许褚的儿子许仪是怎么死的?许仪犯了什么错?-看世界

许褚的儿子许仪是怎么死的?许仪犯了什么错?

  许褚的儿子名叫许仪。

  大家好,这里是小编,今天给大家说说许仪的故事,欢迎关注哦。

Hello everyone, this is Xiaobian. Today, I will tell you the story of Xu Yi. Welcome to pay attention.

  的儿子名叫许仪。

His son's name is Xu Yi.

  许仪死得的确很窝囊。作为将门之后,名震天下的虎痴许褚的儿子,他再不济也该是战死沙场的结局,而不是因主将钟会的马掉进坑里,然后就被以军法论处,斩首于营门外。

Xu Yi is really a wimp. As the son of Xu Chu, a famous tiger fanatic after the general's gate, he should be the end of the battlefield if he can't help himself any more, rather than because the master dropped Zhong Hui's horse into the pit, and then he was punished with military law and beheaded outside the camp gate.

  景元四年(263年),曹魏兵发三路伐蜀,征西将军邓艾率三万多人向甘松、沓中等地牵制,雍州刺史率三万多人向武街、桥头等地截断姜维的退路,镇西将军钟会则为主将统兵十余万,分别从斜谷、骆谷进兵。

In the fourth year of Jingyuan era (263), Cao Weibing sent three expeditions to Sichuan. Deng AI, the general of Western China, led more than 30000 people to Gansong and Dahua, and the governor of Yongzhou led more than 30000 people to WuJie, Qiaotou and other places to cut off Jiang Wei's retreat. Zhong Hui, the general of western town, led more than 100000 troops, respectively from xiegu and Luogu.

  《志·钟会传》载:“先命牙门将许仪在前治道。会在后行。而桥穿,马足陷,于是斩仪。仪者,许褚之子,有功王室,犹不原贷,诸军闻之,莫不震竦”,此时钟会以牙门将军许仪为先锋,负责为大军开路。而后钟会紧随其上,可当钟会路过一座桥时,桥梁突然破了个大洞,致使钟会的马陷入洞中,钟会大怒,丝毫不听别人的劝,也不顾及许仪先父许褚的功绩,将许仪推出营门外斩首示众。诸军闻之,无不惊恐畏惧。

According to the biography of Zhi Zhong Hui, "Xu Yi, the first dental goalkeeper, was appointed to cure the disease. It will be later. When the bridge is crossed, the horse's foot is sunk, so the instrument is cut. Yizhe, the son of Xu Chu, is a meritorious royal family. Even though it was not originally loaned, all the troops heard about it and won it. "At this time, Zhong will take Xuyi, the general of yamen, as the pioneer and be responsible for opening up the way for the army. Later, the bell will follow it. But when the bell will pass a bridge, the bridge suddenly breaks a big hole, causing the horse of the bell to sink into the hole. The bell will be furious, and will not listen to others' advice, nor take into account the achievements of Xu Chu, Xu Yi's father, and put Xu Yi out of the gate to behead the public. All the troops were terrified and frightened.

  史书中对许仪的死只是简短的几句,并不是很详细。

The death of Xu Yi in historical books is only a few short sentences, not very detailed.

  但《三国演义》对这件事的记载却是很详细:

However, in the romance of the Three Kingdoms, it is recorded in detail:

  却说钟会下寨已毕,升帐大集诸将听令。时有监军卫瓘,护军胡烈,大将田续、庞会、田章、爰青、丘建、夏侯咸、王买、皇甫闿、句安等八十余员。会曰:“必须一大将为先锋,逢山开路,。谁敢当之?”一人应声曰:“某愿往。”会视之,乃虎将许褚之子许仪也。众皆曰:“非此人不可为先锋。”会唤许仪曰:“汝乃虎体猿班之将,父子有名;今众将亦皆保汝。汝可挂先锋印,领五千马军、一千步军,径取汉中。兵分三路:汝领中路,出斜谷;左军出骆谷;右军出子午谷。此皆崎岖山险之地,当令军填平道路,修理桥梁,凿山破石,勿使阻碍。如违必按军法。”许仪受命,领兵而进。钟会随后提十万余众,星夜起程。

But he said that Zhong Hui had finished going down to the stronghold, and that he had been promoted to a large number of generals. At that time, there were more than 80 members, such as Wei'an, Hu lie, general Tianxu, panghui, tianzhang, Yuanqing, Qiujian, xiahouxian, WangMai, huangfu'an and ju'an. The meeting said, "we must have a general to lead the way.",. Who dares to? "One answered," I wish to go. " Xu Yi, the son of Xu Chu, the general of the tiger, will see it. Everyone said, "you can't be a pioneer without this person." He called Xu Yi and said, "you are the general of the tiger body and ape class. Your father and son are famous. Now all the generals are protecting you. You can hang the pioneer seal, lead the five thousand horse army and the one thousand foot army, and take Hanzhong. The soldiers are divided into three ways: you lead the middle way and go out of the inclined valley; the left army goes out of the Luo valley; the right army goes out of the Ziwu valley. This is a place of rugged and dangerous mountains. The army should be ordered to fill up roads, repair bridges, and cut mountains and rocks to avoid obstacles. If you disobey, you must obey the military law. " Xu Yi is ordered to lead the army. The bell will then carry more than 100000 people, starting at night.

……

...

却说钟会大军迤逦望汉中进发。前军先锋许仪,要立头功,先领兵至南郑关。仪谓部将曰:“过此关即汉中矣。关上不多人马,我等便可奋力抢关。”众将领命,一齐并力向前。原来守关蜀将卢逊,早知魏兵将到,先于关前木桥左右,伏下军士,装起武侯所遗十矢连弩;比及许仪兵来抢关时,一声梆子响处,矢石如雨。仪急退时,早射倒数十骑。魏兵大败。仪回报钟会。会自提帐下甲士百余骑来看,果然箭弩一齐射下。会拨马便回,关上卢逊引五百军杀下来。会拍马过桥,桥上土塌,陷住马蹄,争些儿掀下马来。马挣不起,会弃马步行;跑下桥时,卢逊赶上,一枪刺来,却被魏兵中荀恺回身一箭,射卢逊落马。钟会麾众乘势抢关,关上军士因有蜀兵在关前,不敢放箭,被钟会杀散,夺了山关。即以荀恺为护军,以全副鞍马铠甲赐之。会唤许仪至帐下,责之曰:“汝为先锋,理合逢山开路,遇水叠桥,专一修理桥梁道路,以便行军。吾方才到桥上,陷住马蹄,几乎堕桥;若非荀恺,吾已被杀矣!汝既违军令,当按军法!”叱左右推出斩之。诸将告曰:“其父许褚有功于朝廷,望都督恕之。”会怒曰:“军法不明,何以令众?”遂令斩首示众。诸将无不骇然。

But he said that Zhonghui's army was looking forward to Hanzhong. Xu Yi, the pioneer of the former army, should make a contribution and lead the troops to Nanzheng pass first. The Ministry of Yi said, "after this pass, Hanzhong will be the center of the Han Dynasty.". Close not many people and horses, and we can fight for it. " All will take command and move forward together. Lu Xun, the former general of Shuguan, knew that Wei Bing would arrive. He fell down on the soldiers and installed the ten arrow crossbow left by the Marquis Wu before the gate. When Xu Yibing came to fight for the gate, a clapper sounded and the stone was like rain. When the instrument is in a hurry to retreat, it will shoot ten backward riders early. Wei Bing was defeated. Instrument returns to Zhong Hui. He would bring up more than 100 cavalry soldiers to see that they were able to shoot down arrows and crossbows together. If you can dial a horse, you can go back and close it and lead 500 troops to kill it. I will beat my horse across the bridge. The soil on the bridge collapses. I will catch the horse's hoof and fight for some to lift my horse. If the horse can't earn it, it will abandon the horse and walk; when running down the bridge, Lu Xun catches up with it and shoots it, but Xun Kai, one of the Wei soldiers, turns around and shoots Lu Xun down. Zhonghui's soldiers took advantage of the situation to seize the pass. Because there were Shu soldiers in front of the pass, they were afraid to shoot. Zhonghui killed and scattered them and seized the pass. That is to say, xunkei was taken as the guard and the whole saddle horse armor was given to him. Xu Yi will be called to the account, and the responsibility is to say: "you are the pioneer. You should make a concerted effort to build bridges and roads in order to March. I just got to the bridge, caught my horse's hoof, and almost fell into the bridge. If it wasn't xunkei, I would have been killed! If you disobeyed the military order, you should follow the military law! "Chid the right and left to launch the beheading. The generals said, "his father, Xu Chu, has made great contributions to the imperial court, and has been respected and forgiven." The meeting is angry to say: "military law is unidentified, how to make public?" then make beheading public. All generals are appalled.

  虽说《三国演义》多数为虚构,但从罗贯中对于此事的发生、过程、结局都符合史实来看,此事应该不假。

Although the romance of the Three Kingdoms is mostly fictional, it should be true that Luo Guanzhong's occurrence, process and outcome of this event are consistent with historical facts.

  从罗贯中的记载我们可以看出,许仪死得虽的确很窝囊,但却也不是没有理由的,甚至是有些咎由自取。当时许仪自荐为先锋时,钟会就说道先锋的职责就是“逢山开路,遇水叠桥”,且也明确的警告许仪“此皆崎岖山险之地,当令军填平道路,修理桥梁,凿山破石,勿使阻碍。如违必按军法”,就是此去皆是,你为先锋需率军填平道路,修理桥梁,凿山破石,勿让后续大军行进有任何阻碍,否则军法从事。

From Luo Guanzhong's records, we can see that although Xu Yi died in a cowardly way, it was not without reason, or even some of the blame came from her own. At that time, when Xu Yi recommended himself as a pioneer, Zhong Hui said that the responsibility of the pioneer was to "open the road on the mountain and Bridge on the river", and also warned Xu Yi explicitly that "this is a rugged and dangerous place. When the army is ordered to fill up the road, repair the bridge, cut the mountain and break the stone, don't hinder it. If you disobey the military law, you must follow the military law. You need to fill up roads, repair bridges, cut mountains and rocks for the vanguard. Don't let the follow-up army get in any way. Otherwise, the military law will work.

  可是显然许仪并没有完成钟会给他定下的目标,并接连犯下两大错。

However, it is clear that Xu Yi did not achieve the goal that Zhong would set for him, and made two big mistakes in succession.

  第一大错,为了能夺下此次大战的头功,许仪并没有将钟会交给他的头等大事“逢山开路,遇水叠桥”放在心上,他为了争功,是一路狂奔至南郑关,这一进入汉中最后的一道关隘。可是因他急功冒进,致使魏先锋军大败,死伤惨重。

The first big mistake. In order to win the first prize of this war, Xu Yi didn't give Zhong Hui the first priority, "finding a way out of the mountain and building a bridge over the river". In order to fight for the first prize, he rushed all the way to Nanzheng pass, the last pass in Hanzhong. However, due to his quick work and rash advance, the vanguard army of Wei was defeated and suffered heavy casualties.

  第二大错,因许仪眼中只有战功,所以对于修理桥梁,凿山破石等先锋应该做的事情是丝毫不顾,如此就致使钟会亲率大军于南郑关守将卢逊对战时,因战马陷于桥中而险些被卢逊刺死,若不是荀恺救援及时,恐钟会真的是凶多吉少。试想,如果钟会真的被杀,整个征蜀大军必将陷入一片混乱之中,甚至是最后被,因此许仪犯的错不可谓不大。

The second big mistake is that Xu Yi only has war achievements in his eyes, so he doesn't care anything about repairing bridges, cutting mountains and stones and other things that the pioneers should do. As a result, Zhong will personally lead the army to guard against Lu Xun in Nanzheng pass, and nearly be stabbed to death by Lu Xun because the horses are trapped in the bridge. If Xun Kai's rescue is not timely, Zhong may be really in danger. Imagine that if Zhong Hui was killed, the whole army of conquering Shu would fall into chaos, or even be killed at last. Therefore, Xu Yi's mistake is not too big.

  如此,最后钟会虽夺下南郑关,但对许仪却是打算严惩,他与许仪说道:“汝为先锋,理合逢山开路,遇水叠桥,专一修理桥梁道路,以便行军。吾方才到桥上,陷住马蹄,几乎堕桥;若非荀恺,吾已被杀矣!汝既违军令,当按军法”,就是许仪既为先锋,自然应是专注于逢山开路,遇水叠桥,以便让后方主力军队迅速通过,而不是与敌作战。如此让我因战马陷入桥中,险些被杀,致使征蜀大业险些功亏一篑,如此岂能饶你。

In the end, Zhong Hui won Nanzheng pass, but he intended to punish Xu Yi severely. He said to Xu Yi, "you are the pioneer, you are the pioneer, you are the pioneer, you are the pioneer, you are the pioneer, you are the pioneer, you are the pioneer, you are the pioneer, you are the bridge, you are the bridge, you are the bridge, you are the only one to repair the bridge roads, so that you can march. I just arrived at the bridge, caught my horse's hoof, and almost fell into the bridge. If it wasn't Xun Kai, I would have been killed! If you disobeyed the military order, you should follow the military law, that is, Xu Yi, as the pioneer, should naturally focus on opening the way in Fengshan, so that the main forces in the rear can pass quickly, rather than fighting with the enemy. So I was almost killed because of the war horses falling into the bridge, which made the great cause of Sichuan almost fall short. How can I spare you.

  显然,从中我们可知,许仪的被杀绝非是钟会,而是军法使然。试想,如果此时钟会还不因此时处置许仪,试问他以后还如何统军,军中还有谁会将他的命令放在心上,如此征蜀大业如行。因此,许仪只有按军令处置,将其明正典刑,只有这样钟会才能继续统率征蜀大军率军攻蜀。

Obviously, we can see that Xu Yi's death was not caused by Zhong Hui, but by military law. Just imagine, if Zhong Hui doesn't deal with Xu Yi at this time, how can he unify the army in the future? Who else in the army will pay attention to his orders, so as to march for the great cause of Shu. Therefore, Xu Yi had to deal with it in accordance with the military order and put it in a clear sentence. Only in this way can Zhong Hui continue to lead the army to attack Shu.

  只得说许仪的死是咎由自取的,虽然这样的死对于将门之子的许仪来说的确是很窝囊,但作为军中的将士,公然违反军令,被明正典刑也是理所当然的,没什么好说的。不过这或许也不能说是许仪的错吧,谁叫许仪的父亲名声那么大呢?“虎痴”许褚的儿子,这个压力不是谁都能承受的,许仪太想证明自己了,太想证明自己不比父亲差,如此也就被迷失了双眼,为了战功,他将自己本职都忘记了,并最终差点让征蜀大业功亏一篑,这等重罪钟会岂能饶他呢?

It can only be said that Xu Yi's death was due to his own fault. Although such a death is indeed very cowardly for Xu Yi, the son of the general, as a general in the army, it is also natural for him to be publicly punished for violating military orders. There is nothing to say. But maybe it's not Xu Yi's fault. Who is Xu Yi's father so famous? Xu Chu's son, who is "tiger crazy", can't bear the pressure. Xu Yi wants to prove himself too much, too much to prove that he's not worse than his father, so he's lost his eyes. In order to win the war, he forgets his own duty, and finally almost fails in the battle for Shu, How can the felony clock spare him?

  对于钟会来说,此事最重要的事情莫过于伐蜀,毕竟当时力主伐蜀时,只有他一人支持司马昭。如果此时钟会伐蜀失败,他势必会被朝堂上的百官群起而攻之,所有的失败都需要他和他的家族一力承担,到那时就已成定局。如此,钟会又岂能容得手下将士对于伐蜀事业一丝一毫的懈怠呢?

For Zhong Hui, the most important thing is to cut Sichuan. After all, he was the only one who supported Sima Zhao when he was in charge of cutting Sichuan. If Zhong fails to cut Sichuan at this time, he will be attacked by all the officials in the court. All the failures need to be borne by him and his family. By then, it will be settled. In this way, how could Zhong Hui allow his soldiers to slack off the cause of cutting Shu?

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