Core tip: according to a chilling message in Chengdu news published in Tianjin Daily on May 4, 1936: The meat of the dead sold for 500 Wen per Jin, and the meat of the living sold for 1200 Wen per Jin!
In 1936, Zhu Jun, the governor of Jinghua County, Sichuan Province, was crazy. He was scared to be crazy!
Every day, he is breaking the tragedy of "people eat people". When these horrible and rebellious crimes finally turn into normal life, Yu Zhujun, who is full of reading poetry and devoted to education, finally breaks down in spirit on a bleak night!
The corn in the field blazed
The main cause of this tragedy was the Sichuan Gansu famine, which began to spread from 1930 to the climax in 1936. As far as Sichuan Province is concerned, it is a disaster area except for the counties in Chengdu basin, with a population of more than 37 million.
It is said that the ten years from the successful Northern Expedition in 1927 to the Japanese invasion of China in 1937 was the "golden decade" of China's rapid economic development, while the real situation was quite contrary to the reputation of the "golden decade". The former U.S. ambassador to China said that before 1949, China had an average of 3-7 million people dying of hunger every year. Some people dare to speculate that, in the era, the total number of people starved to death has exceeded the 200 million mark! The Sichuan Gansu famine, which broke out in 1936-1937 and affected 37 million people, is just a sad part of the famine years of the Republic of China.
In 1936, the drought in Sichuan Province reached a climax. The land cracked and the ditches dried up. In the hot sun, even the drought tolerant corn leaves were yellow and withered, and even self ignited, burning into a fire. The drought lasted for 10 months. Not to mention grain, even vegetables and grains such as radish, pumpkin and sweet potato could not grow because of the long-term drought and water shortage. Most of the counties in Sichuan have grain harvests below 40%, and most of the hardest hit areas are less than 120% or even without grain harvest. Sichuan, originally a land of plenty, has become a bare land!
Just to live for ten more days
When they have eaten up the grain, they will eat the chaff, even with the cattle and horses. When all the fruits and bellies that can't be counted as food are eaten up, people will fill their shriveled belly with grass roots, bark, wild vegetables, wild fruits, wild grass, etc., and dig everything they can eat. The ridges and hillsides are dug everywhere like rotten beehives. Many people eat poisonous wild vegetables by mistake, suffer from diarrhea, intestinal leakage and even have black blood spurting on their nose, and still chew. For example, a highly toxic plant called "crow garlic" can be washed with clear water for ten times without reducing its toxicity. People are dizzy after eating it. But hungry people are more than just digging, knowing that it is toxic, they are still scrambling.
When all poisonous herbs were pulled out and eaten up, people began to take aim at the white good mud, which is said to be "enough in quantity", which is often called guanyintu. Earth can't be eaten, but if you're hungry, you have to eat it!
In order to make a fool of their vision, many people grind the white clay into powder, mix it with some bark and weeds and swallow it whole. Their stomach is full, but they don't shit, live and suffocate! At that time, there was a saying that eating Baishan mud can last for up to ten days. After ten days, you will die, but if you don't eat Baishan mud, you will die today! In other words, eating white clay means that you can "slow down death" for ten days. Ten days later, you will die suddenly!
However, even the deadly white Shanni was robbed by the hungry people. In Rongchang County and Yuechi County, Sichuan Province, people died because of fighting for the white good mud. People in the third district of Fuling County dug Baishan mud and hollowed out the foot of beiyanhuachangpo mountain, which led to the collapse of the rock. More than 50 hungry people were hit by the falling rock and died on the spot. The surviving companions and successors turned a blind eye to this and continued to dig and eat mud beside the flesh and blood of the dead. Some people eat too much and are too fierce. Suddenly they turn their eyes and fall on one end.
A commissioner also invented the so-called "white mud eating method" and solemnly wrote to the local subordinates to publicize it. One of the methods is to eat this kind of white mud without any nutritive materials together with grain, "the grain must account for 60-70%, and its harm is less"; the first is to "use the cereal grass festival or the root of Rehmannia melon, boil the water to eat, and help its digestion" after eating. This eating law is not funny. There is food. Who can eat mud?
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