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Fan Li was born in the state of Chu. Although he was humble, he was diligent and studious. He was a very talented man. Although he was a talented man, his origin restricted his development. In the state of Chu at that time, it was the descendants of nobility who could take official career. The origin of Fan Li also doomed that he could not exert his talents in the state of Chu, plus At that time, the rulers of Chu state were not so good, so Fan Li and Wenzhong came together to assist the king of Yue.
In the fourteenth year of the war between Wu and Yue, it was normal for the two countries to start a war in that time. However, in this war, the king was shot and hurt his toe. Because of the underdeveloped medical skills at that time, Helu died because of this war. From then on, the state of Wu hated the state of Yue. The new king of Wu practiced the army day and night, hoping to avenge his father as soon as possible.
In order to prevent Fu Chai from seeking revenge for himself, Gou Jian decided to attack the state of Wu first. Fan Li advised him not to send troops when the state of Wu was in distress, but Gou Jian listened to it. At last, Gou Jian was defeated and the state of Yue was in danger of extinction.
After the defeat of the state of Yue, Fan Li asked Gou Jian to accept his grievances, but he had to keep his life in any case. "If you want to stay in Qingshan, you will not be afraid of burning without firewood." Gou Jian agreed to Fan Li's request, and he wanted to humiliate Goujian himself. He withdrew his troops and agreed to stay in Goujian, but he wanted to serve as a slave in the state of Wu.
But Goujian agreed. When he went to Wu, he wanted to bring with him the culture. At this time, Fan Li volunteered that he could not compare with the culture in governing the country, but in strategy, he was still. Because of this, Fan Li and Goujian's couple came to Wu to be slaves.
When he first came to the state of Wu, he wanted to take Fan Li under his command for his own use. However, Fan Li refused his request, and he would be furious if he became another king. He even killed Fan Li to let out his anger. However, he did not do so. After this event, he was even more pleased with Fan Li, even because he had compassion for Goujian, which is why Goujian was able to do so later A reason to return to Vietnam safely.
In order to make the country strong, Fan Li secretly trained soldiers. In order to enhance the morale of the soldiers, he used high bonuses as a temptation. In order to consolidate the people's hearts, Fan Li advised Goujian to grasp the economy, persuade Nongsang, and then close to the people, and stabilize the society. After a series of measures, the economy, economy and military of the country have been greatly improved.
In order to understand the internal situation of the state of Wu and to wipe out his will, Fan Li sent many beautiful women to him, the most famous of which was that after doing all this, Fan Li began to wait for the opportunity to attack Wu, and finally in 476 BC, he came.
In 476 B.C., Fu Chai raised his army to the north, leaving only a few remnant soldiers and princes in charge of the state of Wu. At that time, the state of Yue had been prepared for twenty years. The state of Yue was rich and powerful, and the state of Yue took the opportunity to use its troops against the state of Wu. In 473 B.C., the whole line of Wu army collapsed, and Fu Chai, the king of Wu, fled to Gusu platform to defend.
He also wanted to negotiate with Goujian. He wanted to use his own service to protect the state of Wu. But how could Fan Li allow such a thing to happen again? Only by cutting the grass root can he root out the future trouble. After listening to Fan Li's suggestion, Goujian refused to let him. He killed himself in Suzhou.
Gou Jian, the king of Yue, was able to return to the state of Yue and successfully exterminate the state of Wu. Fan Li and his Wenzhong had a lot of contributions. They were supposed to pay tribute to each other. Unexpectedly, Fan Li chose to run away from the state of Yue. After three migrations and changing his name, Gou Jian could not find him.
Many people couldn't understand Fan Li's way of doing this at all. Until the death of the literary genre, we didn't understand Fan Li's cleverness. Fan Li, who was far away from the imperial government, started his business. Unexpectedly, he not only made great achievements in politics, but also had a business mind. Within a few years, he became a rich man.
Fan Li was once appraised in this way,
“范蠡三迁皆有荣名， 名垂后世，臣主若此， 欲毋显得乎 ?与时逐而不责于人。”
"Fan Li's three migrations are all famous. If his officials are so famous, do they want to appear that they are not responsible for others but follow the times?"
Huang Zhen also said,
"In the past five hundred years, Fan Li has been the only one who has achieved great success."
From their evaluation, we can also see Fan Li's great wisdom. It is precisely because of his wisdom that he became one of the few advisers with a good ending.
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