(719-756), Hao Taizhen, born in Yongle, Puzhou (now Yongji, Shanxi Province), is the daughter of Yang Xuanyan, the head of Shuzhou Prefecture. The imperial concubine of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty.
Yang's beauty is rich and colorful, good at singing and dancing, and good at music. In 734 (the 22nd year of the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty), she was the princess of Li Mao, the 18th son of Emperor Xuanzong. At that time, Yang was 16 years old, and Li Mao was about 16 years old. In 737, Emperor Xuanzong's beloved death resulted in thousands of imperial concubines, none of which satisfied him. In order to please Xuanzong, Yang Yuhuan, the princess of longevity, was recommended to Xuanzong. In 740, Xuanzong xingwenquan palace sent Gao Lishi to Shouwang palace to call Yang family and make him become a monk. He lived in Taizhen palace. In 745, Zuowei Zhonglang appointed Wei zhaoxun's daughter as Princess Shou, Emperor Xuanzong appointed Yang as the imperial concubine, and "father seizes son and wife", which became a strange news in the palace.
Xuanzong wrote the song of colorful clothes and feather clothes. When he called on Yang Guifei, he asked the musicians to play the new music. He gave Yang a golden hairpin and mother of Pearl combination and put it on Yang's sideburns. Emperor Xuanzong said to the people in the Imperial Palace, "I have the imperial concubine Yang, if I have the most treasure" (Volume III of secret records of ancient and modern palace), I can see that it is a great honor to copy the new song "get treasure". At that time, there was no new queen in the palace. All the people in the palace called Yang's "empress" and she was in the second place. Zheng Chuhui told a story that after Yang Yuhuan became the imperial concubine of Jin Dynasty, a white parrot in Lingnan tribute was able to imitate human language. Xuanzong and Yang Guifei liked it very much. They called it "snow lady", and around the palace they called it "snow lady". Xuanzong ordered CI officials to teach poems. After several times, the white parrot could sing and make people like it. When Xuanzong played chess with Yang Guifei, if Xuanzong was in a bad situation, the eunuch of the servant called "snow lady" for fear that Xuanzong would lose the game. The parrot flew into the chess board, flapping its wings with its wings, "to disorganize its ranks, or to peck the emperor's concubines and the hands of the kings, so that they could not contend with each other." (anecdotes of Emperor Ming) later, the lovely "snow mother" was pecked to death by an eagle. Xuanzong and concubine Yang were very sad and buried in the imperial court, which was called "parrot grave". The poet Yang Weizhen's Untitled and effective poetry of business and concealment says: "Jin Long is close to Qinghai Jun, and Jin Long is the first place to release snow clad women." (collection of iron cliff) is the pet parrot of Yonghe Xuanzong and Yang Guifei. Xuanzong cherished the pet white parrot so much, not to mention his love for Yang Guifei.
Yang Guifei has three sisters, all of whom are national colors. She is also called to the palace of people. She is granted the titles of South Korea's wife, Qin's wife. Each month, she presents 100000 yuan of cosmetics. Guo's wife ranks the third. She is beautiful by nature, and she is not fake. According to the poem "Madame of the state of Guo," Madame of the state of Guo took the lead in thinking and went to the Golden Gate in the Ming Dynasty. But I dislike the color of the powder and the color of the moth's eyebrows (Volume II of the detailed notes to Du Shi) is a reflection of the facts.
Because Yang Guifei was highly favored, her brothers gave to senior officials, even her distant brother Yang Zhao, who used to be a scoundrel in the city. Because he was good at planning, Xuanzong gambled with Yang's sisters, which made Yang Zhao calculate the gambling accounts, give him the name of Guozhong, and hold more than ten positions, such as branch doctor, to manipulate the government. Xuanzong is lucky enough to visit Huaqing lake. He takes Yang's five families as his retinue. Each family has a team. They are all dressed in one color. The five families are in a team. They are colorful. The jewelry dropped all over the place along the way, glittering and shining. There is no more luxury. The Yang family married two princesses and two princesses. Xuanzong also wrote the steles for the Yang family and the cheshu family temple.
Once, Yang Guifei, depending on her pampering and arrogance, offended Xuanzong and was condemned by Xuanzong to her mother's home. However, after the imperial concubine left the palace, Xuanzong couldn't eat and drink, so Gaoli soil had to call her back. In 750, the imperial concubine stole the jade flute of twenty-five Lang (Fen Chu) to play for her own amusement. The incident was sent out of the palace again. After the imperial concubine left the palace, she cut a lock of green silk and asked Zhang taoguang to take it to Xuanzong. Xuanzong was horrified and Gao Lishi recalled her. Zhang Hu's poem "the sub King's tubules" says: "Jinyu is lucky that no one has seen him. He blew the sub King's tubules." (Volume V of the collection of percussion shells in the middle and late Tang Dynasty) it is about this. Yang Guifei knew Xuanzong didn't have her, so she had trouble sleeping and eating, and was even more arrogant. The Yang family "didn't ask about the forbidden door, but the chief official of the capital looked at it.". At that time, there was a rumor that "don't be sad to have a girl, don't like to have a man". (Yang Taizhen's biography))) Li Zhao said: "Yang Guifei was born in Shu and likes eating litchi. Born in the South China Sea, you are better than those in Shu, so you can gallop forward every year. " (in the volume of the supplement to the history of Tang Dynasty), the poem of passing through the palace of Qing Dynasty says:
Looking back at xiuchengdui in Chang'an, thousands of doors open at the top of the mountain.
No one knows it's lychee from Feizi pass
(Volume 6 of the collection of percussion shells of mid late Tang Poetry)
It's a matter of chanting Lingnan Gongli. Later generations of Lingnan litchi have "Feizixiao", which is said to be named after it.
In the middle age of Tianbao, Fan Yang Jiedu made a great contribution to the frontier, which won the favor of Xuanzong. He made Yang's sisters and Lushan become brothers and sisters, while Yang Guifei recognized Lushan as his dry son. Lushan, in the name of visiting the ganniang in the palace, flirted with Yang Guifei.
Yang Guifei celebrated her last birthday in Chang'an on June 1, 755 in Huaqing Palace. Xuanzong ordered the pear garden to set music and played new music in Changsheng palace. There was no music name. It was suitable for entering litchi in South China Sea of Guangdong Province, so she took litchi fragrance as the music name. In November of the same year, Anlu mountain rebelled and Xuanzong rushed to Sichuan. The next year, he passed maweiyi (now in the west of Xingping County, Shaanxi Province). The army mutinied and forced Xuanzong to kill her. Yang Guifei was given the gift of suicide at the age of 38. The song of eternal regret is the tragic story of Xuanzong and the imperial concubine.
Yang Guifei was able to write poems. In the whole Tang poetry, he collected a poem entitled "give Zhang Yunrong dance"
Luo sleeve is fragrant, in the autumn smoke of the red owl.
The wind blows on the light cloud ridge, and the water blows at the edge of the Willow Pond.
This is a female dance, which is more subtle than the appearance of autumn smoke and puffs; the wind and cloud on the mountain is more erratic than the willow, which is more graceful and gentle, with the fragrance of Luo sleeve, which can be described as superb. There are many stories of Yang Guifei reflected in his poems. In Du Mu's quatrain of passing through the palace of Qing Dynasty, it says:
Xinfeng green trees from the yellow, the number of fishing sun back to explore.
On a thousand peaks in nishang, the dance is broken and primitive.
(Volume 6 of the collection of percussion shells of mid late Tang Poetry)
It's about chanting your concubines and letting things go. As for the three poems in qingpingdiao, the famous sentence "clouds like clothes, flowers like appearance, and spring wind blows over the threshold to reveal the beautiful journey" has become a masterpiece. After the death of the imperial concubine, Xuanzong came to Shu, "walking to Fufeng Road And then to the inclined valley mouth, which belongs to the rainy days, in the plank road rain to hear the bell, the mountain corresponding. I mourned the imperial concubine, because I chose her voice as the melody of the rain bell. " (Yang Taizhen's biography) this is the origin of the title plate of the later Song Ci "rain Lin Ling".
In the drama, there are more stories of Yang Guifei. Bai Pu of the Yuan Dynasty wrote a variety of dramas, such as Wu Shimei's wuhongji, Tu longlong's caihaoji, Wu Shimei's startling Hongji, anonymous's Mochen Jian, Hongsheng's Changsheng palace, Beijing opera, such as baihuating, drunken concubine, Taizhen waizhuan, maweipo, and other local dramas There are many stories about Yang Guifei, too many to enumerate. In particular, the leading Peking Opera "drunken Concubine", with its originality and excellent performance singing, renowned at home and abroad. The novels include Yang Taizhen's biography, Chen Hong's biography of the song of eternal regret, and the romance of Sui and Tang Dynasties.
Today, there are tombs of Yang Guifei in Xingping County, Shaanxi Province, covering an area of 3000 square meters. Beside the tombs, there are steles of ancient poetry such as Bai Juyi. At the north foot of Lishan Mountain in Lintong, there is Huaqing pool, which is said to be the vestige of Yang Guifei's "bathing Huaqing pool in the cold of spring, washing and coagulating fat in the hot spring water". Among them, the "Guifei pool" is more famous. It is said to be the special bath for Yang Guifei, so it is also called "Princess soup". There is a "cool hair Pavilion" on the side of the pool, which is said to be the place where Yang Guifei bathes her hair and combs her hair. Because of their close relationship with Yang Guifei, a famous beauty in ancient times, these places of interest have attracted many Chinese and foreign tourists and become famous tourist attractions.
Disclaimer: the above content comes from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you violate your original copyright, please let us know, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.