Why is the ending of Xiaobian so bleak today? Interested readers can follow Xiaobian to have a look.
At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, a towering figure with a sharp blade appeared in the capital. It was the famous strategist - Dourgen. Dourgen, as the most prestigious and influential Prince of the Qing Dynasty, once established for the Great Qing Dynasty. He is a historical celebrity who promotes the great unity and unity of the Chinese nation, but his ending is very sad.
I. growth background of Dourgen
Born in 1612, Dourgen was the second son of Princess Abahai. Abahai was the favorite concubine in his later years. It is said that Abahai was married to Nurhachi, 43, at the age of 12. At the age of 12, she is not only charming, but also beautiful and intelligent. It is not surprising that such Abahai can be looked upon by Nurhachi. Soon after, Abahai, who was only 13 years old, was awarded the title of grand concubine. The reason why Abahai had such an amazing experience must be the promotion of wisdom, and Dourgen, as her son, also inherited her wisdom.
When Dourgen was seven years old, in order to train his young son, his father hanul Hachi asked him to manage the trivial affairs of the court, especially the financial management. Let a 7-year-old child to manage the big and small things, many people say they don't like it, but it's amazing that Dourgen is in good order. It can be seen how outstanding his management ability and wisdom are at the age of seven, which makes his father hannuerhachi appreciate him very much, and also deeply gratified, since then to Dourgen.
Since his childhood, Dourgen has not only learned a lot of military knowledge from his brothers, but also accumulated a lot of military experience and developed strong military skills in his many years of war. In the years following the expedition, Dourgen not only acquired combat skills, but also exercised his political thinking under the influence of Huang Taiji. In the 17-year-old year of Dourgen, Huang Taiji followed the political system and set his most trusted brother Dourgen in charge of the official affairs. It can be seen that Huang Taiji had the heart to cultivate Dourgen and hoped that Dourgen could become a good helper in his own government affairs. Finally, Dourgen did not fail to live up to Huang Taiji's expectations. He was diligent and attentive in everything and was praised by Huang Taiji: "since the establishment of the official, the official department has done everything well." It can be seen that Dourgen, a young man, has a strong ability to deal with government affairs.
II. Main achievements of Dourgen
Dourgen is an outstanding strategist and politician, of which Dourgen's most achievements are reflected in the military.
In 1628, Dourgen was ordered to capture the Chahar department. Chahar tribe is one of the most famous and prosperous tribes in Mongolia. If successful, it will help the Qing soldiers to attack the capital smoothly. With the participation of Dourgen, Chahar department was successfully recruited. Dourgen made great military achievements in this campaign, and was praised by Huang Taiji. Therefore, he was awarded the title of "Morgan Dai Qing".
From 1640 to 1642, Dourgen participated with Huang Taiji. The Song Jin war was the most outstanding work of Huang Taiji during his reign and one of the most tragic fighting scenes of the two armies. Huang Taiji's resourcefulness and Dourgen's bravery hurt the Ming army's vitality and made it unable to fight back. The record of Emperor Taizong recorded the tragic scene of the Song Jin War: "Ming soldiers went to the sea from Xingshan mountain to Tashan mountain in the south. Floating corpses in the sea are like wild geese and ducks. " From the author's description, we can see how fierce the struggle is. Without Dourgen's participation, Huang Taiji would have lost a good general and perhaps not completed the task of this struggle as soon as possible.
In 1643, Huang Taiji died, and Fu Lin succeeded him. In 1644, after Dourgen became regent, Dourgen immediately did a national event, which was to unite Wu Sanhang, mobilize the forces of all ethnic groups, command the Qing soldiers to enter the customs, defeat the leaders of the peasant uprising at the end of Ming Dynasty who occupied the mountain customs, and then set the Central Plains and Beijing as the capital, opening the curtain for the reunification of China.
3. Why is the ending of a generation of celebrities so bleak?
In the winter of 1650, in the seventh year of succession, Dourgen died on the way of hunting, and was granted the title of "Qing Chengzong" by Shunzhi. As for the cause of Dourgen's death, it is recorded in historical books that although Dourgen had fighting wisdom, his body was already weak, he was suffering from wind disease, and he often had discomfort such as dizziness. With the expansion of his power, Dourgen was more indulgent, so sudden death was also a sign.
I thought that a generation of good generals would get rest and the approval of future generations, but I didn't expect that shortly after Dourgen's death, he was deprived of his title, confiscated his family property, and dug up his grave and whipped his body. "They dug out the body, beat it with sticks, whipped it with whips, and finally cut off the head and exposed it to the public. His magnificent mausoleum turned to dust."
Why did a generation of famous people suffer such treatment after their death?
Reason 1: bullying
The real record once recorded that: in the state affairs played by the ministers, Dourgen did not ask about the idea of Shunzhi. After making his own decision, he was generally called the emperor's will to the outside world. Not only that, after the expansion of Dourgen's power, more and more people attached to him, Dourgen began to be complacent, and arbitrarily dismissed officials who did not agree with him. Although Shunzhi was still young, but he was smart about Dourgen's behavior.
Reason 2: disagreements with brothers
At the beginning of Huang Taiji's death, the emperor's position was still vacant. At that time, the only one who competed for the throne with Dourgen was that since then, there has been a long gap between Haug and Dourgen. Dourgen tried several times to get rid of Hogg, but it was not satisfactory. In 1648, Hogg, the eldest son of Huang Taiji, led the army to return home triumphantly. He wanted to be rewarded by merit in the court, but was punished by Dourgen for "shielding" and other charges. Hogg was jailed for this. Hogg was deeply grieved and indignant because of this unnecessary charge, and finally died in prison. Several of Haug's ministers did not end well either. Before getting rid of Hogg, Dourgen had already got rid of zierharang's auxiliary power on the charge of "adultery". These two acts of hand and foot mutilation made the ministers related to Haug and jierharang all express their dissatisfaction with Dourgen, so that after Dourgen's death, all the ministers jointly wrote a book to display Dourgen's crime before death, which made Shunzhi furious. In order to calm down Shunzhi's own grievances and appease the minister's heart, Shunzhi decided to flog Dourgen.
As a famous strategist and politician in history, Dourgen made great contributions to the country and laid the foundation for the stability of the Qing Dynasty,
He was a meritorious official of the Qing Dynasty. Although he made mistakes, he was whipped to death, which was a sad ending.
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