What did Xiaobian bring to you today? I hope it can help you.
永乐三年(1405年)六月十五日，派三宝郑和率领一支庞大的远洋舰队南下西洋，开了中国历史上最壮观、最神秘的航海之旅。郑和船队在龙江船坞建造，在 太仓刘家港集结，至福建福州长乐太平港正式起锚。两年后，郑和船队携诸国朝贡使者返回 ，第一次行动圆满结束。
On June 15, 1405, Yongle three years ago, a huge ocean fleet led by Sanbao Zheng He was sent to the south to sail the Western Ocean, which opened the most spectacular and mysterious voyage in Chinese history. Zheng He's fleet was built in Nanjing Longjiang shipyard, assembled at Liujia port, Taicang, Jiangsu Province, and formally anchored at Changle Taiping port, Fuzhou, Fujian Province. Two years later, Zheng He's fleet returned to the Ming Dynasty with tribute envoys from various countries, and the first operation ended successfully.
After completing the first ocean voyage, Zheng He's fleet went to the West in 1407, 1409, 1413, 1417 and 1421, as far as Java, India, the horn of Africa and the Strait of Hormuz, and visited more than 30 countries and regions along the way.
The "treasure ship" of Zheng He's fleet is a nine mast flat bottomed sailing boat, 135.3 meters long and 56.7 meters wide. The smaller is a five mast flat bottomed sailboat, 54.8m long and 20.7m wide. The whole fleet has about 27000 sailors. It is worth mentioning that the era of great navigation in Europe has not yet begun in the same period. The size, technical level and number of ships of Zheng He's fleet are beyond the reach of 150 years later.
During Zhu Di's reign, he sent Zheng He to the West six times, and the number of voyages was very frequent. However, the purpose of Zheng He's going to the West has become a mystery. To this day, people still don't know why Zhu Di sent Zheng He to the west, so there are various guesses.
There is a widely spread saying that after "" emperor Jianwen disappeared mysteriously, which became the most tangled thing in Zhu Di's mind. After all, his throne was taken from emperor Jianwen. As long as the final result of emperor Jianwen is uncertain for a day, his throne will not be completely stable. So when he heard that emperor Jianwen had fled to a foreign country, he sent Zheng He with a huge fleet to search. However, there is a "hard injury" to this saying: if the emperor Jianwen is not dead, he can easily find a place to live in seclusion in China. With ancient technical conditions, it is almost as difficult to find a person in such a huge country, and there is no need to flee to other countries. Foreign people live in unfamiliar places and have different languages. The risk of being discovered outside is even greater. Moreover, Zhu Di sent Zheng He on a voyage until 1421, when Emperor Jianwen did not pose any threat to him, so it is not tenable to find him.
In fact, the main purpose of Zhu Di's enthusiasm for sending Zheng He to the west is to publicize to the neighboring countries that the Ming Dynasty is the center of the world, expand and create the image of the world's co owners, so as to prove that he is the most suitable heir to the throne. In current words, the purpose of Zheng He's trip to the west is to export "soft power".
Zhu Di has been suffering from the legitimacy of the throne all his life. In fact, many important decisions of his reign were made to prove his ability and obtain the legitimacy of the throne. In order to achieve this, he spared no effort to send Zheng He with a huge fleet to and from China to Africa, spreading the national prestige of the Ming Dynasty to countries along the route. The two sentences of "Weide reverie quilt, four directions of guest service" have really achieved the evaluation of Zhu Di's achievements in Zheng He's voyage to the West.
It is a pity that Zheng He's voyage to the West could have opened up the maritime hegemony of the Ming Dynasty, but the emperor of the Ming Dynasty didn't realize the importance of it. Frequent ocean voyages did not grab territory or resources for the Ming Dynasty, but brought back the abstract achievement of raising the prestige for the Chinese dynasty.
In 1433, after the last voyage of Zheng He to the west, the marine exploration of the Ming Dynasty was completely terminated. Since then, the navigation ability of the Ming Dynasty has been declining, so that in the middle of the Ming Dynasty, the navigation history of the Ming Dynasty has become a rusty hinge.
Disclaimer: the above content comes from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you violate your original copyright, please let us know, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.