"Tell me, Dad, what's the use of history?" Mallo Bloch, a master of French history, once faced the interrogation of his youngest son. For this reason, Bloch wrote the immortal chapter "the art of historians" in the history of historical theory to answer the puzzlement of his youngest son.
But for Chinese people, such a question never seems to exist. Five thousand years of splendid Chinese history has created the historical subconscious of this nation. This kind of historical subconscious is specific to the individual. For the sense of history, even the unconscious, for example, when people are middle-aged, you and I often talk about "when father was young..." with their children and girls Just like the words of our fathers and forefathers in those days, the history of the Chinese nation, in such a language with hereditary lines, is endless.
Some Western historians have expressed their surprise that Chinese people can maintain the super stability of social structure in thousands of years without religious belief. In fact, in China without belief in the past, the reason why the social structure can be so stable for such a long time has nothing to do with the attitude of Chinese people towards history: to be in the spring and Autumn period, and to be afraid of disorderly subjects and thieves; to be in the Qi Dynasty, to be in the Jin Dynasty, and to be in the Tang Dynasty The pursuit of truth and goodness, for Chinese people, is embodied in the emphasis on history. The result of focusing on history, after becoming an individual's unconsciousness, and then becoming a national religion, is precisely because of the belief in history and the awe of it, which keeps the Chinese culture going through the chaotic governance cycle, but it has not declined for thousands of years, and it has become a strong national self-confidence.
Until modern times, this kind of national confidence was broken by internal and external troubles, and even led to the loss of national belief. Looking back on the hundred years of Chinese history, from crisis to prosperity, from ancient to modern, from closed to open, the dreams of all generations of people with lofty ideals are all based on the dream of "the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation". Shortly after the eighteen convening ceremony, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, once again visited the exhibition of the road to revival at National Museum, and again put forward the goal of great rejuvenation. This expression not only represents the inheritance of Chinese culture but also highlights the strong sense of history of the new leader. Even theorists predict that the next ten years may be a decade for historians. Sohu History Channel came into being.
With regard to history, we have the following consensus:
One is that the theme of historiography is human beings and their behaviors. The ultimate purpose of historical research is to promote human interests, but historians should not be under pressure. For a long time, the narrative history with political and military events as its content has always been the mainstream of history, and people are used to instinctively asking history to guide real actions. Although we will present these contents to the readers, we do not assume the following responsibilities: for example, to provide a panacea or a panacea to cure all diseases. We believe that even if history does not have any practical function, history still has its unique beauty. As a science with human activities as a specific object, human civilization is closely related to it. At the very least, we can provide questions and values for people to think about.
The second is that words like "never forget the past, the teacher of the future" have become cliches, but we must admit that there is no absolute boundary between the past and the present. Only when we can know the present from the ancient, we can know the ancient from the present, and we can refer to the ancient and the present, can we complement each other. This is not to say that we are not in favor of making the past serve the present and using the past to satirize the present. On the contrary, we are opposed to mapping historiography. What we hope to do is to present the complete rather than the incomplete history for the readers. Because of this, we not only pay attention to the political and military history, but also to the social and economic history; not only to the collective history, but also to the individual history; no We should only focus on the macro history, but also on the micro history.
Third, we admit that all great historians have a close sense of the times. If they have no feelings for the times at that time and do not care about the times, they cannot create their own history. We respect the unique creation of all the great historians, but it doesn't mean that we fully agree with all the articles appearing here. Sohu history is a platform for all parties to exchange here.
Fourth, we know that it is much easier to praise and disparage predecessors than to understand them. It is more difficult to explore the history of events than to make simple qualitative judgments. We can only draw absurd conclusions by absolutizing the relative standards of a person, a group and an era, and judging the merits and demerits of historical figures. Therefore, we prefer to present facts rather than value judgment.
The consensus on history goes far beyond that, of course, but we are willing to do so on the basis of abiding by the above four principles:
In a word, it will find a reference frame for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and then make a little contribution to the development of the Chinese nation;
In a nutshell, as Bloch recounts his visit to Stockholm with the Belgian historian pierina, who proposed a new town hall instead of a local museum. "If I were a collector of cultural relics, my eyes would be on the ancient things, but I am a historian, so I love life," pirana explained We present the history and tell the news of the past, hoping that readers can love life more.
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