According to media reports, on January 17, the National Bureau of statistics released data showing that by the end of 2019, the total population of mainland China had reached 140.05 million, an increase of 4.67 million compared with the end of 2018. In addition, the annual birth population is 14.65 million, with a birth rate of 10.48 ‰; the death population is 9.98 million, with a mortality rate of 7.14 ‰; and the natural population growth rate is 3.34 ‰.
从性别结构看，人口71527万人， 人口68478万人，总人口性别比为104.45(以 为100)。从年龄构成看，16至59周岁的劳动年龄人口89640万人，占总人口的比重为64.0%;60周岁及以上人口25388万人，占总人口的18.1%，其中65周岁及以上人口17603万人，占总人口的12.6%。
In terms of gender structure, the male population is 715.27 million, and the female population is 684.78 million, with a total population sex ratio of 104.45 (100 women). In terms of age composition, the working age population aged 16-59 is 896.4 million, accounting for 64.0% of the total population; the population aged 60 and above is 253.88 million, accounting for 18.1% of the total population, of which the population aged 65 and above is 176.03 million, accounting for 12.6% of the total population.
From the perspective of urban and rural structure, the urban permanent population is 848.43 million, an increase of 17.06 million over the end of last year; the rural permanent population is 55.16 million, a decrease of 12.39 million; the proportion of urban population in the total population (urbanization rate) is 60.60%, an increase of 1.02 percentage points over the end of last year.
There are 280 million separated people (i.e. people who live in different towns and streets from their registered residence for more than half a year) in China, a decrease of 6.13 million compared with the end of last year, including 236 million floating people, a decrease of 5.15 million compared with the end of last year.
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