulates the international general principles for improving the situation of the wounded and wounded in the field, and stipulates that the wounded rescue organizations of all countries have the privilege of being protected and using the Red Cross logo. Since then, there has been a Red Cross organization, and the Red Cross movement has also been protected by law internationally. The Convention provides for the use of the white background Red Cross symbol, which means the neutrality of the organizations and their medical staff on both sides of the enemy in wartime to protect the work related to field rescue and relief of prisoners of war.   

  中国红十字会成立于1904年5月29日。当时远东爆发了一场奇特的战争:对阵双方是俄国和日本,战场却在自称"中立"的中国的辽东半岛上。在这场血腥厮杀中,受害最深的是我国东北人民。清政府曾派船去接运难民,遭到俄国拒绝。为了救济东北难民,上海工商界著名人士沈敦和、任锡汾、施则敬等出面,谋得中立国领事馆的支持,联合中外绅商,吁请成立红十字会赈济难民。中国红十字会成立之初的宗旨为救援和赈恤战区难民。早期的红十字会会员先后救出难民13.2万人,赈恤了23万人,在艰险的环境下做出了卓越的贡献,于1919年加入日内瓦红十字会协会。

The Red Cross Society of China was founded on May 29, 1904. At that time, a strange war broke out in the Far East: the two sides were Russia and Japan, but the battlefield was on the Liaodong Peninsula of China, which claimed to be "neutral". In this bloody fight, the people of Northeast China suffered the most. The Qing government once sent ships to pick up refugees, which was refused by Russia. In order to help the refugees in Northeast China, Shen Dunhe, Ren Xifen and Shi Zejing, famous personages of Shanghai industry and commerce, enlisted the support of the consulate of the neutral country, united with Chinese and foreign gentry businessmen, and called for the establishment of Red Cross Society to help the refugees. The purpose of the Red Cross Society of China at the beginning of its establishment was to rescue and relieve the refugees in the war zone. The early members of the Red Cross rescued 132000 refugees and helped 230000 people. They made outstanding contributions in the difficult environment and joined the Red Cross Society of Geneva in 1919.

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