清朝的“宗人府”是干什么的?宗人府最早出现于什么时候?-看世界

清朝的“宗人府”是干什么的?宗人府最早出现于什么时候?

  首先我们必须要了解,宗人府到底是干什么的?清朝时期的宗人府,主要就是负责管理皇家事务,也就是说这些人的生老病死,以及婚丧嫁娶都是由宗人府负责的。这就相当于一个家族的组长应该做的事情,而宗人府更是一个编纂家族史,以及管理各种各样纷繁复杂的皇家事务设立的专门机构。

  为什么妃子只要听见的名称,就会吓得屁滚尿流,甚至宁愿当场死去,也不愿意进入宗人府呢,这到底又是为什么呢?接下来小编就带来历史真相,一起看看吧!

Why is it that the concubine, as long as she hears the name, is so scared that she would die on the spot rather than enter the imperial palace? Why on earth? Next, Xiaobian will bring the historical truth. Let's have a look!

  首先我们必须要了解,宗人府到底是干什么的?时期的宗人府,主要就是负责管理皇家事务,也就是说这些人的生老病死,以及婚丧嫁娶都是由宗人府负责的。这就相当于一个家族的组长应该做的事情,而宗人府更是一个编纂家族史,以及管理各种各样纷繁复杂的皇家事务设立的专门机构。

First of all, we have to understand what the patriarchal clan is for. The patriarchal clan was mainly responsible for the management of Royal affairs. That is to say, the patriarchal clan was responsible for the birth, death, marriage and funeral of these people. This is equivalent to what a leader of a family should do, and the patriarchal clan is a specialized organization for compiling family history and managing various complicated Royal affairs.

  其实宗人府最早是朱元璋设立的,清朝入关之后,顺治沿袭了这一制度。龙生九子,九子又生九子,子子孙孙越来越多,时间长了就容易乱,这些事情就交给了专门的机构—宗人府处理。宗人府不仅负责审判处罚工作,还要负责管理皇室宗族的谱牒、爵禄、祭祀等事务。

In fact, the patriarchal clan was first established by Zhu Yuanzhang. After the entry of the Qing Dynasty, Shunzhi followed this system. The Dragon gave birth to nine sons, nine sons gave birth to nine sons, more and more sons and grandchildren, and it was easy to be disordered after a long time, and these things were handed over to the special organization - the patriarchal clan. The patriarchal clan is not only responsible for the trial and punishment, but also for the genealogy, knighthood and sacrifice of the royal clan.

  其中最主要的就是负责统计宗室子弟的身份信息,并根据其爵位进行一个俸禄钱米的发放。宗室生男孩后到宗人府登记,每月可以领取鸾价银一两五钱,每季领取米一袋;男孩成年后,鸾价银每月三两,米四袋,每袋米的重量与官员一样,可以说宗室男丁出生即得一份钱粮;宗室生女虽无鸾价银,也必须到宗人府登记,得赐称“宗室女”,代表贵族。

One of the most important is to be responsible for the statistics of the identity information of the clan's children, and according to their titles to distribute a salary and money. After the patriarchal clan gave birth to a boy, they went to the patriarchal clan to register, and each month they could receive Luan's silver price of 125 yuan and a bag of rice every season; when the boy was an adult, Luan's silver price of 32 yuan and four bags of rice every month, the weight of each bag of rice was the same as that of the official, so it can be said that the patriarchal clan would get a share of money and grain when they were born; although there was no Luan's silver price, they had to register in the patriarchal clan, and they were given the title of "patriarchal women", representing the nobility.

  闲散宗室月领鸾价银可达十几两,如果有执事缺位或世袭缺位,鸾价银可达百两以上。执事缺位即在宗人府中司管某一职务,按品级高低领取俸禄;世袭缺位即父传子,子传孙,世代相传,如“世袭轻车都尉”,世代为自家所有,并享受相应待遇。

The price of Luan's silver can be more than ten Liang in the idle clan. If there is a deacon vacancy or hereditary vacancy, Luan's silver can be more than one hundred Liang. A deacon's absence means that he is in charge of a certain position in the Imperial Palace and receives salary according to his rank; a hereditary absence means that his father passes on his son, his son passes on his grandson, and is passed on from generation to generation, such as "hereditary light car captain", which is owned by his family for generations and enjoys corresponding treatment.

  经过刚刚的介绍,大家应该得出结论,后妃被皇帝惩罚,是进入慎刑司!那么宗人府的刑罚和慎刑司的刑罚到底怎么区分呢?很简单的原则:皇宫外面的归宗人府,皇宫里面的归慎刑司,虽然没有直接文献表明是这样分的,但是事实上就是这么干的。所以皇子犯错一般都是送到宗人府受罚,后妃犯错是送入慎刑司受罚。

After the introduction just now, we should come to the conclusion that empress dowager was punished by the emperor and entered the Department of punishment with caution! Then how to distinguish the punishment of the Imperial Palace from that of the Department of punishment with caution? Very simple principle: the punishment outside the Imperial Palace belongs to the Imperial Palace, and the punishment department inside the Imperial Palace belongs to the Department of punishment with caution, although there is no direct literature indicating that it is so divided, in fact, it is so done. Therefore, the emperor's mistakes are usually sent to the imperial palace for punishment, while the empress's mistakes are sent to the punishment department for punishment.

  对于后妃来说,进入慎刑司之后,正常情况下她在后宫的人生走到了尽头了,从慎刑司出来下一站就是冷宫!因为只有撒娇都无法让皇帝原谅,非得送入慎刑司受审,说明皇帝已经放弃她了,那么等待她的只能是宫墙与青灯。

For the empress, after entering the Shenxing division, her life in the harem has come to an end under normal circumstances. The next stop from the Shenxing division is the cold palace! Because only being coquettish can't be forgiven by the emperor, so she has to be sent to the Shenxing division for trial, indicating that the emperor has given up her, so the only way to wait for her is the palace wall and the green lamp.

  在宗人府有一个地方名为宗人府空房,又叫罪宗室。是负责皇室犯罪人员进行圈禁的地方,在那里根据级别不同,待遇也不同,而且在里面也没有残酷的刑罚,不仅管吃不住而且还不用工作。但是在那里对于那些生活养尊处优的妃子们来说,进了那里她们的富贵生活就会结束,绝世容颜也不再见天日,这对于她们来说是比受到任何处罚都要难受的。

There is a place in the patriarchal clan's mansion, which is also called sin clan. It is the place where the Royal criminals are banned. According to the different levels, the treatment is different, and there is no cruel punishment in it. It is not only inedible but also unnecessary to work. But for those concubines who live a well-off life, their rich life will come to an end when they enter there, and their peerless face will never see the sun again, which is more painful for them than any punishment.

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