What's the difference between a slave and a minister? This is a problem that many readers are concerned about. Next, I'll work with you to understand and give you a reference.
In today's TV dramas reflecting the social life of the Qing Dynasty, and ministers are the most popular roles in the movie. We see that some ministers call themselves ministers when they talk to the emperor, and some ministers call themselves slaves when they talk to the emperor. How can it be said that they are called casually? In fact, these different titles have been true for more than 200 years, It's not the director who takes it for granted, and there are some differences between the two different names.
In the Qing Dynasty, the officials asked the emperor to give their greetings. Some of them were called "slaves" and some were called "ministers". What's the difference? In ancient times, class differentiation was particularly obvious, and people of different classes had different names. Don't want to = like us now, no matter who we are, we call ourselves all me, and others' words become her and him. What kind of situation was it in the Qing Dynasty? The emperors of the Qing Dynasty usually spoke to others in private with me, and in public with me.
The Qing Empire was founded in 1636 by Manchu, a minority nationality in the northeast, and then quickly unified the whole country. In the Qing Dynasty, there was only one emperor, but there were many ministers and staff around the emperor. When the Qing Empire was just established, Manchu people were the main people. As the capital was established in Beijing, more and more people came.
At that time, the Manchu people were also distinguished. A series of nobles, such as Nurhachi, were the nobles of their nation, including many countless people, but most of them were not nobles, but civilians or even slaves. These civilians or slaves generally called themselves slaves when dealing with nobles, which was their custom and a standard term for class classification.
After the Manchu people came to the Central Plains, because the population of Manchu was too small, in order to strengthen the rule, a large number of Manchu civilians moved to the Central Plains as much as possible, regardless of their status. At the beginning of the founding of the state, all Manchu people could get certain political preferential treatment, which is also very normal. Those who have made great contributions to the war can become new nobles. Therefore, the word "slave" is generally the self-identity of Manchu people when they communicate with the emperor, and because it is of the same nationality, this kind of address more represents a kind of closeness, rather than the lowliness that we Han people think.
When the ministers of the Han nationality meet the emperor, they usually call themselves ministers rather than slaves. Therefore, through the distinction of titles, it can be seen that most people who call themselves slaves should be Manchu people, and those who call themselves ministers are often Han people, which is related to national habits and has nothing to do with others.
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