波音737Max新问题发现 软件上存在问题-看世界

波音737Max新问题发现 软件上存在问题

波音737Max新问题发现!美国波音公司17日表示,正在努力修复上周新发现的737MAX飞机上的软件问题,希望尽快解决这一新问题并避免延迟该机型的复飞。

Boeing 737max new problem discovery! US Boeing company said on the 17th that it is trying to fix the software problem on the newly discovered 737max aircraft last week, hoping to solve the new problem as soon as possible and avoid delaying the missed approach of the aircraft.

资料图 新华社供图

Data map provided by Xinhua News Agency

美国媒体当日报道,波音公司上周在艾奥瓦州对停飞的737MAX进行软件升级技术审查时发现一个新问题。报道援引一名要求匿名的知情人士的话说,该问题与飞机上用于核实监控器是否正常工作的软件相关。在此次检查中,有一个监视器没有正常启动。

Boeing found a new problem last week during a software upgrade technical review of grounded 737max in Iowa, US media reported on the same day. The report quoted a person familiar with the matter, who asked to be anonymous, as saying the problem was related to software used on the plane to verify that the monitors were working properly. During this check, one of the monitors did not start properly.

波音公司在一份声明中说,正在就这一问题进行必要的升级,并向美国联邦航空局提交这一变动,同时告知客户和供应商。“我们的最高优先事项是确保737MAX是安全的,在复飞前符合所有监管要求。”

Boeing said in a statement that it was in the process of making the necessary upgrades to the issue and submitting the changes to the FAA, as well as informing customers and suppliers. "Our top priority is to ensure that the 737max is safe and meets all regulatory requirements before going around."

2018年10月29日和2019年3月10日,印度尼西亚狮子航空公司和埃塞俄比亚航空公司接连发生空难,总计346人丧生。失事飞机均为波音737MAX系列客机。这两起空难被认为与该系列客机上的“机动特性增强系统(MCAS)”自动防失速软件被错误激活有关。

On October 29, 2018 and March 10, 2019, Indonesia lion airlines and Ethiopia Airlines suffered a series of air crashes, with a total of 346 people killed. All the planes involved were Boeing 737max series. The two crashes are believed to be related to the misactivation of the automatic anti stall software of the "maneuverability enhancement system (MCAS)" on the series of airliners.

目前全球多个国家和地区停飞或禁飞737MAX系列客机。美国联邦航空局2019年3月要求美国各航空公司运营的所有波音737MAX系列飞机暂时停飞。要获得监管机构“放行”复飞,波音737MAX需要先通过全面审核、模拟机测试和安全认证飞行测试。目前波音公司正在协同联邦航空局评估审核737MAX飞机软件系统的修复和升级情况。

At present, 737max series airliners are grounded or forbidden to fly in many countries and regions around the world. In March 2019, the Federal Aviation Administration required all Boeing 737max series aircraft operated by American Airlines to be temporarily grounded. In order to obtain the regulatory "release" of go around, Boeing 737max needs to pass the comprehensive audit, simulator test and safety certification flight test. At present, Boeing is cooperating with FAA to evaluate and review the repair and upgrade of 737max aircraft software system.

延伸阅读:

Extended reading:

雪上加霜!马航取消25架波音客机订单

To make matters worse, Malaysia Airlines cancelled 25 Boeing orders

当地时间1月15日,马来西亚航空公司宣布取消25架与波音737MAX 8型客机同款飞机订单。

On January 15 local time, Malaysia Airlines announced the cancellation of 25 orders for the same aircraft as Boeing 737max 8.

据马来西亚媒体星洲网报道,过去2年曾有2起空难事故经调查后证实是波音技术问题造成的,包括2018年10月发生的印尼狮航610航班空难和于2019年3月发生的埃塞俄比亚航空空难。

According to Malaysian media xingzhou.com, there have been two air accidents in the past two years that have been confirmed to be caused by Boeing's technical problems after investigation, including the Indonesia lion air 610 air crash in October 2018 and Ethiopia air crash in March 2019.

星洲网引用当时的据调查报告指出,印尼狮航的波音737MAX飞机,在迎角传感器故障的情况下,遭遇了机动特性增强系统(MCAS)的强行介入,最终机组人员没能关掉飞机的自动配平而导致空难。后来,在埃航发生的空难再次证明与波音的自动控制系统有关联后,波音737MAX在全球大规模停飞。

According to the investigation report at that time, the Boeing 737max of lion air Indonesia encountered the forced intervention of the maneuverability enhancement system (MCAS) under the condition of the angle of attack sensor failure, and finally the crew failed to turn off the automatic balancing of the aircraft, resulting in the air crash. Later, the Boeing 737max was grounded on a large scale in the world after the air crash in the airline proved to be related to Boeing's automatic control system.

据报道,马航在电邮中回复某美国通讯社时指出,过去发生的2起空难,推迟了马航接受新飞机的时间表,考虑到同类型飞机已经停产,加上延迟交货,马航决定取消25架飞机的订单。

According to reports, when responding to a US News Agency in an email, Malaysia Airlines pointed out that two air disasters in the past delayed the schedule for Malaysia Airlines to accept new aircraft. Considering that the production of the same type of aircraft has been stopped and the delivery has been delayed, Malaysia Airlines decided to cancel the order of 25 aircraft.

马航原订于2020年7月接受第一架737 MAX飞机。另外,波音仍未针对马航宣布取消订单一事作出回应。

Malaysia Airlines was scheduled to accept the first 737 Max aircraft in July 2020. In addition, Boeing has yet to respond to the announcement of cancellation of orders by Malaysia Airlines.

波音公布数据,16年最惨

Boeing released data, the worst in 16 years

美国波音公司14日公布的最新数据显示,该公司在2019年交付380架喷气式飞机,同比减少数百架,订单数量降至16年低点。737 MAX的全球停飞让这家航空航天巨头落后于主要竞争对手空中客车。空客集团此前刚宣布2019年交付863架商用飞机,自2011年以来首次超过波音成为全球最大商用飞机制造商。

Boeing delivered 380 jets in 2019, hundreds fewer than the same period last year, and the number of orders fell to a 16-year low, according to the latest data released Thursday. 737 Max's global grounding left the aerospace giant behind its main competitor, Airbus. Airbus has just announced the delivery of 863 commercial aircraft in 2019, surpassing Boeing as the world's largest commercial aircraft manufacturer for the first time since 2011.

据美国《华尔街日报》15日报道,波音737 MAX飞机在不到半年内发生两起致命坠机事故后,被监管机构停飞,迫使波音暂停交付。该公司仍有约4500架737 MAX飞机订单,但由于监管机构可能允许该款飞机复飞的时间存在不确定性,该公司已暂停生产这款飞机,这加剧了航空公司和飞机租赁公司取消现有订单的风险。报道称,波音已因订单取消或者客户调换机型失去大约200架MAX飞机订单,其中大部分源自倒闭的印度捷特航空公司。

Boeing's 737 Max was grounded by regulators after two fatal crashes in less than half a year, forcing Boeing to suspend deliveries, the Wall Street Journal reported Friday. The company still has orders for about 4500 737 Max aircraft, but has suspended production of the aircraft due to uncertainty over when regulators may allow the aircraft to go around, increasing the risk that airlines and aircraft leasing companies will cancel existing orders. Boeing has lost orders for about 200 Max aircraft due to cancellations or customer exchanges, most of them from the failed Indian jet airline, the report said.

美国财政部长姆努钦近日表示,波音737 MAX危机可能会使美国2020年的经济增长下降0.5个百分点。他说,“毫无疑问,波音的情况将会降低GDP数据,波音是美国最大出口商之一,由于发生737 MAX事件,2020年可能会影响GDP(增速)多达0.5个百分点”。

U.S. Treasury Secretary manuchin said recently that the Boeing 737 Max crisis may reduce U.S. economic growth by 0.5 percentage points in 2020. "There is no doubt that Boeing's situation will reduce the GDP data. Boeing is one of the largest exporters in the United States. Due to the 737 Max event, it may affect the GDP (growth) by as much as 0.5 percentage points in 2020," he said.

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