Today, what does Xiaobian bring to you to become an excellent monarch? I hope it can help you.
Liu Xiu is generally recognized as "the most able to fight" (Chairman Mao's words). Wang Fuzhi, a thinker in the late Ming Dynasty, said of Liu Xiu:
"It's more difficult for Guangwu to win the world than for the emperor! Three generations later, the only way to win the world is Guangwu, and the second is also Guangwu. From three generations down, only Guangwu allowed to crown one hundred kings. The magic of light and martial arts is unpredictable. "
So, why does Liu Xiu always win? What is his originality?
There are a lot of discussions on Liu Xiu's military and tactical thoughts, which will not be covered in this paper. In my opinion, more important than his tactical thoughts are his military team management thoughts and military strategic thoughts.
Liu Xiu's "Three Character Classic" of military team management: precision, harmony and communication
Liu Xiu's management requirements for the military team can be summed up in three sentences: the team composition should be lean, rather lack than abuse; the backbone of the team should be versatile, able to run the army on horseback, and able to run the county on horseback; the military action should be coordinated to win through coordinated operations.
Elite: reduce while demobilize, always keep a lean team
Most of Liu Xiu's battles have been fought with little effort, especially before he calmed down the land. For example, before Liu Xiu ascended the throne in the third year of the revolution, he sent the western expedition, "20000 elite soldiers under Zhongfen", which gave the poor Baba 20000 people, or Zhongfen (half).
At that time, Liu Xiu had become a "magnate" by annexing the peasant army of Tongma, Qingdu, etc.: "knowing that he was going to send people to the generals, hundreds of thousands of them came, so Guangwu was called" Tongma emperor "
Since there are so many soldiers and horses, they are too stingy to Deng Yu. In fact, most of the teams Liu Xiu will recruit have been dismissed. There were three large-scale dismissals, one was the Tongma army and Qingdu army gathered in the war of unifying Hebei Province, the second was the local armed forces recruited by Deng Yu after he conquered Hedong area, and the third was the separatist armed forces collected and demobilized in Guanzhong.
These armed forces have one common feature: they are all peasant armed forces. Although they are large in number, they often lead families and have poor combat effectiveness. Therefore, once the battle is over, Liu Xiu will send them back home.
During the second battle, Liu Xiu warned: the soldiers you gathered are not strong in fighting power, and they are left with empty grain. In case of desertion, it will also affect the morale of the army, so they should be dismissed as soon as possible. Which general thinks he has too many people? Of course, Wu Han didn't give up. As Liu Xiu predicted, when Wu Han was fighting with kaixiao the hardest, the gathered soldiers fled one after another, and the morale of the army fell sharply. Wu Han could only lose the victory.
It's easy to say that the team should be excellent rather than lacking. But like Liu Xiu, there are few people who really implement it as the core idea of team management.
Cooperation: Coyote tactics, cooperative operations within the team
Liu Xiu likes to use a kind of tactics - the wolf tactics. In a battle, many generals cooperate with each other to win.
Liu Xiu's army is of a trilogy nature, and many of his generals are family private armed forces. Because of this uniqueness, Liu Xiu's military system seems to be "divided into sections", fighting on its own and not suitable for cooperative warfare. But Liu Xiu just likes the wolf tactics. In every fight, he will recruit several people and horses to fight together.
For example, pingwanglang, all the generals went together to pacify the Hebei rebel army, which was also a hunt for wolves. Only Deng Yu and Feng Yi marched westward and southward, which was an independent military operation carried out by a single front army.
The biggest hidden danger of the nature of the trilogy is the division of interests, which is not easy to unify the command. What can Liu Xiu rely on to make the generals cooperate with each other and coordinate with each other? The command unitary system and action targeting.
Although there are many troops to cooperate in the battle, there is only one commander in chief, who is not fixed every time and does not depend on his position. For example, the chief commander, Ma Wuhan, has served as an assistant for many times to cooperate with the military operations of cenpeng, Jizun and others. In addition, before the war, Liu Xiu personally participated in the formulation of the operational objectives of the various forces, and managed the cooperation among the forces with objectives, avoiding many disputes.
The biggest advantage of Liu Xiu's cooperation war is that they can make up for each other, avoid personal possible failure and influence the whole war situation. For example, after Wu Han was beaten and maimed in Nanyang County, he relied on his men and horses to support the situation; after he was defeated by Dong Xian, he relied on the support of Wu Han,,, and pulled the situation back.
Communication: the basic characteristics of the backbone team
If you carefully comb your life experience, you will find an interesting phenomenon: generals are mostly literati, with the majority of Confucian generals, which is probably the only wonder among the founders of the past dynasties!
Most of Liu Xiu's meritorious officials come from two kinds of people: one is the aristocratic landlord class, the other is the officials of the new dynasty. Both of them have one thing in common: they are all scholars. This is why Liu Xiu's generals are mostly literati.
The literati always have the meaning of rooster crowing when they lead the soldiers to fight. Can they do it? Facts have proved that they are not only good, but also excellent. The generals immediately run the army, the county, the country and the country. Feng Yi, cen Peng,,, are the most outstanding representatives. Every time they conquer a place, the generals immediately appoint officials, sort out administrative affairs, stabilize local people, let the territory they have, and quickly restore order. That's how the people come to Liu Xiu's heart.
The backbone of both culture and martial arts greatly reduces the communication cost to the team. For example, as mentioned above, if the team can complete close cooperation under the condition of block division, it has a lot to do with the overall quality of the generals.
For another example, the factional struggle in the general team is often very complicated, even life and death (such as the Huaixi faction and the East Zhejiang faction). Liu Xiu's team is like a stagnant pool of water. There has never been a big conflict or complicated factional struggle. Looking through historical books, Liu Xiu is out of print.
Liu Xiu's "three character classics" of military strategic thought: caution, restraint and benevolence
The victory or defeat of the war lies in the tactics, which are decided by the strategy. Liu Xiu's tactics are always permeated with the core ideas of careful warfare, knowledge and benevolence, which are the strategic core guiding the war.
Be careful not to fight meaningless battles
Liu Xiu is a god of war, but at the same time, he is a man who hates war very much. Such examples are everywhere in Liu Xiu.
For example, in order to win Luoyang by peaceful means, he put aside the stereotype of killing his brother and occupied Luoyang at the cost of forgiveness.
Liu Xiu has been persuading him for five or six years. Even when he was beaten to a lonely city, he tried to persuade him: "if you can't help yourself, your father and your son will meet each other, and there is no Tuo."
The last opponent, on the eve of being defeated by the capital, Liu Xiu still wrote to him to persuade him to surrender: "in the past years, compared with the imperial edicts, he expressed his gratitude and trust, so as not to doubt that he and cenpeng had suffered from it. Now, if we have reached the goal of the times, our family is complete. If we don't understand it, it's a meat and tiger mouth. What can we do? The generals are tired, the officials want to return, and they are not happy to be garrisoned for a long time. The imperial edicts are written by hand, which can't be counted. I don't break my promise. "
This gesture seems to fail Liu Xiu. Liu Xiu's action is not a pretense. He has always treated the capitulators favorably, such as Zhu tuna, such as Liu Bonzi, or even Wang Yuan, who constantly encouraged him to fight against him. After he was forced to surrender, Liu Xiu also gave him the rank of county chief.
These behaviors all show Liu Xiu's basic attitude towards war -- not to fight meaningless battles, but to be cautious about fighting! "Art of war" says that the highest level of war is "to defeat people without fighting". At the beginning, it begins with "soldiers, state affairs, places of death and ways of survival". It warns people that careful fighting and not fighting are the core of war. Liu xiuneng became a god of war figure precisely because he inherited the strategist's thought of "careful fighting".
Know how to stop, never win, never lose
Zhizhi is not only a state, but also Liu Xiu's art of war. He doesn't do things beyond his power, or try to exceed his expectations. Many people fail not because they are not successful enough, but because they stumble in the pursuit of success! The strategic guiding ideology of Zhizhi makes Liu Xiu seldom lose, let alone fail miserably.
After Peng Chong rebelled, Liu long, who was in charge of rescue, failed. Liu Xiu, despite Zhu Fu's request, let Peng Chong go for two years without asking for help. The reason is that he can't "rise the army in anger" and must restrain his personal desire. In the second battle, due to the mistakes of Wu and Han Dynasties, the supply of food and grass was difficult. Liu Xiu withdrew in time, not seeking complete victory.
In the late period of Deng Yu's western expedition, he was frustrated repeatedly. Liu Xiu issued several imperial edicts to Deng Yu to give up the western expedition. Deng Yu was unable to face the failure of the western expedition. Despite Liu Xiu's edict, he launched a "suicide" attack on a row of people. As a result, when he went out, he had 20000 people, and when he came back, he had only 24!
Liu Xiu paid special attention to what he didn't do and even helped them design their way out. Liu Xiu also used this to dig a big hole for Xie Bowe, the general who changed the regime. That time, Liu Xiu played a sinister move to encourage Xie Bowe to "make dumplings" for Qingdu army. Xie Bowe was really pawned. The desperate Qingdu army in turn killed Xie Bowe and fled.
Control desire, stop in time, and look at the negative. In fact, great wisdom may miss the chance to win, but often keeps itself invincible. The outcome of a war often doesn't depend on how much you win, but on avoiding a fall! For example, you've been a bull all your life and died in the first World War in Wujiang!
Tongma army's sphere of influence
Benevolence, let war return to its origin
If Liu Xiu can't match the word "Ren", no second founding monarch dare to use it! Liu Xiu runs his "Ren" throughout the war. In terms of quantity, Liu Xiu destroyed the largest number of peasant troops, at least more than one million. Some people say that the peasant army is weak and easy to deal with. Then why did the regime change lose under the red eyebrow army? Why can't the new dynasty deal with the peasant army? Deng Yu was also beaten by the peasant army? In fact, the destruction ability of the peasant army is absolutely first-class. Their snowball like population surge speed makes everyone crazy. It's not so much Liu Xiu defeated them as Liu Xiu conquered them. Liu Xiu fought with the peasant army on two principles: first, surrender, and second, demobilization. The peasant army is a group of people fighting for the bottom line of survival. Once they are cornered, their combat effectiveness is better than anyone else. But if they are given a way out, they will immediately return to the most simple state. It takes a heart of love to really reach them.
Why is Liu Xiu called "the copper horse emperor"? It's because the copper horse army almost moved to Liu Xiu's account as a whole. How did Liu Xiu subdue them? Sincerity and great love! "Those who came down were still uneasy. They only knew their intentions by martial arts, and ordered them to return to the barracks and enlist soldiers, but they rode on their own light bikes and followed the lines of Chen. The lower said: "King Xiao pushes his heart to set people up