The eastern Mausoleum of Qing Dynasty is the first mausoleum group of emperors and empresses in the last dynasty of China. It is also the largest and most complete ancient mausoleum building in China. There are five mausoleums, namely, the emperor's Xiao mausoleum, the emperor's Jing mausoleum, the emperor's Yu mausoleum, the emperor's Ding mausoleum and the emperor's Hui mausoleum. There are four mausoleums, five imperial gardens and one princess mausoleum, including the East Mausoleum and the West mausoleum. They are planned to bury 14 empresses and 136 concubines. Is Xiaoling really empty?
清东陵这块宝地，早在的时候就被预定为皇家兆域，可还未及修建， 就灭亡了。清入关后，相中了这里，说“此山王气葱郁非常，可以为朕寿宫”。作为入关后的第一位 ，他的孝陵是清东陵中的第一座皇陵，自然是 最好，规模也最大，占地面积约22万平方米，南北长达11华里。不过，几百年来，民间，特别是东陵地区一直流传着孝陵是空的，顺治帝根本就没有葬入地宫的说法。
Dongling, a geomantic treasure land in the Qing Dynasty, was set as a royal Zhaoyu as early as it was built, but before it was built, the Ming Dynasty was destroyed. After entering the pass of the Qing Dynasty, we met here and said, "this mountain is very green and can be called zhenshou palace.". As the first emperor after entering the pass, his Xiaoling is the first imperial mausoleum in the eastern Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty. Naturally, Fengshui is the best, with the largest scale, covering an area of about 220000 square meters and 11 Li from north to south. However, for hundreds of years, people, especially in Dongling area, have been saying that Xiaoling is empty. Emperor Shunzhi did not bury it in the underground palace at all.
It's a little strange to say that it costs a lot to build a mausoleum but it's empty. But the story of Shunzhi's becoming a monk has to make people believe that the underground palace of Xiaoling is empty. It's said that after the death of his beloved concubine, he was so miserable that he suddenly saw through the world of mortals and became a monk.
Did emperor Shunzhi really escape into Buddhism in history? According to the research, he really shaved his hair at wanshandian, Xiyuan. However, the Empress Dowager came here and threatened to burn his Buddhist elder martial brother. Emperor Shunzhi had no choice but to reserve his hair and stay in the secular world.
How did emperor Shunzhi bury heaven? Whether it is the official history of the Qing Dynasty, such as the records of Shizu, or the annals of Yulin Guoshi, it is unanimously confirmed that emperor Shunzhi died of the incurable disease smallpox at that time. The body was cremated a hundred days after his death, and the ashes were stored in the altar, called the Treasure Palace. In the second year of Kangxi, it was buried in the underground palace of Xiaoling. Along with Shunzhi, the ashes of two queens, Xiaokang and Xiaoxian, were buried. Therefore, the underground palace is not empty, but has three treasure palaces, which we often call the urn jar.
Why has Xiaoling never been stolen?
After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, almost all the tombs of the eastern Tomb of the Qing Dynasty were visited by thieves, even the tombs of the princes, princesses and nannies were not spared. What is puzzling is that the main Mausoleum of the eastern Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty and the Xiaoling of the emperor Shunzhi miraculously escaped from the clutches of the devil, as if blessed.
In fact, the reason why Xiaoling became the only mausoleum in the eastern Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty that was not stolen is that we should thank the folklore that Shunzhi was not buried in the underground palace. Since it's empty, it's nothing, which makes most thieves lose interest in it. In addition, royal burial objects, generally gold and silver products, jewelry and jade, are used to fill the coffin. There is no coffin in the underground palace of Xiaoling, just three urn jars, which don't need to be caulked. Where is the treasure? What's more, the inscription on Xiaoling's merit and virtue stele really says "the imperial examination's last order: the mausoleum does not worship ornaments and does not store gold and jade treasures". Whether there is no silver here or not, these true and false rumors really play a role in protecting Xiaoling. Of course, there are still thieves who have dug Xiaoling several times, holding the fluke mentality of trying. Fortunately, before and after the founding of the people's Republic of China, the militia in Dongling villages strengthened their vigilance. The bandits failed, leaving only a big hole less than two meters deep
Why did jingling burn three times?
Compared with Xiaoling, jingling is not so lucky. Emperor Kangxi has been in power for 61 years, and has made great achievements in the arts and martial arts. He created the prosperous period of Kangxi and Qianlong in the feudal society of China, known as "Emperor Kangxi". But I don't know why, compared with other mausoleums of the Qing Dynasty, the jingling Mausoleum of Emperor Kangxi was obviously in disaster.
In the first month of the 12th year (1832), the eaves of the East and West courthouses in Jingling were on fire successively. Fortunately, the fire was put out in time, but no fire was caused. Emperor Daoguang still severely punished the guards.
On the morning of February 20, 1905, a fire broke out in the eaves of longen hall in Jingling. There were God cards for Emperor Kangxi, four queens and one imperial concubine in longen hall in Jingling. As the flames soared and spread, the whole hall soon became a volcano. This is the second big fire in the eastern Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty after the burning of the stele Pavilion of Shengde, the magic work of Xiaoling in 1876. When Emperor Guangxu heard that the Longen Hall of Jingling was burned, he immediately sent Zhao Erxun, the Minister of the Ministry of household, and Tieliang, the Minister of military aircraft and the right servant of the Ministry of household, to investigate the case in Dongling. The two Imperial Envoys tried all kinds of means and struggled for more than ten days. They didn't find out the cause of the fire or get the murderer, so they had to go back to Beijing. In the memorial they wrote to Emperor Guangxu, they said helplessly: fire comes from the top and there is no suspicious trace. Emperor Guangxu had nothing to do with it, so he had to end it.
■ why is jingling in disaster?
During the terrifying robbery of Dongling in July 1928, the ground buildings of Jingling were incomplete. Some wood pieces are damaged by pilferage. According to the memory of Dai Ze, who was later responsible for the funeral, the cloud around the small tablet Pavilion in Jingling was lost, three pieces of ceiling were lost, and the doors and windows of the kitchen were lost However, due to the simple folkway at that time, there was no grave digging and body lifting case like Cixi and Qianlong in Jingling underground palace.
However, in 1945, the current situation was turbulent, and the bandits who had been silent for many years in Dongling began to be active again. In this way, jingling underground palace was destroyed.
The underground palace of Jingling is the same as that of Yuling, which has been opened. It has a 9-ticket-4-door structure and is extremely solid. However, compared with the underground palace of mingling, the underground palace of Qing Dynasty is very simple. That is to say, the entrance of the underground palace is obvious, just in the Crescent City, the center of the line of the glass screen.
In August 1945, a local man, Zhang Mou, led a team of people to jingling, where they demolished a lot of bricks and failed to enter. So he sent a lot of people to stand guard, so that the smart and capable people planed all night before they could enter the underground palace. Due to the rainy season, there is a lot of water in the underground palace. When the robbers came to the gold coupon, they saw many coffins. When the robber was cutting the coffin with an axe eagerly, a fire suddenly came out of the coffin, and two people were burned on the spot, which scared the bandits away. After a while, there was no movement. The bandits entered the underground palace again The skeletons of Emperor Kangxi and his fourth concubine were also scattered in the underground palace.
There are many treasures stolen from jingling, among which the most famous one is "Jiulong jade Cup", the sacrificial product of Emperor Kangxi. This is a very precious wine cup. As long as it is filled with water, you can see 9 flipped Jiaolong in the cup, like chasing and frolicking in the billowing sea. It is said that during the reign of Kangxi, Yang Xiangwu stole three Jiulong jade cups but failed. After the death of Emperor Kangxi, the precious wine cup was brought into the coffin. Time goes by. The owner of Jiulong jade cup is now missing. After jingling was stolen and opened this time, the entrance of the underground palace has not been sealed, and there is no one to manage it. Later, it has been "swept" for many times, and the precious cultural relics have disappeared.
Emperor Kangxi is a famous monarch in the world. Jingling's "Jing" means "big" and "bright", so as to publicize his merits and virtues. But it's really puzzling that jingling is suffering from so many disasters. At present, the digital preservation project of the Dongling Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty may be able to solve the mystery for us.
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