刘禅在位41年之久 刘禅为什么没有为父报仇讨伐东吴-看世界

刘禅在位41年之久 刘禅为什么没有为父报仇讨伐东吴

  章武元年(221年),刘备在曹丕篡汉建魏后,于成都称帝,国号“汉”,年号“章武”。同年,刘备以为关羽报仇的名义,发兵讨伐东吴。章武二年(222年)春季,刘备派遣黄权督江北水军,自率陆军进军。秋七月,被东吴陆逊在夷陵之战中打败,将军冯习、张南、傅肜、程畿等战死。由此,夷陵之战的惨败,不仅成为蜀汉由盛转衰的重要转折点,也是刘备病逝的重要原因。

  还不知道:为何不伐吴的读者,下面小编就为大家带来详细介绍,接着往下看吧~

I still don't know why I didn't attack the readers of Wu. I'll give you a detailed introduction. Let's go on~

  章武元年(221年),在篡汉建魏后,于成都称帝,国号“汉”,年号“章武”。同年,刘备以为报仇的名义,发兵讨伐东吴。章武二年(222年)春季,刘备派遣黄权督江北水军,自率陆军进军。秋七月,被东吴在中打败,将军冯习、张南、傅肜、程畿等战死。由此,夷陵之战的惨败,不仅成为蜀汉由盛转衰的重要转折点,也是刘备病逝的重要原因。

In the first year of Zhangwu (221), after usurping the Han Dynasty and building the Wei Dynasty, he became emperor in Chengdu, with the state name of "Han" and the year of "Zhangwu". In the same year, in the name of revenge, Liu Bei sent troops to attack the eastern Wu. In the spring of the second year of Zhangwu (222), Liu Bei sent Huang Quan to supervise the water army in the north of the Yangtze River and led the army to March. In autumn and July, he was defeated by the eastern Wu, and general Feng Xi, Zhang Nan, Fu Yun and Cheng Ji died in battle. Therefore, the disastrous defeat of the battle of Yiling not only became an important turning point from prosperity to decline, but also an important reason for Liu Bei's death.

  章武三年(223年)三月,刘备托孤于,夏四月二十四日(6月10日),刘备病逝,享年六十三岁。在夷陵之战后,刘备一直留在永安白帝城,最终也是在此地去世的。那么,问题来了,刘备去世后,刘禅在位长达41年,为何不讨伐东吴,为父亲刘备报仇呢?

In March of the third year of Zhang Wu's reign (223), Liu Bei, Tuogu Yu, died of illness on April 24 (June 10), at the age of 63. After the war of Yiling, Liu Bei stayed in Baidi city of Yong'an, and finally died here. So, the question is, after Liu Bei's death, Liu Chan has been in power for 41 years. Why not attack the eastern Wu and avenge his father Liu Bei?

  一

One

  刘备之死,和夷陵之战的失败存在直接的关系。而蜀汉的衰落,更是始于东吴偷袭荆州,斩杀关羽。从这一点来看,刘禅和东吴之间,可谓是国仇家恨,势不两立了。在此基础上,在魏蜀吴中,刘禅在位时间是最长的,竟然有41年,因此,后主刘禅在位这么长时间,完全有机会给刘备报仇,可是,结果是刘禅不仅没有讨伐东吴,更没有提及要为父亲刘备,这是为什么呢?

The death of Liu Bei is directly related to the failure of the war of Yiling. The decline of the Shu Han Dynasty began with the sneak attack on Jingzhou and the killing of Guan Yu. From this point of view, between Liu Chan and the eastern Wu, it can be said that there is a hatred between the state and the family. On this basis, Liu Chan has been in power for the longest time in Wuzhong, Wei Shu, and even 41 years. Therefore, Liu Chan, the later leader of Liu Chan, has a chance to avenge Liu Bei for such a long time. However, as a result, Liu Chan not only failed to attack the Eastern Wu, but also failed to mention that he wanted to serve Liu Bei as his father. Why?

  对此,在笔者看来,这是因为刘备去世后,后主刘禅没有掌握实权,不管是他想不想为父亲刘备报仇,都没有向东吴发起战争的能力。公元223年刘禅继位,封诸葛亮为武乡侯,并开设丞相府。不久,再领益州牧,朝政的大小事务,刘禅都依赖于诸葛亮,由诸葛亮决定。

In my opinion, this is because after Liu Bei's death, Liu Chan, the later Lord, did not have the real power. Whether he wanted to avenge his father Liu Bei or not, he did not have the ability to launch a war against the eastern Wu. In 223 ad, Liu Chan succeeded Zhugeliang as the Marquis of Wuxiang and opened the prime minister's office. Before long, Liu Chan relied on Zhugeliang to decide the big and small affairs of Yizhou and the government.

  二

Two

  更何况作为托孤大臣,刘备曾对诸葛亮表示:“君才十倍曹丕,必能安国,终定大事。若嗣子可辅,辅之;如其不才,君可自取。”也即刘备授予了诸葛亮可以取代刘禅的权力,再加上蜀汉初期,可谓内忧外患,这也是年轻的刘禅无法应对的局面,因此,后者也甘愿做一个甩手掌柜,由诸葛亮来处理蜀汉的大小事务。那么,问题来了,为何诸葛亮没有为刘禅报仇,率军讨伐东吴呢?

What's more, as a minister of Tuogu, Liu Bei once said to Zhuge Liang, "if you only have ten times Cao Pi, you will be able to settle down and make a final decision. If the heirs can be assisted, they can be assisted; if they are not talented, you can take them by yourself. " That is to say, Liu Bei granted Zhuge Liang the power to replace Liu Chan. In addition, in the early period of the Shu Han Dynasty, it was a situation that young Liu Chan could not cope with. Therefore, the latter was willing to be a master to deal with the big and small affairs of the Shu Han Dynasty. So, the question is, why didn't Zhuge Liang avenge Liu Chan and lead the army to attack the eastern Wu?

  究其原因,还是在于关羽和夷陵之战后,蜀汉实在太弱小了,根本无力再和东吴正面较量,再加上强大的曹魏在一旁,如果诸葛亮不希望蜀汉走向灭亡的话,自然不会和东吴交战。不仅不会和东吴交战,诸葛亮还致力于恢复蜀吴联盟,乃至于在称帝的时候,诸葛亮也只能派遣使者去祝贺。

The reason lies in the fact that after the war between Guan Yu and Yiling, Shu Han was too weak to compete with the eastern Wu at all, and with the powerful Cao Wei on the side, Zhuge Liang would not fight with the eastern Wu if he didn't want Shu Han to die out. Not only won't he fight with the eastern Wu, but Zhuge Liang is also committed to the restoration of the alliance between Shu and Wu. Even when he is called emperor, Zhuge Liang can only send envoys to congratulate him.

  三

Three

  诸葛亮为了匡扶汉室,一统中原,从228年春至234年冬先后兵出汉中,对曹魏发动了五次战争。公元234年,诸葛亮病逝五丈原。而在诸葛亮病逝后,后主刘禅虽然开始执掌朝政,但是,诸葛亮留下的、、等重臣,基本上都是支持北伐曹魏的。由此,此时的后主刘禅如果强行征讨东吴,为父亲报仇,必然遭到蒋琬、费祎、姜维等朝廷重臣的反对,从而导致蜀汉出现内耗的问题。

In order to help the Han Dynasty, Zhuge Liang unified the Central Plains. From the spring of 228 to the winter of 234, he successively went out of Hanzhong and waged five wars against Cao Wei. In 234 ad, Zhuge Liang died of illness. After Zhugeliang's death, Liu Chan, the later leader, began to take charge of the government. However, Zhugeliang's important officials, such as,, and, basically supported the northern expedition to the Wei Dynasty. Therefore, if Liu Chan, the later leader at that time, forcibly captured the eastern Wu and avenged his father, he would inevitably be opposed by Jiang Wan, Fei Yi, Jiang Wei and other important officials of the court, which led to the internal friction of the Shu Han Dynasty.

  况且,就后主刘禅来说,也不是性格坚毅、雷厉风行之人,所以,自然不会闹到不可开交的地步。在此基础上,后主刘禅也没有提要为父亲刘备报仇,至于姜维等人,则继续将蜀汉的兵力用在北伐曹魏上。直到公元263年,蜀汉正式走向灭亡。

Moreover, as for Liu Chan, the later leader, he is not a man of strong character and strong demeanor, so naturally he will not be in a state of incompatibility. On this basis, Liu Chan, the later Lord, did not take revenge for his father Liu Bei. As for Jiang Wei and others, they continued to use the forces of Shu Han in the northern expedition of Cao Wei. Until ad 263, the Shu Han Dynasty officially went to the end.

  四

Four

  最后,另一方面,对于后期的刘禅,亲小人,远贤臣,恐怕早已忘了为父亲刘备的仇恨了。景耀元年(258年),镇军将军陈祗病死,宦官开始专秉朝政。当然,没有后主刘禅的宠信,黄皓也无法在蜀汉专权。比如刘禅弟弟刘永憎恶宦官黄皓,黄皓取得刘禅的信任把持朝政后,在刘禅耳边谗言离间刘永,刘禅渐渐疏远刘永,以致刘永竟十多年不能朝见刘禅。由此,非常明显的是,在诸葛亮、蒋琬、费祎等人相继去世后,后主刘禅宠信黄皓等小人,已经丧失了斗志,更不会想到为父亲刘备报仇了。

Finally, on the other hand, I'm afraid that I've forgotten the hatred for my father Liu Bei for Liu Chan, his villain, and his minister. In the year of jingyaoyuan (258), Chen Ji, the general of the town army, died, and the eunuch began to uphold the government. Of course, without Liu Chan's favor, Huang Hao would not be able to monopolize in the Shu Han Dynasty. For example, Liu Yong, Liu Chan's younger brother, hated Huang Hao, the eunuch. After Huang Hao gained Liu Chan's trust and controlled the government, he slandered Liu Yong in his ear, and Liu Chan gradually alienated Liu Yong, so that Liu Yong could not meet Liu Chan for more than ten years. Therefore, it is very obvious that after the death of Zhugeliang, Jiang Wan, Fei Yi and others, Liu Chan, the later leader, cherished Huang Hao and other villains and lost his fighting spirit, not to mention revenge for his father Liu Bei.

  进一步来说,如果刘禅真的想为刘备报仇,其实是否东吴都是次要的,关键的是自己成为一位明君,恢复蜀汉国力,从而先恢复汉室江山,然后再攻打东吴也行。不过,后主刘禅显然没有这样的志向,正如同他在蜀汉灭亡后“”一样,刘禅更希望过上安逸的生活,而不是像刘备一样南征北战。

Furthermore, if Liu Chan really wants to avenge Liu Bei, whether or not the eastern Wu is of secondary importance. The key is to become a emperor of Ming Dynasty and restore the national strength of the Shu and Han Dynasties, so as to recover the Han Dynasty and the mountains, and then attack the eastern Wu. However, it is obvious that Liu Chan, the later Lord, has no such ambition. Just as he did after the collapse of Shu Han, Liu Chan prefers to live a comfortable life rather than fight like Liu Bei.

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