曹操和刘备死后 孙权为什么不能统一天下-看世界

曹操和刘备死后 孙权为什么不能统一天下

  孙权的军队,在长江边上打防守还能打出点气势,一拉出来搞侵略、肯定被办。所以,真得别指望孙权能出来逐鹿中原了。

  为什么不能统一天下,这是很多读者都比较关心的问题,接下来就和各位读者一起来了解,给大家一个参考。

Why can't we unify the world? This is a problem that many readers are concerned about. Next, let's get to know with you and give you a reference.

  孙权的军队,在长江边上打防守还能打出点气势,一拉出来搞侵略、肯定被办。所以,真得别指望孙权能出来了。

Sun Quan's army, playing defense on the edge of the Yangtze River, can also play a bit of momentum. Once it pulls out, it will invade and surely be run. So, really don't expect Sun Quan to come out.

  公元220年3月,死了;接着公元223年6月,也死了。要比能活,孙权是真能活,他一直活了70岁,公元252年才死。距离曹操和刘备这两个枭雄去世,孙权有将近三十年的时间。

He died in March 220, and then in June 223. To be able to live, Sun Quan was able to live. He lived for 70 years and died in 252 ad. Nearly 30 years have passed since the death of Cao Cao and Liu Bei.

  如果这是一个乱世、孙权也是个真英雄,他真得应该一统天下。但是,事与愿违,天下不是乱世而孙权也不是真英雄。

If this is a turbulent time and Sun Quan is a real hero, he should really rule the world. However, the world is not chaotic and Sun Quan is not a real hero.

  1.三国是一个博弈的均衡态,英雄让位于形势

1. The three countries are a game of equilibrium. Heroes give way to the situation

  东汉末年之初,和乱政,把天下彻底搞乱。这个时候,天下随处可见的,都是低垂的果实。

At the beginning of the last years of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the world was completely disrupted by political chaos. At this time, the world is full of low fruits.

  据一州的,就是大军阀,如据荆州、据扬州;据一郡的,也是大枭雄,如刘繇据丹徒、据会稽。割据州县的各路诸侯,数不胜数,而这些人全是升级打怪的小怪。

According to one Prefecture, they are the great warlords, such as Jingzhou and Yangzhou; according to one county, they are also the great lords, such as Liu you according to Dantu and Kuaiji. There are countless vassals in the state and county, and these people are all little monsters who are upgraded to fight monsters.

  所以,这个时候,英雄才有用武之地。

So, at this time, heroes have their place.

  四世三公的,据渤海郡打遍冀、青、幽、并四州,称河北袁绍、称霸天下。

Four generations and three gongs, according to Bohai County, fought all over Hebei, Qinghai, Youhe and four prefectures, called Hebei Yuan Shao, dominating the world.

  陈留起兵的曹操,轻松下兖州,而后挟天子以令诸侯,统一了整个北方天下。

Cao Cao, who started by Chen Liu, easily went down to Yanzhou, then took the emperor to unify the whole northern world.

  孙权的兄长,也是乱世枭雄,硬是靠打的,就割据了整个江东三吴之地。

Sun Quan's elder brother, who was also a tyrant in troubled times, was forced to fight, so he separated the whole three Wu areas in the east of the river.

  这些人都是英雄,但英雄能成就大功业,得在这种乱世。因为乱世里面到处都是低垂的果实,只要英雄出手,就能轻易取郡县、轻松搞割据。

These people are heroes, but heroes can achieve great feats in such turbulent times. Because the chaos is full of drooping fruits, as long as the hero moves, he can easily take counties and easily make separatism.

  但是,三国就不一样了。

However, the three countries are different.

  、刘备入益州之后,三分天下的形势已成。东汉末年的乱世混战终于结束,天下就曹操、孙权和刘备这三家独大。

After Liu Bei joined Yizhou, the situation of three parts of the world has become. In the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the chaos was over, and Cao Cao, Sun Quan and Liu Bei were the three dominant families.

  土地郡县、编户百姓,要么是刘备的、要么是曹操、要么是孙权的,要抢就得从这三个人手中抢;而能去抢土地、抢百姓的,也只能是曹操、刘备和孙权这三个最有实力的狠角色。

The people of land counties and households are either Liu Bei's, Cao Cao's or Sun Quan's. If they want to rob them, they have to rob them from these three people. And those who can rob land and people can only be Cao Cao, Liu Bei and Sun Quan, the three most powerful and ruthless roles.

  以前攻略一县,就是一县;扫荡一郡,就是一郡,可以一城一地的占。天下到处都是低垂的果实。但是,现在要抢的一城一地,就没这么简单了,因为背后肯定是三国中的一国,你必须有干服一国的实力、才能抢一座城池、夺一片土地。天下已经没了低垂的果实。

In the past, a county was to be conquered; a county is to be swept up, which can be occupied by a city and a land. The world is full of drooping fruits. However, it's not so simple to rob a city and a land, because it must be one of the three countries behind you. You must have the strength to serve a country, so that you can rob a city and a piece of land. The world has no drooping fruit.

  这就是形势。在这种形势之下,英雄已经无用武之地了,大家拼得是实力。

This is the situation. In this situation, heroes have no place to fight. We can fight for strength.

  2.东吴不仅没有攻略天下的能力,关键是没有攻略天下的野心

2. Not only did the eastern Wu not have the ability to conquer the world, the key was that it did not have the ambition to conquer the world

  曹操、刘备和孙权,这三个人里面,曹操和刘备是铁了心的、要搞统一。

Among the three, Cao Cao, Liu Bei and Sun Quan are determined to unify.

  曹操为什么要统一?

Why should Cao Cao unify?

  不仅是挟天子令诸侯,而且是有这个实力。既然有实力搞统一,为什么不搞?赤壁之战,就是统一之战,曹操最先发难。只不过,后来他失败了。

It's not only to coerce the emperor to order the princes, but also to have this strength. Since we have the strength to carry out reunification, why not? The battle of Chibi is the battle of reunification, and Cao Cao was the first to fight. But then he failed.

  刘备为什么要统一?

Why did Liu Bei unify?

  因为刘备打得是兴复汉室的旗帜,而兴复汉室就得搞统一。这是刘备集团的合法性所在。

Because Liu Bei played the banner of reviving the Han Dynasty, and reviving the Han Dynasty would have to be unified. This is the legitimacy of Liu Bei group.

  曹操的合法性依据是挟天子,刘备的合法性依据就是复汉室。所以,曹操和刘备,都要搞统一。

Cao Cao's legitimacy is based on the emperor's coercion, while Liu Bei's is based on the restoration of Han Dynasty. Therefore, Cao Cao and Liu Bei need to unify.

  但是,孙权就不是这样了。

But that's not the case with Sun Quan.

  孙权背后的支持者是江东豪族,这伙人就没啥野心搞统一。中原已经乱成那样了,干嘛要蹚这波浑水。而且,统一不统一,跟江东豪族也没关系,因为天下无论是谁的,他们都歌照唱、舞照跳。所以,赤壁之战前,东吴内部分裂成了主战派和主和派。主和派就是江东豪族。在这些人看来,孙权当家和曹操当家,都没关系。

The supporters behind Sun Quan are the jiangdonghao people, who have little ambition to unify. The central plains are in such a mess. Why wade in this muddy water. Moreover, the unity is not unified, and it has nothing to do with the jiangdonghao people, because no matter who is in the world, they are singing and dancing. Therefore, before the battle of Chibi, the interior of the eastern Wu was divided into the main battle faction and the main peace faction. The main he faction is the jiangdonghao. In the eyes of these people, it doesn't matter whether Sun Quan or Cao Cao is in charge.

  这就是东吴的内部形势。

This is the internal situation of Soochow.

  所以,这些人在长江边上打仗,也就是在自己家门口、抵御外辱,还是可以的。特别是跟着孙权一起抢荆州,荆州也是自家土地,打下来就能分到好处,所以大家都是心往一处想、劲往一处使。

Therefore, it is OK for these people to fight on the Yangtze River, that is, to defend themselves against external humiliation at their own doorstep. In particular, they robbed Jingzhou together with Sun Quan. Jingzhou is also their own land. If they fight down, they will get benefits. Therefore, they all want to think and work hard together.

  但是,一旦要北伐,就不一样了。这伙人真得会不出力。所以说,孙权坐拥三吴和荆州,却连淮河边都打不到。就是孙权想打到淮河边也没用,后面的江东豪族不卖力。

However, once the northern expedition is to be carried out, it will be different. These guys really don't help. Therefore, Sun Quan is sitting in Sanwu and Jingzhou, but he can't even reach the Huaihe River. Even if Sun Quan wants to reach the Huaihe River, it's useless. The Jiangdong haos behind don't work hard.

  3.生子当如,孙权是真英雄吗?

3. Is Sun Quan a real hero?

  赤壁之战,孙权算是展露头角了,联合刘备、打得曹操狼狈北逃。而且赤壁之战后,孙权、刘备和曹操这三家就把刘表的荆州给分了。

In the battle of Chibi, Sun Quan showed his head. He fought with Liu Bei and Cao Cao and fled to the north. And after the battle of Chibi, Sun Quan, Liu Bei and Cao Cao gave Liu Biao's Jingzhou.

  赤壁之战后,孙权唯二的、堪称漂亮的大战,就是白衣渡江、偷袭以及接下来的,最后把刘备势力赶出荆州。

After the battle of Chibi, Sun Quan's only and beautiful war was that of crossing the river in white, sneaking attack and the following, and finally driving Liu Bei's forces out of Jingzhou.

  除此之外,孙权的战绩,就真得对不起他的英名。

In addition, Sun Quan's achievements are really sorry for his reputation.

  公元215年,曹操与刘备汉中开打,所以孙权去偷袭合肥,结果根本没用曹操费神,猛将一出,就把孙权杀得丢盔弃甲。这就是偷鸡不成蚀把米。

In 215 ad, Cao Cao and Liu Bei fought in Hanzhong, so Sun Quan went to attack Hefei. As a result, Cao Cao didn't bother at all. As soon as the general came out, Sun Quan was killed without any armour. This is to steal chicken without eating rice.

  公元226年,曹操不仅死了,曹操的儿子曹丕也死了,这是搞偷袭的最佳时机。于是,孙权再去偷鸡,结果不克而还,就被人家给怼了回来。

In 226 ad, Cao Cao not only died, but also Cao Pi, Cao Cao's son. This is the best time to make a sneak attack. Therefore, Sun Quan went to steal chicken again, but he was rejected by others.

  公元228年,第一次北伐,曹魏连正眼都不看孙权一眼,直接抽调南方精兵、入关中支援。而当年秋天的,在诸葛亮汉中出兵的配合下,孙权小有斩获,但也仅是抢了点人、抢了点钱,没啥大动作。

In 228 A.D., during the first northern expedition, Cao Wei did not even look at Sun Quan, but directly transferred the southern elite troops to the central government for support. In the autumn of that year, with the cooperation of Zhuge Liang and Hanzhong troops, Sun Quan got something, but he just robbed some people and money, and there was no big action.

  公元232年,孙权接着搞小动作,要联络辽东的公孙渊,派使者带着厚礼从海上去辽东,结果公孙渊把东吴的使者给砍了脑袋、送给了曹魏。这事差点儿没把孙权气死。

In A.D. 232, Sun Quan then made small moves to contact gongsunyuan in Liaodong and sent an emissary to Liaodong with great gifts from the sea. As a result, gongsunyuan cut off the emissary of the eastern Wu and gave it to Cao Wei. This almost didn't enrage Sun Quan.

  公元234年,孙权又要偷袭合肥,结果,孙权连打都没敢打,马上撤兵。

In 234 ad, Sun Quan was going to attack Hefei again. As a result, Sun Quan didn't dare to fight, so he withdrew immediately.

  公元241年,孙权打起了淮南的主意,派全琮攻淮南、派攻六安,结果又是无功而返。

In 241 ad, Sun Quan came up with the idea of sending Quan Cong to attack Huainan and Lu'an, but the result was nothing.

  曹操死的时候,曹丕顺利接班。刘备死的时候,顺利接班。就孙权死的时候,搞了一个两宫斗争,而且也没选出一个像样的。

When Cao Cao died, Cao Pi succeeded. When Liu Bei died, he took over the shift smoothly. At the time of Sun Quan's death, there was a struggle between the two palaces, and no decent one was chosen.

  所以,孙权真心不是啥真英雄。如果他稍微有点能力,也会趁着诸葛亮和屡次北伐的机会,向北边淮河推进一点。

Therefore, Sun Quan is not a real hero. If he had a little ability, he would take advantage of Zhuge Liang's and repeated northern expeditions to push forward the Huaihe River to the north.

  最后总结三点:

Finally, three points are summarized:

  一是三国进入了博弈均衡态,英雄的意义已经不大,形势才是根本。所以,曹操死了、刘备死了,孙权也改变不了形势。

First, the three countries have entered the game equilibrium state, and the significance of heroes is not great, and the situation is fundamental. Therefore, when Cao Cao died and Liu Bei died, Sun Quan could not change the situation.

  二是东吴也有东吴自身的问题,东吴的本土势力,只想在南方当土豪,他们没有逐鹿中原的野心。

The second is that the eastern Wu also has its own problems. The local forces of the eastern Wu only want to be local tyrants in the south, and they have no ambition to drive the Central Plains.

  三是纵观孙权的战绩,他只能算是守城之君,在开创功业方面,远不及他的父亲和兄长孙策。

Third, looking at Sun Quan's achievements, he can only be regarded as the king of guarding the city, far less than his father and brother sun CE in creating achievements.

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