I don't know yet: readers of ancient disaster relief, the following editor will give you a detailed introduction, and then read on~
"Disaster relief" is a very common topic in ancient times. Such a thing often happened in all dynasties.
There are several reasons why there are so many phenomena of disaster relief in ancient times.
First, the productivity level is low and the grain output is not high, so the grain is always insufficient.
Second, crops do not have modern hybrid technology, which also results in low yield.
Third, the ancient water conservancy projects were not sound, and many times they needed to rely on the sky for food. If the climate is abnormal, the output will be low.
Fourth, the ancient rulers liked to toss over the common people and would often enlist them to carry out various large-scale activities. For example, launching a war, building a palace and so on. And those who do these things are mainly young and strong. At the same time, being young and strong is the absolute main force of agricultural production. Therefore, even if there are fields and the crops are abandoned, the output is certainly not high.
Fifth, there was no chemical fertilizer or pesticide in ancient times. We now think that chemical fertilizer and pesticide damage the ecology, but in any case, these two things actually make the current crop production greatly improved. There were no such two things in ancient times. On the one hand, the crops were lack of nutrition, and the yield could not go up; on the other hand, pests and weeds were constantly competing with the crops. In this way, how can food production be high?
As the grain output is not high, there will be a shortage of grain in case of natural and man-made disasters. But when the common people are short of food, those landlords will hoard and sell for more profit. As a result, the poor people are even less fed and clothed.
Once the common people are short of food, they will make trouble, rob, and even rob. As a result, there will be chaos in the world.
In order to avoid this kind of chaos in the world, the dynasties always tried to store food. In case of such natural disasters, officials will be sent to open warehouses for food relief.
There are generally two ways to open a warehouse for food relief. One is to give a certain amount of food according to the head. Another is to set up a porridge shed and ladle porridge for the common people to drink. The latter is the more common way.
Some large families, in order to show their good deeds, will also set up porridge sheds to cook porridge for the people who used to run around begging.
So, when the ancient warehouse was opened for food relief, why did it take the form of setting up a porridge shed, and why did it take the form of cooking porridge for the people to drink? Why didn't it directly give food or cook dry rice for the people to eat?
Generally, there may be some answers to this question.
First, there is too little food. There is no way to directly distribute and cook dry rice. Because in this way, there must be not enough to eat. If it is boiled into porridge, then there is a lot of water in the porridge. After drinking the water into the stomach, it will soon make the stomach full.
Second, there are too many hungry people. When opening the warehouse for food relief, although it can be counted according to the household registration, and food will be given. However, when there is a famine, the hungry people are everywhere. It's impossible to give it only to the local hungry, not to the residents of other places. There are many hungry people in other places, and the limited food can't meet the demand at all. Therefore, we can only make porridge to solve this problem.
Third, the method is simple. It's a very simple way to make porridge for food relief. Because there are not only limited grains in the warehouse, but certainly not only rice. Instead, there are many grains. It will be very troublesome and cost a lot of manpower and material resources to make these grains into steamed buns or noodles. And if we just boil it into porridge, it will be very simple.
Fourth, it is conducive to digestion. When the famine broke out, many people were very hungry. If they are hungry, giving them dry rice or steamed buns is not conducive to digestion. This will make those hungry people die faster. In order to avoid the death of the people, the best way is to set up a porridge shed and give porridge to the hungry people. In this way, they can become full, and they will not be bloated.
All of the reasons mentioned above are reasonable. However, I think there is a very important reason why we should set up a porridge shed in ancient times to cook porridge instead of cooking dry rice for the common people. It is to show the grace given by the imperial court and the majesty of the emperor. Imagine, in a very busy place, making a fire and cooking porridge. At one time, it was hot and fragrant. You can smell the strong aroma of food from far and near, see the steaming steam and feel the scene of people sweating. At this time, will there be a sense of Royal magnanimity?
It is the most needed thing to embody the greatness of huangen. Because in this way, everyone will support the court, and the common people will not easily revolt. But the common people did not revolt, and the ministers of the central government did not dare to rebel. Therefore, the country can maintain long-term stability.
(Reference: general history of China)
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