会引起过敏的食物 三招应对食物过敏-看世界

会引起过敏的食物 三招应对食物过敏

食物过敏是指身体对食物中的成分产生了异常的免疫反应,导致生理功能紊乱或组织损伤,进而引发一系列临床症状。有人认为食物过敏就是“皮肤起红疹,痒的想撞墙”,实际上,食物过敏的表现因人而异,皮肤红疹只是其表现形式之一,还常表现为胃肠不适、口腔溃疡、哮喘等,严重的可能发生过敏性休克。下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

食物过敏是指身体对食物中的成分产生了异常的免疫反应,导致生理功能紊乱或组织损伤,进而引发一系列临床症状。有人认为食物过敏就是“皮肤起红疹,痒的想撞墙”,实际上,食物过敏的表现因人而异,皮肤红疹只是其表现形式之一,还常表现为胃肠不适、口腔溃疡、哮喘等,严重的可能发生过敏性休克。下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

Food allergy refers to the abnormal immune response of the body to the ingredients in food, which leads to physiological dysfunction or tissue damage, and then causes a series of clinical symptoms. Some people think that food allergy is "skin rash, itchy want to hit the wall". In fact, the performance of food allergy varies from person to person, skin rash is only one of its manifestations, but also often manifested as gastrointestinal discomfort, oral ulcer, asthma, etc., which may lead to anaphylactic shock. Now follow 360 common sense net to understand!

哪些食物会引起过敏?

What food can cause allergy?

可以引起过敏的食物很多,但对于多数人而言,容易过敏的食物主要有以下几大类:

There are many foods that can cause allergy, but for most people, there are mainly the following categories of foods that are easy to be allergic:

含有麸质的谷物及其制品,如小麦、黑麦、大麦、燕麦、斯佩耳特小麦或它们的杂交品系;

Cereals and products containing gluten, such as wheat, rye, barley, oats, spelt wheat or their hybrids;

甲壳纲类动物及其制品,如虾、龙虾、蟹等;

Crustaceans and their products, such as shrimp, lobster, crab, etc;

鱼类及其制品;

Fish and its products;

蛋类及其制品;

Eggs and their products;

花生及其制品;

Peanut and its products;

大豆及其制品;

Soybean and its products;

乳及乳制品,包括乳糖;

Milk and dairy products, including lactose;

坚果及其果仁类制品,如杏仁、榛子、核桃、腰果、美洲山核桃、巴西坚果等。

Nuts and nut products, such as almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, cashews, pecans, Brazil nuts, etc.

上述食物引起的过敏能占到90%左右,除此之外,水果类,如柑桔、猕猴桃、草莓、香蕉等;肉类,如牛肉、羊肉、鸡肉、猪肉等;其他,如芹菜、芥末、芝麻等食物都可能引起过敏。

In addition, fruits such as orange, kiwi, strawberry and banana, meat such as beef, mutton, chicken and pork, and other foods such as celery, mustard and sesame may cause allergies.

食物过敏怎么破?

How does food allergy break?

很遗憾,现如今我们还没有彻底治愈食物过敏的手段,只能靠不吃引起过敏食物的方法。因此,过敏体质的人对待食物一般都很小心。可是,单一食物倒还好说,怕就怕一些成分复杂的复合食品,根本不知道里面会不会藏着能让自己中招的东西,有种“敌暗我明”的感觉,买的时候像在赌博。该怎么办呢?

It's a pity that now we haven't got a cure for food allergy. We can only rely on not eating the food that causes allergy. As a result, people with allergies are generally very careful with their food. However, it's better to say that a single food is afraid of some complex compound food. I don't know if there is something hidden in it that can make me win. It's like gambling when I buy it. What should I do?

最好的方法就是“把敌人从黑影里揪出来,暴露于阳光下”,也就是在食品标签上清清楚楚写上含有哪些过敏原,做到知己知彼,预防吃到过敏原。

The best way is to "find out the enemy from the shadow and expose to the sun". That is to say, clearly write on the food label which allergens are contained, so as to know your own and your enemy and prevent eating allergens.

过敏原标注很重要

Allergen labeling is important

在食品标签上标注过敏原信息,对于避免食物过敏,保护消费者健康非常关键。目前很多国家都强制要求对过敏原进行明确标注,如美国、日本等。但我国的食品安全国家标准《预包装食品标签通则》(GB7718-2011)并没有强制要求标注过敏原信息。因此,国内食品对于过敏原的标注目前还不规范,有些食品干脆不标,标了的也是形式各异,有的即使标了也不太容易找到。为此,很多专家建议要重视这一问题,规范过敏原标注。

Labeling allergen information on food label is very important for avoiding food allergy and protecting consumers' health. At present, many countries are forced to clearly label allergens, such as the United States, Japan and so on. However, China's national food safety standard, general principles for the labeling of prepackaged food (gb7718-2011), does not require the labeling of allergens. Therefore, the labeling of allergens in domestic food is not standardized at present. Some foods are not labeled at all, but in different forms. Some of them are not easy to find even if they are labeled. Therefore, many experts suggest that we should pay attention to this problem and standardize the labeling of allergens.

另外,我国出口食品常因不标注过敏原或是过敏原标注不合格而被召回,给出口企业带来不利影响。因此,不管从保护消费者健康的角度,还是国际贸易角度,都应该完善食品标签管理,重视过敏原信息。

In addition, China's export food is often recalled because of no allergen labeling or allergen labeling is not qualified, which brings adverse effects to export enterprises. Therefore, no matter from the perspective of consumer health protection or international trade, we should improve food labeling management and pay attention to allergen information.

三招应对食物过敏

Three ways to deal with food allergy

1、识别

1. Identify

速发型食物过敏能在进食后迅速发生,患者自己就能很快发现;但是迟发型食物过敏多在进食后两小时左右出现,较难与进食联系。这需要患者和医护人员共同努力,详细询问和回忆病史。患者可配合医生记录食物日记,有助于发现过敏的食物。通过回忆病史和发病前的食物,对高度怀疑的过敏原进行较安全的皮肤点刺试验和血清过敏原 IgE 检查,以明确食物过敏的诊断。

Fast food allergy can occur quickly after eating, and patients can find it quickly; however, late food allergy usually occurs about two hours after eating, which is difficult to contact with eating. This requires the patient and medical staff to work together to ask and recall the history in detail. The patient can cooperate with the doctor to record the food diary, which is helpful to find the allergic food. By recalling the history and the food before the onset of the disease, the safe skin prick test and serum allergen IgE test were carried out for the highly suspected allergens to make clear the diagnosis of food allergy.

2、处理

2, processing

较轻微的食物过敏症,多可自然缓解或在给予抗过敏药物治疗后好转。对于严重的食物过敏患者,治疗的关键是迅速缓解呼吸道阻塞和循环衰竭。应首选肌肉注射肾上腺素。如果发作时距医院较远,就要给有可能发生过敏性休克的高险对象配备随身携带的肾上腺素药物及注射装置,教会患者在发生意外时自救。这已成为多数国家在第一时间抢救过敏性休克的主要方式。

The mild food allergy can be relieved naturally or improved after the treatment of antiallergic drugs. For the patients with severe food allergy, the key to the treatment is to quickly relieve the airway obstruction and circulatory failure. Epinephrine should be given intramuscularly first. If the attack is far away from the hospital, it is necessary to equip the high-risk objects who may have anaphylactic shock with adrenaline drugs and injection devices to teach the patients to save themselves in the event of an accident. This has become the main way to rescue anaphylactic shock in most countries.

3、预防

3, prevention

预防原则可归纳为四个字:避、忌、替、移。其中最有效的办法是避免进食已知的可引起过敏的食物。有的婴幼儿患者长大后对过敏食物的反应会消失,而成人在避免食用过敏食物后 1~2 年,对该食物过敏的现象也能逐渐减弱或消失。

The principle of prevention can be summed up into four words: avoid, avoid, replace and move. The most effective way is to avoid eating foods that are known to cause allergies. Some infant patients will disappear when they grow up, while adults will gradually weaken or disappear when they avoid eating allergic food for 1-2 years.

免责声明:文章来自互联网,不代表本站的观点,如有侵权或不实言论,请第一时间联系删除,谢谢!!

本文由 看世界 作者:小小 发表,其版权均为 看世界 所有,文章内容系作者个人观点,不代表 看世界 对观点赞同或支持。如需转载,请注明文章来源。

发表评论