Why did you choose to go south? I hope it will help you.
In the history of the rise and fall of ancient dynasties, many dynasties are indispensable to the peasant uprising, such as the fall of Han Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, Ming Dynasty and so on. In particular, what lingered after the "yellow nest uprising" was the transformation of the army, which led to its ruling foundation and ultimately to its complete destruction twenty years after the end of the "yellow nest uprising". When we look back on the vicissitudes of the late Tang Dynasty, we can find that there are actually many intriguing details behind the uprising.
According to the records of historical materials, the route of the Yellow nest uprising was from the south to the north, and then from the north to the south. In 878 ad, the Yellow nest uprising army began to March south. In the middle of this, the Yellow nest uprising army quickly went south. By the end of the year, the Yellow nest uprising army entered Fujian. The next year, it successfully conquered Guangzhou and captured its envoys. It can be seen that the operation scope of the Yellow nest uprising army is quite extensive, and after its choice of going south, it has become the most extensive peasant uprising in the late Tang Dynasty. So, why did the Yellow nest uprising choose to fight in the south?
First of all, the history of the Yellow nest uprising, so they will choose to fight south, a large part of the reason lies in strategic considerations. According to the situation at that time, with the death of Wang Xianzhi, the rebel army has been in a very awkward situation, which is that the living space of the rebel army has been very narrow. Moreover, in order to effectively contain the Yellow nest rebellion, the Tang Dynasty deployed heavy troops in the Central Plains at that time. In this case, Huang Chao once chose to fall to the Tang Dynasty.
According to the records in the old Tangshu, it is said that "the nest crossed the Huaihe River and fell to Pian River" while after the military preparations of the Tang Dynasty were slackened, Huang Chao "searched for the South Lake and Hunan, and then according to the diplomatic relations and the wide range", it can be seen that the living space of the uprising army in the Central Plains at that time had been suppressed by the Tang Dynasty. Because, since ancient times, the plan of feigning surrender is mostly forced. The records of historical materials also indirectly confirmed this point. Soon after feigning surrender, the Yellow nest uprising army began to March South rapidly. This southward display is also a strategic disadvantage of the Yellow nest uprising army, because its soldiers are basically the children of the Central Plains, so they will not choose to fight far away from their hometown.
Of course, the strategic disadvantage is only one reason. It is not difficult to speculate from the historical data that the Yellow nest uprising army chose to go south, which was related to various problems in the southern area under the Tang Dynasty at that time. As we have said before, since the "an Shi rebellion", the task of supplying money and food has been almost the whole tribe in the south. In this case, in the context of the decline of official management in the late Tang Dynasty, the contradictions in the southern region have reached an irreconcilable level.
For example, Wang Fuzhi's "reading the general lessons" once commented on the political situation of Tang Yizong. It can be inferred that in the period of Tang Yizong and guzong, there had been a huge financial crisis in Tang Dynasty, and as the most important place of Taxation in Tang Dynasty, the southern region was naturally the same. In Tang Dynasty, the important taxes, official grains and cloth were mostly withheld by local governors and assassins. Under such circumstances, first of all, the southern expedition may have great material gains. Moreover, the Yellow nest uprising army in the South can also make full use of the folk contradictions in the south.
Secondly, the Tang Dynasty in the south of the Yangtze River, although there are also layout of the existence of vassals. However, there is a big gap between the southern region and the Central Plains. This is because, in the Central Plains of the Tang Dynasty, one of the vassals was to prevent and control the traffic, and the other was to maintain the transport route from the southeast to Guanzhong. In this case, the Central Plains of the Tang Dynasty were more heavily armed. On the contrary, because the southern region was responsible for the tax supply of the Tang Dynasty, it did not maintain a large number of troops, so it was a weak link of the Tang Dynasty. Therefore, at that time, it was a correct decision for the Yellow nest uprising to March south.
In fact, the significance of the Yellow nest uprising army's southward campaign is no less than that of the uprising army's capture of Chang'an city. This is because, in the process of the Yellow nest uprising army's southward expedition, the ruling foundation of Tang Dynasty was greatly damaged, which eventually led to the situation that the water transport was not available in the last year, and this significance played an immeasurable role in the demise of Tang Dynasty.
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