此皇帝40年不近女色,最后死因奇葩-看世界

此皇帝40年不近女色,最后死因奇葩

  晚唐大诗人杜牧有一首脍炙人口的《江南春》,诗的内容写到:“千里莺啼绿映红,水村山郭酒旗风,南朝四百八十寺,多少楼台烟雨中。”这首千古佳作,生动的描写了南北朝时期佛教的兴盛,而造成当时佛教受到推崇原因就是出现了一位信佛的狂热皇帝,他就是梁武帝萧衍。萧衍出身名门兰陵萧氏,是西汉丞相萧何的二十五世孙。凭借家族背景,萧衍刚出仕时便担任南齐开国功臣、卫将军王俭的幕僚。

  今天小编要说的这位也是个奇葩的君主,身为皇帝他“出淤泥而不染”40年不近女色,因信奉被称为历史上唯一一位“菩萨皇帝”。他在位的四十八年,是整个南朝数百年历史里,持续时间最长、经济文化最繁盛的时期,史称“天监之治”。然而也正是他的统治后期,引狼入室养寇贻患,造成给江南社会生产带来毁灭性打击的“之乱”,致使自己身死国灭,死因更是沦为千年笑柄!

Today, Xiaobian is going to say that this is also a wonderful monarch. As an emperor, he "came out of the mud and didn't dye" women for 40 years. Because of his belief, he is known as the only "Bodhisattva emperor" in history. His forty-eight years in office was the longest and most prosperous period of economy and culture in the history of the whole Southern Dynasty, which was called "the rule of Tianjian". However, it was in the later period of his rule that he led wolves into the house to raise the enemy and Yi people, which resulted in the "chaos" that brought devastating impact on the social production in the south of the Yangtze River, which resulted in his own death and the extinction of his country, and the cause of his death became the laughingstock of a thousand years!

  晚唐大诗人有一首脍炙人口的《江南春》,诗的内容写到:“千里莺啼绿映红,水村山郭酒旗风,南朝四百八十寺,多少楼台烟雨中。”这首千古佳作,生动的描写了时期佛教的兴盛,而造成当时佛教受到推崇原因就是出现了一位信佛的狂热皇帝,他就是。萧衍出身名门兰陵,是西汉丞相的二十五世孙。凭借家族背景,萧衍刚出仕时便担任南齐开国功臣、卫将军王俭的。

In the late Tang Dynasty, there was a famous poem "Jiangnan Spring". The content of the poem said: "thousands of Li yingti, green Yinghong, Shuicun mountain guojiuqi wind, 480 temples in the Southern Dynasty, how many buildings in the rain." This masterpiece vividly describes the prosperity of Buddhism in the period, and the reason why Buddhism was respected at that time is that there was a fanatical emperor who believed in Buddhism. Xiao Yan was born in Lanling, a famous family, and was the 25th grandson of the Prime Minister of the Western Han Dynasty. With his family background, Xiao Yangang was the founder of the Southern Qi Dynasty and General Wang Jian.

  早期萧衍因帮助齐明帝登基有功,被提拔为中书侍郎,后来又升为黄门侍郎,自此萧衍的地位开始显赫起来。随后萧衍开始担任要职坐镇襄阳,守护国家北境,曾在贤首山之战,一举击退敌国北魏号称三十万的大军。建武五年(公元498年),齐明帝萧鸾驾崩,其子治国无术,杀戮功臣人人自危,萧衍趁机于襄阳起兵,仅用一年时间就兵临建康城下,推翻荒淫的萧宝卷政权。因赫赫战功萧衍升任大司马,从此开始掌管中外军国大事位极人臣。

In the early stage, Xiao Yan was promoted to be a servant in the middle school because he helped emperor Qi Ming to ascend the throne. Later, he was promoted to be a servant in the Yellow clan. Since then, Xiao Yan's position has become prominent. Later, Xiao Yan began to serve as an important position in Xiangyang, guarding the northern territory of the country. He fought in xianshoushan, and defeated the enemy's army known as 300000 in the Northern Wei Dynasty. In the fifth year of Jianwu (498 A.D.), Emperor Xiao Luan of Qi Ming died. His son had no skill in governing the country and killed the meritorious officials. Xiao Yan took the opportunity to start his army in Xiangyang. In only one year, he came to Jiankang to overthrow the wanton regime of Xiao Baojuan. Xiao Yansheng was appointed as the chief minister because of his outstanding achievements in the war. He has been in charge of the military affairs at home and abroad since then.

  最终在公元502年,萧衍带领大军推翻了齐朝的统治,并迫使齐朝的皇帝将皇位“”于他,建立起了梁朝。在建国之初的时候,萧衍还算得上是一个好皇帝,勤于政务,废寝忘食,关爱百姓,勤俭节约,重用有识之士,俨然是一代明君。如果一直这样,萧衍必将在历史上留下浓墨重彩的一笔,堪比秦皇汉武。然而历史没有如果,晚年的他身为一国之君却沉溺佛教怠于政事,做出了诸多荒诞至极的事。

Finally, in 502 ad, Xiao Yan led the army to overthrow the rule of the Qi Dynasty, and forced the emperor of the Qi Dynasty to set up the Liang Dynasty. At the beginning of the founding of the people's Republic of China, Xiao Yan was a good emperor, diligent in government affairs, forgetting to sleep and eat, caring for the people, thrifty and thrifty, and reusing people of insight. If it had been like this all the time, Xiao Yan would have left a strong mark in history, comparable to that of Emperor Qin and Han Wu. However, in his later years, as a king of a country, he indulged in Buddhism and was lazy in politics, and did many absurd things.

  梁武帝萧衍到了晚年对佛法的痴迷,简直是入了魔,他作为皇帝一生四次出家向佛。普通八年(公元527年),萧衍第一次尝试去同泰寺舍身出家,三日后返回便大赦天下,改年号大通。接下来的三次出家,他也是脱下帝袍换上僧衣舍身出家,大臣见状只好苦苦哀求其回宫理政。当时的梁武帝萧衍还算听群臣的劝谏,每次过几十天和尚瘾就还俗,按照规定和尚还俗要向寺院赎身,于是大臣们前后拿出几亿钱来把“菩萨皇帝”肉身赎回。

Xiao Yan, Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty, became obsessed with Buddhism in his later years. He became a devil. He became a monk to Buddha four times in his life as emperor. In the eighth ordinary year (527 A.D.), Xiao Yan first tried to sacrifice his life and become a monk in Tongtai temple. After three days, he returned to amnesty and changed his name to Datong. In the next three times of becoming a monk, he also took off the emperor's robe and put on the monk's clothes. Seeing this, the minister had to beg him to return to the palace and manage the affairs. At that time, Xiao Yan, Emperor Wudi of Liang Dynasty, listened to the advice of the ministers. Every time after several decades, the monks would return to the common customs. According to the regulations, the monks would redeem themselves from the temple. So the ministers took out hundreds of millions of money to redeem the body of the "Bodhisattva emperor".

  由于萧衍精心研究佛学,最终他从《大般涅槃经》中找到理论根据,下令僧人必须吃素。自此,汉传佛教形成吃素的传统。佛教信徒不杀生不思淫,所以萧衍禁欲,《梁史》记载:萧衍“五十外便断房,不与女人同屋”。如果以他86岁去世来算,近40年没有碰过女人。当时萧衍的后宫,除了贵嫔留在京城外,其余的都让他给撵走了,跟各自分封在外的儿子去一起住了。

As Xiao Yan studied Buddhism carefully, he finally found the theoretical basis from the great Nirvana Sutra and ordered the monks to be vegetarian. Since then, Han Buddhism has formed a vegetarian tradition. In the history of Liang Dynasty, it is recorded that Xiao Yan "broke his house when he was 50 years away, and did not share a house with a woman". If he died at the age of 86, he hasn't touched a woman in nearly 40 years. At that time, Xiao Yan's harem, except for his concubines who stayed in the capital, was driven away by him and lived with his sons who were separated from the capital.

  俗话说一旦一个朝代的皇帝无心朝政之时,必定使得这个国家走向衰败,萧衍也不例外。萧衍不顾群臣反对,接纳叛将侯景归附时,万万想不到竟是引狼入室。侯景是帐下的一位大将,战功显赫,但此人却心机重重。高欢死后,便前来投降,都知道此人为小人,不敢收他。偏偏梁武帝菩萨心肠心一软便收了,朝中有的大臣得知此事后说了一句话成了谶语:“乱事就要来了”,没想到很快就来了!

As the saying goes, once the emperor of a dynasty does not want to govern, it will make the country decline, Xiao Yan is no exception. In spite of the opposition of the officials, Xiao Yan accepted the treason of Hou Jing, but he was unexpectedly led into the house. Hou Jing is a great general under the account. He has great achievements in war, but he has a lot of ideas. After Gao Huan died, he came to surrender. They all knew that he was a villain and dared not accept him. However, the Bodhisattva of Emperor Wudi Liang's heart was softened, and some ministers in the court said a word that became a prophecy: "chaos is coming", but they didn't expect to come soon!

  公元548年,侯景因对梁朝与东魏通好心怀不满,遂以清君侧为名义在寿阳(今安徽寿县)起兵叛乱,史称“侯景之乱”。叛军,最后兵临建康、围困台城,本来萧衍已经号召各地军马驰援,但由于各路援军心志各异,在攻打叛军几次不利后就按兵不动坐观成败。最终侯景攻入建康后,将梁武帝栖身的台城包围起来。直到这时,梁武帝才如梦方醒,最后竟被活活饿死,享年86岁而,而这位皇帝的“菩萨心肠”,死因也沦为千年笑柄!

In 548 A.D., Hou Jing was dissatisfied with the good intentions of the Liang Dynasty and the Eastern Wei Dynasty, so he started a rebellion in Shouyang (now Shouxian County, Anhui Province) in the name of the Qing emperor's side, which was known as "the chaos of Hou Jing". The rebels finally came to Jiankang and besieged Taicheng. Xiao Yan had already called on all the soldiers to help them. However, due to the different aspirations of all the reinforcements, he stood still after several disadvantageous attacks on the rebels. Finally, Hou Jing invaded Jiankang and surrounded the Taicheng where emperor Liang Wu lived. Until then, Emperor Liang Wudi woke up like a dream. At last, he was starved to death at the age of 86. The cause of death of the emperor's "Bodhisattva's heart" has become a joke for thousands of years!

  最后我们要说梁武帝萧衍的确是文武全才,曾力退北魏,38岁以军事政变获得帝位,论成就帝业的速度,亦是史上罕有。在政局动荡的南朝他一口气做了48年的皇帝,在位期间勤政节俭,国力强盛,社会稳定,唯独晚年迷恋佛学造成政绩下降,侯景之乱更是抹杀了一切功绩。后来北宋文学家评价其:“梁萧氏兴于江左,实有功在民,厥终无大恶。”著名历史学家也盛赞:“独有一萧衍老翁,俭过汉文,勤如,可谓南朝一令主。”

Finally, we should say that Xiao Yan, the emperor of Liang Wu, was indeed a man of all arts and martial arts. He retired from the Northern Wei Dynasty and won the throne by military coup at the age of 38. The speed of his achievements in Imperial industry is also rare in history. In the turbulent political situation of the Southern Dynasty, he was the emperor for 48 years. During his reign, he was diligent and thrifty, strong in national strength and stable in society. In his later years, he was infatuated with Buddhism, which resulted in the decline of his political achievements. The chaos of Hou Jing even wiped out all his achievements. Later, the writers of the Northern Song Dynasty commented that "Liang Xiao's rise to the left of the Yangtze River is really meritorious to the people, and there is no great evil in the end." The famous historian also praised: "there is only one Xiaoyan old man, who has thrived in Chinese and is diligent. It can be called a leader of the Southern Dynasty."

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