Shame and life after capture
Emperor Huizong is the father of emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty. His son was captured by Jin Bing together with Emperor Huizong of Song Dynasty only one year after he inherited his father's career. Both of them spent the remaining years in Dajin. In 1125 ad (January of the first year of Jingkang, Emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty), the Jin army attacked the Song Dynasty in two ways: East and West. In the East Road, wanyanzongwang led the army to attack Yanjing. West Road led by Yan Zonghan to Taiyuan. On the East Road, Jin Bing broke through Yanjing, crossed the Yellow River, and went to Bianjing in the South (now Kaifeng, Henan).
When Jin Bing made a direct attack on Bianjing (now Kaifeng City), Zhao Ji, Emperor Huizong of the Northern Song Dynasty, was angry and anxious, and his body was not as good as that of the day before, so he passed the throne to the prince. The crown prince who succeeded him was Emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty. Like Emperor Huizong of Song Dynasty, Emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty was also the generation who lived in peace and did not think about self-improvement. As a result, he killed Dashan and became a prisoner himself. Among them, Huizong, his brother, younger brother, 32 sons and 22 daughters were captured. Except for the nine sons, who were only one year old in the field, all of them were captured. Together with the Royal concubines, imperial concubines and ministers, about 3000 of them were taken to the north by the Jin people.
When Emperor qinzong arrived at Jinying, he was treated coldly. Zongwang and Zonghan did not meet him at all. They also placed him in the three huts in the West Wing of the barracks. In addition to tables and chairs, there is only one Kang and two blankets for sleeping. There were gold soldiers guarding the house closely. At dusk, the door of the house was also locked by the gold soldiers with iron chains. The emperor and his officials lost their freedom of movement completely.
It was April of the lunar calendar at that time. It was still cold in the north. The clothes of Emperor Huizong, Emperor qinzong and empress Zheng and Zhu were very thin. They were often too cold to sleep at night, so they had to find some firewood and thatch to burn for warmth. At that time, empress Zhu of qinzong was 26 years old, gorgeous and colorful, and was often molested by Jin Bing.
When the captives arrived at the Huining mansion, the capital of the Jin Dynasty, the Jin people held a ceremony of offering captives. They ordered the two emperors and their concubines, clans, kings, consorts and princesses to put on the clothes of the Jin people, wrap their heads around handkerchiefs, wear sheep and fur, expose their upper bodies, and go to the arguta Temple of the Jin Dynasty for the "sheep leading ceremony". Empress Zhu couldn't stand such a humiliation. She committed suicide that night. The Jin people also gave an insulting title to both of them, calling Huizong "Duke of faint virtue" and qinzong "Marquis of heavy faint".
After being abducted to the north, the two emperors were first imprisoned in the five kingdoms city. Because they could not stand the torment of the Jin people, one day, Emperor Huizong cut the clothes into strips and formed a rope to hang the beam to commit suicide. They were carried down by Emperor qinzong, and both father and son cried bitterly. Later, the Jin people moved the two emperors to Junzhou. At that time, Emperor Huizong was very ill and died on the Kang soon. When Emperor qinzong found it, the bodies were stiff.
Huizong's body was burned in a stone pit. When it was half burnt, it was put out with water and thrown into the pit. It is said that this can make the water in the pit used as lamp oil. Emperor qinzong was extremely sad and would jump into the pit, but he was held by others, saying that the water in the pit after the living man jumped into the pit could not be used as lamp oil. Therefore, Emperor qinzong was not allowed to jump into the pit. Huizong died at the age of 54. After Huizong died, qinzong continued to suffer, and finally died miserably in the north.
In June of the 26th year of Shaoxing (1156), Emperor qinzong of song died of illness. The cause of death of emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty is also based on the "great song Xuanhe bequeath". In June of 1156, Emperor Jin Wanliang ordered emperor qinzong to play polo. Emperor qinzong was weak, suffering from severe wind disease and poor equestrian skills. He fell off his horse and was trampled to death.
How did song Huizong and song qinzong finally die?
In 1125, Xuanhe's seventh year, Emperor Huizong abdicated. Zhao Huan, the eldest son, succeeded him on December 13. Later, the temple was called emperor qinzong and the year was Jingkang. In the first month of the first year of Jingkang, he agreed to cede Taiyuan, Zhongshan and Hejian, and then he repented.
In November 1126, the first year of Jingkang was attacked by hundreds of thousands of gold troops. At the end of the month, they attacked Kaifeng, the capital of kaihuang. At the same time, Kangwang and other three people were sent to the Jin army to cede Taiyuan, Zhongshan and Hejian, Hebei and Hedong. After being besieged for more than ten days, he was believed to be superstitious and sent Guo Jing to fight against the Jin army. After being defeated, the Jin army blocked the gold and silver around the city at will.
In December, Emperor qinzong of the Song Dynasty formally surrendered to the kingdom of Jin. He delivered half of the city's weapons, searched for gold and silver in Kaifeng and contributed to the Jin army, admitting to ceding Taiyuan and other three towns in the north. At this time, King Kang didn't go to the gold camp to cut the land, but took advantage of the name of King Qin to support his troops and fled southward (it was at this time when he went out of the mountain to work under Liu Hao, King Kang, who had followed Zongze to fight with Jin).
In 1127, the second year of Jingkang, song qinzong and song Weizong were captured by more than 3000 people, including his concubines, princesses and princesses. In addition, they captured more than 15000 Royal maidens, including women, palace maids, official maidens and people's maidens, who were transported to the land of Dajin for most of their works.
Zhao Heng, Emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty, was only emperor for more than one year. He was abducted by the Jin people and imprisoned for 30 years.
It is generally acknowledged by historians that the Northern Song Dynasty died in 1126. Since then, two families of Huiqin have died in the five kingdoms city
Shame, there were Li Gang in the literature, Zongze in the Wu, and Yue Fei in the later. But the key point was that the root of the Song Dynasty was corrupt. Most people thought about how to protect their lives and officials. At the same time, it was a dynasty that emphasized the culture but despised the military. For the fierce attack of the Jin Dynasty, there was no good organization to resist. Alas, sigh!
In the winter of 1125 in the seventh year of Xuanhe, the Jin Dynasty attacked the Song Dynasty after the Liao Dynasty was destroyed. Song Huizong abdicated at the age of 44, and Zhao Huan, 26, his eldest son, succeeded him on December 13. Later, the temple was called qinzong. The policy of attack and negotiation was carried out in the Jin Dynasty.
In the first month of 1126 in the first year of Jingkang, the Jin army came to Kaifeng, the capital of the state. Emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty wanted to drive south, but was dissuaded by Li Gang, the right Prime Minister of the minister. Li Gang presided over Kaifeng's defense in times of crisis and defeated the Jin army who had attacked the city several times. The veteran generals of Shaanxi led the army into the army. Song qinzong also hoped to send troops to rob the enemy camp at night and won by chance. After the Song Dynasty failed to rob Yao pingzhong's camp, song qinzong hurriedly entered into an alliance with the Jin people and agreed to cede Taiyuan, Zhongshan and Hejian. After the Jin army retreated in the East Road, Emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty repented again. Emperor Huizong returned to Kaifeng.
In 1126, the first year of Jingkang, at the age of 76, he gave four key suggestions: the first one was Yao pingzhong's failure to rob the gold camp at night in early February, and the latter suggested that he should send another army to rob the camp, or send thousands of soldiers to harass the enemy every night, which could be successful. Song qinzong didn't need it. The second time was when Wanyan good offices could not leave the army. The priest suggested that when the Jin army was halfway across the border, he should launch a surprise attack. Otherwise, it would be a disaster in the future. Song qinzong didn't need it either. The third time is that after the fall of Taiyuan, the seedmaster urgently ordered the troops to be transferred to the capital. The fourth time is the last legacy. He suggested that the emperor withdraw from the central government. The ministers suggested that the good officials, Li Gang and Zongze, should guard Kaifeng instead of emperor qinzong. In the 160 years since the founding of the state in the Northern Song Dynasty, there was a strong culture of emphasizing culture and ignoring martial arts. There was no general available in the state for a while. At that time, after the chaos of song Huizong, Tong Guan, Song Jiang, and Fang La, song qinzong replaced a batch of old dynasties. In the case of an emergency shortage of personnel in the dynasty, he faced the attack of the Jin army. The loss of the sermon undoubtedly made emperor qinzong more helpless.
In November, Emperor qinzong of song asked Emperor Huizong of song to persuade King Kang, his ninth brother, to cede Taiyuan, Zhongshan and Hejian to the kingdom of Jin. At the same time, he sent Geng nanzhong and Nie Chang to cede Hebei and Hedong. Kang Wang and Jin Jun traveled in the opposite direction to Xiangzhou, Hebei Province, where they sang and danced with Wang Boyan, the Zhizhou Prefecture. It is in sharp contrast to the judgment of sun Tong, the sixth son who patrols the city all day, that Zhao should not try. Later, when he came to Cizhou, Zongze urged him to use his identity to call on the surrounding five states to send out their troops. Encircle Wei and save Zhao, distract Jin army from attacking Kaifeng. Kangwang did not want to send troops. He only wanted his own safety and went back to Xiangzhou for a long time. Geng nanzhong, who was ordered to cede Hebei Province, was expelled from Weizhou (now Jixian County, Henan), and also came to Xiangzhou to reunite with Geng Yanxi's father and son, while Nie Chang, who was ordered to cede Hedong, was killed by the local people. So far, none of the plan has been successful.
On November 25, the Eastern Road army of the Jin Dynasty left the northeast of the city of 100000 troops. On November 27, it began to attack. As a result of the rescue of Taiyuan, it used troops in Hedong, Hebei Province, with a total of more than 300000 troops. Then, before the death of the apostate, it recruited two hundred and sixty-eight thousand people. After the death, it was negotiated to send Tang Ke and Geng nanzhong to cancel in the name of financial shortage. Now, the regular army only has 70000 troops to break through the blockade to help Zhang Shuye, manager of the South Road, led 13000 troops temporarily, and Baojia (militia) near Kaifeng who was temporarily recruited. At last, 170000 soldiers were assembled.
He supervised Zhang Suo's performance. 1、 To impeach Tang Ke for his incompetence; to say that Wang Zong Quan was proud of himself and didn't know the military; to suggest that Li Gang should be called back to Beijing and entrusted with a heavy task; to recommend Wu Ge, a senior martial arts official with a good command of military aircraft, and to propose that he should break the rules and employ people, and take Wu Ge as the commander in charge of the front of the palace and the deputy commander of the guard; to emphasize that he should never give up Hebei and Hedong, and should issue an imperial edict to take back the secession The people of the river organized righteous soldiers to resist the golden soldiers. Imperial pen of emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty: Tang Ke changed from Shao Zai to Tai Zai. Li Gang returned to the senior government hall, led Kaifeng government affairs, and quickly returned to the capital. Wang Zong Quan was still used, and Wu Ge equivalent was used.
In November, song qinzong was superstitious and ordered Wang Zongquan, the vice capital of Guo Jing, to prepare for the death of 7000 soldiers in Liujia.
On November 13, song qinzong summoned Jin emissary. Jin emissary asked the state minister and the emperor to come to our village for peace talks. Song qinzong didn't want to go in person. Later, he asked the minister to discuss. The emperor, his son, the king of Yue and the king of Yun were the quality. They could retreat. After the land was cut off in Hebei and Hedong, they sent taishanghuang to the city. Emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty was not with him either. During the siege, song qinzong twice defended the city and labored, hoping to inspire the army. In the inner hall, people said that it was a dead battle or a peace, and song qinzong also hesitated.
On November 24, leap, Guo Jing led his new soldiers to replace the city guard. At the beginning, Guo Jing was defeated and left Xuanhua gate to escape alone. The golden soldiers stormed into Xuanhua gate and occupied it. They used the tower facilities to fight with the army and the people in the city. They killed and injured countless people. Tens of thousands of troops of Qin yuan, Wang Zong Quan and Liu Yanqing fled. At this time, song qinzong still won a great victory. Later, he learned that the city was broken and he was not grieved.
On November 26, King Jing and Li Ruoshui went out to discuss peace, and Jin Jun demanded that the Hebei River in Hedong be ceded and the gold and silver be paid to the army. The next day, Emperor qinzong personally sent an envoy to reach an agreement.
On December 1, Emperor qinzong of Song Dynasty formally lowered his watch outside the city. One million ingots and five million silver ingots for military reward. He was lured to the golden account and abolished the Song Dynasty. When he and Emperor qinzong came out, King Kang used the power of King Qin to be in the Kaiyuan mansion of Xiangzhou. Wang Boyan, deputy marshal, was named Zongze. They also supported the army and marched against Kaifeng to defend themselves.
On February 7, Wang Shiyong, Xu Bingzhe and fan Qiong escorted more than 3000 people, including song Huizong, the royal family and the empress, to Jinying one after another by car, ox cart or on foot. On the 11th, more than 15000 women were selected by the general of the Jin army, and most of the royal women were divided up. However, they were still unable to make enough money to reward the army. They ordered Kaifeng government to search for gold and silver. There were abnormal deaths in the gold camp every day.
On March 7, the Jin dynasty recorded the rites of life, the name of the state was Chu, and Jiankang Prefecture was the capital of the state. At that time, people called it "pseudo Chu". Later, he announced his abdication on April 4 and asked Meng to preside over the grand government.
On March 28, the Jin army withdrew from Kaifeng and escorted song qinzong's Jin army to daizhou on May 17