I still don't know why I didn't attack the readers of Wu. I'll give you a detailed introduction. Let's go on~
In the first year of Zhangwu (221), after usurping the Han Dynasty and building the Wei Dynasty, he became emperor in Chengdu, with the state name of "Han" and the year of "Zhangwu". In the same year, in the name of revenge, Liu Bei sent troops to attack the eastern Wu. In the spring of the second year of Zhangwu (222), Liu Bei sent Huang Quan to supervise the water army in the north of the Yangtze River and led the army to March. In autumn and July, he was defeated by the eastern Wu, and general Feng Xi, Zhang Nan, Fu Yun and Cheng Ji died in battle. Therefore, the disastrous defeat of the battle of Yiling not only became an important turning point from prosperity to decline, but also an important reason for Liu Bei's death.
In March of the third year of Zhang Wu's reign (223), Liu Bei, Tuogu Yu, died of illness on April 24 (June 10), at the age of 63. After the war of Yiling, Liu Bei stayed in Baidi city of Yong'an, and finally died here. So, the question is, after Liu Bei's death, Liu Chan has been in power for 41 years. Why not attack the eastern Wu and avenge his father Liu Bei?
The death of Liu Bei is directly related to the failure of the war of Yiling. The decline of the Shu Han Dynasty began with the sneak attack on Jingzhou and the killing of Guan Yu. From this point of view, between Liu Chan and the eastern Wu, it can be said that there is a hatred between the state and the family. On this basis, Liu Chan has been in power for the longest time in Wuzhong, Wei Shu, and even 41 years. Therefore, Liu Chan, the later leader of Liu Chan, has a chance to avenge Liu Bei for such a long time. However, as a result, Liu Chan not only failed to attack the Eastern Wu, but also failed to mention that he wanted to serve Liu Bei as his father. Why?
In my opinion, this is because after Liu Bei's death, Liu Chan, the later Lord, did not have the real power. Whether he wanted to avenge his father Liu Bei or not, he did not have the ability to launch a war against the eastern Wu. In 223 ad, Liu Chan succeeded Zhugeliang as the Marquis of Wuxiang and opened the prime minister's office. Before long, Liu Chan relied on Zhugeliang to decide the big and small affairs of Yizhou and the government.
What's more, as a minister of Tuogu, Liu Bei once said to Zhuge Liang, "if you only have ten times Cao Pi, you will be able to settle down and make a final decision. If the heirs can be assisted, they can be assisted; if they are not talented, you can take them by yourself. " That is to say, Liu Bei granted Zhuge Liang the power to replace Liu Chan. In addition, in the early period of the Shu Han Dynasty, it was a situation that young Liu Chan could not cope with. Therefore, the latter was willing to be a master to deal with the big and small affairs of the Shu Han Dynasty. So, the question is, why didn't Zhuge Liang avenge Liu Chan and lead the army to attack the eastern Wu?
The reason lies in the fact that after the war between Guan Yu and Yiling, Shu Han was too weak to compete with the eastern Wu at all, and with the powerful Cao Wei on the side, Zhuge Liang would not fight with the eastern Wu if he didn't want Shu Han to die out. Not only won't he fight with the eastern Wu, but Zhuge Liang is also committed to the restoration of the alliance between Shu and Wu. Even when he is called emperor, Zhuge Liang can only send envoys to congratulate him.
In order to help the Han Dynasty, Zhuge Liang unified the Central Plains. From the spring of 228 to the winter of 234, he successively went out of Hanzhong and waged five wars against Cao Wei. In 234 ad, Zhuge Liang died of illness. After Zhugeliang's death, Liu Chan, the later leader, began to take charge of the government. However, Zhugeliang's important officials, such as,, and, basically supported the northern expedition to the Wei Dynasty. Therefore, if Liu Chan, the later leader at that time, forcibly captured the eastern Wu and avenged his father, he would inevitably be opposed by Jiang Wan, Fei Yi, Jiang Wei and other important officials of the court, which led to the internal friction of the Shu Han Dynasty.
Moreover, as for Liu Chan, the later leader, he is not a man of strong character and strong demeanor, so naturally he will not be in a state of incompatibility. On this basis, Liu Chan, the later Lord, did not take revenge for his father Liu Bei. As for Jiang Wei and others, they continued to use the forces of Shu Han in the northern expedition of Cao Wei. Until ad 263, the Shu Han Dynasty officially went to the end.
Finally, on the other hand, I'm afraid that I've forgotten the hatred for my father Liu Bei for Liu Chan, his villain, and his minister. In the year of jingyaoyuan (258), Chen Ji, the general of the town army, died, and the eunuch began to uphold the government. Of course, without Liu Chan's favor, Huang Hao would not be able to monopolize in the Shu Han Dynasty. For example, Liu Yong, Liu Chan's younger brother, hated Huang Hao, the eunuch. After Huang Hao gained Liu Chan's trust and controlled the government, he slandered Liu Yong in his ear, and Liu Chan gradually alienated Liu Yong, so that Liu Yong could not meet Liu Chan for more than ten years. Therefore, it is very obvious that after the death of Zhugeliang, Jiang Wan, Fei Yi and others, Liu Chan, the later leader, cherished Huang Hao and other villains and lost his fighting spirit, not to mention revenge for his father Liu Bei.
Furthermore, if Liu Chan really wants to avenge Liu Bei, whether or not the eastern Wu is of secondary importance. The key is to become a emperor of Ming Dynasty and restore the national strength of the Shu and Han Dynasties, so as to recover the Han Dynasty and the mountains, and then attack the eastern Wu. However, it is obvious that Liu Chan, the later Lord, has no such ambition. Just as he did after the collapse of Shu Han, Liu Chan prefers to live a comfortable life rather than fight like Liu Bei.
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