刘邦在鸿门宴留下张良一人 刘邦为什么不能换成其他人-看世界

刘邦在鸿门宴留下张良一人 刘邦为什么不能换成其他人

  鸿门宴,历史上极为凶险的一次宴会,历来都被作为表面上是聚会,实际上心思难以捉摸的代名词。刘邦当时奔赴项羽的宴会,心里也是怕的,不过好在自己身边的人对自己忠心,项羽阵营的人也有为自己挡剑,可算是保住了自己的命。不过,当时刘邦带了几个人和自己一起赴宴,可回来的时候却少了一个,是张良留在了宴会上“道歉”,刘邦为什么这样做,道歉为什么一定要张良,不能换成其他人呢?

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  鸿门宴,历史上极为凶险的一次宴会,历来都被作为表面上是聚会,实际上心思难以捉摸的代名词。当时奔赴的宴会,心里也是怕的,不过好在自己身边的人对自己忠心,项羽阵营的人也有为自己挡剑,可算是保住了自己的命。不过,当时刘邦带了几个人和自己一起赴宴,可回来的时候却少了一个,是留在了宴会上“道歉”,刘邦为什么这样做,道歉为什么一定要张良,不能换成其他人呢?

Hongmen banquet, a very dangerous banquet in history, has always been used as a synonym for meeting on the surface, but in fact, the mind is unpredictable. At that time, I was afraid of the banquet, but fortunately, the people around me were loyal to me, and the people in Xiang Yu's camp also blocked their swords, which could be regarded as keeping their lives. However, at that time, Liu Bang took several people to the dinner party with him, but when he came back, one of them was missing. He stayed at the dinner party and "apologized". Why did Liu Bang do this? Why did the apologies have to be Zhang Liang? Can't they be replaced by others?

  1.刘邦逃跑

1. Liu Bang escapes

  鸿门宴上杀机四伏,原本项羽也就是在范增的劝说下,才摆下宴席,而刘邦带着、、靳强、、张良,外加一百来个随从来赴宴。宴会期间,刘邦先是谢罪,说自己与项羽之间都是误会一场,项羽就直接把的名字说出来了,刘邦自然暗自记下,然后范增见项羽犹犹豫豫不肯下手,找来项庄舞剑,结果又被自己家的“叛徒”挡了回去,刘邦更是毫发无伤。

At Hongmen's banquet, Xiang Yu was persuaded by fan Zeng to set up a banquet. Liu Bang took, Jin Qiang, Zhang Liang and more than 100 attendants to the banquet. During the banquet, Liu Bang first apologized and said that there was a misunderstanding between him and Xiang Yu. Xiang Yu said his name directly. Liu Bang naturally wrote it down secretly. Then fan Zengcheng met Xiang Yu and hesitated to start. He found Xiang Zhuang to dance with his sword. As a result, he was blocked back by his family's "traitor". Liu Bang was even unharmed.

  紧接着,张良出去找樊哙,樊哙直接跑进去又赢得了项羽的好感,说了几句话更是让项羽心里的天平多倾斜了几分。刘邦借口上厕所,顺便把樊哙叫了出去,带着另外的几个人从小路溜回去了。然而张良却被留了下来,按照刘邦的意思,是让他留下来为刘邦等人不辞而别道歉。张良估摸着刘邦差不多回去了,才告诉项羽,刘邦不胜酒力,先回去了,还把刘邦带来的礼物呈上,鸿门宴,就这样化解了。

Then, Zhang Liang went out to find fan Gu. Fan Gu ran in and won Xiang Yu's favor. He said a few words, which made Xiang Yu's balance more inclined. Under the pretext of going to the toilet, Liu Bang called fan Kuai out by the way and sneaked back from the path with several other people. However, Zhang Liang was left. According to Liu Bang, he was asked to stay and apologize for Liu Bang and others. Zhang Liang estimated that Liu Bang was about to go back, and then told Xiang Yu that Liu Bang was so drunk that he went back first and presented Liu Bang's gift. Hongmen banquet was thus dissolved.

  2.张良的身份

2. Identity of Zhang Liang

  那个时候的张良,实际上还并没有像后来一样,虽然归附刘邦,但并不完全是一条路上的,也就是说,张良实际上是各种势力当中的一支,他与刘邦好比是合作关系。如果项羽因为刘邦跑了而生气,气也应该撒在刘邦身上,怎么也不能怪罪到张良身上,毕竟以后说不定还会与张良有合作,如果张良死了,他的手里可还有一支队伍呢,就算项羽不考虑,范增也不会想不到这一点。

At that time, Zhang Liang didn't belong to Liu Bang as he did later, but he didn't go all the way. That is to say, Zhang Liang was actually one of the various forces. He and Liu Bang were like cooperative relations. If Xiang Yu gets angry because Liu Bang runs away, his anger should also be spread on Liu Bang. How can he blame Zhang Liang? After all, he may cooperate with Zhang Liang in the future. If Zhang Liang dies, he still has a team in his hand. Even if Xiang Yu doesn't think about it, fan Zeng won't think of it.

  还有,张良是文人,说话办事都很漂亮,能言善辩,刘邦手里其他那些人都是糙汉子,是武将,脾气也是直来直去,看看樊哙生吃猪腿就知道了,如果留他们在这,绝对没有张良更能应付。另外,项伯算是项羽的叛徒了,他对刘邦都会用身体挡住项庄的剑,张良以前还救过他,要是张良有个什么事,项伯肯定第一个就跑出来制止保护了,由此看来,张良也是最好的人选,没有之一。

In addition, Zhang Liang is a literati. He is very good at speaking and handling affairs. Liu Bang's other people are all rough men. They are generals. Their temper is also straightforward. Just look at fan Kuai eating pig leg raw. If they stay here, there is no better way to deal with them than Zhang Liang. In addition, Xiang Bo is Xiang Yu's traitor. He can block Xiang Zhuang's sword with his body against Liu Bang. Zhang Liang has saved him before. If there is something wrong with Zhang Liang, Xiang Bo must be the first to stop and protect him. Therefore, Zhang Liang is also the best choice, not one of them.

  3.刘邦不怕张良被杀吗

3. Is Liu Bang not afraid of Zhang Liang being killed

  而不仅仅是项伯的保护,刘邦本身也带来了一些礼物要送给项羽,之前一直没有机会,临走之前把礼物给了张良,如此一来,张良把礼物献上,就像是在说,刘邦还是很有诚心的,送上白璧、玉斗,拿人手短,项羽就算真的再怎么恼火,也都要削弱几分,更何况,张良的理由是刘邦不胜酒力,又害怕项羽责备,如果项羽还要揪着不放,那就是项羽,了,这个帽子,项羽可不要。

Not only Xiang Bo's protection, but also Liu Bang himself brought some gifts to Xiang Yu. Before he left, he gave them to Zhang Liang. So Zhang Liang presented them as if he said Liu Bang was sincere enough to send Bai Bi and Yu Dou to Xiang Yu. Even if Xiang Yu was really angry, he would weaken them Kuang, Zhang Liang's reason is that Liu Bang is too drunk and afraid of Xiang Yu's reproach. If Xiang Yu still has to hold on, it's Xiang Yu. Now, Xiang Yu doesn't want this hat.

  刘邦一来就给项羽“解释”赔罪了,身份放低,之后又有樊哙那一幕,张良又帮刘邦把身份放的更低一些,项羽的火气本就一点点消散,到最后自然是不会再追究。奈何范增看得明白,却也只能骂骂项羽,无能为力了。

Liu Bang apologized to Xiang Yu for his "explanation" as soon as he came. He lowered his identity. Later, fan Kuai did that. Zhang Liang helped Liu Bang lower his identity. Xiang Yu's anger dissipated a little bit. At last, he would not be investigated again. However, fan Zeng can see clearly, but he can only scold Xiang Yu and do nothing.

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