写《悯农》的李绅和凿壁偷光的匡衡长大后怎么样?是什么造成了他们的转变?-看世界

写《悯农》的李绅和凿壁偷光的匡衡长大后怎么样?是什么造成了他们的转变?

  在我们小时候,提到励志的故事,总会有人跟我们说“凿壁偷光”的故事,和“凿壁偷光”一起的,还有“囊萤映雪”,用来鼓励我们:条件不论多么艰苦,都要坚持学习。小学语文课本里,还收录了李绅的《悯农》:尤其是那句“粒粒皆辛苦”,被无数代人传唱,同时告诫我们要爱惜粮食,不要暴殄天物。

  大家好,这里是小编,今天给大家说说和的故事,欢迎关注哦。

Hello, everyone. This is Xiaobian. Today I'll tell you the story of harmony. Welcome to pay attention.

  在我们小时候,提到励志的故事,总会有人跟我们说“”的故事,和“凿壁偷光”一起的,还有“”,用来鼓励我们:条件不论多么艰苦,都要坚持学习。小学语文课本里,还收录了李绅的《悯农》:尤其是那句“粒粒皆辛苦”,被无数代人传唱,同时告诫我们要爱惜粮食,不要暴殄天物。

When we were young, when we talked about inspirational stories, there would always be people who would tell us the story of "chiseling away the wall and stealing the light", and "to encourage us to keep learning no matter how hard the conditions are. In the primary school Chinese textbook, Li Shen's "compassion for the peasants" is also included, especially the sentence "every grain is hard", which has been sung by countless generations. At the same time, it warns us to cherish the food and not to expose the nature.

  但是,很多人不知道的是:

But what many people don't know:

  《悯农》的作者李绅曾在一朝官居宰相。在此之前,李绅曾担任地方官,并且,在地方上横收暴征,祸害一方。很多百姓在其压迫之下卖儿卖女,而李绅则过着纸醉金迷的生活;

Li Shen, the author of "compassion for peasants", once lived as prime minister in a dynasty. Before that, Li Shen served as a local official. In addition, he took over violent battles in the local areas and caused disasters. Many people sold their children and daughters under their oppression, while Li Shen lived a life of intoxication;

  “凿壁偷光”的当事人匡衡,曾在汉元帝一朝担任丞相,并被汉元帝册封为侯爵,但是,匡衡晚年曾经因为贪墨朝廷土地,而被朝廷剥夺爵位,打回原形。

Kuang Heng, the Party of "chiseling the wall and stealing the light", once served as prime minister in the Yuan Dynasty of the Han Dynasty and was conferred as marquis by the Yuan emperor of the Han Dynasty. However, in his later years, Kuang Heng was deprived of his title and returned to his original form because of his greed for ink.

  只是,很多人不理解:为什么有过之心的李绅会成为一方祸害?出身贫寒的匡衡会成为一代巨贪?

However, many people don't understand: Why did the once minded Li Shen society become a scourge? Did Kuang Heng, who was born in poverty, become a greedy generation?

  个人认为:

In my opinion:

  人性问题

Human nature

  这世间,人性是最经不起考验的。比如众所周知的“屠龙少年变恶龙”的故事,就是这种情况的真实写照。

In this world, human nature is the most untested. For example, the well-known story of "a young dragon slayer turns into a dragon slayer" is the true portrayal of this situation.

  很多人认为弱势群体,或者说贫穷和善良息息相关。但是,“贫穷起盗心”更贴切人性。在古代,弱势群体出身的,在拥有兵权以后,到处行杀戮之事,将屠刀砍向了原本和自己一样的穷苦人;在当代,暴力犯罪的犯罪分子,大概率出自弱势群体——比如夺命保姆莫焕晶。还有将仇家灭门的张扣扣,都是此类代表。

Many people think that the vulnerable groups, or poverty and kindness are closely related. But "poverty begets theft" is more appropriate to human nature. In ancient times, those who came from vulnerable groups killed everywhere after they had the military power, cutting the butcher's knife to the poor people who were the same as themselves. In modern times, the criminals who committed violent crimes probably came from vulnerable groups, such as Mo Huanjing, the life taking nanny. There are also Zhang buckles that kill enemies. They are all representatives of this kind.

  很多看起来的老实人,其实并不是真的老实,而是欺软怕硬而已。所谓的“老实”,其实是在压力下被迫的“服软”而已,这些人一旦有了作恶的条件,会比别的恶人恶很多。

Many seemingly honest people, in fact, are not really honest, but bullying. The so-called "honesty" is actually the "soft" forced under pressure. Once these people have the conditions to do evil, they will be much worse than other villains.

  同样,李绅在不得志的时候,所具备的悲悯之心,不代表其本性善良,或许,那时候的他,只不过是没有作恶机会和条件而已。而当李绅成为地方高官后,自己成为强者,就要开始其“凌弱”的行为了。

Similarly, when Li Shen was not successful, his compassion did not mean that he was good in nature. Perhaps, at that time, he just had no opportunity and conditions to do evil. When Li Shen became a local high-ranking official and became a strong one himself, he would begin to bully the weak.

  心理学问题

Psychological problems

  匡衡出身贫穷,因为读书,有了阶层突破的机会。汉帝国上层社会所拥有的资源,让匡衡的内心受到了巨大的冲击。想想贫穷时候的自己,匡衡的内心,会逐步扭曲起来——富贵的诱惑,对以往贫穷生活的补偿,以及对未来返贫的恐惧,让匡衡对财富,有了超乎常人的欲望。

Kuang Heng was born in poverty, because he had the chance to break through in class. Kuang Heng's heart was greatly impacted by the resources possessed by the upper class of the Han Empire. When you think about yourself in poverty, Kuang Heng's heart will gradually twist - the temptation of wealth, the compensation for the poor life in the past, and the fear of returning to poverty in the future, make Kuang Heng have an extraordinary desire for wealth.

  于是,匡衡开始敛财,哪怕这些财富,匡衡一生都花不完,他还是会这样做——实际上,这种行为,与其说是匡衡的贪婪,倒不如说是匡衡因为成长环境的局限,导致了匡衡对财富有了强迫症,于是,匡衡开始贪墨朝廷的土地。

Therefore, Kuang Heng began to collect wealth. Even if Kuang Heng could not spend all his life, he would still do so. In fact, this kind of behavior, rather than Kuang Heng's greed, led to Kuang Heng's obsession with wealth because of the limitations of his growth environment. Therefore, Kuang Heng began to covet the land of the court.

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