A review of history: several kinds of cruel and extreme torture in ancient times:
Penalty, originally an effective means to deter and combat criminals, is the only way. Therefore, in history, the central government of each dynasty attaches great importance to the compilation and revision of criminal law. However, in the ancient times with strong color of rule of man and autocracy, the term punishment was often distorted and processed into torture, which became a tool to deliberately destroy human nature and satisfy the cruel and abnormal psychology of some rulers.
The list is only a very small part of the various kinds of torture in history. In fact, similar torture is endless. Although torture is not included in the formal legal provisions, it is not uncommon or even common in the judicial practice of the feudal dynasty. We can conclude that the basic principle of inventing torture is "only unexpected, not impossible"; the central theory of innovative torture is "no coolest, only cooler"; the guiding ideology of torture is "no survival, no quick death". It can be seen that one of the "advantages" of totalitarian society is to directly stimulate the extraordinary creativity, imagination and bloody violence of some special talents.
In ancient China, the people at the top of the power chain could do whatever they wanted. However, when they are at ease, they are also experiencing the feeling of the cold in the high place. In order to dispel the cold and consolidate their autocratic rule, the emperors worked hard to come up with two "heating" methods. One is enlightenment. Through the 24-hour holiday continuous ideological indoctrination of the national propaganda machine, the small people believe from the heart that the emperor is not a man, but a real dragon, and is absolutely inviolable. The other way is punishment. If some people who are stubborn dare to try the law by example, offend the emperor, or even threaten the imperial power, then they will become rare "talents" and clinical trials of cruel punishment researched by cruel officials.
Name of torture: Car crack
Action mechanism: use the pull force of different vector directions to split the victim and die
Car crack, commonly known as "five horse split body", is a good way to test whether a person has osteoporosis. During execution, the executioner tied the head and limbs of the victim, that is, the "five bodies" in the "five bodies to the ground", tied the hemp rope tightly, put the other end of the rope on the horse, and then let the five horses run their own things, so as to pull people to death. The biggest characteristic of this kind of punishment is that it can make the victim fully stretch his muscles and bones, and finally die painfully after reaching the limit of limb separation. Shang Yang, a politician of the Qin State in the Warring States period, was tortured for conspiracy. Coincidentally, under the reform of Shang Yang, the state of Qin gradually flourished and finally unified the whole country. However, Shang Yang's body was incomplete and disintegrated, which was a bit of black humor.
Name of torture: Ling Chi
Mechanism of action: cutting muscles with the strong pressure generated by the blade makes people die in a river of blood
Lingchi is known to all as "a thousand cuts", which is also one of the highest forms of death penalty. At the execution, the executioner took a sharp knife and cut off the muscle of the victim with one knife at a time at the same speed as the chefs cutting lamb slices. It is said that it would take more than 3000 knives to allow the prisoner to die. The penalty is characterized by that on the one hand, it can make the victim taste the pain and fear brought by death for a long time; on the other hand, it can also make people enjoy a free science popularization of anatomy and traditional education of "patriotism" while watching the bloody art performance. Yuan Chonghuan, an anti gold hero in the late Ming Dynasty, was executed by the angry emperor Chongzhen on the charge of illegally communicating with the enemy. In the process of traveling to the public, he was "bitten" by the people in the capital who did not know the truth. The meat on his body became a delicacy in the crowd, and finally died miserably.
Name of torture: beheading
Mechanism of action: use the strong force and pressure produced by the guillotine to make people die in two stages
Compared with the famous death penalty beheading, beheading is a hundred times more tragic. It can be said that beheading is a completely upgraded and enhanced version of beheading. In the execution of the execution, the beheading is to cut the victim from the waist and abdomen into two sections. Because the important organs of the human body are all concentrated in the upper half of the body, the victim will not die immediately after cutting off the whole body. He has to deeply experience the "mighty of huangen" in the pool of blood and taste the unbearable pain to struggle, roll, cry and howl. Of course, in this precious time, if the victim is interested, he can also dip his own blood to practice calligraphy or something. In the early Ming Dynasty, he ascended the throne disgracefully through "" and ordered Fang Xiaoru, the great Confucian at that time, to draft an imperial edict to ascend the throne. Fang Xiaoru was stubborn, not only preferred to die rather than write, but also full of passion to scold Zhu Di, so Fang family was killed, Fang Xiaoru himself was beheaded. It's said that after Fang Xiaoru was cut in half, he used his elbow to support the ground, his hands stained with blood, and his fingers flying. He wrote nearly 13 "usurped" words. His hatred for "disorderly subjects and thieves" was deeply rooted in his marrow, which made him shudder.
Name of torture: skinning
Mechanism of action: exert outward pulling force to separate skin layer and muscle layer, causing severe pain, infection and death
Spokesman group: corrupt officials in the early Ming Dynasty
The founding emperor of the Republic of China was born in an ordinary peasant family. Although he was described as "red room full of light" by the flattering Shi Chen when he was born, and even frightened the villagers to come to fight the fire, the luxurious birth process could not erase the reality of his life in his youth. Because of the tragic experience in his childhood, Zhu Yuanzhang had a natural hatred for the corrupt officials in the countryside after he became the real dragon emperor through his personal struggle. For this reason, he specially invented a penalty, peeling, to deal with those greedy officials.
According to the law of the early Ming Dynasty, if the official is guilty of corruption and the amount involved is more than sixty-two, then he will be "honored" to be carried out the operation of "removing the fetus and changing the skin". The specific execution process is as follows: the executioner cuts the back muscles of the victim along the spine, and then grabs the skin on both sides of the wound to carefully remove it. Soon, the skin behind the victim was torn off like flying wings, and then under the executioner's "blue hand", and further, the victim can complete the whole process of artificial "molting", so as to enjoy the first intimate contact between muscles and air. What's terrible about this torture is: how does a man who has been skinned and flesh red spend the rest of his life?
In ancient China, the high emperors were at the top of the power chain and could do whatever they wanted. Fortunately, today we finally live in the environment of ruling the country according to law, and the socialist legal system is becoming more and more perfect. I hope that in the future, those "special talents" mentioned above will disappear forever, and will never be used again!
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