十大令人惋惜的英年早逝天才:霍去病领衔上榜!-看世界

十大令人惋惜的英年早逝天才:霍去病领衔上榜!

  一、霍去病——纵死犹闻侠骨香

  天妒英才,一种文化积累的心理暗示。意思大抵是这样:一个人的得与失是守恒的,在一个地方失去一些,就一定会在另一个地方找回一些。就像上帝为你打开一扇门的同时,必定会为你关上一扇窗。

Heaven envies talents, a psychological hint of cultural accumulation. It means that one's gain and loss are conserved. If one loses something in one place, one will find something in another place. It's like when God opens a door for you, he will close a window for you.

  一、——纵死犹闻侠骨香

I. even if you die, you will still hear the fragrance of chivalry

  短命程度:★★★

Short life level: ★★

  才德水平:★★★★

Talent level: ★★★

  早死影响:★★

Early death effect: ★★

  天欲其亡,必先让其狂。与音乐家聂耳一样,霍去病也活了23岁,是货真价实的奴隶出身。聂耳虽不是奴隶出身,但也是从小饱受饥寒之苦。如果有一部电影放映霍去病跃马挥刀长途奔袭的情景时,背景音乐是聂耳的《义勇军进行曲》,估计会火得一塌糊涂,因为这是中国最杰出的军事天才和最杰出的音乐天才的结合。

If heaven wants to die, he must be crazy first. Like the musician Nie Er, Huo Qubing lived to be 23 years old. He was a real slave. Although Nier was not born as a slave, he suffered from hunger and cold since he was a child. If there is a movie showing Huo Qubing's long-distance attack with a knife, the background music is Nie Er's march of the volunteers, which is estimated to be a mess, because it is the combination of China's most outstanding military talent and the most outstanding musical talent.

  公元前123年,17岁的霍去病追随击匈奴于漠南,以800人歼2028人,俘获匈奴的相国和当户,并杀死单于的祖父和季父,受封。两年之后,19岁的霍去病在春、夏两次率兵出击占据河西地区的匈奴部,歼4万余人。俘虏匈奴王5人及王母、单于阏氏、王子、相国、将军等120多人,降服匈奴浑邪王及部众4万人。匈奴为此悲歌:“失我祁连山,使我六畜不蕃息;失我焉支山,使我嫁妇无颜色。”

In 123 BC, at the age of 17, Huo Qubing followed the Huns to fight in the south of the desert, killed 2028 people with 800 people, captured the country and household of the Huns, killed Shan Yu's grandfather and third father, and was granted the title. Two years later, the 19-year-old Huo Qubing led his troops to occupy the Hun ministry in Hexi area in spring and summer, killing more than 40000 people. More than 120 people, including 5 Hun kings and their mothers, Shan Yu's family, Prince, Xiangguo, and generals, were captured, and 40000 hunye kings and ministers were subdued. For this reason, the Huns lamented, "losing me to Qilian mountain will keep my six animals from growing; losing me to Yanzhi mountain will make my married wife colorless."

  前119年春,霍去病率军北进两千多里,越过离侯山,渡过弓闾河,与匈奴左贤王部接战,歼敌70400人,俘虏匈奴屯头王、韩王等3人及将军、相国、当户、都尉等83人,先在狼居胥山举行了祭天封礼,又在姑衍山举行了祭地禅礼,兵锋一直逼至今天的贝加尔湖,直到“北斗朝南”而回。经此一战,“匈奴远遁,而漠南无王庭”。然而,令人无比惋惜的是,正值壮年的霍去病却在元狩六年溘然而逝,年仅23岁。

In the spring of 119 B.C., Huo Qubing led his army more than 2000 Li north, crossed lihou mountain, crossed gonglu River, and engaged in battle with zuohen King's Department of the Huns. He wiped out 70400 enemies, captured three Huns, including tuntouwang and Hanwang, and 83 generals, Xiangguo, Danghu and Duwei. First, he held a heaven worship ceremony in langjuxu mountain, and then a land worship ceremony in Guyan mountain. The front of the army has been forced to today's Baikal Lake, Until "Beidou faces south". After this war, "the Huns fled far away, but there was no royal court in the south of the desert.". However, it is a great pity that Huo Qubing, who was in his prime, died in Yuanshou in the sixth year, at the age of 23.

  对于霍去病的死,后人显得格外感兴趣。有人说,霍去病杀戮太重,遭了天谴;也有人说,霍去病在漠北中了剧毒;更有人说,霍去病就像西方的巴顿一样,为战争而生,无仗可打的时候,便是殒命归天的时刻!其实,不论那种说法属实,都不能不说是大汉帝国的遗憾。

For the death of Huo Qubing, later generations are particularly interested. Some people say that Huo Qubing killed too much and was condemned by heaven; others say that Huo Qubing was highly poisoned in Mobei; others say that Huo Qubing, like Patton in the west, was born for war and died when there was no war to fight! In fact, no matter that is true, it is the regret of the Han Empire.

  二、——千古英雄未展才

II. Outstanding heroes

  短命程度:★★

Short life level: ★★

  才德水平:★★★

Talent and morality level: ★★

  早死影响:★★

Early death effect: ★★

  贾谊英年早逝,留给后人无穷的想象空间。在的笔下,贾谊是个不折不扣的天才。从小“颇通诸子百家之书”,22岁时因《过秦论》而被拜为博士。当然,贾谊也确实表现出一个青年政论家应有的才干,在纠正、“左倾”经济路线的同时,重新确立了的“综合治理” 国家战略。一年之内“连升三级,诸生于是乃以为能,不及也”。

Jia Yi died early in his life, leaving infinite imagination space for future generations. In his works, Jia Yi is a true genius. Since childhood, he has been "quite familiar with all kinds of books". At the age of 22, he was honored as a doctor because of "the theory of crossing the Qin Dynasty". Of course, Jia Yi did show his talent as a young political commentator. He corrected the "left leaning" economic line and re established the "comprehensive governance" national strategy. Within a year, "even three grades, all born to think that can, not also.".

  不过,锋芒外露的贾谊也很快成为众矢之的。汉文帝衡量轻重,决定丢卒保车,将贾谊贬出京师。在经过湘江的时候,贾谊不禁想起了历史上同样壮志难酬的,一挥而就成著名的《吊屈原赋》。贾谊在长沙呆了四年,无聊至极,几乎郁闷到家了。

However, Jia Yi, whose sharp edge is exposed, soon became the target of public criticism. Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty decided to abandon his pawn and protect his car and demote Jia Yi from the capital. When passing the Xiangjiang River, Jia Yi can't help but think of the same ambition in history, which is hard to be paid, and became the famous "Dangqu Yuan Fu" at one stroke. Jia Yi spent four years in Changsha. He was so bored that he was almost depressed.

  有一天,一只猫头鹰飞到他的房里哀鸣,贾谊提笔作了《鹏鸟赋》,文中流露出万分的伤感。后来贾谊被汉文帝召回长安,在宣室殿彻夜长谈鬼神之事,没想到大才子贾谊依然不懂得韬光养晦,,最后被任命为梁怀王刘楫的老师。太傅对于贾谊而言,虽然是,但是以当时的地位来说,不难看出的良苦用心。刘楫体弱多病,甚是关心民牧,热衷于微服私访,一次从马上摔下来死了。贾谊为这件事耿耿于怀,一年后就因伤心过度而死,年仅33岁。

One day, an owl flew into his room and whined. Jia Yi wrote a poem called "Ode to the pengniao", which showed great sadness. Later, Jia Yi was recalled to Chang'an by Emperor Wen of Han Dynasty. He talked about ghosts and gods all night in Xuanshi hall. Unexpectedly, Jia Yi, a great talent, still didn't know how to keep his low profile. At last, he was appointed as the teacher of Liu Ji, the king of Liang Huai. As for Jia Yi, Taifu was, but in terms of his position at that time, he was not difficult to see his hard work. Liu Ji was weak and ill. He was very concerned about the people and herdsmen. He was keen on private visits. He fell off his horse and died. Jia Yi, who was only 33 years old, grieved over the incident and died a year later.

贾谊剧照

Jia Yi's stills

  贾谊曾为楚大夫鸣不平,感叹怀才不遇、壮志难酬,可他自己的命运同样好不到哪里去。屈原自沉汩罗江,多少带点悲壮的色彩!可是他的死,人们却只觉得可叹,也前所未有的叹息着他的英年早逝,成为历代文人墨客借题发挥的典范之作。就连大诗人也难免为他惋惜一番:“骨已朽,凄恻近长沙。”

Jia Yi used to complain about the injustice of the doctor of Chu, lamenting that he failed to meet his talent and his ambition was hard to be rewarded, but his own fate was no better. Qu Yuan's death, however, is only lamentable and unprecedented, and it has become a model work for generations of literati. Even the great poet could not help but lament for him: "the bone is rotten, and sorrow is near Changsha."

  三、——犹唱当年《黄鹄歌》

3. Singing the Yellow swan song

  短命程度:★★★★

Short life level: ★★★

  才德水平:★★★★★

Talent level: ★★★★

  早死影响:★★★★★

Effects of early death: ★★★

  汉武大帝这一辈子,不是很牛,而是牛气冲天,他能活能打也能生,活了70多岁,打出了“汉”这个字的威名,花甲之年竟然还诞下一位中兴之主。刘弗陵自幼聪慧过人,8岁就当了皇帝,但也为此付出了血的代价——母亲勾弋夫人命丧九泉。在顾命大臣和的辅佐下,刘弗陵茁壮成长,知人善任,14岁就识破了上官、等人的阴谋。

In his whole life, Emperor Hanwu was not very good, but he was very bullish. He could live and fight. He lived for more than 70 years and earned the reputation of "Han". In his first year of Huajia, he even gave birth to a leader of ZTE. Liu Fuling was a brilliant young man and became emperor at the age of 8, but he also paid the price of blood - his mother, Gouyi, died in Jiuquan. With the help of the minister and minister, Liu Fuling thrived and knew people well. At the age of 14, he saw through the plots of the Lords and others.

      尤为值得称道的是,刘弗陵派军出击匈奴竟然打到0:9000的交换比。也就是说,一战歼敌9000而无一阵亡,这比的部队还精锐,估计这支部队汉武帝在位时都没舍得用。当然,汉昭帝平定内忧外患的同时,也励精图治,重视发展国民经济,消除了汉武帝挥霍国力带来的后遗症,扭转了西汉衰退的趋势。的是,正当这位睿智之君准备大干一番时,20岁的他就挂了。还好,后来继位的刘病,也就是,也不算差,延续着大汉帝国的荣光,两人合力打造出难得的盛世局面——。

It is particularly commendable that Liu Fuling sent troops to attack the Huns in an exchange ratio of 0:9000. That is to say, in the first World War, 9000 enemies were annihilated without a single death, which is more advanced than the army. It is estimated that this army was useless when Emperor Hanwu was in power. Of course, when Emperor hanzhao calmed down the internal and external troubles, he also worked hard to develop the national economy, eliminate the hangover caused by Emperor Hanwu's extravagance of national power, and reverse the trend of decline in the Western Han Dynasty. What's more, just as the wise man was about to do something, the 20-year-old died. Fortunately, Liu Bing, who succeeded later, was not bad either, continuing the glory of the Han Empire, and they worked together to create a rare prosperous situation.

  生如夏花之绚烂,死如秋叶之静美。传说中又帅又有才又专情又英年早逝的皇帝,恐怕也只有汉昭帝刘弗陵。作为西汉第五代第八任皇帝,刘弗陵是中国历史上绝无仅有的一个帝国历经五代更替仍处于盛世,可惜他22岁就英年早逝,要不然汉王朝的历史估计会有更大的变化,盛世局面延续200年应该不成问题。

Life is beautiful like summer flowers and death is beautiful like autumn leaves. It is said that Liu Fuling, the emperor of Han Dynasty, was the only one who was handsome, talented, devoted and young. As the eighth emperor of the fifth generation of the Western Han Dynasty, Liu Fuling is the only empire in the history of China. After five generations of replacement, Liu Fuling is still in a prosperous period. Unfortunately, he died young at the age of 22. Otherwise, the history of the Han Dynasty is expected to have greater changes. It should not be a problem that the prosperous period lasts for 200 years.

  四、——落霞与孤鹜齐飞

IV. sunset and lone ducks flying together

  短命程度:★★★★

Short life level: ★★★

  才德水平:★★★★★

Talent level: ★★★★

  早死影响:★★

Early death effect: ★★

  王勃,字子安,绛州龙门(今山西省河津县)人,初唐四杰之一。王勃为隋末大儒王通的,王通生二子,长名福郊,次名福峙,福峙即王勃之父,曾出任太常博士、雍州司功、交趾县令、六合县令、齐州长史等职。可知王勃生长于书香之家。

Wang Bo, zi'an, born in Longmen, Jiangzhou (now Hejin County, Shanxi Province), was one of the four outstanding men in the early Tang Dynasty. Wang Bo was Wang Tong, a great Confucian scholar in the late Sui Dynasty. Wang Tong had two sons, a long name of Fujiao, and a second name of Fushi. Fushi, the father of Wang Bo, once served as doctor Taichang, Secretary Gong of Yongzhou, magistrate of Jiaozhi, magistrate of Liuhe and governor of Qi. It can be seen that Wang Bosheng is better than a scholar.

  王勃自幼聪慧好学,为时人所公认.太常伯刘公称王绩为神童。麟德元年(664年),王勃上书右相刘祥道,中有“所以慷慨于君侯者,有气存乎心耳”之语,求刘祥道表荐。刘即表荐于朝,王勃乃应麟德三年(666年)制科,对策高第,被授予朝散郎之职。此时的王勃,才14岁,尚是一少年。

Wang Bo was intelligent and studious since he was a child, which was widely recognized. Too often, Liu named Wang Ji a prodigy. In the first year of Linde (664), Wang Bo wrote to Liu xiangdao, the right side of the book, asking Liu xiangdao for his recommendation. Liu Jibiao was recommended in the dynasty. Wang bonai was granted the position of Sanlang in the dynasty because of his high rank in policy making in 666. At that time, Wang Bo, only 14 years old, was still a teenager.

  沛王闻王勃之名,召王勃为沛府修撰,十分爱重他。当时诸王经常斗鸡为乐,王勃闹着玩,写了一篇《檄周王鸡》,不料竟因此罹祸,唐高宗认为是使诸王闹,将王勃赶出沛王府。其实王勃此次受打击,并非真的因《檄周王鸡》而触怒高宗,而是因才高被嫉,所以《王勃集序》说他“临秀不容,寻反初服”。王勃被赶出沛王府后,便去游蜀,与杨炯等放旷诗酒,驰情于文场。《旧唐书·杨炯传》说:“炯与王勃、、以文词齐名,海内称为王杨卢骆,亦号为四杰。”

Hearing the name of Wang Bo, Pei Wang called Wang Bo to write for Pei's mansion. He loved him very much. At that time, King Zhu often had fun in cockfights and Wang Bo made fun of it. He wrote an article called "Xi Zhou King's chicken". Unexpectedly, Wang Bo was killed. Emperor Gaozong of Tang Dynasty thought it was to make king Zhu make trouble and drive Wang Bo out of Prince Pei's mansion. In fact, Wang Bo was not really offended by Emperor Gaozong because of "Xi Zhou Wang Ji", but was jealous because of his talent. Therefore, the preface to the collection of Wang Bo said that he was "not allowed to be on the show, but to find the first suit against him". After Wang Bo was driven out of Pei Wang's residence, he went to visit Shu, and enjoyed poetry and wine with Yang Jiong. "The biography of Yang Jiong in the old Tang Dynasty" said: "Jiong is as famous as Wang Bo, Wang Bo, and Yang Luoluo in terms of literature and CI. It is also known as the four heroes at home."

  王勃所遇到的第二次打击,是在虢州参军任上杀死自己所匿藏的官奴而犯罪。咸亨二年(671年)秋冬或第二年年初,王勃从蜀地返回长安参加科选。他的朋友凌季友当时为虢州司法,说虢州药物丰富,而他知医识药草,便为他在虢州谋得一个小小的参军之职。就在他任虢州参军期间,有个叫曹达的官奴犯罪,他将罪犯藏匿起来,后来又怕走漏风声,便杀死曹达以了其事,结果因此而犯了死罪。幸亏遇大赦,没有被处死。此事甚为蹊跷,王勃为什么要保护罪犯曹达,既藏匿保护又怎能将其杀死。据新旧《唐书》所载,王勃此次被祸,是因情才傲物,为同僚所嫉。官奴曹达事,有人怀疑为同僚设计构陷王勃,或者纯属诬陷,不无道理。总之王勃两次遭受打击,都与他的才华超人有关。

Wang Bo's second attack was to kill the officials and slaves he had hidden while he was in the army of Guo State. In the autumn and winter of the second year of Xianheng (671) or at the beginning of the second year, Wang Bo returned to Chang'an from Shu to participate in the scientific election. His friend Ling Jiyou, who was a judicial officer in Guozhou at that time, said that Guozhou was rich in drugs, and he knew medicine and herbs, so he got a small military position in Guozhou. During his time as a member of the army in Guo Zhou, Cao Da committed a crime of official slavery. He hid the criminal. Later, he killed Cao Da for fear of leakage. As a result, he committed a crime of death. Fortunately, he was not executed by Amnesty. It's very strange. Why does Wang Bo want to protect Cao Da? How can he kill him while hiding and protecting. According to the new and old "Tang Shu", Wang Bo's misfortune this time was due to his feelings, which made him proud of things and envied by his colleagues. In the case of Cao Da, the official slave, some people suspect that Wang Bo was framed for his colleagues, which is not unreasonable. In a word, Wang Bo's two attacks are related to his talent and Superman.

  王勃诗文俱佳,不愧为四杰之首,在扭转齐梁余风、开创唐诗上功劳尤大,为后世留下了一些不朽名篇。他的五言律诗《送杜少府之任蜀州》,成为中国诗歌史上的杰作,久为人们所传诵,“”已成为千古名句,至今常被人们引用。而王勃最为人所称道、千百年来被传为佳话的,是他在滕王阁即席所赋《滕王阁序》。对此事,《唐摭言》所记最详。

Wang Bo's poems and articles are all excellent, worthy of being the first of the four outstanding poets. He has made great contributions to turning Qi Liang Yu Feng around and creating Tang poems, leaving some immortal masterpieces for later generations. His five character rhyme poem "send Du Shaofu to Shuzhou" has become a masterpiece in the history of Chinese poetry, which has been handed down for a long time. "It has become a famous sentence for thousands of years and is often quoted by people. What Wang Bo is most praised and well-known for thousands of years is his impromptu preface to Tengwang Pavilion. For this matter, "Tang Zhiyan" is the most detailed.

  上元二年(675年)秋,王勃前往交趾看望父亲,路过南昌时,正赶上都督阎伯屿新修滕王阁成,重阳日在滕王阁大宴宾客。王勃前往拜见,阎都督早闻他的名气,便请他也参加宴会。阎都督此次宴客,是为了向大家夸耀女婿孟学士的才学。让女婿事先准备好一篇序文,在席间当作即兴所作书写给大家看。宴会上,阎都督让人拿出纸笔,假意请诸人为这次盛会作序。大家知道他的用意,所以都推辞不写,而王勃以一个二十几岁的青年晚辈,竟不推辞,接过纸笔,当众挥笔而书。阎都督老大不高兴,拂衣而起,转入帐后,教人去看王勃写些什么。听说王勃开首写道“南昌故都,洪都新府”,都督便说:不过是老生常谈。又闻“星分翼轸,地接衡庐”,。等听到“落霞与孤骛齐飞,秋水共长天一色”,都督不得不叹服道:“此真天才,当垂不朽!”。《唐才子传》则记道:“勃欣然对客操觚,顷刻而就,文不加点,满座大惊。”

In the autumn of the second year of the Shangyuan era (675), Wang Bo went to Jiaozhi to visit his father. When he passed Nanchang, he caught up with Yan Boyu, the new governor, to build the Tengwang Pavilion. On the double ninth day, he had a grand banquet at the Tengwang Pavilion. Wang Bo went to see him. As soon as Yan Dudu heard of his fame, he invited him to the banquet. Yan Dudu's banquet is to boast about his son-in-law's talent. Let the son-in-law prepare a preface in advance and write it to you as an improvised book during the dinner. At the banquet, Yan Dudu asked people to take out paper and pen, pretending to ask everyone to make a preface for this grand gathering. Everyone knew his intention, so they refused to write. Wang Bo, a young man in his twenties, refused to write. He took over the pen and paper and wrote in public. Yan Dudu was not happy. He started to brush his clothes. After he was transferred to the account, he taught people to see what Wang Bo wrote. It's said that Wang Bo wrote "the old capital of Nanchang, the new residence of Hongdu". The governor said: it's just a cliche. I also heard that "the stars are divided into wings and the earth is connected to Henglu",. When he heard that "the sunset and the lone bird fly together, and the autumn water is the same as the sky", the governor had to sigh: "this is a real genius, and it should be immortal!". "Tang Caizi biography" is a record: "Bo Xinran on the guest Gu, in an instant, nothing, full of shock

  王勃虽然只活了27个春秋,但著述仍很多,曾撰《汉书指瑕》十卷,《周易发挥》五卷,《次论语》十卷,《舟中纂序》五卷,《千岁历》若干卷,可惜皆佚失。

Although Wang Bo lived only 27 spring and Autumn Periods, he wrote many books. He once wrote ten volumes of the book of Han, five volumes of the book of changes, ten volumes of the second Analects of Confucius, five volumes of the preface in the boat, and several volumes of the thousand year old calendar. Unfortunately, all of them were lost.

  五、——出师未捷身先死

V. death before graduation

  短命程度:★★

Short life level: ★★

  才德水平:★★★

Talent and morality level: ★★

  早死影响:★★★

Early death effect: ★★★

  孙策是的长子,的哥哥,17岁就被当地人称作,颇有当年的范儿。在短短几年时间里,孙策依仗着从各方募集到

Sun CE is the eldest son and elder brother. At the age of 17, he was called by the local people and had the same style as before. In just a few years, sun CE raised money from all parties

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