Today, Xiaobian is going to say that this is also a wonderful monarch. As an emperor, he "came out of the mud and didn't dye" women for 40 years. Because of his belief, he is known as the only "Bodhisattva emperor" in history. His forty-eight years in office was the longest and most prosperous period of economy and culture in the history of the whole Southern Dynasty, which was called "the rule of Tianjian". However, it was in the later period of his rule that he led wolves into the house to raise the enemy and Yi people, which resulted in the "chaos" that brought devastating impact on the social production in the south of the Yangtze River, which resulted in his own death and the extinction of his country, and the cause of his death became the laughingstock of a thousand years!
晚唐大诗人有一首脍炙的《江南春》，诗的内容写到：“千里莺啼绿映红，水村山郭酒旗风，南朝四百八十寺，多少楼台烟雨中。”这首千古佳作，生动的描写了时期 的兴盛，而造成当时 受到推崇原因就是出现了一位信佛的狂热皇帝，他就是。萧衍出身名门兰陵，是西汉丞相的二十五世孙。凭借家族背景，萧衍刚出仕时便担任南齐开国功臣、卫将军王俭的。
In the late Tang Dynasty, there was a famous poem "Jiangnan Spring". The content of the poem said: "thousands of Li yingti, green Yinghong, Shuicun mountain guojiuqi wind, 480 temples in the Southern Dynasty, how many buildings in the rain." This masterpiece vividly describes the prosperity of Buddhism in the period, and the reason why Buddhism was respected at that time is that there was a fanatical emperor who believed in Buddhism. Xiao Yan was born in Lanling, a famous family, and was the 25th grandson of the Prime Minister of the Western Han Dynasty. With his family background, Xiao Yangang was the founder of the Southern Qi Dynasty and General Wang Jian.
In the early stage, Xiao Yan was promoted to be a servant in the middle school because he helped emperor Qi Ming to ascend the throne. Later, he was promoted to be a servant in the Yellow clan. Since then, Xiao Yan's position has become prominent. Later, Xiao Yan began to serve as an important position in Xiangyang, guarding the northern territory of the country. He fought in xianshoushan, and defeated the enemy's army known as 300000 in the Northern Wei Dynasty. In the fifth year of Jianwu (498 A.D.), Emperor Xiao Luan of Qi Ming died. His son had no skill in governing the country and killed the meritorious officials. Xiao Yan took the opportunity to start his army in Xiangyang. In only one year, he came to Jiankang to overthrow the wanton regime of Xiao Baojuan. Xiao Yansheng was appointed as the chief minister because of his outstanding achievements in the war. He has been in charge of the military affairs at home and abroad since then.
Finally, in 502 ad, Xiao Yan led the army to overthrow the rule of the Qi Dynasty, and forced the emperor of the Qi Dynasty to set up the Liang Dynasty. At the beginning of the founding of the people's Republic of China, Xiao Yan was a good emperor, diligent in government affairs, forgetting to sleep and eat, caring for the people, thrifty and thrifty, and reusing people of insight. If it had been like this all the time, Xiao Yan would have left a strong mark in history, comparable to that of Emperor Qin and Han Wu. However, in his later years, as a king of a country, he indulged in Buddhism and was lazy in politics, and did many absurd things.
Xiao Yan, Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty, became obsessed with Buddhism in his later years. He became a devil. He became a monk to Buddha four times in his life as emperor. In the eighth ordinary year (527 A.D.), Xiao Yan first tried to sacrifice his life and become a monk in Tongtai temple. After three days, he returned to amnesty and changed his name to Datong. In the next three times of becoming a monk, he also took off the emperor's robe and put on the monk's clothes. Seeing this, the minister had to beg him to return to the palace and manage the affairs. At that time, Xiao Yan, Emperor Wudi of Liang Dynasty, listened to the advice of the ministers. Every time after several decades, the monks would return to the common customs. According to the regulations, the monks would redeem themselves from the temple. So the ministers took out hundreds of millions of money to redeem the body of the "Bodhisattva emperor".
As Xiao Yan studied Buddhism carefully, he finally found the theoretical basis from the great Nirvana Sutra and ordered the monks to be vegetarian. Since then, Han Buddhism has formed a vegetarian tradition. In the history of Liang Dynasty, it is recorded that Xiao Yan "broke his house when he was 50 years away, and did not share a house with a woman". If he died at the age of 86, he hasn't touched a woman in nearly 40 years. At that time, Xiao Yan's harem, except for his concubines who stayed in the capital, was driven away by him and lived with his sons who were separated from the capital.
As the saying goes, once the emperor of a dynasty does not want to govern, it will make the country decline, Xiao Yan is no exception. In spite of the opposition of the officials, Xiao Yan accepted the treason of Hou Jing, but he was unexpectedly led into the house. Hou Jing is a great general under the account. He has great achievements in war, but he has a lot of ideas. After Gao Huan died, he came to surrender. They all knew that he was a villain and dared not accept him. However, the Bodhisattva of Emperor Wudi Liang's heart was softened, and some ministers in the court said a word that became a prophecy: "chaos is coming", but they didn't expect to come soon!
In 548 A.D., Hou Jing was dissatisfied with the good intentions of the Liang Dynasty and the Eastern Wei Dynasty, so he started a rebellion in Shouyang (now Shouxian County, Anhui Province) in the name of the Qing emperor's side, which was known as "the chaos of Hou Jing". The rebels finally came to Jiankang and besieged Taicheng. Xiao Yan had already called on all the soldiers to help them. However, due to the different aspirations of all the reinforcements, he stood still after several disadvantageous attacks on the rebels. Finally, Hou Jing invaded Jiankang and surrounded the Taicheng where emperor Liang Wu lived. Until then, Emperor Liang Wudi woke up like a dream. At last, he was starved to death at the age of 86. The cause of death of the emperor's "Bodhisattva's heart" has become a joke for thousands of years!
Finally, we should say that Xiao Yan, the emperor of Liang Wu, was indeed a man of all arts and martial arts. He retired from the Northern Wei Dynasty and won the throne by military coup at the age of 38. The speed of his achievements in Imperial industry is also rare in history. In the turbulent political situation of the Southern Dynasty, he was the emperor for 48 years. During his reign, he was diligent and thrifty, strong in national strength and stable in society. In his later years, he was infatuated with Buddhism, which resulted in the decline of his political achievements. The chaos of Hou Jing even wiped out all his achievements. Later, the writers of the Northern Song Dynasty commented that "Liang Xiao's rise to the left of the Yangtze River is really meritorious to the people, and there is no great evil in the end." The famous historian also praised: "there is only one Xiaoyan old man, who has thrived in Chinese and is diligent. It can be called a leader of the Southern Dynasty."
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