I don't know yet: readers of Meng Huo's site, the following editor will give you a detailed introduction, and then read on~
There is a saying in Zhuge Liang's famous "teacher leaving table":
Since I was ordered, I have been worried all night, for fear that the entrustment will not work, so as to hurt the Ming Dynasty of the former Emperor, so I crossed Lu in May and went deep. Now the South has been determined, and the armour is enough. When the three armies are awarded, the north will be determined in the Central Plains.
Here, the matter of crossing Lu in May is mentioned. Combining the meaning before and after, we can see that the so-called "crossing Lu" is to pacify the rebellion in the south central region.
At that time, the southern central area of the Shu Han Dynasty revolted under the instigation of the eastern Wu Dynasty. The south central region includes Yuejun, Yizhou, Yongchang and Zhuo. These four counties are mainly mixed with ethnic minorities. It is located in the south of Sichuan, the northeast of Yunnan and the northwest of Guizhou.
First of all, it analyzes Zhuge Liang's seven capture of Mencius.
The main leader of the rebellion was Da Qi of Yizhou county. Under his instigation, Gao Ding, the king of Yi in Yuejun County, and Zhu Bao, the prefecture's chief, rebelled against him and responded to Yong Qi. In history, Menghuo appeared at this time. Yong Chen asked Meng Huo to incite the people of the ethnic minorities. From this point of view, Meng Huo is the leader of the ethnic minorities, and temporarily obeys the command of Yong Kai.
After two years of consolidation, Zhuge Liang first reconnected with the Communist Party of China, and then decided to use his troops against the central and southern regions to pacify the rebellion. At the time of sending out the troops, he presented a famous strategy to Zhuge Liang, "the way of using the troops is to attack the city, to fight the city, to fight the war, to fight the war, and to serve the public." Zhuge Liang appreciated Ma Su's suggestion and adopted this strategy in the southern expedition.
Zhuge Liang divided the army of Shu into three parts and finally joined forces in Yizhou county. Zhuge Liang led the main force to attack Gao Ding, Ma Zhong attacked Zhu Bao and Li Hui attacked Yizhou county to attract the attention of Yonghe and cooperate with Zhuge Liang's main force.
In the first stage, Zhuge Liang successfully eliminated Gaoding and occupied Yuejun county. Yong Kai was also killed by Gaoding's subordinates. Ma Zhong defeated Zhu Bao and occupied the county.
However, led by Meng Huo, Yong's men continued to resist south of Lushui. Li Hui was surrounded by ethnic minority troops in Kunming on the way to March. In this way, in order to win the final victory of the southern expedition, Zhuge Liang must continue to advance. In this way, Zhuge Liang's "crossing Lu in May, in-depth unhappiness" happened at this time.
Zhuge Liang crossed the rough waters of Lushui and attacked Menghuo. At this time, the famous story of seven captured Meng Huo happened in history. It is recorded in history as follows:
Meng received the rest of the people and refused to shine. He was subdued by the Yi and Han Dynasties, and was born by Liang mu. After he got it, he made him look between the camp and Chen, and asked, "what is this army like?" he said, "those who want to know the truth do not know the truth, so they are defeated.". Now, if you are given the opportunity to observe, to camp and to present, you will surely win. " Smile even more. Seven firs and seven birds were sent and captured in the morning, but they could not be stopped. They said, "the power of heaven is great, and the southerners will not turn back."
Secondly, after subduing Meng Huo, the three armies continued to March, finally joined forces in Dianchi Lake, and finally ended the southern expedition. So, where was Menghuo's activity area?
We look at the county magistrate at that time. Yuejun county is located in Xichang, Sichuan Province. Lushui is the Jinsha River. In Yuejun County, the rebellious is Gaoding. Zhuge Liang's first task is to suppress Gaoding. This shows that Yongqi's territory is after Gaoding, which is the south of Yuejun county.
At that time, Yongchang County was still in the hands of Lu Kai, who was loyal to the Shu Han regime. Therefore, Yongqi's territory should be in the north of Yongchang. Then we can basically draw the control scope of Yongqi, which is a large area across the Jinsha River between Xichang and Yongchang.
When Yong Kai died, Meng Huo continued to lead his followers to resist Zhuge Liang. As he was defeated by Zhuge Liang's attack, Meng Huo returned to defend his old nest. His old nest is between the present Jinsha River south and Yongchang. The general location is from Heqing to Dali in Yunnan today.
Zhuge Liang pacified nanzhong according to Ma Su's suggestion, and then took a series of measures to stabilize his rear area. First of all, he changed the original four counties into six counties to reduce the control scope of the counties. In addition, local aborigines are appointed as local governors to strengthen local control by taking advantage of their familiarity with local conditions.
Respect the customs of ethnic minorities, do not change their internal organizations, just keep peace. To minimize the resistance of local ethnic minorities. He also promoted and appointed local talented people, and forcibly moved local powerful families to Chengdu for control.
We will improve the lives of local people and pass on advanced production technologies to them. Improve the traffic environment and strengthen business contacts. Moreover, we should make use of the local natural conditions to strengthen the strength of Shu Han. The famous flying army of Wudang was selected and organized, which played an important role in the later wars. The products of nanzhong were also transported to Shuzhong in large quantities to enrich the country.
Under the leadership of Zhuge Liang, great achievements have been made in the South expedition. It not only pacified the rebellion, but also made "the country rich and strong with military funds".
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