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In the historical dynasties, it was not so common for local forces to revolt and seize power. After Zhu Yuanzhang strengthened his imperial power, there was no need to worry about the choice of ministers to revolt. But there is a new problem. He has made a lot of difficulties in choosing his successor. According to the regulations established by him, in the selection of successors, the first born son is the priority. However, this point was not fulfilled when Zhu Yuanzhang's throne was passed on to the next term. He had a eldest son, Zhu Biao, who was originally elected prince, but later died of illness. According to the degree he made, the emperor's eldest son became the heir to the throne. But after Zhu Yuanzhang died, dissatisfied with Zhu Yunwen's succession to the throne, he chose to revolt and became the Emperor himself. Why did Zhu Yuanzhang choose to pass the throne to Zhu Yunwen when he knew that Zhu Di was more capable of being emperor?
In fact, he did so for the sake of the stability of the Ming Dynasty. Zhu Di is the fourth son of Zhu Yuanzhang. After Zhu Biao's death, there is no reason for him to have the right of inheritance according to his rank. But he has a strong ability among the remaining princes, and is more suitable to inherit the throne than other princes. If Zhu Yuanzhang asked him to be the prince, it is obvious that the two princes above him will be dissatisfied, so there may be a disorderly war, which is not what he wants to see. Another reason why he didn't make Zhu Di Prince is that Zhu Di may not be his own son. His mother was killed for adultery, so Zhu also doubted whether he was really his own son. If not, passing the throne on to him would undoubtedly cut off the royal blood.
In ancient times, emperors generally paid great attention to the consistence of blood. Even if a prince was superior in ability and was suitable for being an emperor, the ruler would also pay attention to the consistence of blood and would not pass the throne on to him. As a result, Zhu Yuanzhang was in a dilemma. There was a risk that Zhu Di would be the prince, and no other prince could be compared with Zhu Di. Therefore, he can only make his eldest grandson the heir to the throne. It seems that his practice is safe and does not violate the principle of inheriting his first son, but he underestimates Zhu Di's strength.
After Zhu Yunwen ascended the throne, although he obtained the support of the ministers in the DPRK, his actual control power was not great. In contrast, Zhu Di, the king of Yan, has a large number of supporters and it is not difficult to win power. It can be seen from this that Zhu Yuanzhang didn't want to see the chaos of the vassals, but as a result, Zhu Di rebelled because his successor didn't have much real power. As a result, he didn't want to be the prince, but he became the emperor after all.
In any case, the Ming Dynasty has continued without regime subversion due to local rebellion. The continuation of a dynasty has no direct connection with the selection of successors, but the emperor, as the person with the highest power, does not want the regime to be taken away by others. But as long as the family inherited the throne, the royal blood will not be broken. Therefore, compared with Zhu Yunwen, Zhu Di did not make much difference.
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