杭世骏:清朝著名文学家,乾隆为何让他捡破烂?-看世界

杭世骏:清朝著名文学家,乾隆为何让他捡破烂?

  尽管他自幼家境十分贫寒,但是勤能补拙。在雍正二年他考中举人,之后却多次考进士却未中。他曾受聘担任福建乡试的同考官。一般乡试考官多由进士出身的官员担任,而他能以一介举人之身任职足见他当时影响之大。乾隆元年,他应浙江总督程元章的举荐走上了仕途。但他为人太过耿直,敢于直言。

  大家好,我是小编,说起杭世骏的话,各位一定都有所耳闻吧。

Hello everyone, I'm a editor. Speaking of Hang Shijun, you must have heard about it.

  尽管他自幼家境十分贫寒,但是勤能补拙。在二年他考中举人,之后却多次考却未中。他曾受聘担任福建乡试的同考官。一般乡试考官多由进士出身的官员担任,而他能以一介举人之身任职足见他当时影响之大。元年,他应浙江总督程元章的举荐走上了仕途。但他为人太过耿直,敢于直言。

Although he was very poor when he was young, diligence can make up for his shortcomings. In two years, he passed the examination, but failed many times. He was once employed as the same examiner of Fujian provincial examination. Generally speaking, most of the examiners in the rural examination are officials from Jinshi background, and his great influence can be seen from his ability to serve as a general person. In the first year, he was recommended by Cheng Yuanzhang, governor of Zhejiang Province. But he was too straight and outspoken.

  当时天下大旱,乾隆皇帝特开“阳城马周科”,测验翰林院官,想要选拔人才帮助自己治理国家。杭世骏在答卷时,洋洋洒洒的写下一大篇文章。他向皇帝提出:朝廷用人不应该以满汉民族之分划线,而是应该消除“满汉之见”。他说道:满洲贤才虽然不少,可与汉人比起来不过十之三四。天下巡抚时常满汉参半,总督为什么一个汉人也没有呢?等等。虽然他说的十分恳切,但当时的乾隆开科取治国才干,想听到的可不是这种直言不讳。看到杭世骏的言论,皇帝大怒,本来要下令处死他,还是当时的尚书惜才,拼命磕头帮忙求情这才留他一命。皇帝饶他一死,将他罢官革职。之后有人帮他说话,皇帝却说这种狂士,只配收卖废铜烂铁。于是杭世骏就回到杭州,在闹市摆地摊“奉旨”收卖废铜烂铁。一时间竟引来人们纷纷围观。

At that time, when the world was in a severe drought, Emperor Qianlong specially opened "machuke in Yangcheng" to test the officials of the Imperial Academy, and wanted to select talents to help him manage the country. Hang Shijun wrote a large article when answering the paper. He proposed to the emperor that the court should not draw a line based on the Manchu and Han nationalities, but should eliminate the "Manchu and Han views". He said: Although there are many talents in Manchuria, they are only three to four in ten compared with the Han people. The governor of the world is often full and half Han. Why doesn't the governor have any Han people? And so on. Although what he said was very sincere, what he wanted to hear was not such outspoken words. Seeing hang Shijun's comments, the emperor was furious. He was going to order him to be executed. He was the minister at that time, who cherished his talent and desperately kowtowed to help and pleaded for help, which saved his life. The emperor spared his death and dismissed him from office. Later, someone helped him to talk, but the emperor said that this kind of crazy man was only suitable for collecting and selling scrap metal. So hang Shijun went back to Hangzhou and set up a stall in the busy city to collect and sell scrap iron. For a while, people came to watch.

  有记载称:乾隆南巡到杭州,杭世骏也前来迎驾。皇帝问他靠什么生活,他回答说:“臣靠开旧货摊。”皇帝疑惑不解,他解释说就是把买来的破铜烂铁陈列在地上卖掉。皇帝听后大笑,还亲笔写了“买卖破铜烂铁”六字真言赏赐给他。

It is recorded that when Qianlong visited Hangzhou in the south, Hangzhou Shijun also came to welcome him. When the emperor asked him what he lived on, he replied, "I depend on the old stalls." The emperor was puzzled. He explained that he was selling the scrap iron on the ground. After hearing this, the emperor laughed and wrote six words of "buying and selling scrap iron" to reward him.

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