Today, Xiaobian has prepared for you: what kind of person is he? Let's have a look at those interested in him!
When it comes to ancient queens, many people think of some "virtuous, virtuous and virtuous" empresses. For example, there are many such powerful queens with skills and political talents, but "shrews" like Li fengniang are really rare. Li fengniang is not only the queen of Song Dynasty, but also the nightmare of emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty. What kind of person is Li Fengniang?
1. About Li fengniang
Li fengniang, Empress of Ciyi (1144-1200 A.D.), born in Xiangzhou (now Anyang, Henan), is the empress of emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty. My father, Li Dao, is the governor of the guanqingyuan army. She is the mother of the fourth generation, and also one of the famous "fierce Queen" in the Song Dynasty and even in Chinese history.
In the face of such a strong and vicious wife, song Guangzong, who was cowardly by nature, began to break down and deal with government affairs impermanently, which was just in Li fengniang's mind. From the third year of Shaoxi, "the government is determined by the rear", and the power is in the hands of Li fengniang.
After 1194 A.D., he devoted himself to Buddhism. In June of the 6th year of Qingyuan (1200 A.D.), he died of illness. At the age of 56, he was "kind and Yi".
Although she is gorgeous, she likes to gossip. When she was the crown princess, she was disgusted by her. After becoming queen, relying on Song Guangzong's cowardly nature and neglecting the government, the big and small matters depend on her, and the power is gradually controlled by Li fengniang, who is arrogant and fierce.
Once, Emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty saw that the hand of the palace maid who was carrying water for him was tender and white, and said "OK!" casually. The next day, empress Li sent a box of snacks to song Guangzong. When he opened the lid, he saw that it contained the two hands of the palace maid, which frightened song Guangzong into a heart attack. Later, one of Guangzong's favorite concubines was killed by Empress Li. Song Guangzong was greatly stimulated to get sick, and his spirit was not normal. When his father heard about it, he sent the pills, but empress Li rumoured that it was poison and separated the father son relationship between Song Guangzong and song Xiaozong.
Song Guangzong was not only controlled by Empress Li, but also interfered with her actions. When Emperor Xiaozong of song died, he wanted to see emperor Guangzong of song and his daughter-in-law for the last time. The cowardly emperor Guangzong of song didn't dare to visit his father without the consent of empress Li. Many ministers wrote to ask emperor Guangzong to visit emperor Xiaozong of song, but emperor Guangzong of song also ignored him. On the day of the funeral of emperor Xiaozong of song, they also ignored him. Emperor Guangzong and Li fengniang's inhumane and unfilial behavior aroused public indignation in the court and field, and they were appointed emperor Zhao on the same day. Guangzong and fengniang Li became the emperor and empress.
In the sixth year of Qingyuan (1200), Li fengniang died at the age of 56.
2. Why is Li fengniang a nightmare of song Guangzong
Li fengniang, born in 1144 A.D., is the Chinese Zodiac "rat". Although she is a mouse, her character is very different from that of a mouse. The only thing she can compare with a mouse is her ability of "disaster". Li fengniang is a famous shrew, because she is the queen, we can also call it "the tyrant Queen". Not only did she put her husband's whole clothes on, but even her husband was helpless
Li fengniang is the real queen of Zhao Dun, Emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty. She can make the empress more or less have the element of hype. It's said that when Li fengniang was born, there were a lot of black phoenixes at her door. So her father, Li Dao (governor of guanqingyuan Army), named her as Li fengniang. Li fengniang is not only good-looking, but also dignified and generous at ordinary times. At that time, Huang Futan, a well-known Taoist, showed Li fengniang her face and said that she would be able to show her mother the world in the future. Li Dao was very happy to hear that, so he told emperor song Gaozong about it.
At that time, people were also superstitious. After hearing Li Dao's words and seeing that Li fengniang was really dignified and virtuous, Zhao Gou betrothed her to Zhao dun. Familiar with history, the emperor after Emperor Gaozong was song Xiaozong, and Zhao Dun was the emperor after Song Xiaozong. Zhao Dun became emperor, and Li fengniang became Queen, so it seems that Taoist had two brushes!
There is a saying that Li fengniang is dignified on the surface, but she is actually a jealous woman inside. After all, no woman likes to share her husband with others. When Emperor Gaozong was still alive, he often made mischief. At one time, he was almost abandoned by Emperor Gaozong of Song Dynasty. When Emperor Gaozong died and Li fengniang was completely released, he hated his father-in-law and forced her husband to go crazy, which made the royal family of Southern Song Dynasty uneasy.
Li fengniang's husband is a notorious coward. Once when he washed his hands and saw that the maid who served him was particularly white, he praised him casually. Who would have thought that the next day he received a box, opened the box and saw that it was the arm of the palace maid. Li fengniang was the initiator of all this. Song Guangzong was so scared that he lay ill for several days.
It's nothing. Huang Guifei, song Guangzong's favorite concubine, was killed by Li fengniang when she went out for sacrifice. Not only that, she also told song Guangzong about the killing. Unfortunately, the bad weather, lightning and thunder, and tributes scattered all over the place caused the sacrifice not to be completed. Song Guangzong thought it was heaven's punishment, plus the previous scare, he became ill. Later, he even went mad (historical records: Emperor's disease is increasing drama, not looking at the Dynasty)!
In addition to her own character, Li fengniang is mainly a cowardly emperor. Even her husband, song Xiaozong, has no choice. There was a strange phenomenon in the Southern Song Dynasty. The emperor liked to meditate. Song Gaozong to song Xiaozong, song Xiaozong to song Guangzong Li fengniang is the granddaughter-in-law appointed by Emperor Gaozong. She is afraid of Emperor Gaozong. In theory, song Xiaozong, as the old father-in-law, also has the right to manage his daughter-in-law, but after all, he is not the emperor. Of course, the most important factor is his character. Not only does he not manage his daughter-in-law well, but also he is often outraged. What's more, due to the allocation of Li fengniang, the relationship between Song Xiaozong and his son Zhao Dun and his father-in-law is estranged. Before his death, song Xiaozong did not even see his son's last face.
Of course, it is precisely because of this matter that the ministers thought that song Guangzong (Zhao Dun) was unfilial and unanimously demanded his abdication on the Korean debate. Emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty was not greedy for power, so he did not want to be an emperor. Li fengniang was able to be a demon precisely because of her queen's identity. After the new emperor ascended the throne, Li fengniang retired to the second tier and officially retired from the historical stage. However, it is said that Li fengniang, who became the emperor, was very good to Zhao dun. Maybe it was only because she was ordinary that she realized that her husband and wife's life was plain. Postscript: in history, Li fengniang's style evaluation was not particularly good, but it was also a kind of resistance to the inherent habits of that era, belonging to a kind of "liberation" of women, adding different colors to the thick history.
3. Historical evaluation
Looking at the Empresses of the southern and Northern Song Dynasties, it is not uncommon for them to influence the government of the dynasty. However, there is no other empress like Li fengniang who conquered three generations of emperors as a woman in the history of the two Song dynasties. In fact, Li fengniang's life is nothing special. At the beginning, Gaozong accepted her as Princess Gong only by the words of a Jianghu Warlock. What's more amazing is that none of the three generations of emperors Li fengniang met was inferior to becoming the supreme emperor. Although this rare and strange phenomenon in Chinese history is related to Li fengniang, it can never be said that Li fengniang caused it by a woman.
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