Many people don't know how to give up territory. Next, I will enjoy it with Xiaobian.
Yuan Dynasty is the most extensive era in Chinese history. In addition to the major khanates of Yuan Dynasty, the territory under direct jurisdiction has reached 13.72 million square kilometers, which can be said to be. However, only 96 years later, the former Yuan Empire disintegrated. At this time, we saw this opportunity from the southern uprising. In 1368, Zhu Yuanzhang sent to conquer the Yuan Dadu, formally declaring the death of the Yuan Dynasty as a national power. But if we have a close look at the territory of the Yuan Dynasty, we will find that the territory of the Ming Dynasty is much smaller than that of the Yuan Dynasty. Then someone will say, why did Zhu Yuanzhang voluntarily give up most of the Yuan Dynasty's homeland?
In fact, it's not that Zhu Yuanzhang didn't want to recover these territories. For him, this work is more than enough.
After conquering the capital of the Yuan Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang dared not slack off, and launched eight large-scale campaigns against the Yuan Dynasty. In addition to the second Northern Expedition, Zhu Yuanzhang did not achieve great results, the other battles greatly expanded the territory of the Ming Dynasty, and expanded the boundary line of the Ming Dynasty to Liaodong area, but the following objective conditions greatly reduced Zhu Yuanzhang's results.
First of all, the mobility of Mongolian cavalry is too strong. As long as they have horses, the Mongolian army has a very strong mobility. Even if Zhu Yuanzhang is clever, every time the Mongolian cavalry can always run without trace by virtue of the mobility advantage. In addition, the area occupied by the Mongolian army has a very violent climate change all the year round, and the sandstorm is also very large, which is an unbearable torture for the Ming army accustomed to the climate in the Central Plains.
Secondly, since Emperor Shun of Yuan Dynasty fled to the north, there has been an outstanding general in the army of Yuan Dynasty. He is the extended Timur. As the saying goes, he and Yuan Zhaozong, the son of Emperor Shun of Yuan Dynasty, swore to revive the Yuan Dynasty, and defeated the second Northern Expedition of the Ming army, in order to get some breathing opportunities. In the late Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang killed a lot of generals on the pretext, so some of the first-class generals in the early Ming Dynasty were sent to the yellow spring road by Zhu Yuanzhang himself, so the Ming Dynasty had no time to deal with the Mongolian army.
After Zhu Yuanzhang's death, the Ming Dynasty broke out a four-year "battle of Jingnan". Zhu Di finally won the battle, and then moved the capital to Beijing. At this time, Zhu Di had already treated Mongolia as an independent force without Zhu Yuanzhang's ambition. Therefore, in the war with the Mongolian army, Zhu Yuanzhang also tended to fight conservatively. Only the land left by his ancestors could be preserved. Since then, let alone the land occupied by Mongolia, he had more than enough heart and less power.
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