In the seventh year of the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty (A.D. 719), the most beautiful woman of the Tang Dynasty was born in Xishu. Twenty one years later, Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty saw Yang Yuhuan for the first time, and he was very beautiful. He was eager to be alert, and his behavior was very leisurely. He immediately became a Taoist and lived in Taizhen palace. In the fourth year of Tianbao era (745 AD), Yuhuan was granted the title of imperial concubine. Since then, there has been a tragic love story between the emperor and the empress in Chinese history. It is actually an episode in the process of Tang Dynasty from prosperity to decline. It is not only so sad and charming, but also contains profound historical lessons. No matter what people say, Yang Guifei is a typical female beauty in Chinese history, just like the rich and gorgeous peony embodies the aesthetic concept of Tang people.
Yang Guifei's ancestral home is hongnonghuayin (Shaanxi Huayin), and later moved to Puzhou (Shanxi Yongji). His ancestors were all senior officials, and lingben, his great grandfather, also served as a governor of Jinzhou. After that, his family declined. His father, Xuan Yan, was appointed as the Secretary of Shu state to join the army. In Xishu, Shuzhou governs four counties of Jinyuan, Qingcheng, Xinjin and tangxing. It governs Jinyuan County, which is now Chongzhou City, Sichuan Province. Si Hu joined the army is the assistant official in charge of the civilian households in the state, who is a junior official. Yang Xuanyan worked in Shuzhou in the early years of the new year. In the historical documents, there are records of the imperial concubine "father Xuanyan, the governor of Shuzhou", but only the biography of Yang Taizhen, a beginner of Song Dynasty, talks about the birthplace of the imperial concubine in detail: "father Xuanyan, the governor of Shuzhou. The imperial concubine was born in Shu and fell into the pool by mistake. Later generations called it the falling concubine pool. The pool is in front of Daojiang county. " [Tang Dynasty] Daojiang county is now Juyuan Town, Dujiangyan City, adjacent to Shuzhou. Luofeichi in front of Daojiang county is still in Daojiang village, Juyuan Town, Dujiangyan City. The pool is round and small, covering more than 1 mu. It is surrounded by fertile farmland and golden rice. Beside the pond, there is a roll of trees called "water melon" by the local people, with fragrant grass like smoke, green and green, beautiful scenery. As a child, the imperial concubine loved to play by the pool, and accidentally fell into the pool, so the pool became famous. Later scholars Yang Shen had poems:
Feizichi lotus jade room, gentle yuan near Baiyun township.
Light contains three thousand hectares of color, the first soup of run and Huaqing.
Wang Peixun's poems also say:
Enter the pool full of pearl color, first teach the jade liquid to wash and coagulate.
Begonia not broken east wind soft, but Huaqing out of bath?
The poets all think that the little girl later gave a bath in the hot spring of Huaqing Palace, and it seems that there are signs for her to accept the grace. There is a courtyard of Yang's family near luofeichi. It's said that the place where Yuhuan lived was called "house". It can be inferred that Yang feizhai is the residence where Yang Xuanyan was born when he was in Shuzhou. The West Sichuan Plain is rich in natural resources and beautiful in scenery. It's not long before it's gathered to produce a beautiful woman. There may be a mysterious cultural reason for this.
Yang Xuanyan died in Shuzhou when her daughter was a few years old, so she was known as "Princess zaogu". Cao yangxuan, a scholar in his uncle He Nan Fu (Luoyang, Henan Province), adopted Yuhuan. She was well educated in this new environment, and at the age of seventeen she had grown up and set up. In the 22nd year of Kaiyuan era (AD 734), he was selected as the concubine of Shouwang, the son of Xuanzong. The arrangement of fate is especially ingenious. Yuhuan became the imperial concubine of Xuanzong because of "the beauty of nature is hard to give up. Once she was chosen by the emperor", she got the real love of the emperor who founded the foundation of the Tang Dynasty. Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty changed from political cultivation to mediocrity and absurdity, the Tang Dynasty turned from prosperity to decline, the war spread, the royal family fled to Shu, all of these social responsibilities, if they were borne by Yang Guifei, would be too exaggerated and very unfair. Yang Guifei doesn't have the qualities of a statesman with such great talents. She only pursues love and vanity like ordinary women, and tries to enjoy the happiness of life. In June of the 15th year of Tianbao (756 A.D.), the royal family took refuge in Shu. When they passed Mawei Posthouse, the Sixth Army didn't send them. Although Gao Lishi said "the princess is innocent", the situation forced Xuanzong to order Gao Lishi to hang and kill the princess in the Buddhist Hall. She was only thirty-eight years old, but she died. Xuanzong couldn't help thinking of the imperial concubine painfully after entering Shu. Later, Yang Shen, a scholar, wondered whether Xuanzong knew about the ruins of luofeichi when he saw the moon in the palace. He said, "I don't know about the night when he saw the moon in the palace, where the soul of Zeng Mengfang is by the water." it's likely that Xuanzong didn't know about the luofeichi. If he knew about it, maybe he would go to mourn for it, far better than going to the heaven and the earth to find the soul of Fang. Since she left Sichuan as a child, Yang Guifei has never returned to the place where she was born. Is she really a "disaster", "a special thing" or a "enchanter"
Mawei willow green Yiyi, see Luan Yu lucky Shu return.
Under the spring, ah Huan should have said: this time, I will stop to offend Princess Yang.
He Zong has already told the injustice hatred of the ghost on behalf of Yang Guifei.
The emperor of the Han Dynasty thought highly of the country, and Yu Yu had been begging for many years.
Yang's family has a girl who has just grown up and is raised in a boudoir unknown to people.
It's hard to abandon the beauty of nature. One day, it's on the king's side.
Looking back on the smile, six palace powder without color.
Spring cold gives bath Huaqing pool, hot spring water slippery wash congeals fat.
It is the time of new grace when the servant can't help her.
Clouds and sideburns, flowers and golden steps, and hibiscus curtains warm the spring night.
Spring night bitter short day high, since then the king not early.
There is no leisure for the banquet. Spring is a special night for spring outing.
There are three thousand beauties in the harem, three thousand in love.
The golden room is made up to serve the night, and the jade floor feast is drunk and spring.
My brothers and sisters are all brothers and sisters.
So that the world's parents, not to give birth to men and women.
Li palace high into the blue clouds, xianle wind floating everywhere.
Slow song, slow dance, coagulate silk and bamboo, all day the king can't see enough.
Yu Yanghe came to the scene, startled by the music of colorful clothes and feather clothes.
There are smoke and dust in the nine cities, and thousands of people ride southwest.
Cuihua shakes and stops. It's more than a hundred miles away from the capital in the West.
The Sixth Army had no choice but to die in front of a horse.
There is no one to collect the mother of flowers, and the jade is scratched by the emerald winged canary.
The king hid his face and could not save. He looked back at the flow of blood and tears.
Huang AI is scattered and the wind is bleak, and the cloud stack haunts the sword Pavilion.
There are few people at the foot of Emei Mountain, and the flags are thin in the dark sun.
The water of Shu River is green and the mountains of Shu are green. The Lord is in love with him day and night.
Walking in the palace, you can see the sad color of the moon. In the night rain, you can hear the bell breaking.
The sky whirled back to Longyu, so I hesitated to go.
Under the Mawei slope, there is no place where jade Yan Kong died.
The emperor and his officials are all in touch with each other's clothes. They believe in the return of horses.
Back to the pool garden are still, too liquid lotus Weiyang Liu.
Hibiscus, such as willows, such as eyebrows, how not to shed tears.
Peach and plum flowers bloom in spring, while parasol leaves fall in autumn.
There are many autumn grasses in the south of the West Palace, and the leaves are full of red.
The pear garden disciple has new white hair, and the pepper room is old.
In the palace of the night, the fireflies think quietly, and the solitary lamp does not sleep.
Late bell and drum at the beginning of the long night, Geng Geng Star River to dawn.
Mandarin duck tile cold frost Hua heavy, jade quilt cold who with.
Long life and death don't last for years, the soul never came to dream.
Hongduke, a Taoist in Linqiong, can be sincere to the soul.
In order to feel the king's thoughts, he taught the alchemists to look diligently.
Empty the gas and run like electricity, ascend to the sky and enter the earth.
On the poor green down the spring, two boundless are missing.
Suddenly I heard that there was a fairy mountain on the sea. The mountain was in the void.
The pavilions are exquisite with five clouds rising, among which there are many fairies.
One of the characters is too true, and the appearance of snow skin and flowers is uneven.
The Western Chamber of the Jin que knocks on the jade fan and turns to teach Xiaoyu to report double success.
Hearing that the son of heaven of the Han family had made a dream in Jiuhua's tent.
Holding clothes and pushing pillows to wander, the silver screen of Pearl chaff is meandering away.
Yunji is half new to sleep, and the Corolla is not neat.
When the wind blows, the fairy's clothes flutter and lift up, just like the dancing of the rainbow and feather clothes.
Yurong lonely tears dry, pear a spring with rain.
When I look at the king with affection, my voice is dim.
Zhaoyang palace is full of love and Penglai palace is full of sun and moon.
Looking back at the world, I saw no dust in Chang'an.
The only way to show affection for the old things is to send them with mother of Pearl and gold hairpin.
The hairpin leaves one in one, and the hairpin breaks the gold and divides the mother.
But the heart of teaching is like gold and tin. Heaven and earth will meet each other.
When I leave you, I will send you my words again. I have two hearts to know.
On the seventh day of July, when there was no one talking in the hall of longevity.
In heaven, I would like to be a parafoil, in the earth, I would like to be a connecting branch.
For a long time, the hatred lasts forever.
This poem is about the love story between Emperor Ming and concubine Yang. The first line of the poem is Tang Dynasty. Other place names and people's names are real. The poem was written in the winter of the sixth year (806) of Xianzong Yuanhe. The poet was appointed as the county captain of the house (today's Zhouzhi in Shaanxi Province). He once visited Xianyou temple with Chen Hong and Wang Zhiyou. At the suggestion of Wang, he and Chen Hong made an appointment to write the love story about Xuanzong and his beloved concubine, which was spreading among the people at that time. Chen wrote the poem in vain. The poem begins with comedy and turns into tragedy. Although the author's intention is "to punish special things", it has become a Ode to love. The most successful part of this narrative poem is lyricism. The rather complicated plot only uses a few refined sentences to explain the past, and focuses on the rendering of feelings. It carefully describes the strong love between Emperor Tang and concubine Yang and the yearning of both sides after the death of concubine Yang. Many of them are moving and have been handed down for thousands of years. The dramatic and mythical description and strong romantic color in the poem are also the reasons for its strong artistic charm.
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