麋芳对刘备不离不弃为何后来投降东吴?麋芳投降之后过得怎么样?-看世界

麋芳对刘备不离不弃为何后来投降东吴?麋芳投降之后过得怎么样?

  麋芳,蜀汉安汉将军麋竺的弟弟。初为徐州牧陶谦的手下,后刘备接任徐州牧,他并跟随刘备。此后数十年的时间里,麋芳一直跟随着刘备东跑西跑,颠沛流离的,始终不离不弃。

  今天小编为大家带来了一篇关于麋芳的文章,欢迎阅读哦~

Today, I have brought you an article about elk Fang. Welcome to read it~

  麋芳,蜀汉安汉将军麋竺的弟弟。初为徐州牧的手下,后接任徐州牧,他并跟随刘备。此后数十年的时间里,麋芳一直跟随着刘备东跑西跑,颠沛流离的,始终不离不弃。

Elfang is the younger brother of elzhu, the general of Anhan in Shu Han. At the beginning, he was a subordinate of Xuzhou mu, and later took over as Xuzhou mu. He followed Liu Bei. In the decades since then, elfang has been running with Liu Bei in the East and the west, displaced and never abandoned.

  196年,徐州被所占,刘备战败,逃至海西,麋芳亦跟随之。同年刘备又在下邳被吕布击败,再无立足之地的刘备只得投靠,此时麋芳亦随之。

In 196, Xuzhou was occupied. Liu Bei was defeated and fled to Haixi. Elfang followed him. In the same year, Liu Bei was defeated by Lu Bu in xiapi, and Liu Bei, who had no place to stand, had to join in. At this time, elk Fang also followed.

  而后,在曹操处,麋芳因能力突出被曹操看重,后被曹操任为彭城相。当然,此时的麋芳并没有接受曹操的拉拢,在彭城任上不足数月,他就辞去官职,然后继续跟随着刘备东跑西跑。

Then, in Cao Cao's place, elk Fang was valued by Cao Cao because of his outstanding ability, and later was appointed as Pengcheng phase by Cao Cao. Of course, at this time, elfang didn't accept Cao's solicitation. After less than a few months in Pengcheng's office, he resigned from his official post and continued to run with Liu Bei to the East and West.

  可以说此时麋芳对于刘备是很忠心的,他宁愿放着大好的前程不用,宁愿不跟着势大的曹操,也要跟随着当时还是毫无势力,毫无根据的刘备四处流浪,这等忠心自是少有人能够与之匹敌的。

It can be said that at this time, elfang is very loyal to Liu Bei. He would rather put a good future aside, rather than follow the powerful Cao Cao, but also follow Liu Bei, who was still powerless and groundless at that time, wandering around. Such loyalty is unmatched by few people.

  当时麋芳曾数次因刘备战败的而失散。如198年,刘备据守的沛城被吕布击破,刘备单骑逃走,麋芳与之失散,但他却始终没有放弃过对刘备的寻找,他几经波折最终与刘备汇合。再如200年,曹操亲征徐州,刘备被再次击败,麋芳又与刘备失散,之后在一个月的时间内,麋芳又带着被打散的士卒与刘备汇合。

At that time, elfang was separated several times because of Liu Bei's defeat. For example, in 198, Liu Bei's garrison Peicheng was broken by Lv Bu. Liu Bei escaped alone, and elfang was separated from it. However, he never gave up his search for Liu Bei. After several twists and turns, he finally joined Liu Bei. Another example is that in 200 years, Cao Cao marched to Xuzhou in person, Liu Bei was defeated again, and elfang was separated from Liu Bei. Then within a month, elfang joined Liu Bei with the scattered soldiers.

  再之后麋芳又因刘备的战败,又再次被迫的跟刘备东跑西跑,但是无论如何麋芳都从未想过要离开过刘备。

After that, because of Liu Bei's defeat, elfang was forced to run with Liu Bei in the East and west again, but in any case, elfang never thought of leaving Liu Bei.

  不过再忠心的人在面临着生死存亡之际,他也会出现裂痕,也会出现松动。这对于麋芳来说也不例外,他终在生死存亡之际背叛了曾经死忠十余年的主公刘备。219年,北伐襄樊,麋芳和傅士仁被要求筹集足够数量的军粮,可是因时间太紧,关羽要求的军粮又多,他们最终没有完成筹集的任务。于是关羽在出征前就对他们二人狠狠的说道“回来再收拾你们”,这句话让麋芳、傅士仁二人深恐不已,他们深知关羽这人说到做到,一旦让他记恨上,他们二人非死即伤。

However, no matter how loyal a person is in the face of life and death, he will also have cracks and looseness. This is no exception for elfang, who finally betrayed Liu Bei, the hero who had been loyal for more than ten years. In 219, during the northern expedition to Xiangfan, elfang and Fu Shiren were asked to raise enough military food. However, due to the tight time, Guan Yu asked for more military food, and they did not complete the task of raising. So Guan Yu said to the two of them, "come back and clean you up". This sentence made elfang and Fu Shiren deeply afraid. They knew that Guan Yu said what he said and did. Once they let him remember, they would not die or hurt.

  如此,在吴国吕蒙进攻荆州的时候,先是傅士仁直接开城投降,而麋芳原本是坚守的,只是寡不敌众,再加上他本就有些松动,索性也就跟着投降了。而他们此举最终也导致关羽兵败被杀,荆州备战,同时麋芳的哥哥麋兰也因此羞愧病死。

In this way, when Lu Meng of the state of Wu attacked Jingzhou, Fu Shiren first directly opened the city to surrender, while elfang had been sticking to it, but he was outnumbered by others. In addition, he was a little loose, so he simply surrendered. And their move eventually led to Guan Yu's defeat, Jingzhou's preparation for the war, and elk Fang's brother, elk LAN, also died of shame.

  而后麋芳投降吴国后,所被委任的具体职务不降,但是可以肯定的是,因他降将的身份,他是被吴国百官百般的歧视。比如一次麋芳乘船出行的时候,他遇到了虞翻的船,本来麋芳的奴仆是想要让虞翻避开的,于是他们向前喊道:“回避我们将军的船!”,可是虞翻在听到这句话并没有让开,而是厉声说道:“失去忠心的人,凭什么侍奉君主?使人失去两座城池,却称将军,可以吗?”,麋芳在听到这句话可是万分的羞愧,只得关上窗让虞翻先过。

After elfang surrendered to the state of Wu, he was appointed a specific post, but it is certain that he was discriminated by all the officials of the state of Wu because of his status. For example, when elfang was on a boat trip, he met Yufan's boat. Originally, elfang's servants wanted Yufan to avoid it, so they shouted, "avoid our general's boat!" but Yufan didn't get out of the way when he heard this sentence. Instead, he snapped, "why do you serve the monarch when you lose loyalty? If you lose two cities, you can call them generals? ”, elfang was so ashamed to hear this sentence that she had to close the window for Yu to cross.

  后来又有一次,虞翻乘车出行,经过麋芳的营地,守门的将士没有开门,从而导致虞翻的车马不能通过,这时虞翻就又十分生气地说道:“应该打开的关闭,应该关闭的打开,哪有这样做事的?”麋听到后,那是更加的羞愧难当。

Later, Yu Fan went out by car. After passing the camp of elfang, the guards didn't open the door, which made Yu Fan's cars and horses unable to pass. At this time, Yu Fan said angrily, "if it should be opened, it should be closed. How could it be done like this?" hearing this, elk was even more ashamed.

  从以上的记载可以看出,麋芳在吴国的生活并不好过,而且因降将的身份,再加上吴国官员的鄙视,所以他在吴国并未受到真正的重用。正如所说:“、麋芳、傅士仁之在吴,未有所闻也,而潘濬所以自见者,与、班,识者当于此而观人。”。

From the above records, it can be seen that elfang's life in the state of Wu is not easy, and because of his status as a general and the contempt of officials in the state of Wu, he has not been really used in the state of Wu. As said: "Mofang and Fu Shiren are in Wu, but they have never been heard of, and Pan Jun is the one who sees himself, and ban, and the one who knows should watch people here.".

  总得说其实麋芳却是一个可用之才,他对刘备的忠诚让人为之动容。可惜他最终时运不济,他投降于吴国并不是主动的,而是被逼无奈的,当时那个环境,寡不敌众的他显然无法在抵挡住吴国的进攻。且关羽的死,跟麋芳也并没有太大的关系,可麋芳却还是被人强加上要对关羽的死负有不可推卸的责任。

In fact, elfang is a useful talent. His loyalty to Liu Bei is impressive. It's a pity that he was unlucky in the end. He didn't take the initiative to surrender to the state of Wu, but was forced to do nothing. At that time, he was so outnumbered that he could not resist the attack of the state of Wu. And the death of Guan Yu has nothing to do with elfang, but elfang is still forced to bear the unshirkable responsibility for the death of Guan Yu.

  之后到吴国,麋芳本有心效力于吴国,可是他降将的身份最终让他失去这种机会。曾经本有望名垂青史的他,最终在历史上变得,自此消失在历史的长河之中,成为让微小的不能再微小的一粒尘埃。

Later, in the state of Wu, elfang intended to serve in the state of Wu, but his status as a general finally made him lose this opportunity. Once expected to be famous in history, he eventually became, since then, disappeared in the long river of history, becoming a tiny dust that can no longer be tiny.

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