白狼山之战:魏国对外战争中,最精彩的一次战争-看世界

白狼山之战:魏国对外战争中,最精彩的一次战争

  三国时期的魏国最擅长对外战争,魏国对外发动的战争,除了毕轨的那一次失败了,其余的都胜利了,这在历史上很少见。在魏国对外的战争中,在北方的战争打得最好,白狼山之战就是最精彩的一次战争,这一战收获非常大,把乌桓势力全都消灭了,要知道乌桓在那里待了上百年了。不仅如此,魏国还击败了袁氏,基本上把袁绍在河北的地盘都统一了。

  今天小编就给大家带来的文章,希望能对大家有所帮助。

Today's editor will bring you the article, I hope to help you.

  时期的最擅长对外战争,魏国对外发动的战争,除了毕轨的那一次失败了,其余的都胜利了,这在历史上很少见。在魏国对外的战争中,在北方的战争打得最好,白狼山之战就是最精彩的一次战争,这一战收获非常大,把势力全都消灭了,要知道乌桓在那里待了上百年了。不仅如此,魏国还击败了,基本上把在河北的地盘都统一了。

During the period, he was the best at foreign wars. Except for the defeat of Bi rail, the wars launched by the state of Wei won the rest, which was rare in history. In the foreign war of the state of Wei, the war in the North was the best. The battle of white wolf mountain was the most wonderful war. The gains of this war were very big. All the forces were eliminated. You should know that Wuhuan has been there for hundreds of years. Not only that, Wei also defeated and basically unified the territory in Hebei.

  先说一下乌桓,乌桓是个游牧民族,擅长打猎,原来归属与东胡,自从冒顿把东胡打败之后,乌桓就归匈奴所管了,还要定期向匈奴缴纳打猎来的东西,由于乌桓属于匈奴的一部分,打击匈奴的时候也把乌桓考虑在内了。到了,乌桓开始变得强大了,他们多次侵袭的边关地区,东汉把乌桓当作眼中钉,乌桓有四个很有才能的首领,其中丘力居就是乌桓的元帅,在他的带领下,乌桓带想要称霸草原。乌桓还学习了汉代的军事方面的制度,设立了很多和汉代一样的职位。由于当时中原战乱,许多中原人都向北迁移,他也是经常去一些偏僻的地方,为了抢夺更多的劳动力。不仅这样做,他更是杀了这个地区的人。被抓过去的劳动力在他统治的区域去种地,做生意,制作工具,大大加强了乌桓的实力。丘力居死后,蹋顿继承了他的职位。由于当时的南匈奴和鲜卑都已没落,没有好的领导者,他们便把蹋顿当做他们的领袖。

First of all, Wuhuan is a nomadic people who is good at hunting. It originally belonged to Donghu. Since the defeat of Donghu by Madden, Wuhuan was under the control of Xiongnu. It also paid for hunting to Xiongnu on a regular basis. Because Wuhuan was a part of Xiongnu, it was also taken into account when attacking Xiongnu. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Wuhuan was regarded as the eyesore of the border areas they had attacked many times. There were four talented leaders in Wuhuan. Qiu Liju was the commander of Wuhuan. Under his leadership, Wuhuan wanted to dominate the grassland. Wu Huan also studied the military system of the Han Dynasty, and set up many of the same positions as the Han Dynasty. Because of the war in the Central Plains at that time, many people in the Central Plains moved northward. He often went to some remote places to grab more labor. Not only that, but he killed people in the area. The captured labor force cultivated land, did business and made tools in the area under his rule, which greatly strengthened the strength of Wuhuan. After churliju's death, thurton succeeded him. Because the southern Huns and Xianbei had declined at that time, and there was no good leader, they regarded waste as their leader.

  再说曹操把冀州平定之后发生的事儿。曹操花了好几年的时间才完成平定,袁尚被逼之下投靠了蹋顿,他不仅自己投靠蹋顿,还带去了十多万户百姓,这就又增强了蹋顿一方的实力,对曹操和冀州来说都不是好事儿。而且,当年在乌桓追击广平的时候,曹操亲自把广平给救了下来,蹋顿和曹操之间就有了过节。另外一方面,在冀州还不稳定的时候,已经向曹操投降了的高干又反叛了,这让曹操费了好大劲儿才把壶关攻破。为了稳定民心,曹操更改了冀州在袁氏管理时一些让民众不满的法度,也稍稳定了冀州的局势。皇上又任命曹操当冀州牧,方便了他治理冀州,为了安慰旧臣的心,曹操还跑到袁绍坟前哭泣,这就让冀州的局势稳定了下来。

What happened after Cao Cao pacified Jizhou. It took several years for Cao Cao to complete the pacification. Yuan Shang was forced to join in the war. He not only joined in the war, but also brought more than 100000 people. This strengthened the strength of the war, which was not good for Cao Cao and Jizhou. In addition, when Wu Huan pursued Guangping, Cao Cao saved Guangping himself, and there was a festival between Toudun and Cao Cao. On the other hand, when Jizhou was not stable, the high-level cadres who had surrendered to Cao Cao rebelled again, which made Cao Cao take a lot of effort to break through the pot pass. In order to stabilize the people's mind, Cao Cao changed some laws that made the people dissatisfied during the Yuan's management of Jizhou, and also slightly stabilized the situation of Jizhou. The emperor appointed Cao Cao to be a herdsman in Jizhou, which made it convenient for him to govern Jizhou. In order to comfort the old ministers, Cao Cao went to Yuan Shao's grave and wept, which made the situation in Jizhou stable.

  冀州终于稳定了,接下来,曹操就准备收拾袁氏兄弟和乌桓了,但是他又有一个顾虑,这个顾虑就是。除了,曹操其余的部下都认为刘表会出其不意地侵袭曹操后方。曹操听取了郭嘉的意见,放开了对刘表的顾忌,专心去打乌桓。曹操和蹋顿都在战争开始之前做好了完万全的准备,曹操带了一大批的,并且颁布了一系列鼓舞士兵的法令使士气大作。蹋顿这方更加强大,他们有从中原掠夺来的人口以及袁尚带来的十几万人口作为士兵,所以说实力不容小瞧。经过这一对比,曹操这一方明显处于了劣势,所以这一战曹操想要赢是很难的。

Jizhou is finally stable. Next, Cao Cao is ready to clean up yuan brothers and Wu Huan. But he has another concern, which is. In addition, the rest of Cao Cao's subordinates thought that Liu Biao would attack the rear of Cao Cao unexpectedly. Cao Cao listened to Guo Jia's advice, let go of Liu Biao's scruples, and concentrated on fighting Wuhuan. Cao Cao and thunton were all ready before the war. Cao Cao took a large number of them and issued a series of decrees to encourage the soldiers. Thunton is more powerful. They have the population plundered from the Central Plains and more than 100000 people brought by Yuan Shang as soldiers, so their strength cannot be underestimated. After this comparison, Cao Cao is obviously at a disadvantage, so it is difficult for him to win this war.

  曹操一方在去打仗的行军途中,由于碰到了大雨,只能改变道路,于是曹操听了一个部下的建议,走了卢龙道。但是这条路危险重重,一旦进去,就不能再退回来了,为了能赢得这一战,曹操假装已经撤兵回城,冒险走了卢龙道这条路。乌桓也轻信了曹操撤兵的消息,便放松了警惕。曹操经历了种种困难到达乌桓军营处。曹操这边的军队虽然疲惫,但是曹操并没有惊慌,他亲自登上高出,看出了蹋顿军有些扰动不安,决定当下就作战。曹操鼓舞士气调整战略,稍停了片刻稳住军心就开始作战,打败了乌桓。曹操打败乌桓后,袁氏兄弟就逃到了公孙康那里,部下建议曹操去公孙康那里杀了他们,曹操认为公孙康一定会杀了袁氏兄弟二人,果然没过多久,公孙康就把两人的头颅给曹操送来了。这次战役收获很大,曹操把被乌桓俘获的百姓带了回来,增加了中原的人口,同时他收了乌桓强大的为自己所用。曹操在此战后开始向南方进攻了。经过这次战争后,乌桓就没落了,鲜卑族反而渐渐强大起来。

On the way to the war, Cao Cao had to change his way because of the heavy rain, so he listened to a subordinate's suggestion and took the Lu long road. But this road is very dangerous. Once in it, he can't go back. In order to win the war, Cao Cao pretended to have withdrawn his troops and returned to the city, risking the way of Lulong road. Wu Huan also believed in the news of Cao Cao's withdrawal, so he relaxed his vigilance. Cao Cao went through all kinds of difficulties to reach Wuhuan military camp. Although the army on Cao Cao's side was tired, Cao Cao did not panic. He boarded the tower himself and saw that there was some disturbance in the waste army. He decided to fight now. Cao Cao encouraged his morale and adjusted his strategy. After a pause, he stabilized his army and began to fight. He defeated Wu Huan. After Cao Cao defeated Wu Huan, the yuan brothers fled to gongsunkang. His subordinates suggested that Cao Cao go to gongsunkang and kill them. Cao Cao thought gongsunkang would kill the yuan brothers. It was not long before gongsunkang sent their heads to Cao Cao. Cao Cao brought back the people captured by Wuhuan and increased the population of the Central Plains. At the same time, he took the powerful people of Wuhuan for his own use. Cao Cao began to attack the South after the war. After this war, Wuhuan fell, and the Xianbei nationality gradually grew stronger.

  小编认为,这一次战争,是三国所有对外战争中最大的一次战争,不但摧垮了乌桓和袁氏的力量,也促进了民族统一,影响巨大。

According to Xiao Bian, this war is the biggest one among all the foreign wars of the Three Kingdoms. It not only destroys the forces of Wuhuan and yuan, but also promotes the national unity with great influence.

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