How many people did Xiaobian bring with you today? I hope it can help you.
The system of martyrdom is one of the most cruel systems in the ancient slave society of China. The system of martyrdom is mainly about some dignitaries and dignitaries. After the death of emperors and generals, they are buried with living people, some are buried alive, some are killed or killed, and some are buried in the tomb together, which is extremely cruel. The number of people who died is immeasurable up to now. The system of martyrdom originated in and ended in.
Although the system of martyrdom was not prohibited in the past dynasties, it was very rare because it was too cruel. However, the system of martyrdom revived in the Ming Dynasty. Finally, the system of martyrdom experienced five dynasties of emperors and was abolished. How many concubines died of martyrdom in the period from emperor to emperor? Why did Zhu Qizhen, the emperor of Ming Dynasty, violate the patriarchal system and abolish the system of martyrdom?
The Ming Dynasty's system of martyrdom is exactly that of the imperial concubines. To put it bluntly, the wives should follow the emperor to the mausoleum after his death. In the Ming Dynasty, the system of martyrdom was not only exclusive to the emperor, but also to the princes and ministers. Of course, there were conditions for martyrdom, which were basically concubines without heir.
Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor of Ming Dynasty, was buried
Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor of the Ming Dynasty, was born in a poor family. After his experience, he became emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Throughout the history of China, Zhu Yuanzhang was the only one who was born in poverty and finally took the throne. So why did he choose the cruel system of martyrdom? There are three reasons for personal analysis. First, people in ancient times generally believed that people would die in another world.
Martyrdom pit of Ming Dynasty
The emperor's concubines are numerous before his death, and they should not be lonely after his death, so he wants these concubines to continue to serve him after their death. Secondly, Zhu Yuanzhang was born in a poor family. Even after he became an emperor, he was very thrifty. After his death, the concubines in the harem were no longer useful. To avoid waste, it was better to go with him. Finally, Zhu Yuanzhang took history as a mirror and was very worried that history would repeat its mistakes and that too many concubines would lead to dictatorship.
There are 22 recorded concubines in the history of Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor of Ming Dynasty, including his wife.
"The emperor Taizu's forty concubines, but the two concubines buried everything in the mausoleum."
Portrait of Zhu Yuanzhang
However, in the Ming Huidian, there are 40 concubines in the emperor's life. Therefore, there is a dispute about how many concubines Zhu Yuanzhang has. After all, it is the emperor, the whole world, the land and the ministers. What are the girls in the area? How many people died after Zhu Yuanzhang died.
In the third volume of "a brief history of the Ming Dynasty", after Zhu Yuanzhang's death, "all the people who served in the palace died.". Forty six concubines and more than ten maids were buried in Xiaoling with Zhu Yuanzhang. 38 of them were ordered to die during the funeral, all buried in the west side of Xiaoling.
At the end of the Ming Dynasty, it was recorded in the collection of relics of Tongshi written by Lin
"Emperor Taizu buried Xiaoling with forty-six imperial concubines, of whom only a dozen were killed.
The portrait of Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor of Ming Dynasty
More than 30 people died in the funeral of Zhu Di, the Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty
Zhu Di, the fourth son of Zhu Yuanzhang, was granted the title of King Yan. His throne was snatched from his nephew. After the prince died early, Zhu Yunwen began to implement the policy of cutting vassals, which caused Zhu Di's dissatisfaction and finally won the throne. If his whereabouts are unknown, all Zhu Yunwen can be ignored.
Zhu Di, the emperor of the Ming Dynasty, also followed in the footsteps of his father Zhu Yuanzhang. After his death, he buried his concubines without children. More than 30 people died to bury his concubines, including Han lifeI and Cui from North Korea.
The portrait of Zhu Di, the Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty
Zhu gaochi, Renzong of Sanming, a small number
Zhu gaochi, the eldest son of Zhu Di, the Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty, succeeded to the throne after Zhu Di's death, but the emperor, who had only been eight months, died at the age of 47. After the death of emperor Renzong of Ming Dynasty, there were five people who died for him: Gong Su, Gong Fushun, Zhen Hui, Hui'an and Gong Jing.
One of the most surprising things is that Guo family, the imperial concubine of Gong Su, became one of the martyrs. Guo family was the favorite concubine of Renzong and the granddaughter of Guo Ying, the founding Minister of Ming Dynasty. In addition, Zhu gaochi, the emperor Renzong of Ming Dynasty, has not yet given birth to three sons, Zhu Zhanlong, Zhu Zhanlong and Zhu Zhanlong. This is also the mystery of Guo's martyrdom.
The portrait of Zhu gaochi of Mingren school
In addition, according to the rules, there is another person who should be buried. He is ZHENGJING and honoring his concubine. However, because Zhang is the daughter of the British public Zhang Fu and the niece of the imperial concubine Zhaoyi of Ming Chengzu, she has a noble status, so she is exempt from being buried.
Zhu Zhanji, the fourth emperor of Ming Dynasty, is the eldest son of Zhu gaochi. As an emperor, Zhu Zhanji does not exclude the system of martyrdom left by his ancestors. There are 14 concubines in his life. After the death of Zhu Zhanji, Emperor Xuanzong of the Ming Dynasty, in addition to the empress and the empress, there were those who gave birth to Zhu Qiyu.
Finally, there is another one of his favorite Guo AI who has not been buried. The remaining ten people are all buried. They are he Guifei, Zhao Xianfei, Wu huifei, Jiao Shufei, Cao Jingfei, Xu Shunfei, Yuan lifeI, Zhugong Fei, Fei, Chong Fei and he.
Emperor wubanlu Zhu Qiyu of Ming Dynasty
When it comes to Zhu Qiyu, the emperor of Ming Dynasty, as the name implies, in this word of "generation", generation means agency. Zhu Zhanji, the Emperor Xuanzong of the Ming Dynasty, came to the throne after his death in Zhuqi Town, the emperor Yingzong of the Ming Dynasty,. As a result, the most famous event in the history of the Ming Dynasty, the civil Fort incident, took place.
Zhu Qiyu, emperor of Ming Dynasty
Zhu Qizhen, Emperor Yingzong of Ming Dynasty, was also captured by Wara in this campaign. In the capital, the minister then established Zhu Qiyu, the then king of Ying, known as "emperor of Ming Dynasty". Later, Zhuqi town came back and was regarded as the supreme emperor. Finally, Zhuqi town passed. In February of the 8th year of Jingtai, Emperor Yingzong of Ming Dynasty abolished Zhu Qiyu as king Ying and placed him under house arrest in Xiyuan.
But before long, Zhu Qiyu died at the age of 30. Emperor Yingzong of the Ming Dynasty granted Yue Li, who was buried in the west mountain of Beijing as a prince. After mingyingzong's son ascended the throne, he was restored to the position of Emperor Zhu Qiyu. His posthumous title was gong Ren, Emperor kangdingjing. Emperor Zhu Qiyu of Ming Dynasty had five wives in his life. Empress Xiaoyuan Wang married his wife on behalf of Emperor Zhu. Later, Emperor Zhu Qiyu was deposed because of his opposition to deposing the crown prince. After Emperor Zhu Qiyu was demoted to Ying, he was renamed Princess again, and was exempted from martyrdom.
The second is the surname hang, the empress of suxiaohang. She is the second empress and son of Daizong, but this empress is not recognized. Emperor Yingzong's restoration, the Queen's number cutting, destroyed the burial mausoleum. The other three are the concubines, all of whom died after being buried. They were all young and miserable. They also became the last concubines to be buried in the Ming Dynasty.
The abolition of the system of martyrdom in Zhuqi town
In history, there are different opinions on Zhu Qizhen, the emperor of Ming Yingzong, and his early works are unforgivable. However, after being captured and put under house arrest in Nangong, Zhu Qizhen has also grown from a naive young man to a king. After his restoration, the emperor of Ming Yingzong made great efforts to rule the country with benevolence,.
Zhuqi Town, mingyingzong
The most important thing is to abolish the cruel system of martyrdom, so that innocent people can be saved from martyrdom. As for the reason why Zhu Qizhen, the Yingzong of Ming Dynasty, abolished the system of martyrdom, it may have a lot to do with his experience of being captured. Secondly, during the period when he was banned from Nangong, only his concubines took care of him. They deeply realized that adversity was the truth, and could not bear to kill them.
From Zhu Yuanzhang, the great ancestor, to Zhu Qiyu, the emperor of the Five Dynasties, there are more than one hundred Royal concubines and concubines recorded in historical materials, not including those without records. If we add in the number of people who died, such as princes, ministers and so on, it would really be countless. The law of Zhuqi town of mingyingzong really doesn't know how many people have been saved!
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