郑和下西洋真的是为了找建文帝吗?郑和下西洋为明朝带来了什么?-看世界

郑和下西洋真的是为了找建文帝吗?郑和下西洋为明朝带来了什么?

  永乐三年(1405年)六月十五日,明成祖朱棣派三宝太监郑和率领一支庞大的远洋舰队南下西洋,开启了中国历史上最壮观、最神秘的航海之旅。郑和船队在南京龙江船坞建造,在江苏太仓刘家港集结,至福建福州长乐太平港正式起锚。两年后,郑和船队携诸国朝贡使者返回明朝,第一次郑和下西洋行动圆满结束。

  今天小编为大家带来下西洋为带来了什么?希望对你们能有所帮助。

What did Xiaobian bring to you today? I hope it can help you.

  永乐三年(1405年)六月十五日,派三宝郑和率领一支庞大的远洋舰队南下西洋,开了中国历史上最壮观、最神秘的航海之旅。郑和船队在南京龙江船坞建造,在江苏太仓刘家港集结,至福建福州长乐太平港正式起锚。两年后,郑和船队携诸国朝贡使者返回明朝,第一次行动圆满结束。

On June 15, 1405, Yongle three years ago, a huge ocean fleet led by Sanbao Zheng He was sent to the south to sail the Western Ocean, which opened the most spectacular and mysterious voyage in Chinese history. Zheng He's fleet was built in Nanjing Longjiang shipyard, assembled at Liujia port, Taicang, Jiangsu Province, and formally anchored at Changle Taiping port, Fuzhou, Fujian Province. Two years later, Zheng He's fleet returned to the Ming Dynasty with tribute envoys from various countries, and the first operation ended successfully.

  在完成了第一次远洋任务后,郑和船队又于1407年、1409年、1413年、1417年、1421年开赴西洋,远至爪哇、印度、非洲之角和霍尔木兹海峡,沿途拜访了30多个国家和地区。

After completing the first ocean voyage, Zheng He's fleet went to the West in 1407, 1409, 1413, 1417 and 1421, as far as Java, India, the horn of Africa and the Strait of Hormuz, and visited more than 30 countries and regions along the way.

  郑和船队的“宝船”大者为九桅平底帆船,长135.3米,宽56.7米。小者为五桅平底帆船,长54.8米,宽20.7米。整个船队拥有约27000名水手。值得一提的是,同一时期欧洲的大航海时代尚未开始,郑和船队无论舰船尺寸、技术水平还是舰船数量,均令150年后才出现的望尘莫及。

The "treasure ship" of Zheng He's fleet is a nine mast flat bottomed sailing boat, 135.3 meters long and 56.7 meters wide. The smaller is a five mast flat bottomed sailboat, 54.8m long and 20.7m wide. The whole fleet has about 27000 sailors. It is worth mentioning that the era of great navigation in Europe has not yet begun in the same period. The size, technical level and number of ships of Zheng He's fleet are beyond the reach of 150 years later.

  朱棣在位期间六次派郑和远赴西洋,出航次数可以说是非常频繁了。然而郑和下西洋的目的却成了一个不解之谜。时至今日,人们仍不清楚朱棣为什么要大费周章派郑和下西洋,因此便出现了各种猜测。

During Zhu Di's reign, he sent Zheng He to the West six times, and the number of voyages was very frequent. However, the purpose of Zheng He's going to the West has become a mystery. To this day, people still don't know why Zhu Di sent Zheng He to the west, so there are various guesses.

  有一种流传甚广的说法认为在“”后,建文帝神秘失踪,这成了朱棣心中最纠结的一件事情。毕竟他的皇位是从建文帝手中夺来的,只要一天不确定建文帝的最终结果,他的宝座就没法彻底坐稳。因此当他听闻建文帝逃到外国的消息后,就派郑和带着庞大的舰队前往搜寻。然而这种说法却存在一处“硬伤”:假如建文帝真的没死,他大可以随便在国内找个地方隐居起来,以古代的技术条件,要在如此庞大的国度内找到一个人的难度与差不多,根本没必要逃窜到外国去。国外人生地不熟,语言又不相通,真到了外面被发现的风险反而更大。而且朱棣直到1421年仍派郑和出航,此时建文帝早已对他不构成任何威胁了,所以寻找建文帝的说法站不住脚。

There is a widely spread saying that after "" emperor Jianwen disappeared mysteriously, which became the most tangled thing in Zhu Di's mind. After all, his throne was taken from emperor Jianwen. As long as the final result of emperor Jianwen is uncertain for a day, his throne will not be completely stable. So when he heard that emperor Jianwen had fled to a foreign country, he sent Zheng He with a huge fleet to search. However, there is a "hard injury" to this saying: if the emperor Jianwen is not dead, he can easily find a place to live in seclusion in China. With ancient technical conditions, it is almost as difficult to find a person in such a huge country, and there is no need to flee to other countries. Foreign people live in unfamiliar places and have different languages. The risk of being discovered outside is even greater. Moreover, Zhu Di sent Zheng He on a voyage until 1421, when Emperor Jianwen did not pose any threat to him, so it is not tenable to find him.

  事实上,夜读史书认为朱棣之所以热衷于派郑和下西洋,其主要目的是为了向周边国家宣扬明朝是世界中心的地位,扩大,打造天下共主的形象,以此证明自己才是最合适的皇位继承人。用现在的话来说,郑和下西洋的目的就是“软实力”输出。

In fact, the main purpose of Zhu Di's enthusiasm for sending Zheng He to the west is to publicize to the neighboring countries that the Ming Dynasty is the center of the world, expand and create the image of the world's co owners, so as to prove that he is the most suitable heir to the throne. In current words, the purpose of Zheng He's trip to the west is to export "soft power".

  朱棣一生都饱受皇位合法性的煎熬,他在位时期的许多重要决定其实都是为了证明自己的能力,以及获得皇位的合法性。为了实现这一点,他不惜重金派郑和带着庞大的舰队往返于中国至非洲这段航线,将明朝的国威远播至沿线各国。“威德遐被,四方宾服”这两句对朱棣生平功绩的评价在郑和下西洋这件事情上确实是做到了。

Zhu Di has been suffering from the legitimacy of the throne all his life. In fact, many important decisions of his reign were made to prove his ability and obtain the legitimacy of the throne. In order to achieve this, he spared no effort to send Zheng He with a huge fleet to and from China to Africa, spreading the national prestige of the Ming Dynasty to countries along the route. The two sentences of "Weide reverie quilt, four directions of guest service" have really achieved the evaluation of Zhu Di's achievements in Zheng He's voyage to the West.

  令人遗憾的是,郑和下西洋原本可以开启明朝的海上霸业,可明朝皇帝却没有意识到此事的重要性。频繁的远洋航行并没有为明朝攫取领土或资源,只是带回了为天朝扬威这一抽象成果。

It is a pity that Zheng He's voyage to the West could have opened up the maritime hegemony of the Ming Dynasty, but the emperor of the Ming Dynasty didn't realize the importance of it. Frequent ocean voyages did not grab territory or resources for the Ming Dynasty, but brought back the abstract achievement of raising the prestige for the Chinese dynasty.

  1433年,执政期间完成了最后一次郑和下西洋行动后,明朝的海洋探索行动彻底宣告终止。此后明朝的航海能力日益衰微,以至于到了明朝中期竟沦落到了连沿海地区都难以对付的地步,明朝航海史就这样成了一片生锈的合页。

In 1433, after the last voyage of Zheng He to the west, the marine exploration of the Ming Dynasty was completely terminated. Since then, the navigation ability of the Ming Dynasty has been declining, so that in the middle of the Ming Dynasty, the navigation history of the Ming Dynasty has become a rusty hinge.

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