I don't know yet: with the readers of the eight great rivers and lakes, the following small edition will give you a detailed introduction. Let's look down~
Ancient China has a long history and culture. In the long years, the ancients, through continuous development, derived specific social forms and produced many fixed words, such as "three religions, nine streams, eight rivers and lakes", which describe the complex and diverse social figures, is one of them. So the question comes, "Three Religions" refers to which "Three Religions", "nine currents" refers to which "nine currents" and "eight rivers and lakes" refer to which "eight rivers and lakes"?
In fact, "Three Religions" refers to the three major religions in China - Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism (Buddhism). The first two are the religions that China has produced and developed. Their founders are and respectively, while the latter are foreign religions, which are assimilated by China, and finally produce religions with Chinese characteristics.
In fact, "Jiuliu" can be divided into three parts, i.e. upper, middle and lower, which originated from the seven strategies. In addition to these nine, there are novelists, so it is called. In the annals of art and culture of Hanshu, there is the same saying.
The reason why we use "flow" to describe it is actually of certain significance. In ancient China, people compared social forms to water. Therefore, whether it is mountain and river transformation or water vein diversion, water follows the natural law and still shows its own will. However, the novelist is an accident, need to cater to the reader's ideas, so was ranked out of the top nine.
Among the nine streams, there are also "upper nine streams", "middle nine streams" and "lower nine streams". The "upper nine streams" refer to emperors, sages, hermits, fairies, scholars, warriors, agriculture, industry and commerce. The "middle and ninth class" refers to Juzi, doctor, Xiangming, Danqing (painter), scholar, Qin and chess, monk, Dao
Ni. "Xiajiuliu" refers to shiye, Yajiao, Shengzhong (weigher), matchmaker, pawn, Shiyao (Witch and abduction), thief, thief and prostitute.
Chinese Pingtan performing artists mentioned that the last Jiuliu was "the first-class second-class doctor who raised his son, three stars, four divinations and five Canyu. Only the Xiangjia called it the sixth, seven books, eight paintings and nine Qin chess". In fact, this is also consistent with the above description of Jiuliu.
The term "eight major rivers and lakes" originates from the eight gates of the river and lake. The "eight gates" refers to the eight categories of livelihood in the river and lake society, namely, shock, fatigue, drift, volume, wind, fire, Jue and Yao. In this land of China, from the temple to the marketplace, they are called "rivers and lakes".
At the same time, China's figures often do not mean exactly, so the "eight gates of the Jianghu" do not only represent these, but all the ways of the world. However, at the end of Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, the Jianghu technique became a small means for wandering artists to cheat their mouths and eat, that is, the narrow sense of the Jianghu, so we have the eight gates of the Jianghu we understand.
Among the "eight major rivers and lakes", Jingmen is mainly responsible for the research of good and bad luck and the guidance of people; Qimen stresses the way to practice medicine and help the world; piaomin stresses the way to travel and study; caimen stresses the study of modern and ancient times; Fengmen studies the geography of the world, mountains and rivers; huomen stresses all kinds of health preserving techniques; jumen stresses the way to be an official; and Yaomen stresses the way to be down.
Reference materials: Hanshu, Yiwenzhi, qilue
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