Ancient Shangfang sword and death free gold medal are imperial gifts, symbolizing the supreme imperial power. These two are often the highlights of TV and novels. However, if they meet, what's more powerful? Next, Xiaobian will bring the historical truth. Let's have a look!
Shangfang sword: it generally refers to the sword collected by the ancient emperor in Shangfang. In Han Dynasty, this kind of sword was called "Shangfang horse cutting sword". That is to say, after the Emperor gave the sword to the imperial minister, he would temporarily enjoy the power that only the imperial power, such as beheading before performing, would be recovered in a certain period of time. This kind of sword is called "Shangfang sword" among the people.
Generally speaking, the Shangfang sword is issued along with the incident. It must be returned to the court after the incident is over. It cannot be held by an official for a long time. In reality, for the officials holding the Shangfang sword, it is more a kind of honor. Most people will not kill with the Shangfang sword. Even if they want to kill, they can only kill some low-level officials who have committed capital crimes. For example, Yang Sichang, the general of the year, said in the memorial submitted to the emperor for the use of Shang Fang's sword: "the governor does not need to be appointed, but sets up the handle of his troops, and the chief commander takes the place of him; the chief commander does not need to be appointed, and the chief commander takes the post of his commander, and the deputy commander takes the place of him; the chief commander and the deputy commander take the place of him, and the chief commander and the deputy commander take the place of him with Shang Fang's sword." Even if he had the sword of Shangfang, he would not dare to kill the governor and the general at will. He had to ask the emperor for instructions, subject to the emperor. For the ministers, this is, after all, acting on behalf of the emperor's authority. If it is not done well, it will be troublesome to kill the people the emperor does not want to kill. For example, Chongzhen was horrified to hear that he used the Shangfang sword to kill the genuine one and also held the Shangfang sword. It can be seen that he didn't want to kill Mao Wenlong at all. Although Mao Wenlong "should be beheaded at twelve times", yuan Chonghuan can't take the lead to kill him without permission. As a result, the suspicious heart became suspicious and caused a fatal disaster for himself. "Mao Wenlong is a general, not a minister who can kill without permission. I'd like to sit on the straw mat and ask for a pardon," yuan Chonghuan said at Shangshu It can be seen that the use of Shangfang's sword is restricted.
Death free gold medal: it is a kind of privilege certificate issued by ancient emperors to meritorious officials. In Han Dynasty, it was called "" but the iron coupons in Han Dynasty did not avoid death, just as a kind of proof to add officials to the rank of marquis. The iron coupons with the function of avoiding death appear in the period, and the number of times of avoiding death is also limited, generally less than 3 times for the recipients. With the development of the dynasty, the number of times to avoid death gradually increased, even to the descendants of one to three times.
Let's look at the death free gold medal. It's not something you can get if you do something. Those who hold the gold medal are either the relatives of the emperor or the founding of the country, or the close officials of the emperor. How many ministers with the sword of the Shang side dare to kill these people like yuan Chonghuan? Once they kill them wrong, their lives will be gone. Besides, if the minister really killed the gold medal holder with the sword of the Shang side, someone would impeach him and say that since the Emperor gave a shield to others, why should he attack them with spear? In this way, the face of the emperor would be damaged. In this case, the emperor will surely lose his car to protect the commander, and push the guilt on the minister who uses the sword of the Shang side, killing it to calm the public opinion. Therefore, the minister who holds the sword of Shangfang, as long as he is a little clever, will hide from the gold medal.
If so, can the gold medal holder rest easy? Do whatever he wants? Generally speaking, yes, but if there is a certain degree in everything, it will make a big deal. It's hard to say if he stabs the emperor. We need to know that the ancient emperor was heaven, and even the laws and ancestral systems could be changed, let alone a small gold medal to avoid death. During the founding of the Ming Dynasty, there were six princes, twenty-eight Marquises and six princes, who were granted iron certificates. As a result, he worried that he would not be able to subdue the high-ranking officials after his death, so he found various excuses and killed them all. Those who won the gold medal of death exemption were sent to the guillotine, and Feng Sheng, a famous man, was also given the poison wine. Moreover, before the signing of the book, he asked the court for the so-called Shangfang sword, and was authorized to compensate and cut the land. But after the signing of the treaty, he and the Minister of Beiyang were deprived of their two real rights. They also pulled out their three eyes of flower feathers, took back the yellow horse hang, and became the court's sword. The so-called Shangfang sword did not play a protective role.
So these two things are nothing more than tools in the hands of the emperor. They are used to draw people's hearts and safeguard the imperial power. Even if you have any privileges, you should listen to the emperor. If you use them well, they are safe and stable. If you use them badly, you may lose your name.
Disclaimer: the above content comes from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you violate your original copyright, please let us know, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.