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Since the Opium War in 1840, to the end of the Qing Dynasty, China and the Western powers have signed 30 unequal treaties over the past 70 years. Most of these unequal treaties are about land cutting, compensation, opening up commercial ports and only counting silver here. Then we can briefly list the amount of silver to be compensated. The largest amount of compensation is the compensation of 450 million silver, which will be paid off in 39 years The total principal and interest is about 980 million Liang. The second largest one is the compensation of 200 million liang of silver, which will be paid in eight times and within three years. Only these two treaties have more than 120 million claims. In the case of compensation of more than 10 million Liang, there are 20 million Liang and 16 million Liang in total. In the case of interference in the return of Liao Dynasty, 30 million Liang was paid to Japan to redeem Liaodong. The total of the three items is 66 million Liang. Most of the remaining claims are calculated in millions of Liang, such as 6 million Liang in the Ili treaty between China and Russia, with a total principal of 730 million Liang, and a total principal and interest of about 1.18 billion Liang, because the xinchou treaty and the Maguan treaty all have interest by stages.
In 1911, with the revolution of 1911, Hubei declared its independence, and then more than half of the provinces across the country declared their independence. The mainstay of the Qing government, together with the provisional government of Nanjing, finally brought down the great tree of the Qing government. The Qing emperor announced his abdication and restoration to the people. The feudal monarchy of China for thousands of years ended. But Puyi's edict was easy to issue, but the government still had many things to do, such as the Qing government's compensation.
As we all know, since the Opium War in 1840, the Qing government and foreign countries can not escape the four words - land cutting compensation. By the time the Qing emperor abdicated, the Qing government had already owed a huge amount of property. Only Maguan treaty and xinchou treaty made the Qing government pay 200 million liang of compensation, and xinchou treaty made the Qing government pay another 400 million liang of compensation, which added up that the Qing government owed 1.3 billion liang of silver.
Don't think that with the demise of the Qing Dynasty, the money will disappear. At that time, in order to get the recognition and support of the foreign government, Mr. Wang had to promise that after the success of the revolution, the government of the Republic of China would recognize all the treaties of the Qing government before and continue to make reparations. When the Qing government perished, both the Nanjing and Beijing governments were making reparations.
After the victory of World War I, China, as a victor, naturally had some power. The reparations that needed to be paid to Germany and these two countries were exempted, while the Russian government became the Soviet Union. In order to make a better relationship with China, the reparations of the Chinese government were also exempted, so China's reparations were basically reduced after World War I 。
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