诸葛亮对孟获七擒七放 那么这个孟获的地盘在今天的什么地方-看世界

诸葛亮对孟获七擒七放 那么这个孟获的地盘在今天的什么地方

  在诸葛亮有名的《出师表》里有一段话:

  还不知道:孟获的地盘的读者,下面小编就为大家带来详细介绍,接着往下看吧~

I don't know yet: readers of Meng Huo's site, the following editor will give you a detailed introduction, and then read on~

  在诸葛亮有名的《出师表》里有一段话:

There is a saying in Zhuge Liang's famous "teacher leaving table":

  受命以来,夙夜忧叹,恐托付不效,以伤先帝之明,故五月渡泸,深入不毛。今南方已定,兵甲已足,当奖率三军,北定中原。

Since I was ordered, I have been worried all night, for fear that the entrustment will not work, so as to hurt the Ming Dynasty of the former Emperor, so I crossed Lu in May and went deep. Now the South has been determined, and the armour is enough. When the three armies are awarded, the north will be determined in the Central Plains.

  在这里,就提到了五月渡泸的事情。结合前后的意思,我们可以看出,这次所谓的渡泸,为的就是平定南中地区的叛乱。

Here, the matter of crossing Lu in May is mentioned. Combining the meaning before and after, we can see that the so-called "crossing Lu" is to pacify the rebellion in the south central region.

  在当时,后,蜀汉的南中地区在东吴的挑动下,发生了叛乱。南中地区包括越雋、益州、永昌和牂牁四郡。这四郡主要是和少数民族杂居地区。位于现在的四川南部、云南东北部和贵州西北部一带。

At that time, the southern central area of the Shu Han Dynasty revolted under the instigation of the eastern Wu Dynasty. The south central region includes Yuejun, Yizhou, Yongchang and Zhuo. These four counties are mainly mixed with ethnic minorities. It is located in the south of Sichuan, the northeast of Yunnan and the northwest of Guizhou.

  首先分析诸葛亮七擒孟获。

First of all, it analyzes Zhuge Liang's seven capture of Mencius.

  这次叛乱的主要头领是益州郡的大闓,在他的煽动下,越雋郡的夷王高定和牂牁郡的太守朱褒后据郡反叛,响应雍闓。在历史上,孟获就出现在这个时候。雍闓让孟获去煽动那些少数民族的人民。从这一点来看,孟获是少数民族的首领,暂时听从雍闓的指挥。

The main leader of the rebellion was Da Qi of Yizhou county. Under his instigation, Gao Ding, the king of Yi in Yuejun County, and Zhu Bao, the prefecture's chief, rebelled against him and responded to Yong Qi. In history, Menghuo appeared at this time. Yong Chen asked Meng Huo to incite the people of the ethnic minorities. From this point of view, Meng Huo is the leader of the ethnic minorities, and temporarily obeys the command of Yong Kai.

  在经过两年的整顿后,诸葛亮先是和重新盟好,然后决定对南中用兵,平定叛乱。在出兵的时候,向诸葛亮献上了著名的策略,“夫用兵之道,攻心为上,攻城为下,心战为上,兵战为下,愿公服其心而已。”诸葛亮十分欣赏马谡的建议,在南征中采取了这个策略。

After two years of consolidation, Zhuge Liang first reconnected with the Communist Party of China, and then decided to use his troops against the central and southern regions to pacify the rebellion. At the time of sending out the troops, he presented a famous strategy to Zhuge Liang, "the way of using the troops is to attack the city, to fight the city, to fight the war, to fight the war, and to serve the public." Zhuge Liang appreciated Ma Su's suggestion and adopted this strategy in the southern expedition.

  诸葛亮把蜀军兵分三路,最后会师益州郡。诸葛亮率领主力进攻越雋的高定,马忠进攻牂牁的朱褒,李恢向益州郡进攻,吸引雍闓的注意,配合诸葛亮的主力。

Zhuge Liang divided the army of Shu into three parts and finally joined forces in Yizhou county. Zhuge Liang led the main force to attack Gao Ding, Ma Zhong attacked Zhu Bao and Li Hui attacked Yizhou county to attract the attention of Yonghe and cooperate with Zhuge Liang's main force.

  在平叛的第一阶段,诸葛亮很顺利的消灭了越雋郡的高定,占领了越雋郡。雍闓也被高定的部下所杀,马忠击败朱褒,占领了牂牁郡。

In the first stage, Zhuge Liang successfully eliminated Gaoding and occupied Yuejun county. Yong Kai was also killed by Gaoding's subordinates. Ma Zhong defeated Zhu Bao and occupied the county.

  但是,雍闓的部下由孟获带领,继续在泸水以南继续抵抗。李恢则在进军途中,被少数民族部队包围在昆明。这样,为了南征的最终胜利,诸葛亮必须要继续进兵。这样,诸葛亮说的“五月渡泸,深入不毛”就是发生在这个时候。

However, led by Meng Huo, Yong's men continued to resist south of Lushui. Li Hui was surrounded by ethnic minority troops in Kunming on the way to March. In this way, in order to win the final victory of the southern expedition, Zhuge Liang must continue to advance. In this way, Zhuge Liang's "crossing Lu in May, in-depth unhappiness" happened at this time.

  诸葛亮渡过波涛汹涌的泸水,攻打孟获。在这时,发生了历史上著名的七擒孟获的故事。在历史上是这样记载的:

Zhuge Liang crossed the rough waters of Lushui and attacked Menghuo. At this time, the famous story of seven captured Meng Huo happened in history. It is recorded in history as follows:

  孟获收闿馀众以拒亮。获素为夷、汉所服,亮募生致之,既得,使观于营陈之间,问曰:“此军何如?”获曰:“向者不知虚实,故败。今蒙赐观营陈,若只如此,即定易胜耳。”亮笑,纵使更战。七枞七禽而亮犹遣获,获止不去,曰:“公,天威也,南人不复反矣!”

Meng received the rest of the people and refused to shine. He was subdued by the Yi and Han Dynasties, and was born by Liang mu. After he got it, he made him look between the camp and Chen, and asked, "what is this army like?" he said, "those who want to know the truth do not know the truth, so they are defeated.". Now, if you are given the opportunity to observe, to camp and to present, you will surely win. " Smile even more. Seven firs and seven birds were sent and captured in the morning, but they could not be stopped. They said, "the power of heaven is great, and the southerners will not turn back."

  其次在降服孟获后,三路大军继续进军,终于在滇池会师,最终结束了南征。那么,孟获当年活动的地区在哪里呢?

Secondly, after subduing Meng Huo, the three armies continued to March, finally joined forces in Dianchi Lake, and finally ended the southern expedition. So, where was Menghuo's activity area?

  我们看当时的郡治。越雋郡的郡址是在现在的四川西昌,泸水就是现在的金沙江。在越雋郡反叛的是高定,诸葛亮先要镇压的是高定,说明雍闓的地盘是在高定之后,也就是越雋郡的南方。

We look at the county magistrate at that time. Yuejun county is located in Xichang, Sichuan Province. Lushui is the Jinsha River. In Yuejun County, the rebellious is Gaoding. Zhuge Liang's first task is to suppress Gaoding. This shows that Yongqi's territory is after Gaoding, which is the south of Yuejun county.

  而永昌郡在当时还在忠于蜀汉政权的吕凯手中,所以,雍闓的地盘应该在永昌之北地区。那么我们可以基本画出雍闓的控制范围,就是在现在的西昌和永昌之间,地跨金沙江的大片地区。

At that time, Yongchang County was still in the hands of Lu Kai, who was loyal to the Shu Han regime. Therefore, Yongqi's territory should be in the north of Yongchang. Then we can basically draw the control scope of Yongqi, which is a large area across the Jinsha River between Xichang and Yongchang.

  当雍闓死后,孟获继续接替带领他的部众抵抗诸葛亮。由于不敌诸葛亮的进攻,孟获回守他的老巢。他的老巢就是在现在的金沙江南和永昌之间。大致位置就是在今天云南鹤庆至大理一带的地方。

When Yong Kai died, Meng Huo continued to lead his followers to resist Zhuge Liang. As he was defeated by Zhuge Liang's attack, Meng Huo returned to defend his old nest. His old nest is between the present Jinsha River south and Yongchang. The general location is from Heqing to Dali in Yunnan today.

  诸葛亮按照马谡的建议平定了南中,接下来采取了一系列的措施,稳定自己的后方。他首先将原来的四郡改为六郡,减小郡县的控制范围。并且任用当地土著担任地方长官,利用他们熟悉当地情况的优势,加强对地方上的控制。

Zhuge Liang pacified nanzhong according to Ma Su's suggestion, and then took a series of measures to stabilize his rear area. First of all, he changed the original four counties into six counties to reduce the control scope of the counties. In addition, local aborigines are appointed as local governors to strengthen local control by taking advantage of their familiarity with local conditions.

  尊重少数民族的风俗,不去改变他们内部的组织,只保持和平就行。使得当地的少数民族的抵触心理降到最低。他还将当地有才干的人提拔任用,将当地的大户豪强强行迁到成都予以控制。

Respect the customs of ethnic minorities, do not change their internal organizations, just keep peace. To minimize the resistance of local ethnic minorities. He also promoted and appointed local talented people, and forcibly moved local powerful families to Chengdu for control.

  改善当地人民的生活,将先进的生产技术传授给当地人民。改善交通环境,加强商业往来。并且,利用当地的自然条件,加强蜀汉的实力。选拔组织了著名的无当飞军,在后来的战争中发挥了重要的作用。南中的物产也大批运往蜀中,以充国用。

We will improve the lives of local people and pass on advanced production technologies to them. Improve the traffic environment and strengthen business contacts. Moreover, we should make use of the local natural conditions to strengthen the strength of Shu Han. The famous flying army of Wudang was selected and organized, which played an important role in the later wars. The products of nanzhong were also transported to Shuzhong in large quantities to enrich the country.

  经过这一系列的举措,在诸葛亮的领导下,南征取得了重大的成果。不但平定了叛乱,还使得“军资所出,国以富强”。

Under the leadership of Zhuge Liang, great achievements have been made in the South expedition. It not only pacified the rebellion, but also made "the country rich and strong with military funds".

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