多尔衮的结局为何如此凄凉?多尔衮的生平是怎么样的?-看世界

多尔衮的结局为何如此凄凉?多尔衮的生平是怎么样的?

  清初,京城出现了一道手持利刃的巍峨身影,那便是清代有名的军事家——多尔衮。多尔衮作为清廷最有声望和地位的王爷,曾为大清江山立下了汗马功劳,劳苦功高,是促进中华民族大团结、大统一的历史名人,但是他的结局却很悲凉。

  今天小编给大家带来的结局为何如此凄凉?感兴趣的读者可以跟着小编一起看一看。

Why is the ending of Xiaobian so bleak today? Interested readers can follow Xiaobian to have a look.

  清初,京城出现了一道手持利刃的巍峨身影,那便是有名的军事家——多尔衮。多尔衮作为清廷最有声望和地位的王爷,曾为大清江山立下了,,是促进中华民族大团结、大统一的历史名人,但是他的结局却很悲凉。

At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, a towering figure with a sharp blade appeared in the capital. It was the famous strategist - Dourgen. Dourgen, as the most prestigious and influential Prince of the Qing Dynasty, once established for the Great Qing Dynasty. He is a historical celebrity who promotes the great unity and unity of the Chinese nation, but his ending is very sad.

  一、多尔衮的生长背景

I. growth background of Dourgen

  多尔衮生于1612年,是阿巴亥王妃的第二子。阿巴亥是晚年时期最喜欢的妃子。相传阿巴亥12岁嫁予43岁的努尔哈赤,12岁的她不仅风韵有余,还富有美貌与智慧,这样的阿巴亥能被努尔哈赤看中也不足为奇。不久,年仅13岁的阿巴亥就被册封为大妃。阿巴亥之所以有这种惊人的经历,肯定是少不了智慧的推动,而多尔衮作为她的儿子,也继承了她的聪慧。

Born in 1612, Dourgen was the second son of Princess Abahai. Abahai was the favorite concubine in his later years. It is said that Abahai was married to Nurhachi, 43, at the age of 12. At the age of 12, she is not only charming, but also beautiful and intelligent. It is not surprising that such Abahai can be looked upon by Nurhachi. Soon after, Abahai, who was only 13 years old, was awarded the title of grand concubine. The reason why Abahai had such an amazing experience must be the promotion of wisdom, and Dourgen, as her son, also inherited her wisdom.

  多尔衮七岁的时候,父汗努尔哈赤为了能够锻炼这个年纪尚小的儿子,便让他管理朝中的琐碎事务,特别是财务方面的管理。让一个7岁的孩子去管理这种说大不大,说小不小的事,有许多人表示并不看好,但是令人的是,多尔衮居然都打理得井井有条,可见七岁的他,其管理能力与智慧是有多出众,这令他的父汗努尔哈赤对他非常赞赏,也深感欣慰,自此对多尔衮。

When Dourgen was seven years old, in order to train his young son, his father hanul Hachi asked him to manage the trivial affairs of the court, especially the financial management. Let a 7-year-old child to manage the big and small things, many people say they don't like it, but it's amazing that Dourgen is in good order. It can be seen how outstanding his management ability and wisdom are at the age of seven, which makes his father hannuerhachi appreciate him very much, and also deeply gratified, since then to Dourgen.

  多尔衮自幼随兄出征,不仅从哥哥们的身上学到了不少军事方面的知识,也在多年的征战中积累了不少的军事经验,培养了较强的军事技能。在跟随出征的那几年,多尔衮不仅习得了战斗技能,而且还在皇太极的影响下锻炼了自己的政治思维。在多尔衮17岁那一年,皇太极沿袭政治制度,在朝中设,且令自己最倚信的弟弟多尔衮掌管吏部事务,可见皇太极有心栽培多尔衮,希望多尔衮能够成为自己政务上的好帮手。最终,多尔衮没有辜负皇太极对他的期望,凡事勤勤恳恳,非常用心,获得了皇太极的赞赏:“置官以来,吏部办事尽善。”由此可知,年纪轻轻的多尔衮在政务上的处理能力已经很强了。

Since his childhood, Dourgen has not only learned a lot of military knowledge from his brothers, but also accumulated a lot of military experience and developed strong military skills in his many years of war. In the years following the expedition, Dourgen not only acquired combat skills, but also exercised his political thinking under the influence of Huang Taiji. In the 17-year-old year of Dourgen, Huang Taiji followed the political system and set his most trusted brother Dourgen in charge of the official affairs. It can be seen that Huang Taiji had the heart to cultivate Dourgen and hoped that Dourgen could become a good helper in his own government affairs. Finally, Dourgen did not fail to live up to Huang Taiji's expectations. He was diligent and attentive in everything and was praised by Huang Taiji: "since the establishment of the official, the official department has done everything well." It can be seen that Dourgen, a young man, has a strong ability to deal with government affairs.

  二、多尔衮的主要功绩

II. Main achievements of Dourgen

  历载多尔衮是一个杰出的军事家和政治家,其中,多尔衮最多的功绩则体现在军事上。

Dourgen is an outstanding strategist and politician, of which Dourgen's most achievements are reflected in the military.

  1628年,多尔衮奉命征讨察哈尔部。察哈尔部乃蒙古部族最有名、最繁华的部落之一,如果征讨成功,则有利于清兵顺利进攻京城。在多尔衮的参与下,察哈尔部被成功征讨,多尔衮在此战役中立下了较大军功,被皇太极赞赏,也因此而获得了“墨尔根戴青”的称号。

In 1628, Dourgen was ordered to capture the Chahar department. Chahar tribe is one of the most famous and prosperous tribes in Mongolia. If successful, it will help the Qing soldiers to attack the capital smoothly. With the participation of Dourgen, Chahar department was successfully recruited. Dourgen made great military achievements in this campaign, and was praised by Huang Taiji. Therefore, he was awarded the title of "Morgan Dai Qing".

  1640年至1642年,多尔衮跟随皇太极参与,松锦大战乃是皇太极在位时期最杰出的作品,也是两军最悲壮的搏斗场面之一。皇太极的足智多谋和多尔衮的英勇善战致使明军元气大伤,打得明军再无反手之力。《清太宗实录》记载了松锦大战的悲壮场面:“明兵自杏山,南至塔山,赴海死者甚众。海中浮尸漂荡,多如雁鹜。”从作者的描述中便可得知,这场斗争是有多激烈。如果没有多尔衮的参与,皇太极就少了一名良将,也许也就没有那么快完成这场斗争的任务。

From 1640 to 1642, Dourgen participated with Huang Taiji. The Song Jin war was the most outstanding work of Huang Taiji during his reign and one of the most tragic fighting scenes of the two armies. Huang Taiji's resourcefulness and Dourgen's bravery hurt the Ming army's vitality and made it unable to fight back. The record of Emperor Taizong recorded the tragic scene of the Song Jin War: "Ming soldiers went to the sea from Xingshan mountain to Tashan mountain in the south. Floating corpses in the sea are like wild geese and ducks. " From the author's description, we can see how fierce the struggle is. Without Dourgen's participation, Huang Taiji would have lost a good general and perhaps not completed the task of this struggle as soon as possible.

  1643年,皇太极去世,福临继位,1644年,在多尔衮成为摄政王之后,多尔衮便马上干了一件国家大事,那便是联合吴三挂,调动各族兵力倾巢出动,指挥清兵入关,击败了占领山海关的明末农民起义领袖,从此定鼎中原,定都北京,为统一全中国拉开了序幕。

In 1643, Huang Taiji died, and Fu Lin succeeded him. In 1644, after Dourgen became regent, Dourgen immediately did a national event, which was to unite Wu Sanhang, mobilize the forces of all ethnic groups, command the Qing soldiers to enter the customs, defeat the leaders of the peasant uprising at the end of Ming Dynasty who occupied the mountain customs, and then set the Central Plains and Beijing as the capital, opening the curtain for the reunification of China.

  三、一代名人的结局为何如此凄凉?

3. Why is the ending of a generation of celebrities so bleak?

  1650年冬,时年继位第七年,多尔衮死在了狩猎途中,被顺治追封为“清成宗”。对于多尔衮的死因,史书有记载:多尔衮虽有战斗智慧,但是他的身体本来就虚弱,素患风疾,常有头昏等不适症状,随着自己权力的扩大,多尔衮行事又愈加放纵,所以猝死也是有所征兆的。

In the winter of 1650, in the seventh year of succession, Dourgen died on the way of hunting, and was granted the title of "Qing Chengzong" by Shunzhi. As for the cause of Dourgen's death, it is recorded in historical books that although Dourgen had fighting wisdom, his body was already weak, he was suffering from wind disease, and he often had discomfort such as dizziness. With the expansion of his power, Dourgen was more indulgent, so sudden death was also a sign.

  本以为一代良将死后会得到安息和后人的赞许,却没想到,在多尔衮死后不久,竟然剥夺了多尔衮的封号,没收其家产,并掘坟鞭尸。曾有异国教父亲临现场,并发出了感慨:“他们把尸体挖出来,用棍子打,又用鞭子抽,最后砍掉脑袋暴尸示众,他的雄伟壮丽的陵墓也化为尘土。”

I thought that a generation of good generals would get rest and the approval of future generations, but I didn't expect that shortly after Dourgen's death, he was deprived of his title, confiscated his family property, and dug up his grave and whipped his body. "They dug out the body, beat it with sticks, whipped it with whips, and finally cut off the head and exposed it to the public. His magnificent mausoleum turned to dust."

  为什么一代名人死后竟遭如此待遇?

Why did a generation of famous people suffer such treatment after their death?

  原因1:作威作福

Reason 1: bullying

  《实录》曾记载:大臣所上奏的国家事务,多尔衮都没有过问顺治的想法,自己做好决定后,对外概称是皇帝的意愿。不仅如此,多尔衮权力扩大后,依附他的人越来越多,多尔衮开始沾沾自喜,,任意罢黜不合他意的官员,顺治虽然年纪尚小,但是聪明的他对多尔衮的行为肯定心存芥蒂。

The real record once recorded that: in the state affairs played by the ministers, Dourgen did not ask about the idea of Shunzhi. After making his own decision, he was generally called the emperor's will to the outside world. Not only that, after the expansion of Dourgen's power, more and more people attached to him, Dourgen began to be complacent, and arbitrarily dismissed officials who did not agree with him. Although Shunzhi was still young, but he was smart about Dourgen's behavior.

  原因2:与兄弟不睦

Reason 2: disagreements with brothers

  在皇太极去世之初,皇帝的位置还空着,在那个时候,唯一一个与多尔衮争夺皇位的人就是,自此之后,豪格与多尔衮便有了夙隙。多尔衮几番想除掉豪格却不遂人意。1648年,皇太极长子豪格带领军队凯旋而归,本来想在朝中凭功劳论赏,但却被多尔衮以“包庇”等罪名而治罪,豪哥因此而落狱,豪格因为这种莫须有的罪名而深感悲愤,最终在狱中病故。豪格的几位大臣也没有落得好下场。在除掉豪格之前,多尔衮就已经凭“通奸”的罪名革除了济尔哈朗的辅政权力。这两次手足相残的行为,使得朝中跟豪格和济尔哈朗有关系的大臣都表示对多尔衮不满,以致在多尔衮死后,众大臣联合上书陈列多尔衮的生前罪状,使得顺治大怒,为了平息顺治自己的怨气并安抚大臣的心,顺治才决定对多尔衮进行鞭尸。

At the beginning of Huang Taiji's death, the emperor's position was still vacant. At that time, the only one who competed for the throne with Dourgen was that since then, there has been a long gap between Haug and Dourgen. Dourgen tried several times to get rid of Hogg, but it was not satisfactory. In 1648, Hogg, the eldest son of Huang Taiji, led the army to return home triumphantly. He wanted to be rewarded by merit in the court, but was punished by Dourgen for "shielding" and other charges. Hogg was jailed for this. Hogg was deeply grieved and indignant because of this unnecessary charge, and finally died in prison. Several of Haug's ministers did not end well either. Before getting rid of Hogg, Dourgen had already got rid of zierharang's auxiliary power on the charge of "adultery". These two acts of hand and foot mutilation made the ministers related to Haug and jierharang all express their dissatisfaction with Dourgen, so that after Dourgen's death, all the ministers jointly wrote a book to display Dourgen's crime before death, which made Shunzhi furious. In order to calm down Shunzhi's own grievances and appease the minister's heart, Shunzhi decided to flog Dourgen.

  多尔衮作为史上有名的军事家和政治家,他为大清的江山立下了汗马功劳,为大清的稳固奠定了基础,

As a famous strategist and politician in history, Dourgen made great contributions to the country and laid the foundation for the stability of the Qing Dynasty,

是大清的有功之臣,虽有过错,但是死后被鞭尸这种结局实在令人唏嘘不已。

He was a meritorious official of the Qing Dynasty. Although he made mistakes, he was whipped to death, which was a sad ending.

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